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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Modern Education" > Rubric "Modern strategies and forms of education"
Modern strategies and forms of education
Pronchev G.B., Goncharova I.V. - Mathematical training of sociology students in the conditions of globalization pp. 1-9


Abstract: This article is dedicated to the discussion of problems of higher education that are associated with globalization. Russia's entrance to the Bologna process alongside the transition onto the three-level system of education "bachelor's degree - master's degree - post-graduate school" for increasing the rating of Russian education abroad, provide educational services to foreign citizens in Russian universities, expand and strengthen the country's positions in the world educational space, can be viewed as a process of globalization of education in Russia.  Based on the example of mathematical training of sociology students, the work analyzes the occurring problems, as well as the possible ways for their resolution. The classical and modern theoretical positions of the social and humanitarian branches of scientific knowledge formed the methodological basis of the research, which allows analyzing the Federal Program for the Development of Education over the period of 2016-2020 and the content of the training program for bachelor's sociologists on the GEF standard. The authors come to the conclusion that the impact of globalization processes upon education has positive and negative sides. Negative sides, such as, for example, the shortage of hours for acquiring new knowledge beyond the scope of the standard, can be balanced by the development and implementation of the remote forms of education. The graded rating system of the assessment of knowledge as a concurrent factor to the globalization of education must be implemented with consideration of the national pedagogical achievements. Meeting this requirements will lead to the successful acquisition of standards, and eventually, to the competitiveness of future Russian sociologists.
Brovkin A.V. - The issues of modern Russian system of higher education and ways of their solution to the benefit of all participants of educational process: Part 1 pp. 1-10


Abstract: This article emphasizes that the issues of modern Russian higher education cause direct damage to socioeconomic development of the country, thus there is a need for optimization of the system that will consider the interests of all participants of the educational services market. Accent is made on the necessary change in the approach towards understanding of goals of the educational process, tasks of the government and boards of the higher educational facilities. The author analyzes the erroneous and questionable decisions in the field of state policy as a whole, as well as the actions of the boards of the universities at the local level in particular. In the course of this research, the author applied personal organizational-pedagogical experience, methods of analysis and synthesis, information from the open sources, including modern monographs of the national and foreign experts in the area of organization of higher education. The main results are the following: introduction of the concept of “stakeholders of educational process”; determination of six groups of such stakeholders, each one has its own goals, interests, and demands. At the same time, the author indicates that the key problem at the present stage is the disagreement between the knowledge and skills of the university graduates and the requirements of the current job market and innovation economics. Solution of the aforementioned problem lies in the aligning of interests of all groups of stakeholders through identification, analysis, and overcoming of the problems of each group. The author conducted a comprehensive analysis of the first two groups, which allowed formulating a number of conclusions and particular recommendations.
Brovkin A.V. - The problems of the modern Russian system of higher education and methods of their solution in accordance with the interest of all participants of the educational process: Part 2 pp. 1-8


Abstract: This article is a second part of explication of the research results on the problems of modern Russian higher education, and represents a direct continuation of the first part. The author analyze the goals, tasks and problems of such participants of the national educational process in higher school as the faculty members, students, parents of the students, and employers. Leaning on the conducted research, each of the indicated four groups of stakeholders of the educational process, the author formulates a number of key conclusion and provides specific practical recommendations. In the course of this work were applies the methods of analysis and synthesis of the information of open sources, including modern articles and monographs of the Russian and foreign experts in the area of higher education. The author’s personal pedagogical experience was considered. The key results of the second part of the case study include the profound analysis of the four groups of stakeholders of the educational process, with subsequent formulation of the corresponding conclusions and recommendations. The article provides the generalized conclusions on both parts of research, as well as conclusions and recommendations on the vectors of modernization of the modern Russian system of higher education.
Nevolina V.V. - Scientific methodological laboratory for personal growth: pedagogical assistance and support pp. 9-15


