Modern Education
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Ursul A.D., . - Evolutionary Paradigm and Models of Education in the XXI Century pp. 1-67
Abstract: We propose an evolutionary approach to the study of emerging models and paradigms of education in the perspective of globalization and the transition to sustainable development. Therefore assumed fundamental evolutionary transformation of educational processes, the vector is directed from its present form to education for sustainable development and the formation of global education oriented at noosphere.
Gorlitsyna O.A. - Teaching the students of pedagogical institutes to visualize knowledge pp. 1-9
Abstract: The article analyzes a topical issue of knowledge visualization in education. The author brings up the need for teaching students on presenting verbal information in graphical form, which increases the rate of thinking, forms the ability to deal with big amounts of educational information, conceptually structure and organize received knowledge. The author summarizes practical experience on this topic, describes psycho-educational learning conditions, briefly introduces the elective course “Visualization of knowledge”, designed for future teachers of this methodology.
Kananykina E.S. - Legislative History about Formation of the French School pp. 1-17


Abstract: Until recently, education legislation of France included over 100 laws. Many of them were adopted back in XIX century. Just like in some other Western European countries, France had a long process of formation of education legislation. Till the end of the 1960's the process was mostly fragmentary. One of the typical features was the absence of stable generalizing legal acts applicable to the system of education in general and the main stages of education in particular. 
Rozin V.M. - Creation of a New Educational Formation pp. 1-43


Abstract: The author of the article provides his commentary on the report 'The Future of Higher School in Russia: Experts' Opinion'. The authors of this report make an assumption that there is the second wave of Enlightenment coming soon. According to the authors, there will be a shift from 'pedagogy of knowledge' to 'pedagogy of research and planning' and pedagogy of activity. The author of the present article analyzes and disproves this thesis and presents a new one. For example, the author establishes that in case of Russian culture and society education should be based on general civilizational trends such as formation of a new leading type of sociality, different needs in education, competition with other institutions (mass media, Internet, corporate research and engineering study centers, businss in the sphere of education and culture, social networks and information communities and etc.) and formation of the 'heart' of new pedagogy (pedagogical relations of a new type). The author also outlines a new concept of child development and offers to distinguish three types of 'life cultures' - childhood, adolescence and youth - and several stages of adult life, too. According to the author, education is not all about knowledge and disciplines. Modern education is about activity and cogitation. The author provides an example of a new content of education based on his own experience in teaching philosophy. 
Ursul A.D., . - Education as Information Process and Prospects of its Futurization pp. 1-57


Abstract: The authors view education as an information process and therefore uses information criteria to evaluate future development of education. Education can be studied by using information approaches and methods because it is the process of accumulation, transfer, processing and other forms of movement of educational information. The authors of the article analyze semiotic features of educational information circulating in processes and systems of education, development and up-bringing. Special attention is paid to the need in futurization of education and formation of advanced education in addition to modernization of education. Today's survival of the mankind in many ways depend on education and transformation of modern but at the same time unprogressive education into education of sustainable development and other forms of evolutionary education capable of bringing the mankind out of the global anthropogenic crisis. The authors of the article also focus on the ontological approach that views education not only as a part of the human-and-society system but also as a general form of development when human gets involved not only in the global-natural but also universal-cosmic evolution. 
Butanaev S.A. - Peculiarities of a Safe Educational Environment at Secondary School from the Point of View of its Actors pp. 1-13


