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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Sociodynamics" > Rubric "Questions of current interest"
Questions of current interest
Popov E.A., . - Modern Civil Society in Russia: Problems of Formation and Regional Development pp. 1-20
Abstract: The article is devoted to the traditional issue of formation of the civil society in Russia. It is known that in the various scientific disciplines, this problem is disclosed under different angles - historical, anthropological, political, legal, etc. The purpose of this article is to focus on a regional level, the formation of civil society. Opinion surveys conducted by the scientists of the Altai State University and aimed at analyzing regional specifics of the development of the civil society show that this process directly dependent on social activity of the population of a particular constituent of the Russian Federation or a certain part of the municipal units. System approach was used as the main method in the research and methods of specific opinion studies, in particular, questionnaire, survey, etc were also used as the leading research methods. Focus on this problem makes it possible to involve methods of modern theoretical and applied social science to get data which may subsequently be used for research of related socio-political and socio-economic issues in modern Russia.
Borisenkov A.A. - Global Policy as a Special Kind of Political Influence pp. 1-22


Abstract: The essence and destination of the World Politics are explained in the article. It is established that the Global Policy is a kind of Political Influence which is formed on the basis of  interaction between Heads of the governments of the modern world and which defines directions of the governmental activities in solution of the global problems. Particular features of the Global Political Processes are also considered. It is proved that the Global Policy is the key factor of the Global Management.
Kerimov A.D. - Some problems with the theory of strong government pp. 1-45


Abstract: Recently, in many, if not in most countries, there has been gradually taking root a solid understanding, both in theory and in the popular consciousness, of the necessity of creating a strong and powerful state with well-functioning institutions which can provide adeuqate guarantees of civil rights and liberties and create conditions for successful reform. This author of this article believes that at the current stage of historical development of mankind is especially urgent need for a scientific concept of a 'strong state' and its subsequent implementation. This article provides a number of ideas for a broad outline of an integrated scientific concept of a strong state, and thus the answers to two fundamental and dialectically interrelated questions: what are the signs of a strong, effective, and capable state; and why such a state is necessary today.
Gryaznova E.V., ., . - Is Russia a "fragile" state. pp. 1-58


Abstract: The modern Russia is going through a complicated period in its historical development. The situation is further complicated by the fact that the reforms and modernization of the state have no analogues in the world.  It is impossible to just take ready samples and apply them to a territorially vast and multinational subject of global community. Nevertheless, the studies show that Russia is at a critical point of its development. Either the state shall go out of crisis situation and into the path of sustainable development, or it shall be one of the "fragile" states.  In this article we analyze the existing definitions of "fragile" states and their criteria.  Using these criteria, we attempt to understand how close is Russia to the situation of a "fragile" state. In our study we used statistical datat from various sources, both Russian and foreign, as well as a large amount of information and analytical materials from official websites of scientific research centers and the Government of the Russian Federation. The studies concern the period of last six years.  The article includes analysis of Russia based upon the criteria of a "fragile" state in several spheres: living standard of the population (accessibility and quality of education, health care, social guarantees, housing, working conditions, etc.), efficiency of state administration (democracy index, protection of human rights, corruption level, national policy, etc.), efficiency of economic activities of the state (monopolism level, development of internal and external economic relations, development of small and medium-sized businesses, formation of the middle class, tax and budget policy of state, etc.). The study has shown that currently in Russia there is a low level of investment into the human capital, which is the basic element at the time of reforms.  The administration technologies, sensitivity of economy to innovations and living standards are at unsatisfactory levels.  In the opinion of the authors the main reasons for this situation is the lowering intellectual potential of the society, which is reflected in the existing negative tendencies in the systems of science, education and culture.
Eremina N., . - Constitutional Nationalism in Modern Europe: the New Level of Threats pp. 1-42


Abstract: onstitutional nationalism means formation of a long-term problem of racial (ethnic) discrimination as testifies to existence of these or those norms on the basis of which the ethnic minority (even when it historically lives in the territory of this or that state) appears in unequal situation. This problem interferes with realization of problems of creation of civil society and carrying out the national policy directed on stabilization of political development, and is sign as for many states of the former Soviet Union, and Europe. On the basis of the comparative analysis for the first time in the academic science ways of penetration of nationalism in the constitutional texts of various states are investigated. Political and historical approach allows to draw parallels of development of the constitutional thought with an event outline and expectations of political elite of the studied states. As a result of research nationalism and Nazism markers in constitutions of the states of Europe and the former Soviet Union that makes scientific novelty of work which is actual and for legal and political practice of many states were defined. These markers can serve as the tool at performance of the UNGAResolution No. 67/154 of 20.12.2013 and help in understanding of those political processes which happen in different regions of Europe and the world. During work markers of nationalism were separated from Nazism markers. It allowed to reveal as the general character of a problem of growth of national discrimination in the different countries, and existence of opportunities of toughening of a political regime concerning ethnic minorities. The most serious problem appears in the countries of the Central and Eastern Europe.
Eremina N. - Scottish Independence Referendum as a Challenge to the British Statehood pp. 1-25


Abstract: In article a number of the interconnected problems is investigated: the state and people's sovereignty, a referendum, interaction on the line the center - the national (ethnic) region, a devolyution and federalization, identification in the conditions of national self-determination and European integration.Thanks to the analysis of the specified problems, it is possible to estimate as the reason of holding a referendum on self-determination in Scotland which it is possible to call indicative from the point of view of occurring in Europe integration and the dezintegratsionnykh of processes, and also his consequences both for Scotland, and for the United Kingdom and the united Europe in general. In article historical and politological approach which allows in a complex is used and in a historical retrospective to investigate the events connected as with emergence of idea of a referendum on independence of Scotland and to define positions of key political players and the population on each historical piece considered in article. The central place in research is taken by the concept of cultural and territorial differentiations thanks to which the interrelation of cultural development of territories and a political choice of the population is obvious. In this article are for the first time investigated not only the reasons which resulted in need to hold a referendum on independence of Scotland, but also a question of the price of possible independence, and not only for the region, but also for the United Kingdom in general, and also for the European Union and NATO participation in which Scotland intends to keep. The most controversial issues connected with a dislocation of base of underwater fleet with a nuclear arsenal, economic support of the Scottish independence, identification problems of British and Scots, and also interaction of Scotland with the EU and NATO including according to the documents prepared by the Scotch national game are revealed and subjected to the analysis. The latest data on a position of the population and the statement of the top officials of the state for referendum consequences for the United Kingdom and Scotland are given in article.
Popova S.M., Yanik A.A. - Digital Infrastructure of Interactions Between Society, Science and Mass Media as a Factor of the Tranfer to Knowledge Economy pp. 1-35


Abstract: The subject of research is the change of a place and role of system of communications of science and society in the modern world. The domestic and foreign experience connected with searches of methods of increase of mutual understanding of science and society, increase of system effectiveness of scientific communications is analyzed. The special attention is paid to the questions connected with changes concerning public opinion to science in general and to the budgetary expenses on scientific researches in particular. New problems of scientific journalism as one of instruments of development of ability of people to perceive new, to find advantage in changes, to create steady demand for innovations are considered. For the solution of research problems are used system, formal and logical, structurally functional, comparative-historical, comparative and legal and other methods. The conclusion that creation of uniform digital infrastructure of interaction of science, mass media and societies is need for conditions of the information world is drawn, and ideas of a place and role of system of scientific communications have to be reconsidered. It is noted that the modern system of scientific communications can't be limited to the sphere of scientific journalism and promoting of achievements of science. The speech has to go about formation of mechanisms which provide openness and the accountability of science to society, promote formation of demand for innovations and scientific knowledge, give the chance objectively to estimate a science contribution to the solution of problems of social development.
Babich I.L. - Socio-Cultural and Political-Legal Aspects of Adaptation of Caucasian Muslims in Modern Europe (Problem Definition) pp. 1-10


Abstract: Socio-cultural and political-legal adaptation of migrans is becoming a nettlesome topic considering the ongoing transformations of such classical types of the countries of the Western Europe as France, Germany, Italy, etc. into polyethnic and multireligious states. Obviously, these transformations will involve the Russian Federation sooner or later. During the XXth - XXIst centuries there have been several migration flows from Caucaus to Europe. In this article Babich discusses the most recent migration flow from Russia to Europe in 1990s - 2000s. The main reasons were political (the Chechnya war) and socio-economic. The researcher analyzes the life of Caucasian people in the Western and Eastern Europe, defines tendencies and prospects for their adaptation to the European lifestyle. It should be also noted that the Caucasian factor allows to make a hypothesis concerning the Islamic factor as well. The research of North Caucasian communities from the point of view of their ability to integrate requires to take into account ethnic, age-related and gender peculiarities, to anlayze the history and political environment of interaction between each community and the receiving society. The researcher also believes that North Caucasian communities in Europe should be viewed as a single ethnic group. 
Probin P.S. - Russian education reformation in the view of the present state of labor market: ways of interpretation pp. 1-26


Abstract: The object of research in this article is the new three-tier Russian education system that appeared in our country after its joining Bologna process. The matter of research is new generation’s competitiveness in labor market under crisis. Particular author’s attention is paid to comparing the former and the current higher education systems and to students’ motivation for continuing their studies in the period of obvious shortage of vacancies. The method of research in this article is comparative and cross-social analysis of the former and the present Russian higher education systems as well as empiric material gathered in interviewing students, entrants, their parents, colleagues and inductive generalization of it with following deductive conclusions. The principal author’s conclusions are the following statements. 1) Efficiency of an education system can be judged only by the demand on graduates in labor market. 2) New Russian education system has advantages, though there is a serious issue of its being unclear for laymen. It concerns the status of its programmes and diplomas received after their completion. 3) Students’ motivation for continuing studies primarily depends on financial and career profit brought to them by a diploma. However under shortage of vacancies a desire to store up diplomas “just in case” may emerge. 4) Demand on an educational programme under market depends on how competitive the potential diploma is, on the other hand, vice versa, competitiveness of diploma is determined by the number of people who have it. Time will show what is prior. The novelty of the article consists in its viewing pedagogical aspects of curricula from economical point of view namely in the aspect of competitiveness of graduates nowadays.
Moskvich Y. - Diverse, and flexible strength of a changing world: the purpose and evolution pp. 1-17