Abstract: The subject of this research is the phenomenon of mystical viewed in context of the history of religion and culture of mankind. Reference to the mystical experience attains special meaning at the current stage of civilizational development – the search for exiting the spiritual crisis. The “mystical” is typified as the “internal religion” opposite to the “external religion” – the religious cult and religious organization. Mysticism, being the inner part of religion, is identified with the most sacred knowledge and human feelings aimed at cognizing the Absolute. Mysticism is a conceptual core of the religious experience and the overall goal of any religious practice. Based on the conducted research, the author concludes that the evolution of religions took a path from magical to mystical. The magical (primal) religions are deprived of mystical beginning. The phenomenon of mystical occurs only within the national and world religions that recognize a human as a carrier of the absolute beginning. The peculiarity of current situation consists in the return to pre-mystical religious representations. The author determines the two types of mystical teachings – the immanent and the transcendent immanent. The importance of mystical religious first and foremost lies in development of the gnoseological abilities of a human, and then in the revolutionary psychological transformations of mind and personality.
Mukin V.A., Efremov O.Y. - Concept of optimization of a regional university pp. 11-21


Abstract: This article review the conceptual structure of regional society and its connection with the university culture. It is determined that the participation of a university in the structure of modernization potential of regional society is important for the development of the regional social space. The article analyzes the model of formation of the university space as a universal structure that will be responsible for the development and modernization of a region. The authors examine the questions of emergence of the effective grounds and forms of realization of interaction between the university and regional society. The goal of the work consists in formulation of the concept of optimization of a regional university, as well as socio-philosophical analysis of the expected results from the perspective of their purposefulness. Methodology for this study is based on the generalization of scientific research works dedicated to the analysis of various models of regional university. The authors’ main contribution consists in combination of all analyzed elements into the unified structure by means of establishing a basic space (university) as the overall control subsystem for the elements of regional society. Without the developing regional culture, all achievements of a university such as trained specialists, technologies and innovations will bypass into the other developing cultural centers within the country or abroad. Therefore, a university faced the task of forming the bases of multifacetedness within the surrounding social space and regional culture through the educational and scientific activity.
Litvinova N.P., Samorukov V.I. - The experience of recognition of competencies acquired in non-formal and informal education in foreign countries pp. 17-35


Abstract: The authors thoroughly examine the problems of recognition of professional competencies acquired outside the system of formal education such as improvement of legislation in the area of adult education; elimination of contradictions between social partners and the government; development and use of the effective instruments and systems of recognition, certification and accreditation of non-formal education, including the authorities and procedures of ensuring quality. The implementation of the system of recognition on non-formal and distance education contributes to the promotion of lifelong learning, creation education that is more effective and meets economic standards and the labor market, and also allows reducing the spending on education and advanced training. The authors present a review on the world practice of acknowledgement of professional competencies and conduct a comparative analysis of the systems and instruments of recognition of professional competencies in a number of European countries, Canada and South Korea. The main conclusion consists in the fact that majority of the countries reform their systems of acquiring education in which the systems of recognition of non-formal and distance education become a significant component.
Melnikov Y.B., Boyarsky M.D., Lokshin M.D. - On assessment of the quality of the math classes using the system of exemplary models applying the information and communication technologies pp. 17-25


Abstract: The object of this research is an important and relevant question of modern education – the realization of educational activity with application of the information and communication technologies. The subject is the assessment of the quality of math classes with application of the information and communication technologies. Special attention is given to the development of mechanism for creating the system of models considered as exemplary for the math class (content area, presentation style, etc.). The article describes (from various perspectives) the criteria for the system of exemplary models that allow assessing the quality of the content of math class. Methodology of the research is based on the modelling theory. The following conclusions were made: 1) the content of math class, developed with implementation of the formalized system of exemplary model, produces the more extensive pedagogical effect that the content selected by certain private methods; 2) the described system of exemplary models can be used not only as an apparatus for assessing the quality of the existing mathematical content, but also as instrument of projecting the new math disciplines; 3) the suggested approach can be applied to the assessment of quality not only of the mathematical educational content, but also other areas of education. Unlike the existing studies on the questions of application of the information and communication technologies in math education, the accent is made not on the quality of content solution, but rather the quality of the content of math classes. The proposed approach allows harmoniously combine the unification and diversification of presentation of the educational discipline, as well as ensure to the student a possibility of structuring of an individual educational trajectory.
Nevolina V.V., Belonovskaya I.D. - Classification of strategies of professional self-realization of a student of medical discipline pp. 18-27