Abstract: In the modern world humans often experience a strong need to feel safe and secure. A man needs to feel secure about his tomorrow as well as to be safe both physically and psychologically. This is what makes psychology so important today. Psychological health is an important component of economic and social resources of a nation. Noteworthy that psychological health is also one of the guarantees of public peace, social unity, high performance and productivity of labour, good living standards and stability of a man and society. The present article describes the results of the research that was carried out at a general education school. The purpose of the research was to evaluate the degree of psychological safety of the educational environment. The author of the article makes a hypothesis that the difference in perception of the level of the educational environment safety depends on the role of each actor of the educational environment. Moreover, the author of the article also makes an assumption that the more active actors (teachers) think of the safety at their school higher than parents while students think of it even higher due to their young age. Statistical analysis of results of the opinion survey has shown evident differences in perception of the educational environment from the point of view of different groups of respondents. Primary school students have demonstrated less satisfaction with the main characteristics of school compared to senior school students. The other peculiarity of the educational environment is that both teachers and students evaluate psychological safety of schools higher than the parents. Generally speaking, based on the results of the research the author of the article recommends to create the atmosphere of a better trust between school administration, teachers and parents as well as to pay more attention to stimulating interest towards teaching among primary school students. 
Trofimova G.A. - Secondary School Education: Quality Defects and Ways of Eliminating Them pp. 1-11


Abstract: Quality education of school children and teaching them good morals while they are at school are ones of the most nettlesome and constantly discussed issues in teaching literature and pedagogical researches. However, neither teachers nor researches have developed an efficient mechanism thereto although the current situation with education leaves much to be desired. In the author's opinion, the only right thing to do in this sphere would be to eliminate the gaps in legal and administrative regulation of the responsibility of education actors (school student, his parents and teachers) and to provide a reasonable and logical evaluation of the responsibility of each actor in particular. In order to define quality defects of school education, the author has used such methods as observation, survey and comparison as well as logical analysis. The present article may help to define the true causes of low quality education and not treating school children as free-willed, responsible and diligent personalities. The article may also help to define what improvements in legislation and teaching are needed to be made in order to increase the quality of secondary school education. 
Osipova N.V. - The Corporate Model of the University as a Social Innovation pp. 1-19


Abstract: The era of global changes of the modern Russian society affect nearly all aspects of social life including such important areas as education - both general secondary and secondary vocational and higher professional education. The article is dedicated to multidimensional reorganization of educational institutions of higher professional education. Today higher education institutions including universities cover a huge scale of human activity; quickly obtained and used new knowledge and computer technology solve the problem of disconnection between education and training. The main methodological approaches to the solution of this problem can be found if we create a corporate University model that will allow higher education institutions to repond to the needs of the economy and to the changing requirements of the labour markets requiring highly skilled human resources. The main findings of the study is the position of the radical change of the status of the University in terms of contemporary socio-economic requirements. According to the author, today's University must comply with a number of parameters and characteristics which were not relevant for another two or three decades ago. These paramenters include environmental and process safety, new forms and methods of teaching, formation of a new corporate culture management, improvement of the quality of education and effective practice-oriented training of future specialists, citizens and personalities.
Zaytseva E.A. - Swiss Education System: Structure, Advantages and Shortcomings pp. 1-18


Abstract: The object of the research is the educational system of Switzerland, the research subject involves its structure, advantages and shortcomings. Within the conducted research the author in detail opens essence of each level of an education system, considers features of this system, the prerequisite of formation of characteristic features, the existing educational institutions, models of teaching and system of training, and also the taken positions in a world rating of quality of the higher education in 2010-2014. The special attention is paid to types of educational institutions, their characteristic. Results of the comparative analysis of systems of the higher education in Russia and Switzerland for the purpose of detection of distinctions and similarities are presented. Such general scientific methods as the description, comparison, the analysis and deduction were applied to carrying out research. As a methodological basis system approach to research acts. The main conclusion following the results of the conducted research is that the educational system of Switzerland has no uniform standards and curricula. In each canton exist not only various models of teaching, but also systems of training differing from each other, both a set of the studied disciplines, and way of carrying out examinations. All this predetermines possibility of full disclosure of potential at various groups of pupils, and also assumes various level of quality of education at the teenagers living in different cantons.The novelty of research is that some aspects of the education system of Switzerland have been considered in a new key, in particular comparison of systems of the higher education in Switzerland and the Russian Federation led to new understanding of its structure.
Karpov A.O. - Socialization of the scientific-research type in the knowledge society pp. 1-35


