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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Sociodynamics" > Rubric "The Dialogue of cultures"
The Dialogue of cultures
Sineokii O.V. - Sound Recording of Pop Music in the Mirror of Screen Culture pp. 1-16


Abstract: The article presents the results of the study of social and informational aspects of the music sector of screen culture during 1960-90-ies. Music television is examined as a complex cluster of spheres of social and cultural communication where the stable rules of the interdependence of the principles of the screen and the phonographic cultures (musical sound recording) are formed. Audiovisual promotion of music products are shown in terms of the communication paradigm of the media system of the USSR and the socialist countries of Eastern Europe. Based on the systems concept of multichannel communication in the music industry the chronological order of TV programs and videos about rock and disco music is being analyzed from the point of view of cultural studies. Historical cultural analysis allowed to consider the social environment in which a certain historical period created the phenomenon of mass recording (i.e. recording of pop music). To determine features of the genre of pop music and its constituents the researcher has applied the musicological method. A special place in the author's approach to the analysis of documentary material is given to the systematization of information by using the chronological methodology. In this article screen culture is interpreted as a mirror in which the «Beat», «Rock», «Pop» and «Disco» music were permanently reflected in the form of bright passages of progressive trends of music inavailable for Soviet citizens in full. Interpretation of events is shown taking into account the existing and (sometimes) interpenetrating levels of socio-cultural communication – TV pop music, philharmonic societies, vinyl records and tape recorders that altogether satisfied the musical aesthetic needs of the Soviet people. One of the important conclusions made by the author is that at the age of socialism music-media manipulation was a specific kind of mass communication of the «mosaic» nature.
Kicheeva K.A. - The phenomenon of cultural reception in the process of socio-cultural interactions between Japan and Russia pp. 1-22


Abstract: In this study, we will focus on the essence of the phenomenon of cultural reception in their current status and their role in shaping the current state of culture. The main problem is a little-studied process receptive receptive factors, as well as features of cultural reception. It will be reviewed by the existence of donor-recipient relationships and their role in cultural processes. To expand receptive essence of Japanese culture will be discussed briefly features of the formation and existence of the Japanese socio-cultural space, its interaction with other socio-cultural national space - particularly with Russia. And try to trace the path of the alleged reception. At the end of the study will produce an introduction to the methodology by which we will explore the significant phenomena characteristic of modern Japan
Eremina N., Konfisakhor A.G., Solonnikov D.V. - Concept of geo-civilizations: theoretical and practical aspects pp. 12-29


Abstract: The subject of this article is the functionality and evolution of geo-civilizations from the theoretical and practical perspectives. Certain countries of one or another regional, in accordance with its level of cultural, material-technical, economic, and military development can be called civilization; and with the adjacent territories that share common values, cultural and identification codes, they create the geo-civilizations. Namely geo-civilizations represents the most significant object for studying the international relations which allows taking into account the dynamic of changes within the framework of large spaces. Therefore, special attention is given to the identification indexes, associated with the psychological and cultural peculiarities of communities that affect the formation of geo-civilizations. The article leans on the systemic and civilizational approaches for comprehensive examination of the international processes in the context of grouping of the states into unions, blocks, macro-regional organizations, and ultimately, geo-civilizational formations. The scientific novelty consists in combining the developments of psychophysiological theory of power, civilizational approaches, and concepts of the “English” school of international relations, which allowed determining the key geo-civilizations and their features, as well as explaining the opportunities for the dialogue or conflict that emerge due to the specific identification tasks of the communities living within its framework. However, between the civilizations and states that comprise the total geo-civilization, there are a lot more common points, rather than the reasons for confrontation.  
Tang W. - Analysis of the Russia-China relations at modern stage (in the eyes of Chinese) pp. 14-21


Abstract: The subject of this article is the Russia-China relations, the political and philosophical comprehension of which becomes increasingly relevant. The author meticulously reviews such aspect of the topic as the development of dialogue between the Chinese Confucian civilization and Russian Orthodox culture that in many ways encourages the support of the civilizational and cultural variety in the region and prevention of the “civilizational clash”, which manifests as an important factor for the prospects in development of the Russia-China relations. The author believes that the development of Russia-China relations is currently a priority political goal of PRC. The article suggests that the modern Russia-China relations represent the continuation of Russia and China transnational contacts of the previous decades. Summarizing the analysis, the author claims that at the brink of the XX-XXI centuries, certain changes took place in the relationship between the two countries – their positions equalized in overall power, but they both look forward to the close strategic cooperation and partnership.
Dashibalova I. - Watch the newsreel: the reflection of the Buryat audience upon the Soviet documentary film (based on the sociological research materials) pp. 17-29


