Genesis: Historical research - rubric Personality in history
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Genesis: Historical research" > Rubric "Personality in history"
Personality in history
Loshchenkov A.V. - Panchen Lama II Lobsang Yeshe and his creative heritage pp. 1-8

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2016.5.20313

Abstract: The subject of this research is the figure of Panchen Lama II Lobsang Yeshe (1663-1737), the second of the highest hierarchs of Tibetan Buddhism, as well as his written heritage which is referred in its genre to the Buddhist texts – Gsung-'bum. This topic until present has not been a subject of examination in the Western and Russian Buddhology. This work sets a goal to fulfill such gap, as well as give characteristics to the figure and activity of Panchen Lama II based on the original Tibetan sources. The main stages of his biography along with the texts that belong to the tradition of Lamrim (“stages of the path”) are being described. The scientific novelty is defined by the subject of the research. The author makes an attempt to understand the role of Panchen Lama II in the strengthening of independence of the Buddhist civilization of Tibet and Tibetan statehood. For the first time the biography and overview of Panchen Lama’s heritage is being presented: the author describes the compilation of his works, analyzes its content, and determines the landmark compositions. All of this characterizes the author as a highly qualified multifaceted master of the Tibetan Buddhism.
Butovskiy A.Y. - Matvey Aleksandrovich Sulkevich. Life history of the Lieutenant general of the General Staff of Russia; his military-scientific and social activity (June 20, 1865 July 2, 1920) pp. 1-18

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2019.2.28396

Abstract: The object of this research is one of the key personas in history of the Russian Civil War – Matvey Aleksandrovich Sulkevich. The subject of this research is the explication of the beginning of life path of the future prominent General, his career advancement, complicated process of acquiring experience in the military-professional activity within the context of scientific and publishing activity of the scholar. The author examines the biographical details of M. A. Sulkevich, his scientific-military and social work, assessment of the vector of activity of the General, and development of his personal values. Using the source analysis and biographical method, the author qualitatively processes the biographical information from the reference material in the prerevolutionary annual publications, reminiscences of the comrades, as well as the history of Sulkevich’s military service. The scientific novelty consist in the fact the author is first to determine within the extensive biographical material the two discernable vectors in the scientific and publishing activity of M. A. Sulkevich; one of which was related to the military career of the prominent General, future Chief of the Crimean Regional Government. His brilliant education received in the Voronezh Cadet School, Mikhailovsky Military Artillery and General Staff Academy, as well as participation in the Russia-China and Russo-Japanese War and Chinese expedition against the Boxer Rebellion cemented the reputation of M. A. Sulkevich as one of most skilled military experts of the Russian Empire.
Babich I.L. - Muslim documents from the French archive of Alimardan Topchubashov pp. 1-7

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2021.2.32216

Abstract: This article analyzes the archival materials of France, which belonged to the Caucasian emigrants (after the October Revolution). Having immigrated to Europe, they took with them the archives, which contained the documents that covered various aspects of history of the Russian Empire. This is the first article in Russia that carries out an analysis of all the documents on the topic. The goal consists in examination of the documents from the archive of the prominent Azerbaijani figure Alimardan Topchubashov (Paris, France), which reflect life of the Russian Muslims prior to the 1917 Revolution. Before the Revolution, Topchubashov i (having a degree in Law) was one of the active supporters of modernization of Islamic life in the Caucasus; therefore, his archive contains the materials on this aspect of life of the citizens of the Russian Empire (deputy to the State Duma in 1906, initiator of creation of the Muslim faction in State Duma, initiator of the Muslim congresses in Russia). The aforementioned documents are analyzed in the Islamic context of the Russian history for the first time. The conclusion is made that the Muslim part of the archive of Alimardan Topchubashov is a unique compilation of primary sources, which give an general outlook on life of the Muslims in the Russian Empire, including Caucasus over the period from 1890 to 1917. The author unites these documents into three groups. The developed by Alimardan Topchubashov program of the fundamental changes in life of the Muslims is described in these documents.
Vobolevich A.A. - Political portrait Yasser Arafat pp. 19-27