Abstract: The strategies of professional self-realization of the future medical worker are defined by the challenges of modern society. Formulation of such strategies that meet the priorities of the development of society, is ensured by the modern medical education oriented towards the requirements of healthcare and training of a physician who is responsible before the society, masters the scientific research, and has an active public position. Practice of the continuous medical education throughout the entire socially active life, suggest the development and implementation of strategies of the professional self-realization, choice of the promising directions of career growth, as well as directions and levels of training. Methodology of this work contains the theoretical historical-pedagogical analysis, experimental research, including the factor analysis and foresight technologies. The work experience in the context of network experimental foresights platform allowed the authors to formulate the new pedagogical classifications of the strategies of professional self-realization of a student of medical discipline. The authors determine the three types of strategies: traditional (classical), innovation, and foresight.
Krasnikov V., ., . - Culturalization of Education: Traditional Means and New Technologies Used in Native History and Regional Studies pp. 19-48


Abstract: The means of formation of the expert checked by time as "man of culture" with deep social and personal views through the native and regional educational technologies are presented in article for the first time in literature. Authors claim that scientific researches of the last years revealed also such important means of culturalization of education as the domestic native history studies having deep historical roots and huge potential for being applied in modern conditions. They prove that today's technologies and services used in native history and regional studies can resolve a number of serious educational and pedagogic problems. As teachers at higher education institutions of Tambov and members of a unique public association of researchers of regional history and culture "Tambov Center for Regional Studies" (TCRS) at the Tambov regional office of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences (has been working since 1995), the authors of the present article developed measures for further development of both traditional and new techniques which are approved in the course of pedagogical work at higher education institutions of Tambov. The TCRS' practice-oriented program-compendium "History and Culture of the Tambov Region" is aimed at culturalization of teaching and educational processes at educational institutions. Even in the course of development many theses were submitted not only during international and all-Russian scientific and practical conferences but also presented at departments of a number of educational institutions. Authors prove importance of studying of the native land and the local history education connecting intellectual and spiritual resources of man and society with the life environment for increasing culturological competence of future experts. The authors also reveal the definition and content of the term 'native history'.  Ways and means of culturalization of education through cultural regional studies based on the example of higher education are presented by the authors: 1. For all directions of training in general. 2. For Master degrees. They are focused on students of new type who have to proceed from various techniques of the analysis of difficult modern humanitarian situations, possess ideas of the historical sources and roots arising in the society of problems to understand that the advancing character of modern educational model means its orientation to formation of innovative and creative type of conceptually clever person. And in training of this kind of experts disciplines of a humanitarian cycle have the special importance. The uniting moment in the offered measures is orientation to development of active forms of thinking, to designing finally some steady the "sphere of meanings" characterizing dynamics of regional sociocultural processes. Authors draw a conclusion about need of scientific and public consolidation for the solution of this problem.
Rudenko V.A., Agapova S.P., Tomilin S.A., Ukhalina I.A., Tsuverkalova O.F., Golovko M.V., Efimenko N - Factors and vector of strategic development of a university in the context of realization of the region’s innovation potential pp. 19-31


Abstract: The subject field of this research is the educational organization and its place within the regional space of innovations creation. Based on this, the article determines the key directions and barriers of innovation development of a state and its regions, as well as the role and importance of the professional potential for ensuring the necessary level of innovation activity of the enterprises. On the precise example the author examines the forms and results on interaction between the university, industrial enterprises, and region, as well as defines the vectors of increasing efficiency of collaboration of all parties interested in innovation development. The scientific novelty of this work consists in reviewing the region’s innovation potential and determination of the role of educational organizations in its application. Conclusions made during the course of this research identify the actual directions and efficient tools of managing interaction between the key actors of innovation space. The following can be considered as such: the need for renewing the scientific research and laboratorial base of a university in accordance with the requirements of the enterprises’ innovation developments; expansions of the scientific research topics for overcoming the limited segment specificity; as well as search for the ways to balance demand and candidate pool on the regional job market. s
Nemtsev I.A. - Implementation of the Ideas and Principles of Sustainable Development in the Field of Education in Russia pp. 23-50


