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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Modern Education" > Rubric "Pedagogy"
Pedagogy
Gulyaikhina E.S. - Modernization of School Education as an Essential Condition for Social Progress: Teaching Innovations Offered by Johann Pestalozzi and Joseph Neef pp. 1-21

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4188.2014.2.11399

Abstract: The article is devoted to special features of the American national education at the beginning of the XIXth century that created the unique socio-cultural environment for further development of education as one of the triggers of successful social development and led to the modification of Johann Pestalozzi's system of education by his student Joseph Neef. The most important part of Joseph Neef's teaching heritage is his methodological development of training and education issues. Republicanism principles were one of the most important dominants in his theory and practice of teaching as well. In her research the author of the article has used the systems approach and the method of scientific analysis which allowed to describe Joseph Neef's theory of teaching as the realization of Johann Pestalozzi's ideas as well as the republicanism and democracy principles. The author of the article concludes that conceptual provisions of the theory of nature-aligned education allowed Joseph Neef to adapt the theory to the Amerian socio-cultural environment. As a result, Johann Pestalozzi's heritage was enriched with the innovative version of Pestalozzianism which, in its turn, created favorable conditions for the development of American economy. 
Flerov O.V. - Peculiarities of Teaching the Second Language at a Non-Linguistic University pp. 1-25

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8736.2015.1.14101

Abstract: This article is dedicated to teaching the second foreign language at a non-linguistic university. The object of the study is the educational process at a non-linguistic university. The subject under study is teaching the second foreign language as a part of linguistic training of non-linguist students. The author considers in much detail the role of teaching the second foreign language to students nowadays and the most topical methodological and organizational aspects of this process. Particular attention is paid to choosing the second foreign language for studies and to the teacher's professional activity.The main research methods used by the researcher is the analysis of existing teaching practice based on the researcher's observations and his personal experience in teaching the second foreign language at a university. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author views teaching the second foreign language as an independent discipline but not a form of teaching foreign languages in general. The main contribution made by the researcher is the defintion of methodological and organizational peculiarities of the given process as well as particular features of teacher's activity at a non-linguistic university. The main conclusions made by the researcher are the following: 1. Teaching the second foreign language should be an independent issue and be particularly studied by university didactics. 2. Teaching the second foreign language at a university has particular methodological and organizational peculiarities that may considerably differ from the process of teaching the first foreign language.
Chentsova O. - The influence of cultural and educational space of the museum on the development of professional skills of students (on the example of students of the faculty "Entrepreneurship in culture") pp. 9-17

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8736.2017.2.23173

Abstract: This article presents the results of a pedagogical study of the influence of teaching on the basis of the cultural and educational space of the museum on the formation of cultural and professional qualities of university students. The theoretical basis is the study of S.L. Troyanskaya. The study was conducted on the basis of The Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, The Goldenweiser Memorial Apartment for bachelors of Faculty of Entrepreneurship in Culture of the International University in Moscow. The main findings of the study are: the inclusion of the cultural and educational space of the museum in the educational process of the university is an effective solution for the development of the cultural and professional qualities of students, necessary for readiness for further professional activities and cultural life in society, and for intensifying the learning process.
Levin V.I. - Bibliometric indexes and expert evaluations: how to assess the results of scientific activity pp. 11-28

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8736.2016.4.20046

Abstract: This article examines the currently relevant question: what is the appropriate way for objective assessment of the work of the scholars and academic institutions in the modern conditions, using the information technologies. The traditional assessment of the quality of results of the scientific research is based on the expert evaluations of the members of academic community. The new methods of assessment are based on calculation of the quantitative indexes, as well as associated with the quantitative system of financing of the scholars and academic facilities. Currently, many countries have disputes between the officials, who are the supporters of bibilometrics, and the scholars – its opponents. The work analyzes and compares the quantitative (Bibliometric) and qualitative (expert) methods of assessment of the quality of a scientific work. The article is first to attempt finding the foundations of the possible position of academic community regarding the questions of evaluation of the results of a scientific work, affordable for the state and other sponsoring organizations. The conclusion is made that quantitative indexes must be applied only as the intermediate, which complement the main expert evaluations of the quality of results of the scientific research.
Sazyka G.S. - Practice and questions of conceptualization of the sociocultural activity pp. 19-32

