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Agriculture management
Chesnokova L.A., Yashina N.I., Malyshev S.A. - Problems of involving the youth into the agricultural sector of the Russian Federation
pp. 1-8


Abstract: The research subject is the problem of involving the youth into the restoration of the agricultural sector of the Russian Federation. The research object is the development of farming as a sector. Special attention is given to differentiating the youth problems in agriculture into the problems of employees and the problems of farmers-entrepreneurs. The authors emphasize the difficulties faced by small farmers. The authors consider the measures of direct and indirect government support in the area of farming and rural areas development in general. The authors study the works of foreign and Russian scientists, analyze statistical data provided by the Federal State Statistics Service and the Ministry of agriculture. The authors conclude about the necessity to consider and solve the problem of involving the youth into the agricultural sector using the two-way approach. At the current stage, it would be appropriate to use foreign experience and, along with solving the problems of the agricultural sector in general, train more targeted programmes of support for employees and self-employed farmers separately.
Ustyukova V.V. - Subsidiary responsibility of the members of agricultural cooperative societies pp. 1-9


Abstract: The research subject is social relations in the field of establishing and applying the subsidiary responsibility measures in agricultural cooperative societies. The purposes of the research are: legal assessment of the provisions of the Federal law “ On agricultural cooperation” about subsidiary responsibility of members of cooperative societies and their application by courts; analysis of doctrinal views of lawyers and economists on the problems of subsidiary responsibility in general and such responsibility in agricultural cooperative societies in particular; development of scientifically grounded suggestions on the improvement of legislation in this sphere which will allow correcting law-enforcement practice. Using general and specific legal methods of research, the author arrives at the conclusion that the proposals about the cancellation of subsidiary responsibility in agricultural cooperative societies can hardly be implemented in the current conditions. In this situation it seems more reasonable to correct the provisions of the current legislation in the following directions: equal responsibility of all members of a cooperative society should be established in the Law rather than that depending on their share; it should be clearly stated that subsidiary responsibility of the members of the cooperative society is not solidary; the order of making additional contributions for covering losses should be regulated in detail; subsidiary responsibility for the cooperative society’s debts should be imposed not only the newly adopted members, but also on the leaving ones (for losses formed during their membership) during five years upon their withdrawal. The authors substantiate constructive ideas proposed earlier in specific literature, and formulate new suggestions which can make agricultural and consumer cooperative societies more attractive for agricultural workers.   
Zarubina E.V., Simachkova N.N. - Problems of work motivation at agricultural enterprises pp. 8-15


Abstract: The article considers the work motivation of employees at the enterprises of the agroindustrial complex. The main problems with the work motivation of personnel at agricultural enterprises are identified, and the ways to solve these problems are outlined. The article states that effective motivation of employees in organizations of the agroindustrial complex gives the following advantages:1. Increases the level of employee efficiency. Employee engagement will lead to the increased productivity, reduced costs and increased overall efficiency of the company.2. Activates human resources. To achieve the company's goals, physical, financial and human resources are required. It is thanks to motivation that human resources can be used in full. This can be done by forming the willingness of employees to work. This will help organizations to ensure the efficient use of resources.3. Creates a favorable atmosphere in the team. Work occupies a significant part of a person's life, so many people want the atmosphere at work to be comfortable. The effectiveness of the collective work of employees and interpersonal communications directly depends on the psychological climate in the team. For many employees, good relationships with colleagues and positive emotions are more important than career prospects and greater material remuneration for work.4. Leads to the achievement of the organization's goals. An effective employee incentive program at the organization helps to achieve maximum results, increase the productivity of employees of the company, and increase the competitiveness of the organization.
Ustyukova V.V. - Actual problems of legal regulation of agrarian relations in the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus pp. 11-21


