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Man and Culture
Reference:

Russian cavalry at the turn of centuries: Belle Époque or Fin de Siècle?
Shapiro Bella

PhD in History

Docent, the department of Museology, Russian State University for the Humanities

125993, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Miusskaya Ploshchad', 6

b.shapiro@mail.ru

 

 

Abstract.

The turn of the XIX and XX centuries is one of the most controversial periods in the history of Russian cavalry, since its development was affected by the two conterminous cultures: Belle Époque reflecting the idea of revival, and Fin de Siècle naturally associated with the decadent moods of cultural crisis. The conflict of two antithetical trends marked several vectors of development, which have severely aggravated by the end of the XX century. The so-called accelerator for the development became the loss in the Russo-Japanese War, which escalated the pessimistic moods. Research methodology is based on the historical-systemic method, used for covering the topic as a combination of interrelated events, occurrences and objects that form a specific form of the Russian military culture. Method of periodization is applied for indicating the stages of historical evolution of this form of culture. The work is structured in accordance with the problematic-chronological principle of discussion. The materials are introduced into the scientific discourse that allow tracing the historical development of the Russian cavalry at the turn of the XIX and XX centuries, as well as declare it as a cultural form, subjected to the same conflict of the turn of centuries as the other “peaceful” forms of culture. The research results allow considering the history of development of the Russian cavalry in the context of cultural crisis not only as a part of the Russian military history, but also as a part of cultural history of the country.

Keywords: Officer's Cavalry School, military cavalry, Belle Époque, World War I, Russo-Japanese War, military history, Nicholas II, Brusilov, Cossacks, horse history

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8744.2019.5.30802

Article was received:

15-09-2019


Review date:

16-09-2019


Publish date:

07-11-2019


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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