—тать€ '»ндикатор гуманизации правового регулировани€: методологическое исследование на больших данных судебной практики по делам о мелком хищении (стать€ 7.27  ојѕ –‘ и стать€ 158.1 ”  –‘)' - журнал 'ёридические исследовани€' - NotaBene.ru
по
Journal Menu
> Issues > Rubrics > About journal > Authors > About the Journal > Requirements for publication > Council of editors > Redaction > Peer-review process > Policy of publication. Aims & Scope. > Article retraction > Ethics > Online First Pre-Publication > Copyright & Licensing Policy > Digital archiving policy > Open Access Policy > Open access publishing costs > Article Identification Policy > Plagiarism check policy
Journals in science databases
About the Journal

MAIN PAGE > Back to contents
Legal Studies
Reference:

The indicator of humanization of legal regulation: methodological study using big data of judicial practice on the cases of petty theft (the Article 7.27 of the Code of the Russian Federation on Administrative Offenses and the Article 158.1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation)

Trofimov Egor Viktorovich

ORCID: 0000-0003-4585-8820

Doctor of Law

Deputy Director for Science, St. Petersburg Institute (Branch) of the All-Russian State University of Justice

199178, Russia, g. Saint Petersburg, 10-ya liniya V.O., 19, lit. A, kab. 36

diterihs@mail.ru
ƒругие публикации этого автора
 

 
Metsker Oleg Gennad'evich

ORCID: 0000-0003-3427-7932

PhD in Technical Science

Researcher

199178, Russia, g. Saint Petersburg, 10-liniya V.O., 19 lit. A

olegmetsker@gmail.com
ƒругие публикации этого автора
 

 
Paskoshev David Dokkaevich

Master's Degree, National Research University ITMO

197101, Russia, g. Saint Petersburg, Kronverkskii pr., 49

david.d.paskoshev@gmail.com
ƒругие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-7136.2021.10.36745

Review date:

26-10-2021


Publish date:

02-11-2021


Abstract: The subject of this research is the social relations that arise in terms of committing petty theft, as well as research means and methods for assessing optimization of the protective legal regulation. The author substantiates and tests the indicator of humanization of legal regulation, which is identified and used on the big data of judicial acts on administrative and criminal cases of petty theft (the Article 7.27 of the Code of the Russian Federation on Administrative Offenses and the Article 158.1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation). The research is based on the original interdisciplinary methodology, which includes indicator approach and a set of legal and computer aided techniques (dogmatic, systemic analysis, expert assessment, data mining, correlation analysis, cluster analysis, classification, regression, etc.). The author substantiates the need to view humanization of protective legal regulation in the context of balanced interests of all parties involved in the legal conflict, namely: the state (society) interested in the effective preventive function of protective legal regulation; the victim interested in compensation for the caused harm; the wrongdoer interested in imposition of fair punishment adequate in its severity to facts in the case. These interests were compared to the empirical data and knowledge extracted from the vast arrays of judicial acts, as well as the corresponding methods of research. The use of humanization indicator for big data in cases of petty theft demonstrates that administrative responsibility in general is more humane than criminal responsibility (by three out of four indicators); there is disproportionality of repression in criminal cases; the level of humanism to the victim in cases of administrative offences is extremely low; individualization of criminal penalty is lower than of administrative penalty, despite the more complicated, time and cost consuming form of criminal proceedings.