Abstract: The article analyzes the global challenges and possible responses to them. Discusses the new adaptation mechanisms to global change such as "flexible consciousness", "flexible skills", "flexible cooperation", "flexible / soft power" to resolve the existing global problems. Explores the nature of innovation and the importance of "flexible strength" conducive to its creation. The process of formation of an innovative society as a basis for a new global flexible force, preventing the negative effects of the accelerated development of the non-linear world.
Ursul A.D. - Russia in BRICS: the Concept of Sustainable Development pp. 1-69


Abstract: In his article Ursul stresses out that the global summits on sustainable development took place in Rio de Janeiro and Johannesburg which is the evidence that BRICS acknowledge the importance of the implementation of a new strategy of civilization development. The implementation of the concept of sustainable development is what in many ways connects BRICS, however, this collective activity of the aforesaid countries have been scarcely mentioned in the academic literature. Sustainable development is viewed as the global strategy to solve the main socionatural contradiction between the growing needs of human and the inability of the biosphere to satisfy these needs. The researcher shows that the Russian Fedeation has already started to conduct the successive transition to the sustainable development. This transition guarantees a balanced solution of socio-economic tasks, environmental and natural-resources potential issues and satisfaction of needs of the present and future generations. However, today's definition of this kind of development differs from what it was initially. Today this concept is broader and based on the systems approach.  The author focuses on the need to extend the scope of the concept of sustainable development so that it would include the most areas of human activity. The author suggests that in broader terms sustainable development should mean a secure type of evolution oriented at preservation of civilization and biosphere, their co-existence and co-evolution. Special attention is paid to the relationship between security and development as well as the guarantees of the main forms of security by the means of sustainable development. In his article Ursul has mostly used the futurological predictivem, noospheric and other methodological approaches to futures studies as well as the comparative, evolutionary historical and interdisciplinary scientific approaches. In his research Ursul describes the main contents, peculiarities and prospects for Russia's transfer to the sustainable future which would be oriented at creation of the global noosphere. The author's idea to create the national idea based on the country's secure and sustainable future in a globalized world as it was offered by the author before is also discussed in the present article. To a large extent BRICS is guided by the global strategy of sustainable development. Official documents adopted as a result of the six summits carried out in these major rapidly developing countries are a good proof of that. It is also assumed that BRICS is gradually becoming the leader of the implementation of sustainable development strategy in the global community as a new non-traditional international organization capable of making a great contribution to the preservation of civilization and biosphere and satisfying the need of the humankind to survive. 
Balynin I.V. - Assessment of the political culture of Russian youth (according to the surveys in February-March 2015) pp. 1-19


Abstract: The object of research is the Russian youth, the subject - its political culture.The author examines in detail the substantive part of the typology of political cultures G. Almond and S. Verba, represented in the famous treatise «The Civic Culture: Political Attitudes and Democracy in Five Nations».Particular attention is paid to the results of surveys of the young generation of modern Russia in February and March 2015 on the basis of self-developed questionnaire to determine the political culture of the typology of G. Almond and S. Verba.Methodological basis based on the following methods: surveys in the form of a questionnaire, a comparative. quantitative and critical analysis, synthesis, generalization, classification, historical and logical methods, as well as a graphical way (in a table) for visual display of the results of the study.Russian youth survey conducted in February and March 2015, based on the developed questionnaire showed that the younger generation of modern Russia and inherent patriarchal poddanichesky types. Attempted study political culture has shown that today's younger generation is not indifferent to the future of Russia and processes in our political system. Many young people see themselves as active participants in these processes, understand the importance of active political position, but some underestimate the inherent rationality and responsibility.Based on the results of research it was proposed measures aimed at developing the Russian youth political culture of participation, increasing its electoral activity. At the same time, it is necessary to consolidate efforts of family, state and municipal authorities, civil society with the use of modern information technologies and means of communication, taking into account the international experience, the historical development of the Russian state, the interests and initiatives of young people.
Griber Y.A., Egorov A.G. - Tactical Urbanism as a Form of Modernization of Everyday Life pp. 1-79


Abstract: The subject of the research is tactical urbanism as a sociocultural practice of a modern society. Despite the growing popularity of tactical urbanism among new layers of society, it happens to be an object of academic interest quite rarely. In their research the authors examines the substantive and structural features of tactical urbanism as an independent phenomenon, analyze the mechanisms and strategies of modern urban planning. Special attention is paid to the description of the features of participants and actors of tactical urbanism and their ideas and values in terms of heterogeneous morphology of urban culture. The main theoretical principle for viewing tactical urbanism as a special sociocultural practice is the concept of the fractal inclusion of culture. The main research method is based on the directions for the analysis of the structure of knowledge space offered by Michel Foucault. The main contribution of the authors to the topic is the sociocultural expertise of tactical urbanism in terms of urban development as it is described in this article. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the authors analyze the structure and factors of the tensity of anthropological dispositif of contemporary urbanism and describe sociocultural grounds and possibilities for using tactical urbanism as one of the forms of modernization of urban everyday life. 
Boltaevskii A.A. - No," dust, dirt, noise ": images of cities of the future pp. 1-17


Abstract: The city has long been a focal point of the most active people seeking to build the surrounding area based on their tastes and ideas. Each person has his ideal, so the image of the city of the future sometimes differ quite dramatically: the underground, underwater and surface, orbital, and even hanging. Over the last two hundred years, the city became a source of major environmental disasters, social upheavals, a hotbed of deviations: futurists are looking for a way out of this situation, but the only true way can not be.The author critically examines the concept of cities of the future, using comparative and typological analysis to show the main trends in contemporary urban planning, based on the theory of Jean Baudrillard. The image of the cities of the future, created by sociologists and architects, often borders on science fiction. Despite the seemingly unrealistic idea of the underground, underwater and surface towns were embodied in the real world. The most important condition for the development of mega-cities is to improve the transport of the rare exceptions to the simulacra of a number of postmodern society.
Boltaevskii A.A., Pryadko I.P., Vas'kina O.M. - Planet of an urban type: present and future of civilization pp. 1-15


Abstract: The subject of this research is the modern civilization, which ever increasingly acquires and anthropogenic character. A number of researchers refer to its present state as critical, but all complex dissipative systems in its establishment go through the points of uncertainty, in which the future state of the system becomes unpredictable, while the magnitude of chaos reaches the maximum. The XXI century is being defined as an era of cities, but there are significant differences in development of these cities in the developed and developing countries. The authors give a general summary of the key trends of development of global civilization, as well as identify the key challenges of time and possibilities of adequate answer to these challenges. In the industrial era the city became the space of a strict segregation of people. The urban space divides people, and becomes the arena of sharp social, ethnic, and religious conflicts, producing the grounds for deviant behavior. The urban lifestyle also leads to aggravation of environmental problems. The project of garden city even in the modern post-industrial era remains utopic.
Ursul A.D., Ursul T.A. - The key role of education in achieving sustainable development goals pp. 1-18


Abstract: Sustainable development requires changes in thinking and ways of acting, and a key role in ensuring these changes is played by the education. Education for sustainable development (ESD) is not only a prerequisite for achieving a sustainable future, but the priority and advancing its means, i.e. the transition to sustainable development begins with the formation of education for sustainable development and the formation of a new globally-sustainable consciousness. ESD becomes one of the key mechanisms for achieving the Millennium development Goals, as well as those new 17 global sustainable development goals that were adopted at the Summit on SD, approving the Agenda in the field of sustainable development until 2030. Adopted a global action programme on ESD, which was announced at the UNESCO world conference on ESD, held in 2014 in (Japan, which gave an assessment of the current state of education in the world and focused on solving the problems of transition of civilization to sustainable development. This goal is new, adopted in Incheon by the concept of education, which is to transform people's lives through education, recognizing the important role of education as the main driving force of development and in the achievement of the other proposed SDG.The article notes that, while continuing the further roll-out of ESD, however, need to start implementing a new strategy for global educational process to accelerate and expand the movement towards "global sustainability". It is shown that the environmental component (and corresponding model) of education currently prevalent in the form of education, which is now called ESD, but that is just the initial stage of formation of a new systemic model of education for sustainable development. For the ecological component of ESD has already added the vision of ESD in temporal perspective as advanced education and interpretation education based on the concept of "security through stable development", future prospects of globalization of education and global education, and will later be synthesized and other models of education (for example, to start the process of comisario education and establishment of the space education on the basis of astronomy and space, global evolutionism).
Napso M.D. - Cosmopolitism and nationalism in the idea space pp. 1-7


Abstract: The object of this article is the modern ideological concepts, and the subject is the demand for ideas of cosmopolitism and nationalism by the tendencies of global and ethno-national development. The author examines the ambivalent nature of such phenomena, the dependency of their content from the conditions and requirements of social practice. Special attention is given to the correlation and contradictory correspondence of cosmopolitical and national values to each other and to the nature of globalization, dialectics of universal and local. The author underlines their importance for the formation of global consciousness, national consciousness, and local identity. Scientific novelty consists in proposition of a thesis on the complex nature and contradictory consequences of the ideas of cosmopolitism and nationalism. Problematics of the article allows forming the following conclusions: 1) the ideologies of cosmopolitism and nationalism remain actualized by the social phenomena; 2) the ambivalent content of these ideologies is defined by the specificity of current realities which endow them with opposing traits.
Pavlenko I.I. - Informatization as a universal social process of the information society pp. 1-9