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2019.2.28828

Abstract: This article analyzes the activity of the leader of the Palestinian National Liberation Movement Yasser Arafat. Leaning on the Russian and foreign sources, the author examines the process of establishment of Yasser Arafat as a politician, analyzes the benchmarks of his political course, as well as Arafat’s impact upon the Arab World and the rest of the world. The article demonstrates the various points of view upon the activity of Yasser Arafat, because some consider him a terrorist, while the Palestinians call him the “chief”, who made an indisputable contribution to the development of the non-existent state of Palestine. Using the historical-biographical approach and methodology of narrative history, the author determines such traits of Yasser Arafat, which made him the leader of his nation, as well as analyzes the factors that impeded the successfulness of the political course of Y. Arafat.
Skrydlov A. - A scholar-statistician and state authority in the early XIX century: on the biography of K. I. Arsenyev (1789-1865) pp. 37-47

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2020.11.34470

Abstract: The object of this research is the evolution of statistical science in the Russian Empire in the early XIX century. The author analyzes the peculiarities of interaction between the academic community of statisticians and state authority on the example of career trajectory of the academician K. I. Arsenyev. The research leans on the basic methods of historical science – problem-chronological for studying the time sequence of events; historical-genetic and historical-comparative analysis for determining the key stages of the scholar’s scientific biography, as well as objective and subjective factors that impacted his performance. Special attention is given to the analysis of scientific works of K. I. Arsenyev, which prompted the major statistical discussion that unfolded in pre-reform Russia during the 1818-1819. The author examines the impact of the “Professors’ Case” upon Arsenyev's future career, traces the history of his relationship with the Emperor Nicholas I, and analyzes the scholar’s role in the development of administrative statistics in Russia. In the course of this research, it was established that academic career of Arsenyev is not typical, but rather illustrative for characterizing the status of a scholar-statistician in the first half of the XIX century. The difficulties of undergoing censorship, limited access of the scholars to departmental statistical materials, and risk of being suspected in political unreliability impeded the development of statistics during the indicated period. Patronage of the emperor relieved some of these constraints for Arsenyev; thus, receiving more freedom for scientific pursuits, he achieved impressive results. Overall, the representatives of conservative part of the elite continued to view statistics as a political science, which requires deliberate attention and control of the government.
Akberdeeva D.I. - The social circle of Deputy to the State Duma N. L. Skalozubov pp. 68-82

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2021.3.35365

Abstract: The object of this research is the persona of N. L. Skalozubov – agronomist of Tobolsk governorate, public and political figure, breeder, and scholar. The subject of this research is his social circle during the period of being a deputy to the State Duma of the 2nd and 3rd convocations. The goal is to examine the relationships between the deputy N. L. Skalozubov and former colleagues, like-minded people, representatives of science, government, family, and friends. Special attention is given to his participation in the lives of political exiles. The article employs the published and unpublished sources, preserved in the Tobolsk State Archive and Tobolsk Historical and Architectural Reserve Museum (correspondence, memoirs, diaries).. The scientific novelty is defined by the fact that the circle of contacts of the deputy N. L. Skalozubov becomes the subject of special study for the first time. The author concludes that during the five years as a deputy to the State Duma of the 2nd and 3rd convocations, N. L. Skalozubov communicated with numerous people belonging to various social classes, including prominent scientists, public figures, and politicians.
Vyrodova M.V. - Women of the bohemian circles of Paris in establishment of French theatricality of Belle Epoque pp. 69-77

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2020.2.32168

Abstract: The period of last quarter of the XIX – beginning of the XX century in France after the World War I receives a name “Belle Epoque”. It is the time of development of entertainment industry, origination of mass culture, where women play a special role. The object of this research is the life strategies of women of the bohemian circles of Paris of “Belle Epoque”. The subjects is the women in French theatricality of the late XIX – early XX century. The goal of the work consists in determining the role played by thre women with a new female life strategy in formation of the phenomenon of French theatricality of “Belle Epoque”. Methodology is based on the sociocultural approach towards the problem, and suggests detailed analysis of the rare memoires of the performers, actresses and dancers, which were not published in Russian or translated into the Russian language. It is noted that women in the bohemian circles reconsidered their strategies in achieving life goals, putting the questions of career and personal growth to the forefront. They also were able to respond to the desires of audience of the late XIX – early XX century, attracting attention to the art of dance, pantomime, theatre, bringing their personal outlook upon the manner of performing. Women performed equal to men, often superseding them in some fields of art due to their natural femininity and talent.
Korobitcyna L.V. - Alan John Percivale Taylor public figure and popularizer of history pp. 84-90

