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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Man and Culture" > Contents of Issue № 05/2019
Contents of Issue № 05/2019
Music and music culture
Tokarev N.A. - Successors of M. I. Tabakov pp. 1-10


Abstract: The author examines the periods of professional training in the art of playing the trumpet and activity of the pedagogues-trumpeters who worked in the Moscow Conservatory from 1930’s to 2005 – students and successors of M. I. Tabakov, differences in their methods, innovations, continuity of pedagogical and performing traditions, as well as their principles. The article contains the previously known records on pedagogical activity of G. A. Orvid, S. N. Yeremin, L. N. Volodin, Y. A. Usov, A. Maksimenko, V. Y. Yudin, E. Y, Fomin, and Y. E. Vlasenko, along with the new information obtained via conversations and interviews with their colleagues and students. The selected complex methodology combines the historical-chronological method, logical analysis, retrospective method, chronological method, systemic analysis, comparative and descriptive analysis, method of classification; analytical, historiographical and historical approaches towards studying documental materials, as well as technological approach. The scientific novelty consists in the fact that this article is first to provide a full-scale review of the work of M. I. Tabakov’s successors in the Moscow Conservatory, analyze their creative activity and pedagogical principles as a part of a peculiar and unique phenomenon of the Russian music culture and education, as well as a part of the world’s musical heritage.
Volkov D. - Various traditions of playing gusli and current status of the instrument pp. 11-26


Abstract: This article covers the traditions of gusli performance since the VI century until present time. Leaning on the extant documents, the author analyzes the art of playing gusli during the different historical periods, as well as determines several inwardly homogenous traditions: epic, spiritual, buffoonish, and class of the XVII-XIX centuries.  The subject of this research is the early traditions of the art of playing gusli. The object of this research is the survived archival documents and literary sources reciting about the art of playing gusli since the VI century until the beginning of the XX century. Particular attention is given to correlation between the traditions and the modern performance art of playing gusli. The main conclusion in the statement that playing gusli being the most ancient Russian folk art was popular among all social classes and greatly impacted the Russian pre-classical and classical music, contributing to the development of its epic beginning. The interest to playing gusli revived in the late XX century, when it became a part of the professional academic art. The scientific novelty consists in the fact that the author is first to systematically examine the connection of the art of playing gusli since its conception and early existence with the modern practice.
Culture and cultures
Andreeva E.V., Verkhovtseva M.A., Petrova T.Y. - Amulets in the symbolic and everyday practice of Sakha people pp. 27-33


Abstract: The subject of this research is the study of the potential of traditional symbols of Sakha people in preservation of cultural memory and development of socio-cultural processes. The authors analyze the role of the traditional symbols of Sakha people in the formation of culture as the framework for development and survival of the ethos; examine function of the traditional symbols of Sakha people, namely amulets within the modern socio-cultural environment; as well as conduct classification of amulets as symbols (in accordance with Charles Sanders Peirce). Special attention is given to studying the everyday practice of using amulets by the various population categories of Sakha Republic (Yakutia). Including youth. The nature and role of the traditional national symbols in the development of socioeconomic sphere of Sakha Republic is determined. The following conclusions were made: amulets as symbols of the traditional culture of Sakha people currently manifest as the adaptation (protection) mechanisms, allowing to retain inner balance and confidence, adjust to the changing external and internal conditions of social development; being multifunctional as any symbol, amulets within the system of traditional symbols may serve as the means for translating and preserving culture and cultural memory if appropriately incorporated into the context of social and educational activities.
Culture and authority
Alekseev-Apraksin A.M., Bogdanova R.Y. - Current issues of monotowns and their cluster history pp. 34-44


Abstract: This article is dedicated to monotowns and the ways to resolve their issued, including the cluster model of development. The relevance of this topic is substantiated by the disastrous state of the Russian monotowns and the need for finding a viable solution to remedy such situation.  The government of the Russian Federation encourages the development of special programs and projects aimed at supporting monotowns, but the majority of them seen to have failed. The article analyzes the history of establishment of monotowns, means of their territorial organization, and the applied methods of regional development. Leaning on the official statistical data, the authors underline that under the current circumstances, the development of economic sector only, excluding social, geographical, cultural, environmental and other factors, becomes impossible. The study demonstrates the essential conditions for the development of monotowns and possibilities of their implementation. The conclusion is made that the local residents should be provided with opportunities for self-organization, cluster opportunities for overcoming crisis, as well as explore cultural potential of one or another topos and search for the ways of its all-round development.
Applied culturology
Travin I.A. - Cultural continuity of decorative ornaments as a marker of dwelling of the ancient Sami population on the territory between Upper Sukhona and Upper Volga pp. 45-53


Abstract: The subject of this research is the wooden décor of the elements of residential houses in the northwest of Kostroma Oblast and decorative ornaments of embroidery and garments applied by Sami people in the northern territories of their contemporary dwelling. The author examines the décor of items created during the period of early displacement of Slavic people in the region. Special attention is given to the examples of clear match up of the elements. The author searches for confirmations of dwelling of the ancient Sami population in the northwest of Kostroma Oblast of the Russian population from the perspective of cultural continuity. The research method is the direct comparison of décor elements. The analysis of acquired data allows pursuing parallels in the elements of décor of the population that abandoned the territory many generations ago, as well as in the widespread modern ornaments of other population in the same territory. The author structures a chain of logical considerations, carries out the analysis of toponyms for the more in-depth overview of the area of displacement of the ancient Sami population. The scientific novelty of this work lies in studying the continuity of decorative ornaments of various ethnic groups that at various time locally resided in the same geographic area. The research result lies in obtaining of visual match of the elements of the decorative Sami ornaments and woodcarving, which suggests that the cultural heritage in the field of decorative and applied arts is historically common. This leads to another assumption that the foundation of decorative ornament was created by one of the ethnic groups, in this case by the ancient Sami population of the region, which subsequently migrated from the region. The conclusion consists in providing additional confirmation of dwelling of the ancient Sami population in the northwest of Kostroma Oblast, but from the perspective of cultural continuity.
Culture and Cult
Rubin V.A., Spiridonova E.V. - pp. 54-64


Philosophy of culture
Severina E.M. - pp. 65-72


Ethnology and cultural anthropology
Sharaeva T.I. - pp. 73-81


Historical culturology and the history of culture
Shapiro B. - pp. 82-93


Culture of the mundane
Sbitneva A.M. - pp. 94-104


Art and Art History
Kolpetskaya O.Y., Spiridonova N.S. - pp. 105-112


History of art
Skvortсova E. - pp. 113-120


Architecture and design
Sokolova M.V. - pp. 121-130


Chang X. - pp. 131-145


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