Abstract: This article analyzes the notion of Informatization. It is presented as a specific universal complex social process. Moreover, Informatization is a process of progressive development, as it justifies the transition of the entire society and its subsystems towards the qualitatively new status. Unidirectionality along with the mutual integration of the joint social actions of people are attributable to this process, which leads to the drastic economic, social, cultural, and technological changes within the society. The author examines the notion of information society and provides the main components of Russia’s transition towards the information society. The article analyzes the term Informatization and proves that it is certainly a complex social process. The main conclusion consists in understanding that Informatization represents a universal complex social process, as well as a dynamically developing social institution of the information society, which saturates all areas of social life, its social institutions and organizations. The role of the process of Informatization lies in contentment of demands of the society and its subjects.
Goncharov V.V. - The main trends in the development of global constitutionalism in the modern world pp. 1-13


Abstract: This article explores the main trends in the development of global constitutionalism in the modern world. The author substantiates the position that the basic tendencies of development of global constitutionalism as a socio-philosophical concepts is determined by dynamics of development of the world financial and economic system and its socio-political superstructure in the face of national States and their associations, international organizations and society as a whole. The paper considers five main variants (models) of global development. The author examines the main conditions for the implementation of these models, as well as conducts the analysis of possible variants of development of the socio-philosophical concept of global constitutionalism with regards to the implementation of different versions (models) of global development. This paper makes a forecast about the prospects for the development of global constitutionalism as a whole.
Levikova S.I. - Peculiarities of socialization of modern Russian teenagers as a factor of social dynamics pp. 1-11


Abstract: The article considers the peculiarities of socialization of modern Russian teenagers. The author holds an opinion that the current younger generation over certain time will completely replace the older generation in society. That is why the process of socialization of modern youth and factors that affect this process in many ways the future of their motherland, and in fact, the dynamics of social system of their adulthood. Thus, the author analyzes the main channels of socialization of teenagers in modern Russia and its peculiarities. Methodological base of this research is the philosophical methods and principles of cognition – objectivity, universal communication, integrity and consistency, causality and determinism. The scientific novelty of consists in the posing a question about the dependence of social dynamics, including socialization of teenagers, as well as examination of specificities of socialization of the modern Russian youth. The author concludes that teenagers in modern Russia alongside in any other country, face a difficult situation of choice under the influence of many social factors, which imply the key peculiarities of their socialization. Based on the aforementioned provision, it is summarized that if the adults surrounding a teenager desire seeing them as like-minded individual, they should keep the process of their socialization under control.
Dzhalaya L. - Forming factors of the models of life trajectory of the students of Saint Petersburg and Tiraspol pp. 1-12


Abstract: The subject of this research is comparative analysis of the factors that determined the life strategies of the indicated social groups. The object is the students of universities of Saint Petersburg and Tiraspol, in other words, the specific social groups. The goal of the works is the regional peculiarities (including such factors as globalization and ethnocultural background of mentality of these social groups) of formation of the models of life strategies among the students of Saint Petersburg and Tiraspol. The hypothesis of research is the sociocultural factors (ethnicity, political preferences, historical-cultural thesaurus, educational census, professional motivation, etc.) influence the establishment of the most positive models of successful future of student youth of Saint Petersburg and Tiraspol. Among the sociocultural factors, the most effective is the factor of mentality (traditionalistic, neo-traditionalistic, mentality of European modern). The author applies the method of written interview in form of survey, which carried sampling character and was conducted in December of 2015 – January of 2016. The work determined and examined the models of formation of life strategies among the students of Saint Petersburg and Tiraspol: “live like everyone else”; “status-instrumental”, “pro”; “hedonists”, “pragmatics”. Based on the analysis of factors and their socio-philosophical interpretation, the author is able to highlight the following regional peculiarities that affect the models of the future for students of Saint Petersburg and Tiraspol: ethnic, behavioral, landscape.
Prostotina Y.V. - Gender stereotypes: formation and determinants pp. 1-9


Abstract: This article gives definition to the gender stereotypes, as well as reveals its essence and key properties, based on which identifies its determinants and varieties. The author trace the connection between gender stereotypes and peculiarities of male and female psyche. Determinants of the gender stereotypes should be considered the physical gender, traditional cultural values, and sociocultural dynamics, which can results in modification of the values and formation of the new social statuses and norms. The core of gender stereotypes consists of peculiarities the male and female psyche, behavioral specificities and their manifestation in interpersonal relations in personal life, and mostly, in family. The conclusion is made that gender stereotypes are not just the specified social norms, but also the generalized perceptions of the behavior of men and women that suggest multiple options and combinations of the status and role-based examples. It can be said that the gender stereotypes form at the intersection of biological and cultural factors.
Rostovtseva M.V. - The nature of social adaptation and methods of its examination pp. 1-7


Abstract:  The subject of this research is the social adaptation of an individual, which is understood as a relation of a man with social environment aimed at resolving the emerging contradictions between them. The author raises a question about the methods of examining the social adaptation, as well as make a conclusion that the social process of adaptation must be studied in phases, and moreover, the stages of adaptation correspond with the stages of resolution of social contradictions by a person. Such “pointwise” reviews of this process allows effectively managing it under the certain circumstances of human life, affect the particular “problem zones”, as well as provide correctional and practical assistance. Conclusion is made that the application of methodological approach towards social adaptation, which allows “splitting” the adaptation process into stages and studying it in intervals, will contribute into determination of the adaptation difficulties at each period of the process that implies resolution of contradictions, which will help the efficiently manage the adaptation process in the particular life circumstances. That is when adaptation can be considered as an effective way of socialization of an individual. The article introduces the definition of adaptiveness as a state of content of an individual and society with the result of resolving the problem situation. The author highlights the criteria of a successful social adaptation: cognitive, axio-cultural, communicative, and behavioral. Cognitive criterion implies the ability of intellect to structure the information models of solutions adequate to each situation; axio-cultural means the ability to comprehend the norms and values of social environment; communicative consists in the knowledge to build relationship, achieve mutual understanding with other people and social groups; and behavioral is the orientation towards active overcoming of difficulties, readiness to the suggested by society types of activity under the conditions of self-expression of the individual abilities of a person.  
Brushkova L. - Social promotion as a means of representation of values of a healthy lifestyle in Russian society pp. 1-13


Abstract: The subject of this research is the peculiarities of representation of values of a healthy lifestyle in the social promotion video ads in Russia. Several various components of healthy lifestyle are being highlighted, and analysis is conducted on their portrayal in advertisements (type of health, advertisement image, emotional effect, level of health, character and format of reflection of health issues). The videos of social promotion representing the values of a healthy lifestyle are analyzed in the context of relevance of the issues raised therein that pertain to the Russian society and comparison of this data with statistics of sociological research and expert opinions. The conducted research allowed the author to conclude that there is a certain decrease in the activity of social promotion in the work of forming and spreading values of healthy living in the Russian society, even though there is a pressing need for it. The emerged “vacuum” is partially filled by commercial advertisements, which “exploits” values of healthy lifestyle primarily for commercial purposes.
Popov E.A. - The algorithm of studying art in sectoral sociology pp. 1-7


Abstract: This article presents the algorithm designed for a sociologist in studying art and its diverse types and forms. The difficulty of sociological studying of art can be explained by the peculiarities of the object of research, among which are expressiveness, artistry, and some other that significantly complicate the comprehension and interpretation of art. The algorithm helps to solve the complicated issued faced by a sociologist; he must step by step assess a social aspect of the existence of art, describing the various aspects of its interaction with human and society. The proposed algorithm approximates a sociologist towards the opportunity to acquire important results and demonstrate that art remains an intrinsic part of spiritual life of a human. The research is structured based on the interpretative approach that allows acquiring heuristic data on the specificity of studying art within the framework of sociological knowledge. The following conclusions are made: sociology must develop a precise algorithm for studying art, which helps a sociologist to avoid the common mistakes in conducting a corresponding research; in sociological studying of art, the focus should be made on social measurement of the existence of art.
Sterliadeva N. - Typical conflicts in modern pedagogical communities (on the example of Altai schools) pp. 1-8


Abstract: This article is based on the materials of sociological study conducted in Altai Krai in 2017. The subject of this research is the typical conflict in pedagogical communities. The goal consists in determination of current factors that lead to the emergence of conflict situations in pedagogical communities. The author believes that that quality of educational process depends on the relationship established among pedagogical staff. Examination of the conflicts, its prevention and constructive resolution contributes to establishment of mutual understanding and respect among pedagogical staff, which undoubtedly elevates the quality of educational process. The conducted sociological study allowed determining the key causes and forms of the manifestation of conflicts in educational facilities, the level of conflict management literacy of the pedagogical staff, as well as the behavioral strategy of a person in a conflict situation. The author concludes that currently, the pedagogues do not possess the sufficient knowledge on conflict management, which could be helpful in resolving a conflict situation from the perspective of a professional. The improvement of the conflict management literacy requires special advanced training courses that will provide opportunity for studying the various techniques for optimization the process of conflict resolution, and certainly encourage a more constructive conflict resolution. The results of analysis can be valuable for the representatives of school administrations in their professional activity.
Frolov N.V. - Social networks as an instrument of information warfare pp. 1-6


Abstract: Questions of the emergence and development of social networks, as well as their use as an instrument of conducting information warfare currently gain special relevance due to the global informatization of social life. The role of the social network participants in emergence and development of cyber-attacks is analyzed. The author provides particular examples of the significant material and reputational damage caused by them. Accent is made on the peculiarities of the use of social networks for the aforementioned purposes, and transformation of the role of its participants. Trough analyzing the various approaches towards understanding the information systems, social networks, information warfare and its structure considering the historical factor, an attempt is made to determine the key specificities of the modern use of social networks for conducting information warfare and develop the mechanism for counteracting cyber-attacks. The scientific novelty lies in identification of such type of social network users as the initiators. Practical importance of this research consists in suggesting a possible algorithm for counteracting cyber-attacks based on preventative measures against the potential cyber threats.
Li M. - Corporate social responsibility in Russia: sociocultural aspect pp. 1-9