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2018.3.24612

Abstract:   During the years of the World War II, British government paid particular attention to formation of public opinion inside and outside the country, organizing the research institutes and statutory authorities on creation of the black and white propaganda, as well as attracting prominent historian scholars to cooperation. One of the remarkable representatives of the experts-intellectuals was Alan John Percivale Taylor, the author of several works written on request of the Directorate on the military policy affairs. The subject of this research is the activity of the famous British scholar and popularized of history A. J. P. Taylor, whose participation in the sequence of radio lectures of 1940’s laid the foundation for the development of popular science television. Methodological basis contains the principles of microhistorical approach that allows determining a number of trends characteristic to the entire British intellectual continuum of the late XX century. The scientific novelty consists in the fact that the indicated problem was not fully covered in the national historical science, thus this article will attempt to fill the gaps regarding the engagement of the British intellectuals into media space during the war and post-war years. A conclusion is made that participation of the representatives of academic environment in propagandistic activities through using such high-tech for the 1940’s mass media as radio and television, contributed to origination of the popular science and educational programs.   
Veselova I. - Contribution of Joaquín García Icazbalceta (1825-1894) to Mexican historiography pp. 113-122

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2020.10.34032

Abstract: The subject of this article is the research activity of Joaquín García Icazbalceta (1825-1894) – a historian, linguist and bibliographer who published a large number of documents on the history of Mexico, namely records on Spanish colonization of the Americas and establishment of the colonial system. Analysis is conducted the formation of scientific views of the Mexican scholar in the context of the impact of external factors, such as the political and socioeconomic situation, as well as public thought. This author reveals the historiographical and methodological foundation of the indicated concept, as well as assesses the degree of influence of the external factors upon the movement of Mexican historical science in late XIX century. Joaquín García Icazbalceta was a persevering scholar, who dedicated most of his life to collecting and publishing of the rare historical writings and documents. He is the author of a number articles, which although are not considered complete research works, are based on reputable sources and shed lights on some aspects of the ancient and colonial history of Mexico. Despite the seeming affinity for Spanish heritage in Mexican culture, Joaquín García Icazbalceta greatly contributed to research on the history of Aztecs, forming and leaving to the future generations of historians a substantial documentary base that allows discovering Mexican history of the XVI century, as well as other periods of history of the country.
Kharlan A.A. - Eastern European Policy of the Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel in Terms of Personal Perception of Russia and Ukraine pp. 122-137

DOI:
10.7256/2306-420X.2014.6.13665

Abstract: Merger of two German states and change of the status of Germany on the international scene became a consequence of radical geopolitical changes of the end of the 1980th – the beginnings of the 1990th. Germany had an urgent need to modernize the foreign policy in the East European direction as with end of an era of "Cold war" its eastern frontier automatically became eastern frontier of the European Union. Modern Germany as the political and economic leader among the European states is one of the most desirable partners for Russia and Ukraine. The German chancellor Angela Merkel, holding this post since November, 2005, has every chance to continue to influence formation of the East European policy of Germany and the European Union, at least, till fall of 2017. This fact defines scientific and practical interest in its political installations influencing perception of Russia and Ukraine. The German-Russian interaction during Angela Merkel's chancellorship, despite her former reusable criticism of "the special relations" of G. Schröder and V. Putin, didn't undergo essential changes. The position of the chancellor Merkel concerning Russia and Ukraine can be defined as pragmatical and careful. Germany, as before, doesn't wish to finance the Ukrainian European aspirations along with business, more important for Germany, – rescue from bankruptcy of the eurozone. At the same time Germany has no need and transformation of Ukraine into the anti-Russian base, a possible source of intensity in Europe. In too time of Merkel doesn't want that the Russian policy of Germany differed from the Russian policy of the European Union. The politician Merkel concerning Russia and Ukraine Russia and Ukraine in close prospect recognizes that are ready to accept "modernization partnership". Therefore, there is no need to refuse the project "Great Europe" with participation of Russia and Ukraine.
Sushkov A.V., Bedel A.E., Mikheev M.V. - First Secretary of the Leningrad Regional Party Committee Vasily Andrianov: details to the portrait of the statesman of late Stalinism pp. 124-139