Keywords: machine learning, big data, digital state, artificial intelligence, administrative prejudice, humanization, pilferage, text mining, data mining, law
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Trofimov E. V., Metsker O. G. Metodologiya kachestvennoi otsenki optimizatsii zakonodatel'stva i pravoprimenitel'noi praktiki na osnove analiza bol'shikh dannykh del ob administrativnykh pravonarusheniyakh // Pravo i politika. 2020. є 10. S. 10Ц26.
2.
Davis K. E. Legal Indicators: The Power of Quantitative Measures of Law // Annual Review of Law and Social Science. 2014. Vol. 10, є 1. Pp. 37Ц52.
3.
Kolesnik K. R. Administrativnaya preyuditsiya kak sredstvo gumanizatsii ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva // Uchenye trudy Rossiiskoi akademii advokatury i notariata. 2018. є 4. S. 147Ц149.
4.
Kotsyumbas S. M. Teoreticheskie i prakticheskie osobennosti administrativnoi preyuditsii i ugolovnogo prostupka kak sredstva gumanizatsii ugolovno-pravovoi politiki // Ugolovnoe pravo: strategiya razvitiya v XXI veke: materialy XVI mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. (g. Moskva, 24Ц25 yanv. 2019 g.) / redkol.: Yu. V. Gracheva, I. E. Zvecharovskii, L. V. Inogamova-Khegai [i dr.]. M.: RG-Press, 2019. 736 s. S. 338Ц347.
5.
Kursaev A. V. Administrativnaya preyuditsiya kak sposob gumanizatsii ugolovnoi politiki v prestupleniyakh protiv trudovykh prav grazhdan // Nauka. Mysl'. 2017. T. 7, є 3-1. S. 71Ц74.
6.
Raguzina O. V. Gumanizm i spravedlivost' yuridicheskoi otvetstvennosti v publichnom i chastnom prave: dis. kand. yurid. nauk. Saratov, 2002. 193 s.
7.
Lipinskii D. A. O psevdogumanizatsii karatel'nogo vozdeistviya ugolovnoi otvetstvennosti // Pravo i politika. 2005. є 7. S. 143Ц148.
8.
Sizaya E. A. Printsip gumanizma pri ispolnenii nakazaniya v vide lisheniya svobody: dis. kand. yurid. nauk. Cheboksary, 2004. 296 s.
9.
Pobegailo E. F. K voprosu o kriminologicheskoi obosnovannosti dal'neishei gumanizatsii rossiiskogo ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva // Obshchestvo i chelovek. 2011. є 1. S. 68Ц71.
10.
Filimonov V. D. Printsipy ugolovnogo prava. M.: YurInfoR, 2002. 138 s.
11.
Putinei M.-C. Liberalization of the Principles of Criminal Law. Towards a Postmodern Criminal Law in Romania? // Revista de Stiinte Politice. 2018. є 59. Pp. 92Ц104.
12.
Gerasimova D. A. Idei gumanizatsii ugolovnoi politiki v pravovykh ucheniyakh myslitelei epokhi Prosveshcheniya // Pravo i gosudarstvo: teoriya i praktika. 2012. є 9. S. 81Ц85.
13.
Gorodnova O. N. Printsip spravedlivosti v ugolovnom prave skvoz' prizmu printsipov gumanizma i ravenstva grazhdan pered ugolovnym zakonom // Sotsial'no-politicheskie nauki. 2013. є 1. S. 143Ц145.
14.
Gumanizatsiya sovremennogo ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva: monogr. / V. A. Kashepov, A. A. Gravina, T. O. Kashaeva [i dr.]; pod obshch. red. V. A. Kashepova. M.: In-t zakonodatel'stva i sravnit. pravovedeniya pri Pravitel'stve Ros. Federatsii, 2015. 336 s.
15.