Abstract: The subject of this research is the cultural stipulation of goals and practices of the corporate social responsibility (CSR) – the modern paradigm of regulation the relationship between society and business. The developed in Western cultural context concept of corporate social responsibility, is often declared as the universal; however, a number of studies demonstrate that the differences in cultural values significantly affect business practices and goals. On the example of the Russian corporate sector, the author underlines that in defining the goals and practices of CSR, an important role is played not only by institutional, but also value-normative factors. The research leans on analysis of the data of the Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs, Russian Institute of Directors, as well as the results of expert survey conducted among the representatives of major Russian corporations. In the course of this work, the author determines the role of specific value orientation of the Russian culture of company’s business with regards to the corporate social culture. In particular, the combination of values from distance to power, collectivism, and avoidance of uncertainty underlies the paternalistic model of labor relations and manifests in the high importance of social responsibility of the companies before the employees. The significance of hierarchical relationships in business culture also leads to the high role of personal values of management as a factor that influences the corporate social responsibility. Special attention is given to the new aspects of CSR crucial for the modern information society. The author also reveals the impact of sectoral factor upon recognition of the values of corporate information responsibility before the society.
Mokerova Y.V., Rybakova O.V. - Global trends and Russian practices of tourist activity in the international segment (on the example of Yekaterinburg residents) pp. 1-9


Abstract: The goal of this article is the analysis of development trends of tourist activity of the Russians in the segment of international travelling, peculiarities of formation and level of correspondence with the general global trends. The author discusses certain aspects regarding the change in the dynamics of tourist supply and demand, peculiarities of creative consumption and its relation to the tourist activity of the citizens. The data is presented on the transformation of preferences of the tourists in selecting the travel destinations, their length, seasonality, frequency, as well as emergence of the new formats of stay on other countries and cultures. The author analyzes the approaches towards description and evaluation of tourist practices, their impact and connection with the general processes of mobility and consumption; provides the data of empirical study carried out over the period from March to September of 2018 among the residents of Yekaterinburg, using the set of methods: omnibus survey and focus group, materials from the open analytical reports of the Federal Agency for Tourism (Rosturizm) and World Travel & Tourism Council over the period from 2015 to 2017. As a result, the author was able to determine the relevant trends, organization pattern of international trips, particularly among the Russian; main structural changes and motivation with regards to travelling; as well as general and specific characteristics of tourist practices of the Russian travelers. The acquired materials can be valuable for the experts in the area of social processes, marketing practitioners in the field of tourism and organization of hospitality service.
Ovrutskiy A.V. - To the question of pragmatics of revolution pp. 8-16


Abstract: The subject of this research is the pragmatic characteristics of scientific ideas on revolution, as well as attributes and consequences of the revolutionary changes. The object of theoretical discussion became directly the scientific perceptions of revolution recorded in the selected reviews of the Russian and foreign political scientists and sociologists, which attempted to pursue correlation between the various periods of development of the society, and determine the common and different in the content of revolutionary process. The author highlights the three approaches differentiated in accordance with the criteria of pragmatic importance of revolution for social development. The article reviews certain aspects of “color revolutions”, particularly their distinct characteristics from the classical revolutions based on the parameters of cause, specificity, and content of the process. Relevance of this research is substantiated by the “revolutionary renaissance”, presented in the rapid increase of revolutionary activeness over the recent decades, as well as growth, as a response to the latter, of interests of the social studies experts towards the new revolutionary phenomena, variety of scientific approaches to the analysis of causes and attributes of the revolution, which requires the additional and interdisciplinary generalizations of theoretical materials. The goal of the article consists in examination and generalization of the content of scientific representations on revolution from the perspective of pragmatic attributes of the authors (assessment, attributes, and consequences of revolution). Theoretical study demonstrates that revolution is viewed as a specific stage of evolution of social matter (positive approach), or as a social disaster, rudiment of the past, or barbarian way of social transformations (negative approach). There has also emerged a post-revolutionary approach, which implies the description and explanation of the new revolutionary phenomena that do not fit the classical framework. The generalized attributes of revolution include the following: forcible character of changes (non-forcible in case of “color revolutions”); revolution is a manifestation of social progress, extensive and active participation of civil society institutions; phasing of revolution, fragmentation and polarization of the society and social consciousness during the pre-revolutionary and post-revolutionary periods; charismatic leader in classical revolutions (absence of such leader in “color revolutions); presence of revolutionary ideology in classical revolutions (absence in “color revolutions”); civil participation and mobilization.
Sharov K.S. - Social and psychological dimensions of gender power: peculiarities and mutual influence pp. 8-17


Abstract: The object of the study is the system of gender-power relations in the society. The subject of the research is the social and psychological aspects of the process of establishment of thegender power system, their basic characteristics, as well as the degree and limits of mutual influence. Methodology includes research methods of power introduced by M. Foucault, L. Althusser, and J. Butler; psychoanalytic approaches of S. Freud and J. Lacan; structuralist method of analysis of communicative practices of M. Castells. The novelty of the study consists in the theory of passionate attachment introduced by the author, in which it is argued that the system of gender power in society is based on the psychological mechanism of interpellation and subjection of male psychics by women. The following conclusions were made: 1) gender self-identification and socialization are associated with the Oedipus complex and Lacanian mirror stage; 2) since the time of ancient matriarchy, the female symbolic power has become an archetype of consciousness; 3) the gender power is being built on a subject-subjective basis, as well as form a blurry and often unclear system of decentralized relations in the society; 4) structuring of the system of gender power relations and gender roles by women is realized with broad involvement of the sphere of the symbolic.
Vakulinskaya A.I., Kudryavtsev V.A. - Personal and creative path of I. A. Ilyin as a subject of genetic social science pp. 8-19


Abstract: The subject of this research is the intellectual portrait of I. A. Ilyin. Within the framework of this article, the authors analyze the main landmarks of the philosopher’s creative biography, which influenced his socio-philosophical interests and preferences. It is noted that the political interests of the thinkers leaned as its source used philosophical orientation towards the spiritual renewal of the world. Special accent is made on the philosophical understanding of such phenomenon as “fascism” by I. A. Ilyin. The authors point at the causes that affected the philosopher’s interest in this phenomenon, as well as analyze the transformation in perception of his persona in relation to the socio-political events in modern Russia. Using the method of genetic sociology, the authors reveal the facts of life and creative path of the philosopher. An objective assessment is given to Ilyin’s contribution to social sciences with emphasis on the relevance of his ideas for modern Russia. The conducted research allows restoring the philosopher’s assessment of the phenomenon of “fascism”, noting that it differs from the interpretation presented by our contemporaries. The research results can be valuable for better understanding of the portrait of Russian thinker.  
Skobelina N.A., Fetisova A.V. - Institutional aspects of formation of accessible environment for persons with physical conditions and disabilities in the Volgograd Region pp. 8-12


Abstract: This article examines the institutional aspects of establishment of accessible environment for persons with physical conditions and disabilities in the Volgograd Region. The authors determine the subjects of regional barrier-free environment for persons with health limitations and disabilities, specify formal and informal practices created in the process of formation of accessible space in the region. State facilities, government authorities, social-oriented nonprofit organizations, and mass media are attributed to the subjects of institutionalization of accessible environment. Attention is focused on the institutional standards and rules of organization of accessible environment for persons with physical conditions and disabilities. The article applies the method of remote analysis of the websites of executive branch of Volgograd Region and socially-oriented nonprofit organizations for determining the regional specificity of formation of the barrier-free environment for persons with physical conditions and disabilities. The conclusion is made that in Volgograd Region is created a comprehensive mechanism for establishment of accessible environment for persons with physical conditions and disabilities, which includes partnership approach of state institutions, social organizations, and mass media. It is also underlined that nonprofit organization become an active subject in the process of formation of barrier-free environment in the region.
Zhalsanova V.G. - Rural territories in modern Russia: approaches towards the research pp. 10-15


Abstract: The author examines the approaches characteristic to the study of a village in modern Russian social science. Rural territories are important due to not only their immensity in geographical space of Russia, but also its social potential, which remains despite the tough socioeconomic position. The research of rural territories should not be limited by the ascertainment of dysfunctionality and disorganization of the social processes developing within it. The new approach should be aimed at overcoming of the stereotype ideas about the underdevelopment of the village, as well as its archaic nature. The state of the Russian rural territories is currently substantiated by the three factors. Firstly, by structural transformations of the Russian society during the post-Soviet period, which caused drastic changes in institutional sphere, as well as negatively affected the social position and wellbeing. Secondly, crisis status of the village in many ways is explained by the economic and structural organization of agribusiness in Soviet period. Thirdly, modernity in face of the globalization processes involves rural areas into the intensified social changes. The conclusion is made that the rural areas should not be considered as strictly depressive, as recognized the contribution of people, who are the basis of the economic and sociocultural potential.
Evseenko E.A., Kirko V.I., Malakhova E.V., Shadrin A.I. - Assessment of living standards of the population of northern Krasnoyarsk Krai on the example of Tyukhtetsky District places of residence of the Chulyms referred to as indigenous peoples of the North pp. 12-28


Abstract:  The subject of this research is the quality of life of the indigenous peoples of Northern Siberia – the Chalyms, who dwell on the territory of the village settlements of Pasechnoye and Chindat of the Tyukhtetsky Municipal District of Krasnoyarsk Krai. The goal of this work consists in the analysis of differentiation of the various social segments residing in the remote district of northern Krasnoyarsk Krai in accordance with the objective and subjective assessment of their living standards. The task lies in approbation of the developed methodology of comparative analysis of living standards of the remote districts population of the northern and central taiga zone of Siberia. The main methodological base is comprised by the group of theoretical scientific methods, associated with the analysis of empirical data as a result of questionnaire, survey, observation, and interview of the indigenous peoples of the aforementioned territories. The scientific novelty is defined by the development and testing of the efficient method of apprehension and assessment of living standards of the population living in the harsh northern conditions and referred to as indigenous peoples of the North. In the context of differentiation of the various social segment using the objective and subjective assessment of the quality of life, the author applied the statistical data, as well as determines the level of content with the quality of education, safety, activity of the local self-government, financial wellbeing, quality of rendered services in the area of  culture, environmental situation in the region,  and level of healthcare quality. 
Shapkina E.V., Shiller V.V., Krivtsova E.V. - Examination of suicidal tendencies among young students pp. 15-23