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8736.2018.2.26592

Abstract: The object of this research is a current discourse between the theory of sociocultural activity and pedagogical practice. The subject of this research is the sociocultural activity as a field of pedagogical practice of the separate educational facilities in Russia. The goal is to determine the substantial aspects of the content of sociocultural activity as the fields of modern national pedagogy with emphasis on the currently developing practice of nurturing the sociocultural traits of students’ personality through organization and execution of cultural events, as well as the theory of sociocultural activity. The key method of research is the logical-semantic explication of the categories of pedagogical practice into the sphere of theoretical discourse. The main conclusion lies in the statement that the concept of sociocultural activity is broader than the used up to now terms within the practice of nurturing the sociocultural traits of personality (cultural education of the masses, cultural-educational work, and others). It includes the description not only of pedagogical practice based on the theoretical-methodological grounds, but also the phenomenon of social life capable of developing outside the explicated pedagogical concept within the framework of the common factors of sociocultural dynamics and self-organization of the society. The concept of sociocultural activity underlines the yet untapped potential of pedagogical science in the aspect of forming the trends of sociocultural development.
Gatiatullina E.R. - Is the Root of Learning Always Bitter? On the Question of Teacher’s Personality in Pedagogical Process pp. 20-44

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8736.2015.2.14384

Abstract: Is a pedagogue always a pedagogue? This question is not so easy as it may look at first sight. What personal and professional qualities allow us to call a person a pedagogue? Why is the aphorism that “root of learning is bitter” usually treated as truthful. Can it be questioned or the opposite proved? How to make the learning process is not difficult and tiring, but easy and joyful? The article is dedicated to pedagogue’s role in educational process. One of the reasons for students’ low motivation, their disinterestedness, unruliness, bad record and infirm knowledge and skills etc is rather low level of teacher’s pedagogical culture. It keeps him from structuring and giving the material in the right way, from making it clear and explicit, vivid and interesting, important and useful for the pupils. The article deals with the principal components of pedagogical culture, ways and means of increasing efficiency of pedagogical process on the basis of pedagogue’s personal self-perfection. As the questions raised in it are topical, it may be interesting and useful for university and college teachers both in theoretical and practical aspects.
Altunin K.V. - Development and testing of the ways of learning new English words pp. 22-29

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8736.2016.3.19218

Abstract: Currently we can notice the growing interest towards the study of foreign languages, and particularly English, which became the recognized means of international communication. The number of people studying English comprises 500 million people all over the world. And this number is constantly increasing. Thus, the demand for English language, including Russia, is expanding. Moreover, each individual learning foreign language must continuously enrich his vocabulary. Therefore the ways of learning new English words arouse intense interest. The object of this research is the English language training of the college students, while the subject is the ways of learning of the English words. The goal of the work is to develop and empirically test the new ways of learning English words. The author carefully examines the developed ways of learning English words, as well as gives special attention to the writing aspect. The method of this research represents a pedagogical experiment. All of the developed ways of learning English words comprise a part of the subjective-cognitive methodic of English language teaching technique. The news methods are also being developed. The approbation of the ways of learning words was conducted in different periods, including the years 2009, 2015, and 2016. The experiments included writing dictations for testing the unfamiliar words for the students. The new coefficients which show the efficiency of one or another ways of learning, as well as memory capabilities of students, were being developed. The results of the research demonstrate that the traditional way of learning directly from the dictionary yields to the developed methods associated with the writing sector.
Dmitrieva S.V. - Competence approach to preparation of the bachelor students on discipline 20.03.01 “Technosphere Safety” for expert, supervisory, and inspection/audit activities pp. 29-35

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8736.2017.2.23126

Abstract: Competence approach, which manifests as the foundation of academic standard of higher education, is acknowledged as the efficient means for education reforms in Russia. The combination of university requirements to the level of formation of competencies after mastering the bachelor’s program, must reflect in the passport and program of competence formation. The development of competence passport allows realizing the valid selection of necessary educational content, as well as prepare the new programs, disciplines, practices, and scientific research works. As an example, the authors development the professional competence passport for academic discipline “Technosphere Safety”, forecasting of the evolution of danger. Description of the competence structure allows the following: concretizing the goals of educational process, revealing the efficient ways and methods for achieving such goals, identifying the objective criteria of assessment of the quality of bachelors’ professional training, ensuring transparency of the education system for the consumers of education and potential employers. Summarizing the results of this research, the author notes that competence approach aligns the professional education towards preparation of a competitive specialist ready for professional career, acknowledging its importance and personal responsibility for the result of their activity, as well as having skills in related areas.
Islomova K.E. - Software for information resource center under the academic lyceums and professional colleges pp. 35-40