Abstract: The concept of knowledge society represents an influential paradigm of the modern social development. In the conditions, when the knowledge becomes the key socioeconomic asset of the society, a special significance gains a specific type of socialization that endows a growing individual with productive attitude towards knowledge and cognition. Socialization of the scientific-research type develops as a total public process, which transforms the behavior of people of all ages and professions. The role of cultural-executive foundation of knowledge society is played by education, which trains individuals capable of scientific search, i.e. research learning. The goal of the article is to present the peculiarities of the scientific-research type of socialization, as well as to examine its stages and analyze its initial forms within the research education. The introductory section of this work is dedicated to the review of the role of education within the concept of knowledge society, created during the 1940’s-1960’s, which comprises the cultural-historical context for further narration. Giving characteristic to the socialization of knowledge society, the author demonstrates its binary complexity, in which intertwine the instrumental and liberal traditions. As the fundamental factors of a new type of socialization, the author presents a cognitive-thematic structure of the knowledge society, as well as spiritual ability that determine the creativity. Epistemic imprinting and the base system of the initial cognitive practices are being reviewed as the primary forms of socialization.
Lelyuk Y.V. - State sponsorship of the system of personnel training in Ukraine pp. 1-16


Abstract: This article is dedicated to the review of the problem of state sponsorship of the higher education in Ukraine. The author examines the factors affecting the instability and development of crisis phenomena during the course of personnel training. A special attention is given to the aspect of financing the higher education. The author analyzes the financial resources of the higher education facilities and formulates the conclusion that the government remains the main financier. The author also conducts the analysis of the dynamics and changes in spending of the Unified Budget of Ukraine on education in 2011-2014. It is noted that the absolute indexes (the GDP) is much lower than those in the developed countries. And therefore, there are a lot fewer funding allocated for education in Ukraine than in developed countries. The author suggests to make changes in the existing form of financing the education facilities and to create programs for attracting the funds from private sector.
Degtyareva I.V., Shalina O.I., Tokareva G.F. - Transformation of college education in the context of sustainable development pp. 1-11


Abstract: Under the influence of geopolitical, economic, and technological changes, the world faces the reorientation of goals and functions of education – changes in types and length of education, requirement for graduates and colleges; appearance of the new educational structures and corresponding social institutions. The subject of this research is the modern trends in the area of global higher education. Thus, education represents not only the goal, but also means of achieving sustainable development by the virtue of: training the highly intellectual and goal-oriented personnel for the sustainable development of the society; promotion of the principles of sustainable development; formation of the socially responsible attitude among population and businesses; conducting scientific research in the field of sustainable development; and creation of constantly acting information platforms which accumulate the statistical data and the analytical information within the area of sustainable development. Based on the authors’ scientific internship in Slovakia and the acquired material, the main trends of development of higher education across the globe are being determined: orientation of education towards achieving sustainable development and social responsibility, practical orientation of education, interdisciplinarity of education, formation of the system of continuous education, shifting towards online education, and political orientation of education. The universities have to provide their graduates with the level of training that meets the demands of the job market. Therefore, the core of education should include the scientific, humanitarian, and technical base, in other words, a wide spectrum of humanitarian, mathematical, technical, and other disciplines. The universities should also be responsible for formation of the political views of their students, which increases the level resilience of the society towards the information warfare.
Abramov R.A., Zabaznova N.M., Khalatenkova E.Y. - Quality management of academic programs implementation as a factor of increasing demand for graduates pp. 1-10


