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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Security Issues" > Contents of Issue 04/2023
This issue is currently being formed. All articles presented on this page have already been included in this issue, are considered published, and will remain unchanged in the final version of the issue along with other metadata of the articles.
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: , Doctor of Philosophy, cona01@yandex.ru
Contents of Issue 04/2023
Economical support of national security
Starovoitov V.G., Krupnov Y.A., Lapenkova N.V. - Investment activity in Russian regions under sanctions and restrictions pp. 1-14

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7543.2023.4.44135

EDN: ZTKYIL

Abstract: The subject of the study is organizational, managerial, socio-economic relations that arise in Russian regions and municipalities during the implementation of investment projects under the conditions of sanctions. The purpose of the study is to analyze and develop recommendations for regional and municipal authorities on attracting investments in the conditions of severe sanctions pressure from Western countries on the Russian Federation. The article uses empirical research methods to identify, analyze new trends and best practices in attracting investment to Russian regions and municipalities. The authors examine in detail such aspects of the research topic as the increasing importance of attracting investment to municipalities and regions due to a significant reduction in foreign direct investment due to the imposed sanctions. Particular attention is paid to identifying sources of investment capital in Russia and in friendly countries. As well as creating conditions for the implementation of investment projects in Russian regions and municipalities under unprecedented sanctions restrictions. To activate investment processes, it is necessary to ensure: the development and implementation of development strategies for municipalities and regions; identification and use of unique natural, industrial and human resources; development of investment infrastructure; creating conditions for the relocation of modern production complexes from large cities; the preferred choice of investors from friendly countries and representatives of domestic businesses returning capital from Western offshores; formation of special economic zones in the regions. The novelty of the study lies in the fact that, based on an analysis of the best domestic practices, specific recommendations have been developed for regional and municipal authorities on searching and attracting investment resources to Russian regions and municipalities under the conditions of strict sanctions restrictions. The use of research results makes it possible to intensify the processes in regions and municipalities: attracting modern high-tech economic facilities; increasing production and financial potential; improving the quality of life of the population, etc.
Technologies and methodology of security systems
Il'in V.V., Nikolaev N.V., Nekrasov M.I., Sokolov A.M. - An Approach to Evaluating the Effectiveness of Systems for Countering Robotic Complexes at Important Facilities pp. 15-26

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7543.2023.4.39479

EDN: WKOLMA

Abstract: The subject of the study is a scientific and methodological apparatus for evaluating the effectiveness of systems for countering robotic complexes. The object of research is a scientific and methodological apparatus for analyzing systems for countering robotic complexes at important facilities. The aim of the work is to develop a scientific and methodological apparatus for evaluating the effectiveness of systems for countering robotic complexes at important facilities in the direction of taking into account their structure, spatial configuration, as well as the synergetic effect of the joint use of heterogeneous technical means as part of the system. In order to achieve the research goal, the general logical-probabilistic modeling method and the tools of modern geoinformation systems are comprehensively applied in the work. The article proposes a new approach to evaluating the effectiveness of spatially distributed multi-bridge systems for countering robotic complexes. The results obtained can be used by interested organizations to evaluate the effectiveness of variants of such systems and identify their vulnerabilities. The scientific novelty consists in the development of an approach to assessing the effectiveness of spatially distributed multi-border systems for countering robotic complexes, taking into account their structure, spatial configuration, as well as the synergetic effect of the joint use of heterogeneous technical means of countering robotic complexes through the integrated use of new logical-probabilistic models and modern geoinformation technologies. The results obtained in the article indicate that the goal of the work has been achieved.
Internal threats and countermeasures
Ul'yanov M.V. - A Note on the Definition of Ethnic Enclave pp. 27-38