Dzhafarova A. A., Gazizova O. V. Gumanizatsiya ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva kak tendentsiya razvitiya instituta prav i svobod cheloveka i grazhdanina // Aktual'nye problemy gosudarstva i obshchestva v oblasti obespecheniya prav i svobod cheloveka i grazhdanina. 2020. є 1. S. 220Ц223.
16.
Ekimov A. A. Gumanizatsiya ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva // Molodoi uchenyi. 2015. є 9, ch. 8. S. 834Ц836.
17.
Esakov G. A., Dolotov R. O., Filatova M. A., Redchits M. A., Stepanov P. P., Tsai K. A. Ugolovnaya politika: dorozhnaya karta (2017Ц2025 gg.) / Tsentr strategicheskikh razrabotok. M., 2017. 73 s. URL: https://www.csr.ru/uploads/2017/04/Report-CP.pdf (data obrashcheniya: 01.09.2021).
18.
Korneev S. A. Perspektivnye napravleniya gumanizatsii ugolovnoi politiki // Yuridicheskaya nauka i pravookhranitel'naya praktika. 2021. є 2. S. 73Ц81.
19.
Petryanina O. A. Gumanizatsiya ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva: sovremennoe sostoyanie i perspektivy // Yuridicheskaya nauka i praktika: Vestnik Nizhegorodskoi akademii MVD Rossii. 2018. є 4. S. 236Ц239.
20.
Shakhkeldov F. G. Primenenie gumanizatsii ugolovnogo nakazaniya v sudebnoi praktike // Pravo i praktika. 2013. є 1. S. 13Ц20.
21.
Yuyukina M. V. Printsip gumanizma v ugolovnom, ugolovno-ispolnitel'nom prave i ugolovnoi politike i ego realizatsiya pri naznachenii nakazaniya: dis. kand. yurid. nauk. Tambov, 2006. 230 s.
22.
Cherednichenko E. E. Printsipy ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva: ponyatie, sistema, problemy zakonodatel'noi reglamentatsii. M.: Volters Kluver, 2007. 179 s.
23.
Zharikov Yu. S., Revin V. P., Revina V. V. Sovershenstvovanie ugolovno-pravovoi politiki i ee normativno-pravovogo obespecheniya: monogr. M.: Izd-vo Sovrem. gumanitar. akad., 2014. 399 s.
24.
Karpets I. I. Nakazanie. Sotsial'nye, pravovye i kriminologicheskie problemy. M.: Yurid. lit., 1973. 287 s.
25.
Pavlukhin A. N. K voprosu o gumanizatsii nakazaniya v rossiiskom ugolovnom prave // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii. 2014. є 1. S. 56Ц58.
26.
Dyadyun K. V. Uchet printsipov spravedlivosti i gumanizma pri naznachenii nakazaniya za retsidiv prestuplenii // Zhurnal rossiiskogo prava. 2011. є 7. S. 57Ц63.
27.
Gubenkova E. V. Printsip gumanizma i problemy ego realizatsii pri ispolnenii nakazaniya v vide lisheniya svobody: dis. kand. yurid. nauk. Volgograd, 2009. 211 s.
28.
Sarkisova E. A. Gumanizm v sovetskom ugolovnom prave. Minsk: Nauka i tekhnika, 1969. 107 s.
29.
Dubrovina E. S. Gumanizatsiya ugolovnogo prava kak tendentsiya obshchestvennogo razvitiya // Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo oblastnogo universiteta. Ser.: Yurisprudentsiya. 2018. є 4. S. 161Ц172.
30.
Badmaeva B. B., Dondokov Ts. S. Printsip gumanizma v ugolovnom zakonodatel'stve Rossiiskoi Federatsii // Vestnik Zabaikal'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2012. є 10. S. 141Ц147.
31.
Muginova Z. R. Tsel' ugolovnogo nakazaniya Ч vosstanovlenie sotsial'noi spravedlivosti v kontekste gumanizatsii ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva // Evraziiskii yuridicheskii zhurnal. 2019. є 5. S. 251Ц252.
32.