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2018.11.28040

Abstract: This article examines the Sverdlovsk and Leningrad periods in biography of the prominent party leader and statesman Vasily Mikhailovich Andrianov. The biography of V. M. Andrianov has not previously been the subject of research. His role in the political events of the late-Stalinist USSR was not subjected to meticulous and unbiased research. The study of V. M. Andrianov’s biography will greatly contribute to restoration of the fuller and more objective perspective on the so-called “Leningrad Affair” – one of the famous political cases of the period of late Stalinism. The article uses biographical method that allows reconstructing and analyzing the paramount stages of Andrianov’s political biography, determine his characteristic traits. The authors introduce to the scientific circulation the previously unpublished documents from the Russian State Archive of Socio-Political History, Documentation Center of Public Organizations of Sverdlovsk Region, and Central State Archive of the Historical Political Documents of Saint Petersburg. The article demonstrates that V. M. Andrianov was a talented leader and organization, known for stern temper and hard statecraft. He decisively punished the party and economic executives for violating the law and precepts of the supreme authority, whose actions were qualifies as “non-party” or “anti-party”. The personal and business qualities of V. M. Andrianov, demonstrated during his work in the Urals, greatly affected the policy of Smolny in the course of “Leningrad Affair”.
Krizhanovsky N.I., San'kova S.M. - The impact of M. O. Menshikov's childhood upon the formation of his publicistic interests pp. 133-150

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2021.9.36474

Abstract: The subject of this research is the early life of M. O. Menshikov – one of the ideologists of the Russian nationalism of the early XX century and leading publicist of the largest all-Russian newspaper “Novoe Vremya”. The goal consists in full reconstruction of the conditions of his childhood and early youth. The methods of deduction, induction, comparative and prospective analysis were used for reconstructing separate circumstances of the initial stage of development of Menshikov’s personality and holistic biographical picture. The synthesis of objective analysis of the facts with subjective assessments of the events described by Menshikov himself in his diaries and articles allowed depicting the external circumstances of his youth, as well as reconstruct the peculiarities of development of his inner world and social reflection. The conclusion is made that a range of the core themes of Menshikov's publicistic writing, which were covered in the newspaper “Nedelya” and later in “Novoe Vremya”, and ultimately brought him popularity, take roots in his childhood and early youth: “family relations”, “upbringing and education”, “pursuit of belonging”, “finding  happiness through harmony with the world”. These topics were covered by Menshikov based on the rich life experience, a long path from the poor peasant family to the cadet of Naval Engineering School in Kronstadt. The fact that he was able to understand the problems  of the commoners made him closer to the reader. The provided biography is currently the most detailed study of the early life of M. O. Menshikov's; many facts are introduced for the first time. The article also presents additional empirical material on the history of childhood, elementary and secondary education in Russia of the late XIX century.
tropin n.a. - Karl Petrovich von Rüdinger: the liflyandsky baron on service of the Russian Empire pp. 143-154

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2017.2.21637

Abstract: This article for the first time recreates the biography of Karl Petrovich von Rüdinger (1753-1821) – a liflyandsky baron, who was the native of Phelinsky uyezd. During 1779-1797 he served in the Land Gentry corps, received the rank of the privy councilor (1797) and the post of the civil Governor of Vyborg (1797-1799) from the Emperor Paul I. Upon retirement, he moved to Hapsal and was signed up for the Estland nobility (1815). His life is a typical example of the service of a not highborn nobleman who used his kinship relations and the membership in the Masonic Lodge for the career growth. Due to this, he achieved a prominent position in the society. The study is carried out on the basis of documents and reference books of their time. It is interesting as an experience of creating a historical portrait of an administrator of the «second plan» within the administrative apparatus of the Russian Empire of the second half of XVIII - early XIX centuries.
Shapiro B. - Nikolai Nikolaevich Romanov Senior: cavalryman, horse breeder, collector (based on the documents from the State Archive of the Russian Federation) pp. 152-167