Abstract: This article provides the research results on suicidal tendencies among youth, based on the data of the Regional monitoring of destructive moods within youth environment carried out over the period from 2015 to 2018 in general and professional educational institutions of Kemerovo Region. The analysis conducted using 7 waves of monitoring in the territory of Kuzbass. About 8,000 respondents have been surveyed over the three-year period. Among them, for the more detailed analysis, the author determined the group of “potential suiciders” based on the following parameters: gender, nationality, confessional affiliation, main sources of receiving information by young people, popularity of social networks, cultural preferences, leisure activities (preferred genres of movies, music, books), and which subculture they associate themselves with, etc. For identification of the common and specific features of potential participants of the various “groups of death” as an instrument of empirical analysis, the author used the idea of creating a “personality profile of young individual”. The main conclusion is defined by the fact that the young people who indicated the book Stace Kramer “50 Days Before My Suicide” as one of the favorite, then selected the movies, music and other artworks dedicated to the theme of death. This allowed identifying the young people prone to suicidal behavior. Books, movies, and music have an unequivocal impact on young people; unfortunately, many of them cause the feeling of hopelessness and vainness of existence, and affect the fateful decision.
Savenkov V.D. - Functions of blogosphere in the Russian Federation and the United States in the XXI century: similarities and differences pp. 16-26


Abstract: The subject of this article is the blogosphere of the Russian Federation and the United States through the means of its implementation in the indicated countries. The author examines the peculiarities of using blogosphere as the information, political, social, educational, corporate, and entertaining means of communication. Special attention is given to the differences between the points of view of the Russian and American scholars upon the problem of application of blogs in solution of the diverse social tasks. The following conclusions were made in the course of this work: there is noted higher popularity of blogs, but lesser trust in them as the means of acquiring new information in the United States rather than Russia; more open dialogue between the political opponent groups in the Russian blogosphere; less noticeable role of separate bloggers in creation and coordination of public movements in the United States. The results of this work can be valuable in forecasting the development of new types of media in the aforementioned countries. The scientific novelty consists in the synthesis of information of the multiple field-specific research for determination and comparison of the common regularities of functionality of blogospheres in the Russian Federation and the United States.
Pavlenko I.I. - The place of informatization within the strategy of formation of innovative university pp. 18-42


Abstract: This article focuses on the following topics: informatization of social management as a large-scale social process that directly influences the development of university education in modern Russia; impact of informatization upon the formation and execution of management and educational technologies, aimed at establishing an innovative university in Russia; adaptation of information technologies and resources for the system of creative management, including the area of university education; innovative university in Russia as the university that would be characterized by implementation and use of leading information technologies, including the sphere of management. The author devises a methodological construct of research of the effects of informatization upon the social management and establishment of innovative university, within the framework of which he signifies the paradigmal goals of formation of innovative university in Russia, as well as conditions for their realization that are based on the potential of creative (creative-innovative) management. Informatization is one of the vital elements of the strategy for establishing innovative university that contribute to improvement of efficiency of its core objectives, and an intrinsic part of its subsequent transition into the model of University of the Future.
Bagrova E.V. - The regularities of emergence and development of structural crises pp. 19-26


Abstract: The subject of this article is the crucial regularities that are formulated by the philosophers and other scholars in the area of emergence and development of structural social crises, as well as a brief analysis of the commonness of the important crises in the history of humanity: collapse of the Roman Empire, Great Depression, and collapse of the Soviet Union – as the reflections of theoretical concepts. The goal of this research is the specificity of regularities of emergence and development of the structural social crises. The author particularly analyzes the works of Spengler, Toynbee, Toffler, Jaspers, Sorokin, Marx, Keynes, and other accomplished scholars. The acquired results are compared to the most significant social crisis in the history of humanity. For achieving of the set goal, the author analyzes the theoretical most important concepts in the field of crisis phenomena. The conclusion is made that different authors indicated various causes of the crisis phenomena; however, several key regularities can be determined. Particularly, excessiveness of any social processes, including economic and advancement of any technologies, as well as additional interconnections between different areas of social life that define their interdependence. In addition to that, one of the main reasons of crises consists in artificially created, as the result of social development, subordination of certain elements to others, which does not exist at essential level. The results acquired during the course of this research can be applied in social and humanitarian sciences for the better understanding of crisis phenomena, processes of their occurrence and development, as well as search for the ways to stabilize the social development.


Abstract: This paper concerns social maladjustment youth and his personality and situational correlates. The paper refers to Robert Agnew’s general strain theory. According to Agnew, strain theory focuses on negative relationships with others: that is, relationships in with others do not treat the individual as he or she would like to be treated. The main objective of the empirical research is to understand the relationship between social maladjustment and the sense of strain, aggression, self-efficacy in the group of pupils. An additional goal is to analyze the relationship between the sense of strain, self-efficacy and the structure of the aggressiveness of the respondents. The study was conducted in March 2013. The hypotheses were tested on 57 pupils. The results confirmed most of the assumed relationships between variables.
Barinov D.N. - Crisis phenomena in social life as a source of emergence of social fears pp. 20-26


Abstract: This article analyzes the influence of crisis phenomena of social life upon the mentality of population. Crisis phenomena are viewed as one of the fundamental factors of the emergence of social fears. The author discusses the role of social conflicts and competition in the context of the emergence of social fears. The theoretical basis of the research contains works in the area of sociology and philosophy dedicated to the problematic of fear, study of social crises, and theory of risk society. Based on the concept of trauma, the crises phenomena are considered as disastrous events, generating the growth of social fears. In the course of this research, the author uses the work of the nationwide sociological studies demonstrating the shifts of mood resulted by the escalation of risk processes in the society. It is underlined that the crises phenomena in various spheres of social life shatter the institutional order, disturb the predictability of the system of social relations and interactions, as well as sustainability of social binds. On the background of growing uncertainty as a characteristic of social life, the author observes not only the increase of anxiety and fear, but also the establishment of the “culture of fear” that reflects vulnerability of the majority of groups within the risk society. Conflicts and competition intensify the effect of crisis phenomena upon the population wellbeing; contribute to formation of the specific fears among various social groups, as well as transformation of fear repertoire.
Svinukhova Y.N. - The main slice and trends in economic manifestation of social injustice in modern Russian and its regions pp. 20-30


Abstract: The analysis of social development trends demonstrated that along with the resource and environmental problems, the reproduction and growth of social injustice comes to the forefront among the main socioeconomic problems, attaining global scales. The urgency of the question of social polarization and inequality in Russia is high. Due to this fact, the subject of this research is the social injustice as the key problem of social development of modern Russia, its cities and regions. The goal of the work lies in determination of the basic slice of social injustice and the general trends of social development. The article presents the economic manifestation of social injustice. Methodological approach of the measurement of social inequality is based on the assessment of dynamics of decile ratios and Gini coefficient, as well as identification of poverty rate of the population. At the same time, the criteria for assessing the social justice is the indexes of the living standards of population. The author describes the leading factors of social contradictions within the system of social development; establishes the dynamics or shift of the main zone of emergence of conflict potential in modern Russian from the ethnic and religious towards the socioeconomic and social-labor zone. It is established that the major common trends of social development, which are simultaneously the factors of the formation of conflict potential in modern Russian and its regions, include: dissatisfaction with financial situation and level of social differentiation, based on the extremely unequal distribution of incomes of the population; ascending dynamics of the indexes of dissatisfactory state of employment relations coupled with the level of content with the environmental situation.
Napso M.D. - Émile Durkheims theory of anomie and the modernity pp. 22-30


Abstract: The object of this research is the phenomenon of anomie, while the subject is Émile Durkheim’s theory of anomie and its modern interpretation. The author examines specificity of the historical and sociocultural contexts that lead to the emergence of anomie. The peculiarities of transitional periods, instability and contradiction of which results in incompliance of the value and worldview orientations are being reviewed. The article analyzes the factors that prosper the expansion of the space of anomie, as well as traces its negative impact upon the manifestation of individual and collective consciousness. Attention is given to the connection between the anomie and deviation. The scientific novelty consists in substantiation of thesis about the complicated nature of anomie and factors that lead to it. The author makes the following conclusions: 1) expansion of the space of anomie requires using the interdisciplinary approach in its research; 2) special relevance attains the study of the risks of anomie.
Tikhonova E.V., Dianina E.V. - Vocational guidance in general education institutions as an object of social governance pp. 24-30


Abstract: The subject of this article is the structure and functions of the system of social governance with regards to vocational guidance in the general education institutions on the example of Moscow. Social governance of vocational guidance is viewed as the system of interrelated elements, which pointedly influence the process of students’ professional self-identification. It encompasses the targeted and systematic multilevel activity on organization and control of training process of the subjects to professional choice in accordance with the personality, interests and affinities, considering the demands and potential of the society. The scientific novelty lies in development of the structural-functional model of social governance of vocational guidance, consisting of several stages (“personality”, “general education institution”, “socio-professional groups”, “municipal administrative structure”); at each of these stages, the subjects of vocational guidance fulfill the specific interrelated functions. Practical implementation of the formulated from the perspective of systemic approach principles of social governance of vocational guidance, allows to substantially improve the regulatory, methodological, and information support of the governance of vocational guidance in general education institutions.
Ilina G.N., Tagibova A. - Management of gender conflicts within transnational corporations pp. 26-40


Abstract: This article contains a general overview of gender situation in labor sphere, examines the main reasons of gender conflicts within transnational corporations, as well as analyzes most typical gender conflicts at the top management level that received coverage in mass media in the three different countries – the United States, Great Britain and Russia. The object of this research is the subjective perception of conflicts situation formed by each party to the conflicts. Special attention is given to determination and analysis of different perspective of the opponents upon conflict situation, as well as their behavioral strategy. In the course of this work, the author applies the Christopher Mitchell's conflict triangle model, also known as “ABC Triangle” (Attitude-Behavior-Context) that allows observing all the aspects playing a role in a conflict situation for each party of the conflict. The examined conflicts clearly illustrate that the declaration of equal opportunities for males and females in the economic sphere does not always reflect the actual situation. Leaning on the conducted analysis and results of the recent research, the authors give a number of recommendations in overcoming the gender inequality in the sphere of labor relations. The authors also describe the innovative practices on establishing corporate culture and corporate environment that reduce gender tension and contribute to prevention of gender conflicts within transnational corporations.
Smirnova A., Aver'yanova M. - Peace museums as peacemaking actors: political and psychological aspects pp. 27-36


