Litera
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Litera" > Contents of Issue 04/2021
Contents of Issue 04/2021
Linguistics
Komarova K.I. - Analytical forms of expressing the category of certainty / uncertainty in modern Slovenian fiction pp. 1-7

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.35274

Abstract: This article examines the analytical approach towards expressing the category of certainty / uncertainty in Slovenian fiction. The analytical forms are comprised by the unchangeable article-type particle “ta”, which is commonly used in the Slovenian colloquial language, but at present is also actively used in the literary language. Special attention is given to the modern Slovenian fiction. The author analyzed ten Slovenian novels published between 2008 and 2018, and revealed all instances of using the article-type particle with both, substantive adjectives and together with adjectives and nouns. The following conclusions were formulated: colloquial elements in fiction perform a stylistic function; therefore one of the key tasks of the article-type particle consists in speech characteristic of the character, including indicating his dialect, since all instanced of using the particle are in the dialogical speech or first-person narrative. However, it is important to note that in most instances, the particle is used with substantive adjectives, which indicates lexicalization of combination of the particle and the adjective, which is used for mentioning a known person/object or indicating a characteristic feature.
Grammar
Dmitrieva E.I., Grubin I.V., Kudryavtseva E.V., Pluzhnikova I.I. - Translation of the grammatical meaning of past tense forms in a professional text (on the example of the railroad theme) pp. 8-17

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.35382

Abstract: The subject of this article is the grammatical category of tense. The majority of linguists tend to define tense, the ratio of action to the moment of speech. The object of this research is the ways of translating past tense forms from English to Russian. The goal of this article consists in the analysis of functionality of the forms of expression of past tense in a professional text and translation techniques. The sentences selected via method of continuous sampling from online publications dedicated to the topic of transport, served as the material for this research. Analysis is conducted on 5,680 sentences. Examination of the language material employs the method of continuous sampling and quantitative analysis is used. Despite the fact that the grammatical category of tense in both English and Russian languages is well studied, translation of the category of tense has not been scrutinized within the framework of linguistic translation studies, which substantiates the relevance of this work. The novelty lies in systematization and quantitative description of the techniques of translation past tense forms from English to Russian. It is established that there are three main techniques of translating past tense forms into Russian: 1) using nonverbal means or infinitive verbs; 2) using nonpast tense forms; 3) using past tense forms. The choice of perfective or imperfective verb in translation is determined by the presence of additional grammatical meanings in the tense, as well as the context
Linguistics
Bondareva E.P., Chistyakova G.V. - Universal value worldview: analysis of virtual tourist reviews pp. 18-32

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.32610

Abstract: All realities of the surrounding human environment have an axiological potential, and it is generally believed that the ethnic worldviews are characterized by various evaluative dominants. This work substantiates the idea of the existence of universal value attitudes of the representatives of different locative worldviews. The object of this research is the evaluative field “Recreation”; the subject is evaluative judgments of the authors of virtual reviews about vacation on the island Hainan (China), which contain an axiological response to a particular object related to the analyzed evaluative field. The virtual tourist reviews from three locative groups (USA, Europe, Russia) served as the material for this research. The analysis was based on the field method of language description. The conducted research demonstrates that the evaluative field “Recreation” has a similar structure in the representations of native speakers of the three locative groups. The nuclear zone is represented by the thematic group “Hotel accommodation”; the near periphery is formed by the thematic groups “Service”, “Food”, “Beach recreation”; the far periphery includes evaluative judgments of the thematic groups “Activities outside the hotel”, “Landscape”, “Overall impression”, “Fauna”. Each group consists of several objects of evaluation, the axiological response to which is verbalized through evaluative predicates. As a result of studying the evaluation field “Recreation”, the author established that nationality and place of residence of a person do not impact the choice of the object of evaluation of recreation sphere; responses of the representatives of the three locations to tourist objects are very similar.
Rhetoric
Murzina O.V., Gotovtseva A.G. - Neo-Quintilian paradigm of modern youth media pp. 33-41

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.35318

Abstract: The subject of this research is the transformation of classical ancient rhetoric in modern media, namely of such a mandatory part of the classical presentation of speech according to Marcus Fabius Quintilianus, as rebuttal to an opponent's argument. The article employs posts of the authors of various blogs on the entertainment portals and their interaction with users’ commentaries. Response to an objection was an important element of the canon of presentation of speech in antiquity: by doing so, the speaker demonstrated a confident command of the topic, and at the same time, that the topic is objectionable and requires argumentation. The reduction of competitive eloquence turned this part of the canon into a ritual weakened its ties with the actual speech practice. In modernity, we can observe the return of rebuttal to an opponent's arguments as an independent genre – the author in his publications counts on rebuttal and prepares in advance. The novelty of this research consists in the fact that the Neo-Quintilian paradigm of modern youth media is analyzed for the first time. The main conclusions lies in revelation of transformation and deformation of the classical canon: being the so-called cultural constant, the classical canon of ancient rhetoric is conveyed to modern users through interaction with accepted patterns. The modern young audience perceives the canon indirectly, through approved or criticized examples of eloquence, eliciting rfagments thereof – thus, the semantic connection of argument and rebuttal is one of the versions of the deformed, but recognizable canon.
Literary criticism
Sangadieva E.G., Amgalanova M.V. - Representation of worldview in the Buryat national literature of early XX century pp. 42-50