Abstract: In his article Nemtsev tries to describe social, philosophical and organizational aspects of the model of education for sustainable development. The researcher gives a critical evaluation of the existing system of education and shows that modern education does not work for sustainable development. Netmsev suggests that we should view school education and up-bringing as the platform for developing a sustainable life style which would enable to implement the strategies of sustainable development. The researcher offers a new system of education, i.e. education for sustainable development. He analyzes the methods and concepts of environmental education that correspond to the paradigm of sustainable development. The methodological basis of the present research is the dialectical method as the opposition to the traditional system of education and the requirement to proceed to the model of education for sustainable development. The researcher has also used general scientific methods such as abstraction, idealisation, comparison, simulation, analysis, synthesis, etc. The objectives of the research are achieved based on provisions and conclusions on the matter found in works of contemporary Russian and foreign researches and philosophers. Nemtsev concludes that it is necessary and possible to create the system of education that would be oriented at sustainable innovation-based development of the society. The researcher also describes the concept of school (EcoSchool) and the system of education for sustainable development (the model of environmental education, implementation of a number of paticular disciplines, etc.) as well as the steps needed to be taken to adopt the system of education for sustainable development. 
Yanik A.A., Popova S.M. - Main peculiarities of the modern scientific policy in Germany pp. 25-51


Abstract: This article introduces the results of the analysis of peculiarities of state control over the scientific development in the Federative Republic of Germany. The contemporary German experience represents interest for Russia due to the fact that both countries are federations, which leads to the emergence of more complex mechanisms of development and realization of the scientific policy, rather than in the countries with Unitarian form of government structure. The work carefully examines the fundamental elements of the system of strategic planning in the area of scientific development and innovations, including the key legal acts. The conclusion is made that the main specificities of the German management model for scientific development (absence of strict hierarchy; use of communicational mechanisms for the formation of “agreement platform” between all the political actors and groups of interest; delimitation of responsibilities, authority, and finances between the level of federation, level of lands, and others) are the result of implementation of the principles of cooperative federalism (“maximum agreement, minimum force”)  into all the spheres of social life. The effectively operating on all levels mechanisms of achieving political consensus, as well as extensive use of high-tech support of decision-making, help the government to provide the successiveness of the general strategic line in combination with the adaptiveness of the current scientific policy.
Myasoedova V.A., Lebedeva N.A. - Questions of modification of the work of Russian higher education institutions based on the global practice of development of educational establishments pp. 29-37


Abstract: The subject of this research is the key capabilities and competencies of the higher education institutions that are formed by the modern reform in the system of education within the Russian universities and the leading world educational establishments that achieved significant success. The authors carefully examine such aspects of the topic as the analysis of processes of development of capabilities and key competencies in Russian universities within the framework of the three directions of the work of educational establishment: scientific, educational, and innovational. Special attention is given to the analysis of gaps and realization of benchmarking of the educational processes and results of a university. During the course of this work, the authors determine the key controversies in the process of bencharking within the Russian educational environment: orientation of capabilities and competencies of the Russian higher education institution not towards their advancement or highly competitive market of education services, but rather satisfaction of the interests of central office; lack of strategic orientation of a number of forming competencies and capabilities; orientation towards operating activity, etc. The conclusion is made that at the present stage, the reforms in higher school do not provide the formation of capabilities and “key competencies” of the Russian higher education institutions, which will allow increasing their competitiveness on the global arena, meet the demands of the real sector of the economy, as well as efficiently realize the initiatives on innovation development.  
Vitvar O.I. - Socio-pedagogical model of achieving new educational results in the system of secondary professional education pp. 34-40


Abstract: The author considers the organizational and substantive bases of achieving new educational results in professional education from the standpoint of social-pedagogical approach, justifies its importance in the improvement of quality of Secondary Professional Education (SPE). The article examines the traditional and innovative (pilot) integration models of the professional training of specialists for the current job market in the system of secondary professional education, determines the key subjects of professional education, their powers and responsibility, as well as marks the pat for achieving compatibility of educational results and the requirements of modern industrial enterprises. Methodological foundation for this research is the philosophical principles of cognition – integrity, consistency, general communication, causality. Solution of the problems at hand is carried out on the basis of scientific methods of idealization, synthesis, comparative and qualitative content analysis, expert assessment. The scientific novelty lies in a consideration of possible position of assessing the new educational results in the SPE system, acceptable for educational institutions and industrial enterprises. A conclusion is made on the need for reconciliation of requirements of the Federal State Educational Standard of new generation with requirements of the professional standards to solve the problem of youth employment.
Gryaznova E.V., Khlap A.A. - Scientific educational approaches towards distance pedagogy pp. 36-44