Kramer R. Defining the Concept of Crime: A Humanistic Perspective // Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare. 1985. Vol. 12, є 3. Pp. 469Ц487.
33.
Boskholov S. S. O gumanizatsii i liberalizatsii antikorruptsionnoi ugolovnoi politiki // Sovremennye problemy pravoprimenitel'noi praktiki rossiiskogo antikorruptsionnogo zakonodatel'stva i puti ego sovershenstvovaniya: materialy vseros. nauch.-prakt. konf. (g. Sankt-Peterburg, 10 dek. 2013 g.). SPb.: SZF RPA Minyusta Rossii, 2014. S. 40Ц45.
34.
Panainte R. The Principle of Humanism and the Principle of Opportuneness of Punishment ђђЧ New Concepts in Realizing the Purpose of Criminal Law // Logos Universalitate Mentalitate Educatie Noutate Ч Sectiunea Drept = Logos Universality Mentality Education Novelty Ч Section: Law. 2014. Vol. 1. Pp. 47Ц53.
35.
Sizaire V. Que reste-t-il de la défense sociale nouvelle? // Revue de science criminelle et de droit penal compare. 2017. є 2. Pp. 261Ц272.
36.
Lyakhov Yu. A. Rasshirenie chastnykh nachal v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve Rossii kak faktor ego gumanizatsii // Severo-Kavkazskii yuridicheskii vestnik. 2013. є 3. S. 46Ц51.
37.
Anashkin G. Z. Gumanizm sovetskogo ugolovnogo prava // Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo. 1963. є 8. S. 44Ц52.
38.
Kashkina E. V. Gumanizm kak printsip yuridicheskoi otvetstvennosti po rossiiskomu zakonodatel'stvu: avtoref. dis. kand. yurid. nauk. M., 2003. 25 s.
39.
Latypova E. B., Nechaeva E. V. Spornye voprosy soderzhaniya printsipa gumanizma v ugolovnom prave // Vestnik Kazanskogo yuridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii. 2019. T. 10, є 3. S. 355Ц360.
40.
Pobedkin A. V. Povyshenie standartov dokazyvaniya Ч osnovnoe sredstvo gumanizatsii ugolovnoi politiki // Vestnik ekonomicheskoi bezopasnosti. 2021. є 2. S. 202Ц208.
41.
Antonchenko V. V. Shimanskaya O. A. Problemy gumanizatsii ugolovnoi politiki Rossii // Vestnik Kuzbasskogo instituta. 2013. є 2. S. 105Ц112.
42.
Timofeeva L. Tolkovanie printsipa gumanizma v pravoprimenenii ugolovnogo prava // Legea şi Viaţa. 2015. є 1/2 (277). Pp. 125Ц128.
43.
Gravina A. A. Gumanizatsiya ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva i ee rol' v preduprezhdenii prestuplenii v sfere predprinimatel'skoi deyatel'nosti // Zhurnal rossiiskogo prava. 2019. є 8. S. 85Ц95.
44.
Korshikov I. V. Printsip gumanizma v ugolovnom prave Rossiiskoi Federatsii: dis. kand. yurid. nauk. Saratov, 1999. 189 s.
45.
Mal'tsev V. V. Printsipy ugolovnogo prava i ikh realizatsiya v pravoprimenitel'noi deyatel'nosti. SPb.: Yurid. tsentr Press, 2004. 694 s.
46.
Dyadyun K. V. Printsipy gumanizma i spravedlivosti v svete naznacheniya nakazaniya za retsidiv prestuplenii // Kriminologicheskii zhurnal Baikal'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta ekonomiki i prava. 2015. T. 9, є 4. S. 724Ц733.
47.
Ivanchenko E. A. Gumanizatsiya ugolovnoi politiki kak otraslevaya realizatsiya obshchei gumanizatsii rossiiskogo prava // Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskoi yuridicheskoi akademii. 2020. є 4. S. 85Ц88.
48.