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.35384

Abstract: One of the fundamental problems within the theoretical and methodological research of national literatures is the analysis of the worldview. This article explores the national worldview in the works of Buryat writers of the early XX century on the example of B. Baradin (1878-1937) and P. Dambinov under the pseudonym Solbone Tuya (1892-1938). The author reveals the key concepts (space and time), images, and poetic metaphors. Their representation in artistic pursuits in the context of genesis of the national Buryat literature is substantiated to their closeness to the Mongolian culture, speciticity of ethnic culture, confessional views, features of consciousness and philosophical aspects of the topic of the world and human overall. As of today, the literary heritage of the first Buryat writers is virtually not covered in the separate authorial publications; it particularly pertains to the repressed representatives of oral lore, whose works were not published for a long time. The artistic heritage of these authors is confessional views through archival documents and other materials. The key research methods of the poetic heritage of the writers became axiological, semiotic, and structural-semantic. The scientific novelty consists in the analysis of the national concept of the world in works of the founders of Buryat literature as a unique phenomenon of the national oral lore with sound ethnocultural elements.
Question at hand
Tymchuk E.V., Gamayeva L.A. - The concept of definiteness and its lexical-grammatical representation in the modern English-language scientific discourse pp. 51-63

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.35385

Abstract: The subject of this research is the concept of definiteness and its lexical-grammatical representation in the scientific discourse of the modern English language. The author notes the universal nature of this concept, since it is a crucial component of communication in any culture, any human society. It was always important for the one who talks and the one who listens to indicate the objects of physical and mental world associated with the world of their things and notions. It is underlined that the development of society and transition from the communal to egocentric perception of the world changed the understanding of the concept of “definiteness”. The novelty of this this research consists in a specific articulation of the scientific problem. The concept of definiteness is viewed within the English scientific discourse, taking into account the crucial facts of lexical-grammatical implementation of this concept in other cognate languages. It is concluded that the changes in the concept of “definiteness” substantiated the peculiarities of the use of positive articles in the modern English-language scientific discourse, and also contributed to the widespread use of the zero article. The methodological framework is comprised of the methods of linguistic research: comparative-historical and comparative analysis; as well as methods of lexical-semantic and syntactic analysis of texts from the English-language scientific discourse.
Literary criticism
Veprev A.I. - Matryoshka version of the Russian verlibre pp. 64-92

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.35358

Abstract:  Referring to the possibility and need for an experiment in literary studies, mentioned in the early XX century by the Soviet literary theoretician and poetry scholar Boris Yarkho, who paid particular attention to the transformation of the genre and the structure of expressive means as a whole, the author of this article analyzes the new form of the Russian verlibre (free verse), its varieties of the most probable form, attempting to determine its most characteristic typology, as well as to introduce into the concept of the matryoshka verlibre the two main forms, two of its fundamental metaphases and several subvarieties: 1. Verlibre in verlibres (verlibre in several verlibres); 2. Verlibre in verlibre  (several verlibra in one verlibre). The author also distinguishes two subvarieties that are formed from the verlibre in verlibre: 3. Veprlibr (large verlibre in several verlibres); 4. Aphoristic verlibre (verlibre in several aphorisms), and others. The main conclusion of the conducted analysis of the new form of the matryoshka verlibre consists in the fact that matryoshka verlibre is patterned by a catenate fairy tale and is attributed to the type of catenate fairy tale (cumulative fairy tale, recursive fairy tale, chainlike fairy tale). The verlibre, in which dialogues or actions are repeated and develop in a modified form according to the plotline, belongs to the matryoshka verlibre. The effect of these verlibres is based on the repeating narrative, characteristic image and action changing for one or another reason and reaching culmination. In this case, semantic differentiation of the text is viewed as a synthesis of both dimensions, where any component of the work is simultaneously motivated by the coherence of such element that it creates with other elements, as well as semantic union of the elements that are subject to destruction, and belong to different components of the entire work. A matryoshka doll serves as an example.  
Linguistics
Wang Q., Sheremetyeva E.S. - The role of textual binding element Now about... in the text structure pp. 93-103