Abstract: This article analyzes the problems of preparation of the students in “State and Municipal Management” academic discipline. In order to estimate the demand for graduates of this programme and find out what their professional self-fulfillment depends on, the authors have conducted anonymous opinion survey of prestigious economic universities undergraduates (bachelor and master degree course) and graduates specialized in this sphere. The questions were about correspondence of gained academic qualification and actual occupation, the importance of degree certificate, satisfaction with education quality, attitude to different aspects of studying etc. Having organized the data and compared it with previous surveys' results the authors come to conclusion that such interdependent factors as forethought of career choice, students' vision of academic planning, approach to teaching, practice-oriented type of education are essential to professional success and application of knowledge and skills.Informants' answers helped to count out the percentage of graduates whose occupation is connected with public administration, understand the reasons of choosing relevant master course, assess the significance of acquired competence and qualification for job placement at governmental organizations. The main scientific result of the research is working out a system of recommendations aimed at increasing demand for graduates specialized in the sphere of civil service, and, consequently, improving the efficiency of investment in management training. The presented measures can be used for the further modernization of the process of educational planning and taken into notice while developing academic programs.
Levikova S.I. - Philosophy within the Russian system of education pp. 1-10


Abstract: The fate of philosophy as a subject of general education in Russia has been historically inconsistent. Practicing philosophy helps to develop thinking abilities, understand culture of your native country and other countries, collect and unite knowledge about the world, as well as give a holistic idea about the surrounding reality. Such practices should and must be started from childhood, but be different from those with the adults. According to the words of A. F. Losev, such lessons must be oriented towards the development of the “culture of thinking”. The scientific novelty consists in positioning of the question on introduction of the three-level system of philosophical lessons, starting from school and ending with university. The author concludes that philosophy for children as a subject of comprehensive education can be installed into the system of modern Russian education, where it must precede to the “scholarly” level, aimed at study of the philosophy (its history, problematic, etc.) and level of philosophizing as wisdom (according to I. Kant’s classification). However, it would me more efficient to implement the suggested three-level system of philosophical education into the schools-lyceums, which are interested in development of the thinking abilities of their students to the maximal level.
Skorobogatov Y.O. - About the peculiarities of implementation of programming training course for the students of 7-11 grades in form of blended learning pp. 1-9


Abstract:  The subject of this research is the implementation of such form of organizing the educational process as blended learning. The author examines the peculiarities and analyzes the structure of educational course of programming training in form of blended learning, as well as turns attention to the self-directed learning. The article provides the curriculum of educational course “Python Programming Language”, implemented in form of blended learning and oriented towards the students of 7-11 grades. The author shares personal experience of teaching programming to the schoolers in the three most popular forms of organization of the educational process: classroom training, distance learning, and blended learning, as well as pursues correlation between them. The main conclusion of the conducted scientific research lies in the statement that the blended learning is the most efficient form of education for achieving the set educational goals. It is confirmed by the comparative results in carrying out the experiment in the three aforementioned forms of organization of the educational process. In the author’s opinion, the implementation of blended learning encourages the better digestion of studied material, as well as develops such meta-subject competences, as communication skills, self-tuition, self-organization, and information competency.  
Adaskina A., Devyatko S.V. - Diagnostics of the grasp of character and symbol means as an indicator of metadisciplinary educational results of elementary school students pp. 1-11


Abstract: The subject of this research is the level of grasp of character and symbol means by the elementary school students. Such ability is viewed in the context of diagnostics of metadisciplinary results. One of the requirements to metadisciplinary results is the skill to use character and symbol means of presenting information for creating the patterns of studied objects and processes, schemes of solving academic and practical tasks. The article reviews children’s mastering of the following operations that correspond with the key stages of formation of character and symbolic activity: replacement, coding (decoding), schematization and modeling. The authors develop a complex diagnostics in accordance with the analysis of skills of the elementary school students to apply character and symbolic means. The tasks were selected considering age and existing projects for elementary school. The authors were able to determine the inconsistency of grasping the various stages of character and symbol activity by the elementary school students. Schematization was identified as the weakest stage of such activity. It is concluded that the elementary education curriculum is structured in such way that by the end of third grade the children grasp the basics of character and symbol activity.  
Stukalova I.B. - The evolution of MasterТs Degree Program in Russia: prerequisites, problems and prospects pp. 1-8