Abstract: This article examines the peace museums – a distinct type of museums, which are dedicated to peace work and criticizing violence in all its forms. The relevance of this research is explained by the special role, which peace museums intend to play in social development and world politics. Although the number of peace museums is gradually growing, they remain on the periphery of peace studies, as well as unstudied within the framework of other disciplines. This article is aimed at the analysis of the concept of peace museums and characteristics of their psychological and political features. Peace museums are viewed as a complex phenomenon, which combines the areas of international, intrastate, intergroup and interpersonal relations. The object of this research is the role of peace museums in social development, while the subject is the political and psychological components of peace museums. The main method of this work is the critical analysis of scientific literature and information sources along with the political and psychological concepts for examining the specificity of the museums. Due to the fact that currently there is no single approach towards defining and characterizing the peace museums, the article suggest the narrow and broad interpretations of this notion, as well as provides the typology of the contemporary peace museums. In second part of the article, the authors review the questions of psychological effect from visiting such museums, as well as difficulties that emerge due to their political orientation. The specificity of peace museums consists in their orientation towards resolution of the conflicts and internationalism, however, the peculiarity of the subject and antagonism with the state ideology impede the prosperity of peace museums. In the authors' opinion, the study of peace museums can enrich our perception of the problems of peace and violence, as well as contribute into the development of social and humanitarian sciences.
Tumskiy S.V. - Positive provocation in sociocultural sphere. The difference between positive and negative provocation. pp. 27-39


Abstract: The subject of this research is the positive provocation, its essence, types, structure, causes, riskiness, as well as the models of positive provocation in sociocultural environment. The object of this research is the provocations, the subject of which desires to achieve positive result for itself and the object of provocation. The author examines the various cases of application of provocation in the areas of philosophy, art, literature, education and social advertising; as well as the diverse models of the use of positive provocation in postmodern society. A conclusion is made that it is caused by the desire of provocateur to motivate the object of provocation for actions, beneficial to both, the subject and the object. The scientific novelty lies in systemic consideration of the forms of positive provocation at the various social levels; as well as in substantiation of conclusion that the positive provocation can be of altruistic nature and carry social importance, is not a method of causing distress, and requires a high level of reflexivity form the provocateur. The relevance of this article is justified by the broad distribution of prevocational practices in modern world and the need for their examination in the negative and positive aspect. The author formulates the definition of positive provocation, and concludes that the instruments of positive provocation at the microsocial level are trust, dishonesty, concealment of true intentions; while at the macrosocial level – the emotional pressure. The positive and negative provocation are ambivalent: negative can become positive, or the other way around, depending on the circumstances.  
Pryadko I.P. - Reading and traditional book-learning in perception of the modern Russian: based on the materials of sociological survey pp. 27-41


Abstract: This article examines the topical issues of reading and information culture in Russia in the XXI century. The author analyzes the problems associated with the dynamics of the traditional reading. Special attention is given to the reading among young generation of Russia. The subject of this research defined its objective, which consists in identification of the factors impacting the reading activity of the youth in globalization century, as well as distribution of the ideas of multiculturalism. The conclusions lean on the results of sociological survey conducted in 2018 among the students of several technical universities of Moscow, which allowed determining the trends emerging in cultural practices of the early XXI century. Besides the sociological survey, the author also used the analysis of mass media messages as an instrument for collecting empirical material. The scientific novelty lies in the fact that in terms of analyzing the problem of the modern reading culture, the author attracted the extensive historical material, from the reminiscences of cultural figures of the XIX century to the works on sociology of reading of the early XX century. Another specificity of this publication is that the author attempts to determine the attitude of respondents towards the reforms conducted in the area of literacy and orthography, as well as those expected in future. Correlation is traced between the transformations taking place in the area of literary-written language and the reading activity of the separate population groups in Russia.
Goncharov V.V., Poyarkov S.Y. - Political dualism and the rise of constitutionalism in modern Russia pp. 28-34


Abstract: This article investigates the political dualism and the establishment of constitutionalism in the Russian Federation. The authors substantiate the position that the lack of constitutionalism experience of the pre-Soviet times in our country, as well as negative tradition of the Soviet era regarding the perception of the Constitution as a declaratory document that does not reflect the political realities of modern society, coupled with the political ambitions and desires of the political elite, led to the political dualism in the process of establishment of current Russian constitutionalism, in which we can observe coexistence of the elements of "socialist constitutionalism" alongside the principles of democratic organization of society and state that are accepted by the new Constitution using the international experience. The authors note that currently there is an actual need in the Russian Federation for formation of the certain set of rules of political interaction and party system whole, which emerges from the area of state regulation and does not depend on the policy of the existing system of executive authority on Russia.
Zaitsev A.V. - Institutionalization of dialogue between the state and civil society: criteria and stages pp. 31-45


Abstract: The subject of this research is the criteria and stages of the process of institutionalization of dialogue between the state and civil society. In the author’s perspective, supported by the empirical and theoretical material, such dialogue has overcome the pre-institutional and initial stages, and now remains on the state of institutionalization. However, the criteria of institutionalization, which are one of the polemical aspects, are yet to be determined. Thus, the article formulates the criteria on institutionalization of dialogue between the state and civil society, as well as determining the stage at which the process currently resides. The neo-institutional and comparative methods allow successfully resolve the set task on ranging the process of institutionalization of dialogue between the state and civil society within the public policy of modern Russia. The main conclusion consists in possibility of formulation of the objective criteria and their application towards examination of the dialogue interaction between the state and civil society. Based on the expert survey, the author underlines that institutionalization of the aforementioned dialogue is currently on the average/below average level of the institutionalization process.
Ryabova T.M., Rogach O.V. - Reflection of expectations of the higher education facilities in the order for educational services of a of secondary school pp. 34-44


Abstract: The subject of this research is the level of reflection of the expectation and requirements of the higher education facilities in preparation of the modern graduated of a secondary school. The author meticulously examine such aspects of the topic as the competency-based approach towards formation of a modern competitive graduate of general education organizations or higher education facilities; role of educators in the process of formation of the social educational order; participation of universities in determination of the content of the order for educational services of a general education organization. Through comparison of the federal government educational standards of a secondary school with the higher education, the authors attempt to assess the possibility of establishment of a set of requirements to the graduates and their socialization. The authors applied the method of survey, involving 63 representatives of the faculty members of the universities in the rank of docent and professor. The scientific novelty is defined by the constructive substantiation of the prospect, factors, and trends of expansion of the participation of national universities in consolidation of their interests in the order for educational services of a secondary school in terms of the competency-based approach. The results of the work allowed determining a number of tendencies in the participation of universities during the formation of educational order: shift of the vector of expectations of a higher school regarding the preparation of applicants; establishment of the educators’ interest in the active participation in formation of the social educational order; lack of effective mechanisms of social partnership in education. The following conclusions were made: the high level of engagement of the higher education facilities in reflection of their interest in the social educational order correlated with the readiness of the educators to direct participation in its formation; its common for the higher school educators to have a vague representation regarding the level of consolidation of their expectations, prospect directions, and forms of cooperation between the general education organizations and universities; the absence of the univocal understanding of the educators’ role in the process of formation of the social educational order is established.
Odintsov A.V. - Corruption, informality, and perception of justice in modern Russian society: based on the results of sociological research pp. 35-46


Abstract:  The modern sociological research of corruption and information usually concentrate the attention on the scale of distribution of these phenomena and ways of overcoming. At the same time, the functions that they can realize in societies that are in transitional state (quasi-modern, estate, etc.) are being ignored. The author suggests to examine informality and corruption from the perspective of their role in support of the social order, which can be revealed through the concepts of “justification” and “justice”. The hypotheses were tested as result of the sociological research that consisted of two stages: qualitative (n=50) in form of in-depth interview, as well as quantitative (n=700) realized using CATI. During the course of this work, it was established that the perception of society as corrupted and the understanding of justification of corruption are in positive correlation. The hypothesis of S. Kordonsky on perception of the Russian society as the “estate society” with the distinct role of corruption in form of “rent-seeking behavior”, partially found its confirmation.  
Reshetnikov V.A., Bobkov A.I. - Correlation between ethnic self-consciousness and religious experience as a problem of Russian philosophical thought pp. 35-43


Abstract: The author examines the correlation between ethnic and religious in the spiritual practices of modernity. Meaning of the notion of religious experience through the prism of thinking and understanding of social reality is revealed. Phenomenon of self-alienation is viewed as an essential foundation of religious experience. The author thoroughly reviews and structures of peculiarities of transformation of ethnic and religious within the spiritual revolution of modern era. The conclusion is made of the form, structure, and specificities of the ethnic and religious experience in daily practice and philosophical perception of reality. The scientific novelty traces that the disruption of link between the religious experience and ethnic self-consciousness emerges with assumption of the borrowed religious experience as a result of losing the understanding of own experience as a sensitive reflection regarding finding the ethnic wisdom. The author demonstrated evolution of such perception, as well as assesses the prospect of further transformation.
Karpova E.N. - The popular mass media and mass communication tools in the youth environment and their influence: cross-cultural analysis pp. 35-42