Abstract: The subject of this study is the scientific approaches implemented in the conditions of distance pedagogy. The authors examine three main approaches within the traditional pedagogy: pragmatic, personal-oriented, and metathematic; later, they analyze the specificity of the adjustment of these scientific educational approaches in the conditions of distance pedagogy. A special attention is given to the comparison of positive and negative sides of application of these approaches within the traditional and distance pedagogy. During the course of this research, the authors refer to the publications of scholars, who study the issues of implementation of various scientific theories and approaches in both, the traditional, as well as in distance pedagogy. The authors come to a conclusion that the scientific methods applied within the traditional pedagogy fairly easily adjust to the terms of distance pedagogy. At the same time, distance pedagogy is able to balance some of the negative sides of the implementation of the scientific educational approaches, manifesting in the traditional pedagogy.
Gryaznova E.V. - IT-competency in the information culture of municipal education management pp. 39-50


Abstract:  The subject of this work is the IT-competence in the information culture of municipal education management. The object is the municipal Informatization of education management. The author examines the main reasons of the inefficient application of the results of Informatization of education management at the municipal level. Special attention is paid to the problem of formation of the IT-competence of the municipal officials. Particularly, it is proposed to develop the algorithms for the purpose of improvement of IT- competencies of the municipal officials based on the continuous and advanced education. The structure of the It-competencies suggests the three basic components: cognitive, axiological, and praxeological. The main conclusion of the conducted research consists in the substantiation of the following position: in order to prevent the risks associated with the inefficient application of the results of Informatization of education system, it is necessary to develop the algorithms of increase of the IT-competencies of the municipal officials based on the continuous and advanced training. At the same time, such type of professional competencies must be a systemic element of information culture of education management.
Gelman V., Lan'ko S.V., Serdyukov Y.P. - Organization of the IT postgraduate education in continuous medical education pp. 41-50


Abstract: The subject of this research is the organization of educational process in IT postgraduate training in terms of continuous medical education. Therewith, the cycles of improvements in the context of the system of continuous medical education become separate modules of the modular approach. This requires the organization of educational process in the indicated circumstances. Therefore, the goal of this research is the identification of problems and tasks occurring in organization of IT training for medical workers, their analysis and possible ways of solution. Expert assessment and generalized practical experience are used in determination of the key trends and issues emerging in organization of educational process. Moreover, the questionnaire survey of the trainees is conducted in the course of the specifically organized examinations. As a result, the author determines the requirements imposed upon the organization of educational process, as well as demonstrates the possible ways of solution of the arising questions. Suggesting the ways for their solution, the authors assume that it will allow increasing the efficiency of organization of educational process in postgraduate continuous training. Part of the recommendations can also be valuable for other academic departments.
Kovalevskii V.A., Kirko V.I. - Strategic Management of Regional Pedagogical University in Terms of Global and Local Risks pp. 45-69


Abstract: Strategic management of the modern university is determined by many factors including global transformations that create a highly competitive educational environment. Post-Soviet space of higher education is undergoing a series of crises that are enhanced due to the overlapping of international and regional trends. The aim of the study was to concretize the risks and challenges facing the regional Pedagogical University, as well as in the development of strategies to overcome current risks and adequate response to the specific challenges. Applied the methods of conceptual analysis, in-depth expert interviews, analytics statistics. According to most experts modern universities are in a situation paradigm shift their activities. Universities that do not meet the paradigmatic changes in the social life, lose its status. Russian universities are no longer able to use the internal strategy of "imitation" of university activities. Existing proposals on the global education market radically change the post-Soviet map of higher education.
Mansurov E.I. - Can the Idea of Cosmic Exploration Become the National idea? pp. 53-72


Abstract: The author of the article offers an original approach to studying attitudes to space exploration in large age groups (schoolers and students) as well as how attitudes to space exploration and development of cosmonautics have been changing in our country over the past decade. The author also offers to study social and psychological aspects of  attitude of different social groups to space exploration during the last four decades. It is the author's opinion that space exploration can become the national idea of Russia in different social groups. The author shows that modern astronauts are most optimistic about it. The author uses a practical experiment to study the attitudes of the younger generation of Russian citizens towards cosmos and space exploration. By using an original questionnaire, the author has studied what ideas modern schoolers and students have about the timeline of space exploration, whether they would want to work on this problem, and so on. The author notes that there is a certain relation between the increase in interest towards space exploration in different social groups of our country and actual achievements in space exploration. Based on the results of research, the author concludes that at the present time the interest of the younger generation towards space exploration is growing. The author states that the idea of space exploration can become the national idea only if it is accepted by the younger generation. In order to make young people and teenagers interested in space exploration, it is necessary to develop a special pedagogical program for the younger generation.
Krasnikov V., . - The Project of the Tambov Center for Regional Studies: the Program 'History and Culture of the Tambov Region' pp. 71-126