Diligenskii G. G. Sotsial'no-politicheskaya psikhologiya. M.: Novaya shkola, 1996. 351 s.
49.
Gustova E. V. O problemakh gumanizatsii ugolovnogo zakonodatel'stva // Vestnik Omskoi yuridicheskoi akademii. 2019. T. 16, є 1. S. 55Ц50.
50.
Khomenko A. N. Problemy ispol'zovaniya administrativnoi preyuditsii v ugolovnom prave // Vestnik Omskoi yuridicheskoi akademii. 2017. T. 14, є 1. S. 37Ц42.
51.
Mal'ko A. V., Trofimov V. V. Pravovaya zhizn' obshchestva kak ob''ekt pravovoi politiki v usloviyakh globalizatsii i regionalizatsii: monogr. M.: Yustitsiya, 2018. 236 s.
52.
Rudkovskii V. A. Pravovaya politika i osushchestvlenie prava: teoretiko-metodologicheskii aspekt: dis. d-ra yurid. nauk. Volgograd, 2009. 484 s.
53.
Pleshakov V. A. Ugrozy kriminologicheskoi bezopasnosti: sistemnyi analiz sovremennogo sostoyaniya // Chelovek: prestuplenie i nakazanie. 2013. є 3. S. 34Ц39.
54.
Dvoryanskov I. V. Dvoinaya preventsiya v normakh ob otvetstvennosti za uklonenie ot otbyvaniya nakazaniya ili neispolnenie sudebnykh predpisanii // Dvoinaya preventsiya v bor'be s prestupnost'yu: voprosy teorii i praktiki: sbornik materialov kruglogo stola (g. Moskva, 25 aprelya 2018 g.) / redkol.: R. V. Zhubrin, O. A. Evlanova. M.: Un-t prokuratury Ros. Federatsii, 2018. 155 s. S. 44Ц49.
55.
Melikov E. M. Retsidiv krazh: ugolovnaya otvetstvennost' i preduprezhdenie: dis. kand. yurid. nauk. M., 2017. 178 s.
56.
Erdzhanov T. K. Pravo na spravedlivoe sudebnoe razbiratel'stvo v mezhdunarodnoi modeli prav cheloveka // Vestnik KazNU. Ser. mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya i mezhdunarodnoe pravo. 2009. T. 44, є 6. S. 37Ц46.
57.
Trofimov E. V., Metsker O. G., Paskoshev D. D. Administrativnaya preyuditsiya po delam o melkom khishchenii (st. 7.27 KoAP RF i st. 158.1 UK RF): kak bol'shie dannye sudebnykh aktov otrazhayut gumanizatsiyu i kachestvo pravosudiya // Yuridicheskie issledovaniya. 2021. є 9. S. 81Ц119.
58.
Otchet o rabote sudov obshchei yurisdiktsii po rassmotreniyu del ob administrativnykh pravonarusheniyakh za 12 mesyatsev 2017 g. (forma 1-AP) // Sudebnyi departament pri Verkhovnom Sude Rossiiskoi Federatsii [Sait]. URL: http://www.cdep.ru/userimages/sudebnaya_statistika/2017/F2-svod-2017.xls (data obrashcheniya: 01.09.2021).
59.
Otchet o rabote sudov obshchei yurisdiktsii po rassmotreniyu del ob administrativnykh pravonarusheniyakh za 12 mesyatsev 2018 g. (forma 1-AP) // Sudebnyi departament pri Verkhovnom Sude Rossiiskoi Federatsii [Sait]. URL: http://www.cdep.ru/userimages/sudebnaya_statistika/2019/F2-svod_vse_sudy-2018.xls (data obrashcheniya: 01.09.2021).
60.
Otchet o rabote sudov obshchei yurisdiktsii po rassmotreniyu del ob administrativnykh pravonarusheniyakh za 12 mesyatsev 2019 g. (forma 1-AP) // Sudebnyi departament pri Verkhovnom Sude Rossiiskoi Federatsii [Sait]. URL: http://www.cdep.ru/userimages/sudebnaya_statistika/2020/F2-svod-vse_sudy-2019.xls (data obrashcheniya: 01.09.2021).
61.
Otchet o rabote sudov obshchei yurisdiktsii po rassmotreniyu del ob administrativnykh pravonarusheniyakh za 12 mesyatsev 2020 g. (forma 1-AP) // Sudebnyi departament pri Verkhovnom Sude Rossiiskoi Federatsii [Sait]. URL: http://www.cdep.ru/userimages/sudebnaya_statistika/2021/F2-svod-vse_sudy-2020.xls (data obrashcheniya: 01.09.2021).