Abstract: This article provides characteristic to the modern information society in the context of Manuel Castells’ network society, examines the popular mass media and their influence, describe the youth environment, gives definition to the concepts of “teenagers” and “youth”, does a review of the European Sociological Research JIM-Studie (Jugend, Information, (Multi-) Media), as well as conducts a comparative analysis of the Russian and European studies throughout the period of 2016-2017. The author describes the major means of influence of mass media upon the behavior of teenagers and youth, and demonstrates correlation between the social proof theory and the impact of mass media. The problem of youth infantilization in Russia and Western countries is reviewed. In the course of this research, author uses a descriptive method and cross-cultural analysis of the empirical data of studies carried out in Russia and Germany. The article reflects the main information preferences of the modern youth in the Internet, considers the primary mass communication tools that are popular among youth in Russia and Germany. The author underlines the key problems associated with the influence of mass media and mass communication tools, and demonstrates the similarities in online behavior of the young people in Russia and Germany.
Vasnetsova A.S. - Ideology of Terrorism pp. 36-58


Abstract: In this article modern approaches to the concept "ideology of terrorism" are investigated. The interrelation and interdependence of ideology of terrorism with extremism, radicalism, separatism and other social phenomena is shown. The ambiguous nature of ideology of terrorism as the steady, adapted, reproduced and transformed phenomenon is depicted. The structure of ideology of terrorism is considered. The wide range of the differentiated warning facilities of emergence of ideology of terrorism is offered. An attempt to lay the foundation to full formation of new ideological system of the Russian state and international community as a counterbalance of ideology of terrorism is made.During work on article as the author such methods of knowledge of social reality as historical and legal, formal and logical, sociological and politological were used. The author studied the considerable volume of domestic literature and materials of law-enforcement practice. Scientific novelty of research consists in integrated and multidimensional approach approach to consideration of a perspective of "ideology of terrorism". The author specified a conceptual framework, sfomulirovana specific proposals on reforming and increase of efficiency of activities for the prevention of ideology of terrorism. Conclusions of article can be used in the course of improvement of the legislation, in educational process.
Illarionov G.A., Mosienko M.K. - Philosophical analysis of the causes of popularity of computer games in the context of habitual approach pp. 40-51


Abstract: The object of this research is the computer game as a phenomenon of social life. The subject is the subjective and social substantiation of the growth of popularity of computer games. The author raises the following problematic questions: what is the cause of the rapid growth of popularity of computer games, what role do they play in social practices of modernity, what are the risks and prospects of the existence of computer game in the society? The question regarding the status of computer games concerns the more general social contexts, which justified the need for the analysis within the framework of social philosophy and allied disciplines. In methodological aspects, the research leans on the structural-functional approach, which views the computer games from the standpoint of theirs social functions and mechanism that force people to play. Structural position of the games in society is viewed through the prism of habitual approach to society, based on Pierre Bourdieu‘s understanding of the concept of “habitus”. A conclusion can be mane that the growth of popularity of computer games is explained by the manifestation of the inner intentions of a subject, which cannot be expressed in the real world. The technical improvement, when the growing capabilities of virtual environment open new opportunities for self-actualization enhance the popularity of computer games. The attractiveness of a computer game is explained by the identity of the real and possible within it. The actions do not carry an irreparable character; the flow of time is nonlinear and reversible. Moreover, the games possess a destructive and pragmatic potential; they are capable of gamifying the social existence, relieve the sufferings from the unrealized intentions of a person. However, the can turn into addiction and submerge the social life.
Iarkeev A.V. - Metaphysics of the state of emergency in Walter Benjamins philosophy pp. 42-48


Abstract: The subject of this research is the Walter Benjamin’s representation on the state of emergency in the context of modern issue of correlation between sovereign power, right and violence. The intention of W. Benjamin consists in overcoming the state of demonic existence, which residue is the right, and liberate human being from guilt, in the virtue of which the natural life is included into the order of right and fate. In his criticism of violence, W. Benjamin attempts to validate the possibility of the existence of violence beyond the limits of right, i.e. “on the far side” of “vicious circle” of the dialectics of violence establishing right, and the violence, supporting right. Methodological framework contains hermeneutic ontology (M. Heidegger, H. Arendt), adhering to the principle of the identity of language, existence and reasoning. The main conclusion lies in substantiation of the original thesis that the genuine state of emergence, marked by W. Benjamin as “divine violence”, is the reasoning process, manifesting as the metaphysical “revolutionary” force underlying the sovereign subjectivity, because the reasoning interrupts the non-reflectable flow of natural life.
Alibegashvili N.M. - Interrelation between the phenomena of social cognition, social discourse and social power pp. 42-49


Abstract: This article examines the fundamental concepts of social perception and social cognition; describes particular scientific approaches of these theories. The author expounds the patterns and vectors of social cognition, as well as the correlation between social cognition, discourse and power. It is asserted that cognition contains the important social aspects, which should be considered in the theory off social cognition. Modern approaches towards social cognition demonstrate the absence of clear cognitive theory of structures and processes of social perceptions alongside the suitable social theory. The author underlines the possibility of uncapping the structures and strategies within the terms of general patterns of cognitive attitude and particular situation models, as well as demonstrated how these structures are substantiated by their social functions. The discourse about society is controlled by such patterns and models, as well as by the models of communicative context that explain the strategic nature of such dialogue.
Chervinskaya-Yakimyuk E.F. - The Relationship between the Aggression, the Social Maladjustment and the Social Control in the Group of Students of Vocational Schools pp. 43-60


Abstract: The problem, which is the subject of discussion of this paper, concerns the relationship between the structure of aggressiveness, the social maladjustment of the youth and the ineffective social control from the primary groups. The one of the possibilities to the explanation of these relationships is the reference to the main theses of Travis Hirschi control theory.The study was conducted in March 2013. The hypotheses were tested on 100 students from vocational schools. In the study was used the survey research and self-report method. For the purpose of verification hypotheses was used Pearson's correlation coefficient. The results confirmed only part of the assumed relationships between variables.
Mapelman V. - Risks of Teaching Religion and Ethics pp. 46-73


Abstract: The article is devoted to the causes of potentially dangerous and conflict situations provoked by teaching the class 'The Basics of Religious Cultures and Social Ethics' (or 'Spiritual and Moral Culture of Russia's Peoples') at schools. The author also analyzes the reasons, purposes and consequences of creating theological departments at universities as well as studies the situations related to constitutional rights of adults and children affected by these innovations at schools and universities. The author also draws our attenion to research requirements for social experiments in education and makes evaluation of the Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation to teach 'The Basics of Religious Cultures and Social Ethics' at schools and the associated article of the Law on Education in the Russian Federation devoted to teaching religion and culture of Russia's peoples. 
Meshcheryakova N.N., Rogotneva E.N. - The experience of teaching students with disabilities in higher education in the Russian Federation pp. 46-57


Abstract: The subject of this research is the level of affordability of the Russian higher education for students with disabilities, as well as willingness of the universities to create an environment of equal opportunities. The comparative analysis of works of the Russian and international experts allow making a conclusion about the current status and nearest future of the inclusive professional education. Special attention is given to the complex of measures aimed at removing barriers in the educational environment of a university. According to the experts’ opinion, despite the fact that at the legislative level the right of such students to receive professional education is protected, the environment remains inaccessible. The results of expert survey, which involved 34 of the Russian experts, confirmed the initially proposed hypothesis that until the infrastructure of Russian universities and other facilities is not sufficiently prepared for the inclusive transportation and education of students with disabilities, it pushes to the background the other difficulties on the path of their complete socialization in the society. But with the development of the inclusive environment, they will become more noticeable. For successful adaptation of the students with disabilities within the system of higher education, the inclusion must start much earlier, during the school years. It is also necessary also for the conditionally healthy students. It can help to reduce the communicative barriers of both parties, as well as get the disabled students more prepared for the stage of university education.
Kozhevina O.V., Bataeva B.S. - The questions of genderization in formation of the balanced board of directors in corporations with state participation pp. 46-57


Abstract: The object of this research is the corporations with state participation, while the subjects is balance in the board of directors from the perspective of gender compositions. The codes of various countries precept to consider the women representation in the boards of directors. The authors carefully examine the socio-psychological aspects of realization of the management behavior by woman-executive, distinct features of management decision-making, as well as dynamic of female representation in corporate administration. The article presents classification of the types of management behavior, as well as develops the scheme of administrative decision-making by a woman executive. By means of generalization of the foreign experience, the work determines a positive interconnection between the diversity of compositions of the boards of directors, financial results of the corporation, its value, and efficiency of activity. The scientific novelty lies in formulation of methodological foundations for formation of the balanced boards of directors in corporations with state participation, considering the gender management. The author describe the results of the conducted research of gender specificities of the management decision-making, as well as their impact upon the quality of administration under the conditions of uncertainty. The article provides a comparative analysis of gender dynamic of the boards of directors in large corporations, including the Russian practice. The issues and differences in the approaches towards female representation in public corporate management are being revealed. The conclusion is mafe that the gender diversity in management allows increasing the synergetic effect of activity of the board of directors, as well as ensure the quality of the strategic level management decision-making.
Stepanova O.S., Nikolaeva A.A. - Relevant issues of the development of inclusive education in Russia: the experience of sociological research pp. 49-56


Abstract: The subject of this research is the inclusive education in the Romanov School in Moscow. The authors examine the concept of inclusive education within the modern pedagogical science, as well as analyze the opinions of various participants of educational process regarding the most substantial problems in the advancement of inclusive education. Particular attention is turned to the problems of the advancement of inclusive education in Russian based on the conducted sociological study for assessing the results of surveying students, teachers and parents on the topic of inclusion in the Russian education system using the example of the Romanov School in Moscow. The following research methods were applied: analysis of scientific literature; synthesis, generalization, and systematization of materials; mathematical processing of results; comparison and analysis; normative approach; questionnaire; empirical-theoretical method – description and graphic method. The main conclusion lies in determination of the problems in the area of inclusive education in the Romanov School by surveying the participants of educational process. The authors’ special contribution consists in the creation of questionnaires and conducting individual polling of students, teachers and parents on the subject matter. The scientific novelty consists in description of the specific issues of inclusive education on the example of actual educational facility.
Prokhoda V. - Russians and residents of other European countries on the financial situation of pensioners pp. 52-60