Abstract: The subject of consideration in this article is the trends in the development of agrarian and legal research conducted by the scientists of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus.The purpose of the study is to identify the problems that currently attract the attention of scientists and which, by and large, are common to both states, and to analyze the ways proposed by the researchers for legislative solutions to these problems.When writing the article, general scientific and special legal methods were used (analysis, generalization, formal legal, comparative legal, historical). This made it possible to reveal the current state of the agrarian legislation of the two states, to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the legal regulation of relations in the agricultural sector of the economy, including gaps and contradictions, to outline areas for improving legislation.The legal problems of maintaining the balance of public and private interests in the agricultural sector, ensuring food, environmental, biological safety, issues of classification of agricultural sectors, organic agriculture (including aquaculture), the use of GMOs in the production of agricultural products are analyzed. Attention is paid to the issues of the legal status, state support and protection of the rights of agricultural producers and a number of others.The scientific novelty consists in the formulation of conclusions that develop the theory of agrarian law, and practical proposals for improving the legal regulation of relations in the agricultural sphere both in Russia and in the Republic of Belarus.
Ustyukova V.V. - Administrative liability for the violation of legislation in the field of handling and disposal of animal and biological waste pp. 12-20


Abstract: The subject of research in this article is social relations in the field of ensuring biological safety by means of administrative actions for the violations of legislation in the field of handling and disposing of animal and biological waste.  The purposes of the research are: analysis of doctrinal approaches to defining the terms “animal waste” and “biological waste”; legal assessment of using the provisions of the Administrative Offences Code of Russia establishing responsibility for the violation of rules of handling and disposing of the above mentioned types of waste; formulation of proposals aimed at the clarification of particular provisions of veterinary rules.  The research is based on general scientific and specific research methods (analysis, generalization, the formal-legal, comparative-legal and historical methods). They help the author to consider the evolution of the term “biological waste”, and to define its merits and flaws during the operation of the 1995 Veterinary rules for the collection and utilization of biological waste as compared with the current rules of 2020. The author analyzes disputable issues appearing in judicial practice when considering cases of the violation of veterinary and sanitary rules of biological waste disposal, and describes her own opinion which is not always in line with the position of commercial and regular courts. The scientific novelty of the research consists in the conclusion about the common goals of legal regulation of responsibility in the field of handling and disposing of animal and biological waste and the necessity to regulate them in one chapter of the Administrative Offences Code, rather than in different chapters as they are regulated now. The author states the necessity to clarify the terms “biological waste” and “animal waste” and to consider some of it as recyclable materials. The author attempts to differentiate between the types of waste under study and other types of waste (including food waste of animal origin).   


Abstract: The personnel-to-be for agricultural enterprises mostly live in rural areas. Therefore, it is important to create conditions for the intellectual development of young people in rural schools, which is the subject of the study in this article. Digitalization, creating conditions for the development of "smart agriculture", undoubtedly affects the progress in agricultural relations, but the main emphasis should be placed on the human resource of agriculture. Now it is necessary to develop a system of personnel retraining, to organize the labor discipline of rural residents in small forms of management, to find alternative forms for the production activities of the rural population. Promising technologies of "intelligent" agriculture will ensure effective environmentally safe pest control, will contribute to the restoration and preservation of useful properties of soils and groundwater, and with the help of these technologies, compliance with the certification requirements of organic agriculture will be constantly monitored. hus, the main goal of the personnel policy in the field of agriculture is the timely selection of highly qualified personnel, the development of human capital, the increase in human production efficiency through informatization and modernization of production in each individual agricultural enterprise.Setting Strategic integration is necessary to give the integrity of the overall organizational strategy to develop a personnel strategy. The overall goal of this process is to ensure the intellectualization of human capital and the transition to digital agriculture.
Baryshnikov N.G., Samygin D.Y., Bulycheva Y.V. - Strategic goal-setting models of agricultural and food policy in the regions pp. 22-33


Abstract: The research subject is regional agricultural policy, undergoing significant socio-economic transformations, aimed at, first of all, the provision of national food safety. At the same time, the issues of instrumental and methodological support of substantiation of goals and the agricultural sector strategic development indexes are still highly controversial. Therefore, the problem of development of the models and methods of organizational and economic mechanism of strategic goal-setting, gets special attention both on the legal and the scientific and methodological levels. The research is based on the methodology of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, which is aimed at quantitative assessment of regional agricultural and food policy, and the instruments of econometric analysis. The research is based on the data of the agricultural sector of Penza region and the neighboring regions. The author obtains new data on the current state of agricultural policy in studied region, which needs to be corrected. The developed strategical models of agricultural and food policy formation can serve as a base for the state agricultural policy reorientation. 
Popova O.V. - Legal regulation of agricultural insurance pp. 25-32