Abstract: The goal of this article lies the examination of evolution of Master’s Degree Program in Russia, as well as determination of the promising trends of its development. The object of this research is the Master’s curricula implemented in higher education facilities of the Russian Federation. The subject is the status of Master’s Degree Program within the hierarchy of national education system that defines its effectiveness functions and types of curricula. The author assesses the quantitative characteristics of the Master’s Programs in Russian universities, and concludes that it becomes the key program for preparing the highly qualified specialists. The article also reveals the problems and typical “deceptions” in the area of implementation of the Master’s Programs regarding their succession, objective functions and academic component. The research provides the results of survey performed among the Master’s Program applicants of the leading Russian socioeconomic universities, which allow forecasting their individual educational trajectories. The author formulates the suggestions on the need for parallel development and implementation of academic and practice-oriented (applied) Master’s Programs as a promising direction of the development of Master’s Degree Program in the system of continuing education of the Russian Federation.
Kirko V.I., Kononova E.S. - Education is the key factor of innovation and sustainable development pp. 12-24


Abstract: This article examines the questions of ensuring sustainable development of socioeconomic systems through combining such factors of sustainable development as science, education and culture. The maintenance of sustainable development of socioeconomic systems alongside creation of conditions for wellbeing of the population is inseparably associated with establishment of the development pattern oriented towards the growth of financial and economic indicators, as well as the achievement of high living standards of citizens. The authors demonstrate a chain of elements ensuring sustainable development of noosphere, examines the evolution of accumulation of knowledge that leads to human capital gains. The article substantiates the key role of the modern education system in maintenance of innovation development, and suggests the mechanism for creation and distribution of structural and educational innovations. The conclusion is made that in order to ensure correspondence of the Russian education system to the requirements of the sixths technological paradigm, it is necessary to conduct significant changes in approaches towards the educational process. The authors determine the following key directions of reforms in the modern Russian education system, which are capable of creating a new vector of the development of education systems in Russia: 1) establishment of the system of continuous education that substantially rather than formally ensures the concepts of “education throughout lifetime”; 2) revival and advancement of the system of integrative learning to ensure partnership of universities with businesses and society; 3) formation of the system of global access to the top educational resources, incorporation of formal and informal education.
Malakhova E.V., Kirko V.I., Yanova M.G. - Assessment of the level of economic culture of the students of northern districts of Krasnoyarsk Krai and Sakha Republic (Yakutia) pp. 26-38


Abstract:   This work presents the results of comparative studies on determination of the extent of economic culture among highs school students of the Indigenous small numbered peoples of the North residing in Krasnoyarsk Krai and Sakha Republic (Yakutia). The subject of this research is the theoretical grounds of the beginning of formation of economic culture among high school students, while the object is the educational process and sociocultural space of the high school students of the Indigenous small numbered peoples of the North from Krasnoyarsk Krai and Sakha Republic (Yakutia). The article substantiates the importance of the early formation of economic culture among the high schoolers. The used methodology alongside the analysis of individual portfolio of a student can be applied in structuring the further individual educational trajectory, as well as determining of the future profession. The author reveal the ethno-geographical differentiation of the high schoolers at the level of their social adaptation that demonstrates the presence of life goals, knowledge of their rights and responsibilities, and general knowledge necessary in the current social, economic, and cultural environment.   
Maltseva A.A., Shvets I.M., Veselova T.A. - Interdisciplinarity as a means for achieving results contributing to establishment of education for sustainable development pp. 32-44