Abstract: This article analyzes the results of the comparative sociological research– “European Social Survey”. The goal is to determine the representations of Russians and residents of other European countries on the financial situation of pensioners. Particular attention is given to consideration of assessments of the pensioners themselves. Financial situation of the retirees is viewed as one[WU1]  of the criterion of assessment of pension system by the population. The representations of population are considered in correlation with indexes of the national pension systems – the coefficient of pension substitution and government expenditure with pension payments as percentage of GDP. The survey was conducted in European countries among the population ages 15 and above in accordance with representative selection. It is determined that the European countries are differentiated based on the population assessment of the financial situation of retirees. On the pan-European background, the residents of Russian assess the financial situation of retirees as extremely low. It is stated that the pensioners, in comparison with other Russians, demonstrate a more pessimistic assessment. The assessment of financial situation of pensioners of the country by the respondents-pensioners statistically significant relates to self-esteem of their financial situation. It is noted that in perception of the Russians, the national pension system does not successfully perform the function of providing decent standard of living to the dependent members of society. The author substantiates the need for consideration of the results of sociological surveys in assessing the effectiveness of pension system.  [WU1]
Semilet T.A., Manskov S.A., Lukashevich E.V., Ershov Y.M., Gorin D.G., Fotieva I.V., Pishchal'nikova - The problems of subjectivity in modern mass communication: professorial roundtable pp. 58-74


Abstract: The subject of this research is the phenomenon of subjectivity in modern mass communication, transformation of its essence, structural-functional certainty, and sociocultural effects of these transformations. During the discussion, the following issues are being addressed: the ethical-verbal aspects of communicative behavior of the representative of authority in modern media environment; the concept of the author's position in journalism and factors that impede its implementation; the question of the "author’s death" in modern journalism. The participants also analyzed the phenomena of "mass intelligence", "communicative reason", "communicative plurality" and "wisdom of crowd"; the inadequacy of the requirements of objectivity and inevitable subjectivity in the journalistic works; attributiveness of the ethnic-psychic peculiarities of an actor of communication. The authors made the following conclusions. Firstly, at the present stage, there are evident trends of violating the standards of communicative behavior in media environment (principle of cooperation and principle of comity); at the same time, it may be noted the adoption of the new norm as a model/example for emulation by the target audience and its transfer (through the media) onto the all communication areas. Secondly, the blurring of categories of authorship is currently associated with a number of factors: tightening of the legal framework of the journalistic profession; trend of commercialization of the media sphere; unjustified approval of "information", pseudo-objective model of journalism, which excludes the author's position. Thirdly, the loss of subjectivity today manifests in the elimination of creative component from the journalism, as well as formation of the final product due to technical and commercial feasibility. Fourthly, it is probably needs  the be said that subjectivity within the modern mass communication is fundamentally changing, thus the notions of "communicative reason" and "communicative plurality" are introduced for the better understanding. Fifthly, giving characteristic to the subjectivity in mass communication necessitates considering the specificity of the ethnic mentality of an actor.
Goncharov V.V. - The social concept of global constitutionalism as a factor of development of national societies and states in the modern world pp. 58-65


Abstract: This article is devoted to the study of the social concept of global constitutionalism as a factor of development of national societies and States in the modern world. The author substantiates the position that the contemporary socio-political, financial-economic and state-legal development of national societies and States is carried out in terms of Western military-political, financial-economic, cultural, creative and information expansion, pursued through the imposition of national states with a single governing centers for the regulation and control of the Western state and legal, socio-political institutions, principles, relations, relations, ideas for planned and comprehensive protection and promotion of the economic and financial interests and needs of the countries that form the core of the world capitalist system. According to the author, the preservation of national independence and territorial integrity of nation-States (including the Russian Federation) in the context of a rapidly globalizing world is impossible without studying the main causes and formation and tendencies of development of global constitutionalism as a social concept. This will allow determining the directions and negative effects of development processes of globalization, as well as their impact on national States to develop and implement effective system of action to combat them.
Gligich-Zolotareva M.V. - The 'Pendulum' of Federalism pp. 59-81


Abstract: Over the last years the federalism terminology hasn't been that popular and federalism has practically become one of the secondary questions of the state-building. The main theoretical approaches to federalism say that this topic is not quite important for our country because Russia can exist only as a unitarian centralized state. Based on these approaches, federalism values are alien to our country and in and of itself federalism is just a transitional form of government that must necessarily lead to the formation of the unitarian state. However, the political and legal environment has drastically changed lately and the federal form of government has changed, too. What is the reason for that? The author of the article explains this phenomenon and says that the development of Russian federalism has a 'pendulum-like' pathway as a result of profound system evolution of Russian state institution. The author of the article touches upon the following issues: fluctuations of federalism processes in Russia, system approach to the federative form of government and the legal base of Russian federalism as a system formation. 
Ryumshina L.I. - Trust in information sources translating unverified information: personal and age aspect pp. 61-68


Abstract: Unverified information holds an important place in life of any person. Being not only an elemental communication phenomenon, but also the means of manipulative impact on human consciousness, such information can be disseminated in terms of interpersonal communication and mass media. The goal of this work lies in examination of trusts of the adult respondents and students, who are prone to manipulations, in various information sources translating unverified information. The choice of student youth as an empirical object of research is caused by the escalated interest of scholars to this age group. The scientific novelty consists in creation of the original methodology that allows assessing the level of subjective trust in sources that translate unverified information about the country’s political and economic events, as well as examination of trust in such sources of the persons with the evident manipulative trends. The results demonstrate that television has most credibility among the respondents. Unlike students, the adult respondents do not trust Internet and would not believe the unverified messages from random people. The great majority of adults and students with high level of manipulative trends have confidence in federal TV channels. Escalation of trust in federal channels among the adult respondents is accompanied by the decline of such in local television, and among the student – in Internet; it concerns both, the political and economic events.
Atlaskirov A.R. - Land conflicts in Kabardino-Balkar Republic: causes and peculiarities pp. 69-76


Abstract: The subject of this research is the land conflicts in Kabardino-Balkar Republic. The goal of this work lies in examination of the causes and peculiarities of land conflicts in Kabardino-Balkar Republic. The relevance is substantiated by the fact that one of the paramount factors defining the sociopolitical agenda is the conflicts pertinent to allocation of land resources. Various causes can lead to the emergence of land conflicts: limited land resources, low level of socioeconomic development of the region, unarticulated land policy of the regional government, interethnic contradictions. The author determines the four types of land conflict: agrarian, residential. recreational-rental, and ethno-territorial. All of the aforementioned types are interrelated with each other. In certain conflict situation can manifest the elements of both, agrarian and residential types. Due to multinationality of the republic, the ethno-territorial type of conflict, to one or another extent, manifests practically in all cases of land conflicts.
Kirko V.I., Nevzorov V.N. - Innovative processes in the Siberian Arctic pp. 70-82


Abstract: The given article discloses the peculiarities of innovative processes in the sphere of indigenous small-numbered nations of the Siberian Arctic Region on the territory of the Krasnoyarsk Region (Russia). Conclusions of the article have been done on the basis of wide field researches of 2010-2014 in the Evenkis Municipal Region, Taimyr Dolgano-Nenets Municipal Region, Turukhansk Region, and Tyukhtet Region. The following specialists took part in the field researchers: economists, sociologists, architects, builders, medical specialists, cultural specialists, ethnologists, and fine art experts. The given article is devoted to innovative processes in Surinda - a Northern village (the Evenkis Municipal Region), a compact settlement of Evenkis – an indigenous nation of the Siberian Arctic Region.The main research method used by the authors of the article is the intepretation of the results of field researches conducted in the northern territories of the Krasnoyarsk Region in 2010-2015 and critical analysis of scientific sources on the matter. The basic occupation of Evenkis in Surinda is domestic reindeer breeding, hunting, fishing, and wild plants gathering. The scientists have researched the actual condition of Evenki reindeer breeders, their economic, social and cultural status. In the sphere of the Evenkis, they observe processes of social stratification, single out economic groups of the rich and the poor. Innovative processes should contribute to economic commonwealth of the Evenki reindeer breeders. To achieve this target, the researchers have developed a new typical model of a northern settlement (on the basis of the Surinda village, Evenkia). According to the authors, today's northern settlement should have innovative mini-manufactures that would reduce the cost of consumed energy and food products. The architecture of a northern settlement in Evenkia should involve cultural signs, images and symbols of the Evenki ethnic group. Special features of innovative processes in the sphere of indigenous small-numbered nations of the Siberian Arctic Region include a harmonious combination of cultural and environmental traditions of Evenkis and modern small science-intensive manufactures to provide small ethnic groups living in hazardous climate with all they need for a decent life. Innovative processes in the sphere of indigenous small-numbered nations of the Siberian Arctic Region should contribute to the preservation of the unique cultural, environmental and economic practice of these nations. 
Barinov D.N. - Ontological security and its limits in the modern society pp. 75-89


Abstract: This article is dedicated to the problem of “ontological security” in modern society. The introduced by A. Giddens term of “ontological security” reflects one of the fundamental conditions of social life, which ensure the continuousness of daily interactions and the form the necessary for the ordinary life sense of security. The subject of this research is the macrosocial factors and conditions that generate the uncertainty of ordinary life, as well as manifest as the indicators of limits of the “ontological security”, the overlap of which disturbs the sense of security. The research leans on the idea in such unsurmountable social system as the society, due to the efficiency of objective factors complicating the system’s management, retain the conditions for emergence of the spontaneous processes that are not completely covered by the network of institutionally codified relations, and manifest as the foundation of deformation of the “ontological security”. The analysis of factors and prerequisites of erosion of the “ontological security” is based on the sociological tradition of critical analysis of the society that allows formulating the “diagnosis of modernity” (E. Fromm, U. Beck, A. Giddens, A. Touraine, J. Habermas, and others). A conclusion is made that in the modern dynamically developing society, operate the factors that instigate the emergence of uncertainty, which undermines the foundations of the “ontological security”. Among these factors are: the social changes, crisis phenomena in social life, irrational aspects of social life, complication of society and formalization of social relations, boundaries of the social and ordinary cognition.
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