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8736.2018.1.21022

Abstract: This article examines the issues of creation and application of electronic resources of the open academic libraries. Special attention is given to the questions of advanced training of the employees of the information library facilities. The author observes the problems of creation of central electronic catalogue of the information library facilities and ways of their solution. The article underlines certain mistakes made in formation of the database of electronic catalogue. At the present stage of social development is noticed the tendency of establishment of the information library corporations and consortiums, reflected in formation of a unified library information structure, in terms of which at the modern organizational, technical and technological levels cooperate the libraries of facilities of the diverse departmental affiliation. Active work aimed at automation of the library-bibliographic processes in the regional academic libraries alongside the expansion of the content of the library funds actualizes the formation of the unified corporate catalogue. The goal of this work lies in the methodological, organizational and educational substantiation of the problems of establishment of the model of systemic corporate catalogization of the libraries under academic lyceums and colleges. The implementation of the proposed conceptual model of the corporate electronic catalogue will result in decrease the labor coefficient of the informative and technical processing of documentation in the libraries, as well as increase in the quality of electronic catalogue and bibliographic service.
Dolgopolova A.F., Shmal'ko S.P. - Peculiarities of teaching of the professionally oriented mathematical course for the students of economic disciplines pp. 39-47

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8736.2017.4.24487

Abstract: The authors substantiate the impact of mathematical thinking upon the formation and development of modern economic thinking. Successful solution of this task requires the introduction of new approaches towards presentation of mathematical knowledge to the university students. Therefore, it must begin from the development of learning programs and methodological guidance to them, structuring of didactic support of mathematical course for teaching the students of economic directions. At the same time, an important direction in realization of quality training of a modern economist, are the criteria of the applied focus in selecting the learning didactical material for the professionally oriented mathematical tasks. Methodology of this work contains the psychological-pedagogical and theoretical analysis of the scientific and methodical literature, as well as periodical associated with the questions of structuring the professionally oriented course of the discipline. Special place hold the methods of modelling and forming experiment in creation of methodical concepts of formulating the mathematical tasks, applicable to the implied economic activity. The authors provide an example of the developed test exercise “Function and its economic applications” based on the tasks from economic theory. The tactics of describing the actual economic situation, its modeling using the mathematical methods, graphic presentation and formulation of conclusions conduce the establishment and development of the key professional competencies of a future economist.
Shchuplenkov O.V., . - The Problem of Changing Value of Education in Young Generation pp. 44-105

DOI:
10.7256/2306-4188.2013.1.656

Abstract: The present article describes peculiarities of educational identity of youth in terms of socio-culturla transformation of the modern Russian society. Younger generation of Russians is now living under the conditions of formation of information society where education, knowledge and information are becoming the main resources and keys to life success. The majority of young people intend to receive good education. At the same time, they vary in their actual involvement in educational processes. Today many young people view education as an instrument but not all of them realize it is the resource that can raise their wealth and level and quality of life. Under such conditions it is becoming very important to provide new approaches to studying problems of education, in particular, to focus on formation of educational and professional identities and directions in different social groups. It would be also necessary to takeinto account existing models of increasing the levels of education and youth employment and to define their life strategies from the point of view of accumulation of human knowledge and assets. 
Grishina Y.V. - The quality of pre-university education: conceptual characteristic of the notion pp. 47-57

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8736.2017.1.19049

Abstract: The goal-formation element of the education system is its quality. Russia’s transition to the multi-level education system alongside the continuity principle as the leading idea of organization of the educational process requires the structural and functional reforms on all levels of education. Changes in the requirements towards the results of the secondary and high education are justified by the competence approach and implementation of the state federal standards of education, which makes relevant the task of consideration of the sphere of pre-university education as the component of continuous education that most comprehensively and adequately ensures their systemic interconnection and succession. At the same time, the overview of pedagogical sources demonstrates the fragmentary nature of reference to the problem of ensuring the quality of pre-university education as the subject of this research. The article based on the analysis of diversified texts and determination of the substantial and distinct signs, suggest the results of definition of the notion of the “quality of pre-university education”, as well as identifies its place within the existing system of pedagogical notions. The quality of pre-university education is viewed as the correspondence of the reflected in its process and result essential properties of pre-university educational space to the multifaceted goals and requirements of the parties of relationship in the sphere of pre-university education. The provided definition will allow efficiently planning the processes of evaluation and management of the quality of pre-university education as the system, process, and result, contributing to increase of the level of quality as the institutional pre-university alongside the personal-oriented education of the students.
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