62.
Otchet o chisle privlechennykh k ugolovnoi otvetstvennosti i vidakh ugolovnogo nakazaniya za 12 mesyatsev 2017 g. (forma 10.1) // Sudebnyi departament pri Verkhovnom Sude Rossiiskoi Federatsii [Sait]. URL: http://www.cdep.ru/userimages/sudebnaya_statistika/2018/k4-svod-2017.xls (data obrashcheniya: 01.09.2021).
63.
Otchet o chisle privlechennykh k ugolovnoi otvetstvennosti i vidakh ugolovnogo nakazaniya za 12 mesyatsev 2018 g. (forma 10.1) // Sudebnyi departament pri Verkhovnom Sude Rossiiskoi Federatsii [Sait]. URL: http://www.cdep.ru/userimages/sudebnaya_statistika/2019/k4-svod_vse_sudy-2018.xls (data obrashcheniya: 01.09.2021).
64.
Otchet o chisle privlechennykh k ugolovnoi otvetstvennosti i vidakh ugolovnogo nakazaniya za 12 mesyatsev 2019 g. (forma 10.1) // Sudebnyi departament pri Verkhovnom Sude Rossiiskoi Federatsii [Sait]. URL: http://www.cdep.ru/userimages/sudebnaya_statistika/2020/k4-svod_vse_sudy-2019.xls (data obrashcheniya: 01.09.2021).
65.
Otchet o chisle privlechennykh k ugolovnoi otvetstvennosti i vidakh ugolovnogo nakazaniya za 12 mesyatsev 2020 g. (forma 10.1) // Sudebnyi departament pri Verkhovnom Sude Rossiiskoi Federatsii [Sait]. URL: http://www.cdep.ru/userimages/sudebnaya_statistika/2021/k4-svod_vse_sudy-2020.xls (data obrashcheniya: 01.09.2021).
66.
Malkov V. P. Administrativnaya preyuditsiya: za i protiv // Vestnik Akademii General'noi prokuratury Rossiiskoi Federatsii. 2011. є 3. S. 58Ц64.
67.
Osnovnye pokazateli raboty sudebnykh pristavov-ispolnitelei FSSP Rossii za yanvar'-dekabr' 2020 g. (forma є 1-1) // Federal'naya sluzhba sudebnykh pristavov [Sait]. URL: https://fssp.gov.ru/files/fssp/db/files/02021/vso_2020_202121107.zip (data obrashcheniya: 01.09.2021).
68.
Trofimov E. V., Metsker O. G. Indikatory optimizatsii zakonodatel'stva i pravoprimeneniya i metody ikh identifikatsii i ispol'zovaniya na osnove bol'shikh dannykh (opyt vychislitel'nykh eksperimentov na sudebnykh aktakh po delam ob administrativnykh pravonarusheniyakh, predusmotrennykh glavoi 18 Kodeksa Rossiiskoi Federatsii ob administrativnykh pravonarusheniyakh) // Yuridicheskie issledovaniya. 2020. є 9. S. 33Ц42.
69.
Trofimov E., Metsker O. Computer Techniques and Indicators in the Policy of Optimization of Legislation and Law Enforcement // Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research. 2020. Vol. 489. Pp. 60Ц63.
70.
Fisher R. A. Statistical methods and scientific inference. Edinburg: Oliver and Boyd, 1956. 175 pp.
71.
Smirnov A. V., Kalinovskii K. B. Ugolovnyi protsess: ucheb. dlya vuzov / pod obshch. red. A. V. Smirnova. SPb.: Piter, 2004. 697 s.
72.
Chernov Yu. I. Vzaimosvyaz' printsipov administrativno-deliktnogo i ugolovnogo protsessov // Aktual'nye voprosy publichnogo prava. 2013. є 8. S. 119Ц132
Link to this article

You can simply select and copy link from below text field.


Other our sites:
Official Website of NOTA BENE / Aurora Group s.r.o.
"History Illustrated" Website