Abstract: Article opens the purpose, tasks and the contents developed by teachers of higher education institutions of Tambov, members of unique public association of researchers of regional history and culture "The Tambov center of study of local lore" at the Tambov regional office of the Russian academy of natural sciences (TTsK) (actively is valid from 1995) educational program compendium "History and Culture of the Tambov Edge". Already in the course of its development many plots were approved not only at the international and All-Russian scientific and practical conferences, but also in audiences of educational institutions. Authors of the program prove importance of studying of the native land, the local history education connecting intellectual and spiritual resources of the person and society with habitat, for increase of culturological competence of future expert. They consider the program as a perspective form of integration of education on cultural Wednesday. The program compendium purpose – acquaintance of future experts with the main stages of process of folding of the multilayered world of culture (cultural space) the region (in borders of the Tambov edge), with its concrete historical dynamics and specifics of its manifestation at each stage of history. For realization of this purpose the version of creation of the program is offered interdisciplinary (historical and sociological on a joint from culturological). In it local history and culturological foreshortenings of consideration of regional culture taking into account the general lines of concrete historical dynamics and tendencies of formation of the Russian culture, ripening and transformations of its spiritual ideals, region roles in the course of folding of a national cultural heritage connect. At creation of a compendium the priority is given to culturological and local history approaches, methods comparative-historical, descriptive are used, reconstruction and other methods of research and a material statement that allows to reveal the general and special in development of the country and its regions, separate parts of the Tambov edge, the reason of their similarities and distinctions, helps interpretation of dynamics of "meanings" of the regional world of culture, its historical and modern stratifications. The interdisciplinary version of creation of the program considers a number of provisions actively developed by modern Chinese philosophy (Zhang Liwen, etc.) "a harmony method" (хэхэфанфа). It is considered as a complementarity method when "all things develop, without doing harm each other, and correspond with each other without mutual rejection". Nodal links and the selected material are subordinated as idea of identification of internal mechanisms of cultural development within separate territorial space, and use of a local history material in culturological training of students. Thus cultural process is considered as one of the main mechanisms of development, some kind of spring providing dynamics of functioning of various territorial processes and spiritual formation of future expert.
Fidarova S.I. - Modern Educational Environment: the Problem of Teachers' Training pp. 74-81


Abstract: The subject matter of the reserach is the problems of teachers' training at institutions of vocational secondary education and higher education under modern conditions. The scope of the research covers the integrated model of the system of education, the methods of teachers' training at North Ossetian State Teachers' Training Institute within the framework of the polylingual and polycultural education and development of personality as a subject of polycultural civil society. The main method of the research is the analysis of experience of innovative development at North Ossetian State Teachers' Training Institute, in particular, the polylingual model of polycultural education. The practical significance of the research is the possibility to use the aforesaid model of education at other teachers' training institutes and universities. 
Litvinov V.A., Baumtrog V.E. - Assessment of the formation of competencies of a student based on his portfolio pp. 88-98


Abstract: The subject of this research is the assessment of formation of competencies of a student as a component of the portfolio provided in digital information educational environment of the educational organization. The article discusses the methods of assessment of the level of formation of competencies of a student based on the results of interim attestation and creative output of a student throughout the entire period of education. The authors examine the use of the matrix of competencies of the main curriculum in evaluation of the level of formation of single competencies of a student. The application of information resources in organization of the educational for automation of building a portfolio is being discussed. The main conclusion of the conducted research lies on the thesis that for consideration of the results of interim attestation on the main curriculum disciplines in assessment of the level of formation of competencies, it is necessary to introduce the new weighted coefficients into the matrix of competencies. The three-level evaluation of competencies of a student suggests considering the results of creative works and participation in the competitive examination only for making changes between the second and third levels.
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