Abstract: The development of the risk insurance system in agriculture, which is named as the main direction of state support for agriculture and the development of agricultural territories, is carried out only in the form of state subsidies for insurance premiums, which cannot be assessed as sufficient. The concept of further development of the risk insurance system has not been developed. At the same time, the need to develop the legal institution of agricultural insurance in a changing climate is becoming more and more obvious. Further development of agricultural insurance is proposed not only through the system of subsidizing part of the cost of insurance premiums, but also through the development of insurance cooperation, increasing the variability of insurance products. In addition, the issue of the need to create a transparent system of compensation payments to agricultural producers from the budget in the event of large-scale emergencies is raised.The functions of the state are those of ensuring national security, which means food security, and thus ensuring emergency response. Compensation for damage to agricultural producers in the event of large-scale natural disasters and natural disasters should be provided from the Federal budget or with its support.It is impossible to predict exactly how much money will be required to eliminate the consequences, this issue must be subjected to economic analysis and even interdisciplinary scientific research. But this is a matter of national importance, and the organization of such research should also be a function of the state.
Kasprova Y.A. - Problems of teaching the discipline Agricultural Law in institutions of higher education pp. 28-32


Abstract: The subject of the research is the peculiarities of teaching the discipline “Agricultural Law” in institutions of higher education oriented towards the training of bachelors in the field of agriculture and agro-industrial complex. The author analyzes the Federal Educational Standard in Jurisprudence (bachelor degree course), educational standards of institutions of higher education authorized to develop them, and the curricula of some institutions of higher education for the presence of the discipline “Agricultural Law”. The author also gives attention to the up-to-date scientific literature in this discipline.   The research is based on the methods of analysis, observation, description, the formal-legal method and sociological method. The author arrives at the following conclusions: 1) in specialized agricultural universities, even if they have the faculty of law, the discipline “Agricultural law” is often not taught in bachelor degree courses. The author suggests introducing the compulsory discipline “Agricultural Law” in field-oriented educational institutions (primarily those under the Ministry of Agriculture). 2) the author notes students’ low motivation for studying this discipline. 3) there’s a lack of up-to-date agricultural law textbooks.   
Zhuravleva L.A., Zarubina E.V. - AGRARIAN SOCIOLOGY: THE MAIN TRENDS pp. 29-35


Abstract: The article highlights and briefly analyzes the main directions of agrarian sociology in Russia, and shows that agricultural sociology is only evolving today. Theoretical research methods were used: a systematic approach, a comparative historical method, as well as quantitative and qualitative methods of applied sociological research: questionnaires, analysis of documents and work in a focus group. The research allows identifying the main directions of modern agrarian sociology in Russia. These include: 1. Sociological research of ecological culture and consumer culture. 2. The sociology of nutrition. 3. Sociological studies of farming as a special social group. Based on the results of the study, the authors identify the trend directions of modern agricultural sociology in Russia which are currently being formed and waiting for research by the joint efforts of sociologists, economists, lawyers, philosophers and representatives of agricultural sciences. Solving these problems will help attract young people to work in farms, including the organization of their own family farm. The first group of problems is the loss of traditions of family farming as a way of life and the related underestimation of farm labor and farming as a social community. The second group of problems is related to the insufficient use of innovative technologies, including digital ones, in family farming and everyday life, as well as the insufficiently developed social infrastructure in rural areas.
Solovyanenko N.I. - Issues of Legal Regulation of the Use of Digital Technologies in Agricultural Business pp. 46-53


Abstract: The modern agrarian revolution means the introduction of high-tech solutions, which play a significant role as a factor of sustainable development in the field of food security, agriculture, and the rational use of natural resources. The digital transformation of agriculture covers the use of a wide range of technologies in the production of agricultural products and food (the Internet of Things, robotics, artificial intelligence, big data analysis, e-commerce, and a number of others). The legislation lags behind the digital technologies being introduced, which are constantly improved and are a "moving target " in terms of regulation. An essential task is to create an up-to-date regulatory framework that will strengthen confidence in digital agriculture. Digital strategies define regulatory objectives. In Russia, the creation and development of the national platform "Digital Agriculture" is a part of the legal mechanism of strategic planning. It is aimed at the creation of conditions for the intensification of productivity and the reduction of operating expenditures by means of using high-tech solutions. Digital agriculture activities should be supported by updated basic legislation. The state information system of sectoral data collecting and analyzing "One-stop window" is projected as the incoming data source for the national platform "Digital Agriculture". 
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