Abstract:  The subject of this research is the reconstruction of the audience’s vision of the documentary film and the typology of cinema audience based on the ethnicity, level of education, and spectator’s competence. The author analyzes the social differentiation of the ethnic actors regarding the Soviet documentary cinematography based on the examination of the Buryat film audience. The author thoroughly studies such aspects of the topic as spectator’s experience in the context of watching the newsreel, rebroadcast of the Soviet identity, conservation of ideological orientations and visual reception in the documentary cinematography, reflection of cinema audience regarding the changes in the traditional pattern and its possible ethnic renaissance. The focus group research method in the Republic of Buryatia was implemented in this sociological study. The group interviews were performed in form of watching the materials filmed during the Soviet period in Buryatia. The selection consisted of the following parameters: ethnicity, gender, age, profession, place of residence, and education. The author also gathered the expert interviews with the producers of the documentaries. The main conclusion consists in determination of social differentiation of the ethnic actors with relation to the documentary cinematography as means of establishment of group identity. The receptive analysis of the Buryat film audience demonstrated that today the Soviet newsreel is the incitement of reflection about the ethnic culture, and at the same time, due to its powerful ideological charge preserves the nostalgic effect of the memories about the Soviet pas for the majority of the audience.  
Sineokii O.V. - Professional Producer Culture: The Right of Show Business and Crisis Communications in the Music Industry pp. 18-48


Abstract: In the historical and cultural context of recording studies the legal problems of professional producer activity were inverstigated. From the perspective of intellectual property rights the problems of music producing were outlined. Particular attention is paid to the study of deontological receptions of record producer activity, which are used in the rock business. Through interaction senders and addressees of counterfeit products in the «pirate’s» sector of music industry digested information and legal problems of «Anti-Recording».
Sineokii O.V. - Sociodynamics of Central Asian Rock in the Paradigm of the Soviet Recording pp. 39-68


Abstract: The article deals with the organizational structure of Soviet industry record with a description of each item. From the standpoint of the development of socio-cultural communication in the music industry to analyze the history of rock in Central Asia. Set out an analysis of formation and development of rock music in Central Asia. The author carries out a detailed description of the Central Asian rock scene. A special place in the author's approach to the analysis of reference given to the systematization of information on the history of the record in the republics of Central Asia. Details covered lesser known pages of the history of Central Asian rock music and sound recordings.
Eremina N., Konfisakhor A.G., Solonnikov D.V. - Identity factor in development of geo-civilizations pp. 45-63


Abstract: The subject of this research is the identity factor in formation, development, and interaction of geo-civilizations. The concept of identity is revealed through the sociocultural, psychological, and ethnic constants. They serve as the foundation for the adequate response of geo-civilization in general and the core state of geo-civilization particularly with regards to various challenges, as well as the explanation of this response. Special attention is given to the following aspects: understanding of geo-civilization; representations on core states; characteristics of ethnicity, culture and religion; identification features of the primary geo-civilizations. The research is based on the established civilizational and geo-civilizational approaches that correlate with the determination of identification features of the large regional communities in evolution and interaction. The key research method lies in the comparative analysis of identification (psychological, sociocultural, ethnic, and mental) aspects of geo-civilizations. The following conclusions were made: the evolution of geo-civilizations depends on the core states, because namely their identification constants affect the course of this development; through the prism of the concept of identity between geo-civilizations, is detected a number of common characteristics, which allow structuring the diplomatic activeness, primarily between the core states of different geo-civilizations; identification features also demonstrate that many issues of intergovernmental cooperation cannot be fundamentally overcome due to the difficulties in interaction between the diverse geo-civilizational identities; overcoming of such problems necessitates the creation of the new identification links between the relatively similar geo-civilizations. The scientific novelty and author’s contribution are defined by the actualization of (geo-) civilizational approach to explanation of the global politics.
Slezin A.A., . - Counteraction of Komsomol Organizations to Religious Influence on the Oriental National Minority: Peculiarities of the First Half of 1920's pp. 48-100
Abstract: Having analyzed feature materials and documents of the Russian State Archive of Socio-Political History and State Archive of Socio-Political History of the Tambov Region as well as memoirs revealing the essence of anti-religious actions performed by Komsomol among 'Oriental national minorities' during the first half of 1920's, the authors conclude that there was a constructive element even in such actions. Even though new patterns of behaviour were implemented mostly by administrative measures, the main feature of anti-religious propaganda among 'Oriental national minorities' was quite a moderate attitude. At the same time, the author of the article describes the reasons why Komsomol fight against religious influence was less efficient in case of Islam than Christianity. It is shown that in most cases non-Orthodox population of Russia did not quite accept the atheism propaganda disguised as a cultural education. National minorities took Komsomol and Soviet government actions in the sphere of anti-religious propaganda as an attack on their spiritual values. 
Kocherova A.V. - System sacralization of basic ideals of the culture of Byzantium on the basis of the analysis of the treatise Michael Psellos "Word on the Annunciation (XI century) pp. 49-63


