Transportation Herald - rubric Aviation
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Seregin S.F., Kharitonov V.V. - Key issues in improvement of the flight security system in state aviation pp. 1-22


Abstract: The authors give a complex characteristic to the relevant problems in improvement of the flight security system in state aviation that is based on the joint examination of the aircrafts and human factor, considering the experience of operation of aircraft in all phases of the lifecycle with concentration on aircraft testing. Two components of ensuring safety – the aircraft and human factor were being examined separately, and then comprehensively, as interrelated, cooperating, and mutually substantiated components of the unified ergatic system “airplane – pilot”. The main conclusions of this research consist in concretization of the relevant issues of ensuring flight security in civil aviation: complexity of the modern airplane, especially in organization of the information field in the flight deck; average flying skills of the majority of the current military aviators; unfinished testing of the aviation complexes; and various types of aircrafts. Indeed, each question requires a separate and more detailed examination for the purpose of determining the causes and threats to flight security, as well as understanding of them and developing a state strategy on elimination of the of accidents in state aviation.  First and foremost, it should be clear that the corner stone of ensuring flight security is the human.
Zasyad'ko K.I., Vonarshenko A.P., Soldatov S.K., Solomka A.V. - Analysis of professional reliability of the operators of air traffic control pp. 31-38


Abstract: The subject of this research is the professional reliability of operators of the air traffic control as the level of flawlessness, accurateness, and promptness of their work with regards to interaction with the technical systems or other specialists involved in the process of air traffic control.  To benefit the increase of the professional reliability of operators of air traffic control, the authors conduct a research on the connection between the level of their professionally important qualities and the work experience, as well as analyze the possibility of the target training of these qualities, aimed at their development during the period of the scheduled advanced training. The professiographic analysis alongside the methods of engineering psychology, psychophysiology, mathematical psychology, and ergonomics are applied in this work. In the conclusion, the authors determine the professionally important qualities of the operators of air traffic control, the level of which has significantly increased as a result of special training. The article demonstrates the possibility of their improvement and development by means of the cycle of trainings, using the staff automated work place of the specialist of professional selection.
Gander D.V., Alekseenko M.S. - Aircraft flight safety from the perspective of systemic approach pp. 32-45


Abstract:  The subject of this study is the decision-making process of airlines management, as well as analysis of development of the aviation event from the perspective of systemic approach. The object is the safety of aircraft operations. The authors focus attention on such aspects of the topic as the peculiarities of systems thinking of management of the airlines and general stages of the aviation event with emphasis on the difference in conditions and circumstances of ensuring safety of aircraft operations during the Soviet and Russia times. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of air transportation system as a socio-technical system, the fundamental factor of which is the flight safety. The main conclusions of the study consist in the resulting from the theory and confirmed in practice, positions on the need for consideration of the flight safety from the position of systemic approach. Authors’ special contribution in development of this topic lies in substantiation of the fact that a negative event in its evolution undergoes several stages, the knowledge of which allows organizing the preventative work on ensuring flight safety in airlines properly and efficiently.
Dvornikov M.V. - Ergonomic aspects of ensuring state aviation safety pp. 46-60


Abstract: The subject of this research is the modern medical, engineering technical, and psychological issues of ensuring state aviation safety. The author examines such aspects of the topic as reduction of the risks of state aviation safety due to ensuring the professional and functional reliability of a pilot as the key element of the flight safety control system. Particular attention is given substation of the priority directions of resolution of the identified issues by improving the life support systems and safety equipment of a pilot, the potential capabilities of which lag behind the rate of increase of the flight technical performance of state aviation aircraft. The research methodology combines methods of systemic analysis, ergonomics, aviation medicine, reliability theory, flight psychology of work, engineering of complex systems, aviation psychophysiology, and engineering psychology. The main conclusions of the study lie in the particularized promising directions aimed at improving the life support systems and protective gear of a pilot maximally focused towards the human factor. Special contribution of the author into this research consists in justification of fact that the realization of the listed directions requires mandatory cooperation of the experts in the field of aviation medicine and psychophysiology with the aircraft engineers, developers of safety systems, and specialists on avionic equipment.
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