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2018.12.28471

Abstract: This article depicts the general field marshal, general cavalry inspector general Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich Senior as a horse breeder and collector of hippology materials. The goal of this work is to reveal the importance of N. N. Romanov’s pursuits for the history of Russian cavalry. The author attempts to restore the history of life and activity of the Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich Senior, and describe the pattern of its development. The personal biographical, property and record keeping materials of N. N. Romanov from the State Archive of the Russian Federation became the source for this research. The use of historical-biographical and chronological-problematic approaches allowed describing the life story, as well as highlighting the landmarks and patterns of development of certain events. The attention is focused on the results of activity of Grand Duke in the context of their significance for the advancement and improvement of the Russian cavalry. The acquired data complements the already known history of life and work of Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich Senior, as well as the everyday life of the Russian imperial house of the late XIX century and Russian military history.
Sokov I.A. - Canadian intellectual F. R. Scott and his impact upon the establishment of political culture in Canada in the XX century pp. 179-193

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2021.5.32925

Abstract: The subject of this research is the personality of the Canadian intellectual Francis Reginald Scott and his impact upon the state and development of political culture in Canada in the XX century. The evolution of Canadian political culture during the life of F. R. Scott affected by the objective historical factors that formed its distinctive features, new political traditions and new Canadian values, as well as by intresubjective factor, through which manifested the influence of Canadian intellectuals, politicians and public figures. The research methodology leans on the scientific principles of historicism, systematicity and objectivity, intersubjective and societal approaches; and special historical methods of research, such as comparative, typological, genetic and systemic. The scientific novelty lies in tracing the evolution of Canadian political culture in the XX century. The acquired results can be used in further research of the history of political cultures of foreign countries, as well as in scientific-pedagogical activity. The author concludes the evolution of Canadian political culture during the life of F. R. Scott was affected not only by objective historical factors, but also by intresubjective factor, through which manifested the impact of political and social activity of F. R. Scott. The author’s special contribution consists in the new approach towards characterization of political cultures of different nations, which obtained their uniqueness in the course of historical development.
Serov D. - From State Council to Prosecutor of the Prosecutor General of the Soviet Union: various aspects of life on investigator V. I. Gromov (1868-1952) pp. 221-245

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2015.3.15000

Abstract: This article is dedicated to the systematic re-creation of the events of biography of a prominent figure of the judicial branch of the Russian Empire and the originator of the Soviet criminalistics V. I. Gromov. His life path is examined in the context of the era: based on the establishment of the investigative body of the imperial Russia, post-revolution paths of imperial investigators, policy of the Soviet authority with regards to “former people”, conception and initial development of the government apparatus of the Soviet Russia. The author poses questions on the mysterious moments in the biography of V. I. Gromov. During the course of this research lot of new details about his life and work such as the precise date of birth, the circumstances of his service in the judicial branch of the Russian Empire, his pedagogical activity at the Moscow State University are being revealed. The author makes the conclusion, that V. I. Gromov realized his professional potential in both, practical and scientific-pedagogical areas; he was able to responsibly and faithfully serve Russia during the imperial, and later, the Soviet time.
Zharov S. - About the political leader Ahmet Zeki Velidi pp. 246-254

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2015.3.14840

Abstract: The object of the research of the given article is a political activity of a well-known leader of the Russian culture and science, one of the leaders of the Bashkir nationalists Ahmet Zeki Velidi from the kin of Togan in 1917-1923 on the territory of the Soviet State. Validi’s memories about his own activity, opinions of his contemporaries who knew the turcologist, texts by contemporary researchers providing the point of view of the heads of Bashkortostan Republic and its scientific institutions are the subject of the research.  Special attention is paid to the influence of Velidi’s ideas and activity on forming the modern Russian federalism. The methodological basis of the research consists of historical method, historical comparative method in its kinds, diachronic and synchronic comparison foremost.  The main conclusion of the research is a scientifically proved author’s opinion that Ahmet Zeki Velidi of the kin of Togan is undoubtedly an outstanding turcologist, a well-known man of Russian science and culture. But it is an obvious exaggeration to announce him a creator of the Russian federalism and a father of the modern Bashkir nationhood. 
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