Abstract: This article examines the relevant problem of implementation of the ideas of Interdisciplinarity of knowledge into the educational process from the perspective of the concept of sustainable development. Attention is drawn to the questions of bioethics that define the moral compass in realization of the ideas of sustainable development. The author analyzes the changes with regards to the content and main educational results associated with implementation of the concept of sustainable development. It is demonstrated that the establishment of ethical relations on the basis of the principles of bioethics, which contribute to formation of research skills from the standpoint of the concept of sustainable development, can be impacted by the interdisciplinary courses that reveal bioethical positions in practical aspect of conducting biological and environmental studies, as well as in theoretical aspect – as a part of developing concepts that carry not only general scientific, but also general cultural meaning. Within the framework of testing of interdisciplinary courses “Bioethical Problems in Biological and Environmental Studies” and “Biology and Culture” on the “Biology” Master’s program, were used the diagnostic methods aimed at determining the level of the intensity of attitude to bioethical knowledge, life aspects of a biology scientist, and overall formation of bioethical competence. The author analyzes the survey results of the biology students of N. I. Lobachevsky Nizhny Novgorod State University over the period from 2014 to 2017. The acquired results allow determining the level of manifestation of the formation of bioethical competence among the student group under consideration. Prior to the experiment, the majority of students were at the low and medium level of bioethical competence, as well as showed the weak metaskills. Upon the completion of experiment, was observed the expansion in the number of students with medium and high level of bioethical competence, as well increase in the amount of digested fundamental metaconcepts and metaskills.
Gemranova A.D. - National university education in the area of culture and art pp. 33-39


Abstract: This article analyzes the history of establishment and development of the national higher education in the area of culture and art during the Soviet period and modern Russia. Relevance of the topic is defined by the fact that the national university education in the area of culture and art forms the artistic-creative potential of society, reproduces the subject of culture, targeting it directly on the cognition and practical manifestation of the ideals of freedoms, truth, good, beauty and love. The object of this research is the history of national university education in the area of culture and art. The subject is the peculiarities of establishment and development of the national higher education in the area of culture and art during the Soviet period and modern Russia. The present stage marks the emergence of the new paradigms of cultural development and the development of modern education, which undoubtedly requires the consideration of the experience of establishment and development of higher education in the area of culture and art during the Soviet period and modern Russia. The scientific novelty lies in a multifaceted analysis, as well as the study within the framework of a single article of the various aspects of establishment and development of higher education in the area of culture and art. Practical importance of this research consists in the potential implementation of its materials for the more extensive examination of this topic.
Abramov R.A., Derevyanko S.V. - Problems of harmonization (unification) of systems of the higher education of the Union State pp. 39-46


Abstract:  The object of this research is the system of higher education of the Union State. The subject of this research is the mechanisms of state regulation, as well as the socioeconomic relations that influence the harmonization of the education systems of two countries. Special attention is given to the ways of possible incorporation of the systems of higher education of Russia and Belarus within the framework of the Union State. As the relevance of the study, the author demonstrates that incorporation of the educational systems and technologies under the similar principles provides an additional incentive for the formation of a unified platform for further development of the integration structure. The work analyzes the key factors that complicate the integration between the states in the sphere of education – political, economic, informational, and traditionalistic, as well as reviews the ways creation the synergetic educational paradigm. The goal of the article consists in identification of the ways to overcome the structural and organizational problems in interaction between the education systems of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus. The result of the study reveals that the implementation of such integration will lead to the emergence of foundation for the upbringing of youth, as well as the synergetic effect within the economic environment due to cooperation of the intellectual and financial resources, which must influence the overall socioeconomic development of Russia and Belarus. The scientific novelty consists in the methodological approach towards assessment of the quality of educational services of all interested parties and at all stages of education, which will allow increasing the interconnection and mutual influence for improving the practice-oriented professional trainings of the highly qualified specialists. It will also allow capitalizing the brand of the education organizations as a factor of the successful positioning of the higher schools in the competitive global market. The authors conduct a sequential analysis of all levels of education.  
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