Abstract: The article is an analysis of the socio-philosophical text, this involves presentation of the history of the treatise, shows the specifics of authorship attribution Michael Psellos defined object and subject of the text, its purpose and main features, as well as formulated range of basic ideas. Any visual image of a particular period of history is the bearer of the ideas that have been developed, cultivated or in its infancy at that time.To study the basic ideals of the sacralization of Byzantine society and Byzantine culture scientist's ideas are relevant Byzantine monk and theologian Michael Psellos (1018 - about 1078 or later), which examined the teachings of Plato from the point of view of Orthodox theology.
Rubtcova M., Vasilieva E.A. - The differences in theoretical-methodological approaches and structure of the Russian and American dissertations dedicated to research of social practices pp. 51-58


Abstract: This article provides the results of comparative analysis of academic genres in the Russian and foreign practice on the example of Ph.D. and Doctoral dissertations. The object of this research is the structure of dissertation. In the course of this study, the authors put forwards the following hypotheses: differences in the structure of dissertation is defined by the differences in philosophy and methodology of science; the texts of sociological dissertations in the Russian language more often have references to the classical works, including from other fields of humanitarian knowledge. The authors conduct an analysis on sociology of the defended dissertations in the Russian Federation and the United States over the period from 2010 to 2016. The selection of dissertations was carried out of the electronic database of dissertations upheld in the United States (ProQuest Digital Dissertations and Theses) and presented on the website of the Higher Attestation Commission. The conducted analysis of the structure of dissertations demonstrated that they could be presented as two logical schemes: theory-practice-theory (Russian language academic genre) and practice-theory-practice (English language academic genre). The scheme of structuring argumentation also differs: the Russian authors first demonstrate the analysis of previously conducted research, starting from the classical philosophical writings, and only then enunciate their original philosophical concepts; while the Western sociologists use references to the works of other author only to confirm their theses.
Litvinova T.N. - Image of Mongolia through the lens of Russians (based on the results of online survey) pp. 91-100


Abstract: The subject of this research is the image of Mongolia in perception of the Russian citizens. The object is the country’s political image, which on one hand is the reflection of its actual characteristics, and on the other – projection of expectation by the perceived subject, whether it is the citizens of the country under consideration (domestic image) or neighboring nations. The author describes the main approaches towards examination of the country’s image, which came to social sciences from the economic (marketing) research. Special attention is given to the sociological approach that leans on the certain images and opinions about the country formed in people’s mind. The empirical framework is the online survey on the perception of Mongolia’s image by the population of the various Russian regions (n=462). The focus was made on the following aspects of the image of neighboring country: assessment of the Russia-Mongolia relations; associations with Mongolia; features of national character of the Mongolians; prominent figures of the neighboring nation; and the convergence factors between Russia and Mongolia. The scientific novelty consists in the empirical proof of the substantial prevalence of positive assessments of Mongolia and Mongolians by the Russian citizens; high knowledgeability of the Russians on the history, culture and prioritized vectors of development of Mongolia; realization by the Russians of the factors of mutual convergence between the countries and the need for cooperation. The results demonstrate the interest of Russian towards their eastern neighbor due to the history and culture of both nations.
Parkhomenko R.N. - 'Special Path' of Russia and Germany (Nikolay Berdyaev) pp. 93-123
Abstract: The author of the article studies Nikolay Berdyaev's ideas about political and cultural diversity of Russia and Germany, emphasis is being made at the comparison of the 'Russian idea' and German 'Sonderweg'. Berdyav expressed his interest in this topic in his early work 'Fate of Russia' which he wrote right after the Bolsheviks took over the government. Tragid events which had long-term consequences not only for our country but also for the whole world made Berdyev to think about the issues of Russian psychology, nationality and psychology of war and politics. Berdyaev also made an attempt to define the 'soul of Russia' which, in fact, is quite a contradictory and antinomic phenomenon. This contradictory and antinomic nature of Russian mind was reflected in the ideology of Slavophiles and classical literature. As a result, th author shows that comparing Russian mentality with European style of thinking in his works, Berdyaev stressed out the rationality of a Westerner and  spontaneity and chaos of the Russian soul. Based on Berdyaev, Russian style of thinking is 'weakened with the rationalism' and focuses on details, while Russian philosophers are interested in the nature of the problem in general. Russian person tires not only to describe and to set a problem, but also to solve it no matter how abstract or complicated it is. 
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