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.35483

Abstract: The binding element “Now about...” is a means of formation of distant cohesion in the text. It combines the features of grammatical and lexical means of connectivity, which is substantiated by its structure: presence of the permanent grammaticalized component “now about” and substitutable position for preposition. Within the structure of the text, the binding element performs the transition to a new micro-theme as part of the macro-theme, while fulfilling a prospective or a prospective-retrospective function. In terms of prospective function, the formal role is played by grammaticalized component of the binding element, and in terms of prospective-retrospective – both  components; the functions are allocated as follows: free component of the binding element serves as a keyword and fulfills distant retrospective cohesion, while grammaticalized component “now about” due to its semantics, forms the relations of prospection.  The binding element “Now about...” may interact with other logical bonds and also form connectivity, which testifies to its functional self-sufficiency. The acquired results can be applied in lexicographic practice for the development and creation of lexical entries for dictionaries of functional words of the Russian language, in editorial activity, in teaching the syntax of the Russian language, for philological analysis of the text, as well as in teaching Russian as a foreign language.
Literary criticism
Sulaimanov M.U. - Ethnocultural code in the Crimean Tatar literary criticism (on the example of Shakir Selims literary-criticism article About Shamil Alyadin, Charyks and a Pocket Knife) pp. 104-117

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.35485

Abstract:  Based on the analysis of causality and reasonableness of arguments of such literary scholars as Shakir Selim and Shamil Alyadin, this article attempt to determine the ethnocultural code of the Crimean Tatar literary criticism. The author applies the approach of methodological pluralism, as well as hermeneutical, logical, historical-genetic, comparative-typological, phenomenological, and psychological methods. This allows considering various perspectives of the aforementioned literary scholars upon the variants of critical analysis of the artistic heritage of the classic of Crimean Tatar literature Memet Nuzet. The article outlines the basic principles of literary criticism, declared by Shakir Selim and Shamil Alyadin, as well as their dependence on the ethnocultural code of the Crimean Tatars. The scientific novelty of this research consists in the attempt of carrying out a comprehensive hermeneutical analysis of Shakir Selim’s literary-criticism work “About Shamil Alyadin, Charyks and the Pocket Knife” through the prism of methodological pluralism in the aspect of ethnocultural code. The author’s main contribution consists in the reflection of the “clash of opinions” of three literary critics – this is the critical article by Shakir Selim, based on the response of Pirae Kadri-Zade, written to Shamil Alyadin’s criticism essay on the poem composed by the classic of the Crimean Tatar literature Memet Nuzet. 
Question at hand
Sukhanova I.Y. - pp. 118-126

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.35295

Abstract:
Gotovtseva A.G., Karpov E.S. - pp. 127-134

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.35321

Abstract:
Literary criticism
Li G. - pp. 135-144

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.35230

Abstract:
Anisimova O.V. - pp. 145-153

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.35298

Abstract:
Starovoitov I. - pp. 154-161

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.35371

Abstract:
Zhu Z. - pp. 162-170

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.35410

Abstract:
Linguistics
Chzhan Y. - pp. 171-180

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.29612

Abstract:
Sun Y., Rybakov M.A. - pp. 181-188

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.35304

Abstract:
Psycholinguistics
Zharnikova A.V., Tsybenova C.S. - pp. 189-197

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.35291

Abstract:
Poetry and the poet
Pogorelova I.V. - pp. 198-204

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.32719

Abstract:
Linguistics
Skorik K.V. - Semiotic status of objects and their functioning in the Anglo-Saxon and Russian charms pp. 205-213

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.35272

Abstract: The research focuses on the problem of semiotic status of objects in the Anglo-Saxon and Russian charms. The text of charms is the object of the research. The aim of the research is to define the semiotic status of objects in the Anglo-Saxon and Russian charms and to reveal the functioning of the objects in the text of a charm. The work deals with charms as examples of a sacral text. The research is promising due to the fact that studying a sacral text in this context is based on the anthropocentric approach. The tasks of the research include the following: to denote the status of a charm as a sacral text, to describe the semiotic status of objects in a charm, to reveal the role of a ritual in the objects acquiring the features of signs, to define the functions of semiotic objects in the charms. The scientific novelty of the research is in its comparative analysis of Russian and Anglo-Saxon charms in terms of linguistic semiotics. The author points out and describes several functions of semiosis as a system of objects that have a semiotic status. The major conclusion made as a result of the research is that the symbolic functions of material cultural objects in a sacral text enable the objects to acquire various features when they are included in the ritual component of a charm.
Zagrebelnaya A.S. - pp. 214-223

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.35279

Abstract:
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