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7543.2023.4.68753

EDN: OLKXPG

Abstract: The author considers in detail the main approaches to the definition of ethnic enclave and enclavization. Taking into account the degree of elaboration of this problem due to the peculiarities of historical development, special attention is focused on the approaches reflected in foreign English-language publications on the economy of the enclave and social modeling. The author also addresses the problem of the formation of ethnic enclaves in the Russian Federation, acting as an obvious threat to public security. The methodological basis of the research is presented by the general dialectical method of scientific cognition. The prospects of enclavization are illustrated by official statistical data on the number of people registered for migration and who have received citizenship. Based on the analysis, it is concluded that the main features of an ethnic (polyethnic) enclave are the presence of a special economic structure and socio-cultural environment that exclude the processes of assimilation into society. In order to identify the enclave, it is advisable to use sociological methods (questionnaires, surveys of the local population) and a survey of the territory. Considering that migration processes are related to the determinants of crime, it is necessary to study the phenomenon of ethnic enclaves in a criminal aspect. Moreover, with the growth of external migration, the prospects of enclavization seem quite real. The negative consequences of enclavization are the growth of social exclusion, tension, an increase in crime, including migration and organized ethnic crime.
Economical support of national security
Mishin A., Andriyanov N.A. - Indicators for assessing the risk of execution of state contracts with a long life cycle pp. 39-59

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7543.2023.4.44047

EDN: AIIJFD

Abstract: The subject of the study is the process of monitoring the execution and assessing the risk of execution of government contracts in the Russian Federation. The research methodology consists of studying statistical data on government procurement in Russia; enriching data from the UIS with additional data from market analysis systems; analyzing the subject area and identifying potentially valuable categorical data that have not been previously studied by other scientists and applying the tools of one-way analysis of variance to these data in order to assess their statistical significance for solving problems of predicting the execution of government contracts. By applying the ANOVA method to a dataset that included more than 83 thousand consolidated records, results were obtained confirming the significance of a number of categorical features relating to the suppliers industry, its legal form and region for predicting the execution of government contracts. At the same time, it was revealed that such characteristics as form of ownership, method of placing an order, legal category of the size of the suppliers business and budget level are not statistically significant for forecasting purposes. The results obtained can be used by researchers in the course of cluster analysis, exploratory data analysis, and when constructing an ensemble of models for predicting the execution of government contracts. The results obtained expand and deepen existing approaches in terms of searching for new significant features based on information capabilities contained in government information systems and other big data sources.
Legal support of national security
Sergeeva A.A., Pitul'ko K.V. - Features of countering the spread of the ideology of Nazism among young people pp. 60-68

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7543.2023.4.69008

EDN: DUDZYN

Abstract: The authors analyze the main determinants of the spread of the ideology of Nazism among young people. The authors consider general social and special criminological measures for the prevention of criminally punishable manifestations of the ideology of Nazism. In the modern period, the spread of the ideology of Nazism is characterized by a high social danger, therefore, the development of a set of measures aimed at preventing it is of exceptional importance. To date, there are a number of legal instruments designed to punish persons who share Nazi views and implement them in concrete actions. However, the legal provision for the prevention of manifestations of socially dangerous behavior is not characterized by completeness and does not have a full-fledged basis. The general structure of criminological prevention of the spread of the ideology of Nazism has not been developed either. The authors substantiate the modern concept of its implementation.In the course of the study, standard general scientific and private scientific methods were used: formal-logical, system-structural, comparative-legal. Scientifically based recommendations aimed at clarifying the boundaries of preventive activities are formulated. It is proposed to use general social, special criminological and individual preventive measures to prevent manifestations of the ideology of Nazism. Special emphasis is placed on the information and propaganda and counter-propaganda vectors of prevention. The authors draw attention to the fact that the need to improve the criminological prevention of manifestations of the ideology of Nazism among young people is due to the lack of legal certainty in the provisions of the law regulating the conditions for criminal prosecution, the lack of an organized system of preventive impact, general unfavorable trends in the spread of the ideology of Nazism among young people. At the same time, it is quite important to distinguish between imitation of preventive activity and its actual implementation. In this regard, the authors substantiate the important role of patriotic education of young people.
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