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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Urban Studies" > Contents of Issue є 03/2020
Contents of Issue є 03/2020
Historical culturology
Viazinkin A., Dvukhzhilova I.V. - The problem of virtual reconstructions of Уplaces of commemorationФ in light of the spatial cultural turn pp. 1-8

DOI:
10.7256/2310-8673.2020.3.32423

Abstract: This article examines the problem of historical-cultural significance of virtual reconstructions of places of commemoration and creation of digital museums in the context of spatial turn in cultural sciences. “Places of commemoration” are viewed not only as the objects of virtual reconstruction, but also as the sources of social constructs and social practices, as the elements of cultural capital of the city. In this vein, the projects of digital museums can be viewed as the program for creation of commemorative environment, which in turn, contributes to formation and development of the sense of solidarity in the society. An interdisciplinary approach is realized through the use of methodology of historical and culturological studies, with consideration of the so-called spatial turn in cultural sciences, as well as technologies of virtual design and mathematical modeling. Formation of commemorative environment and civil identity is intensified by any form of reference (including virtual space) to the places of commemoration as to the landmarks of social memory and tradition, key components of historical capital of the city. The projects of virtual reconstruction (creation of digital museum) of memorial places using software platforms with an open code OpenSimulator should be perceived as “augmented reality” of historical capital of the city.
ќзеленение и парковое хоз€йство
Bulatova E.K. - An approach of landscape urbanism in reconstruction of waterfront areas in a large city pp. 9-19

DOI:
10.7256/2310-8673.2020.3.32388

Abstract: This article explores a relevant problem of implementation of innovative approaches in the sphere of landscape engineering applicable to reconstruction of city waterfront areas, namely in the large cities. The author reviews the example of realization of the project modern waterfront areas, which considered the indicated factors and engineering principles. On the example of Magnitogorsk, the author examines the modern functional and planning pattern, as well as the quality of shelf territories with determination of the prospects of their transformation, taking into account the principles of landscape urbanism and formation of the single ecological-recreational framework. The method of sampling allowed defining the promising vectors in improvement of aesthetic qualities of a city waterfront area and its safety for all population groups that actively use urban recreational environment. The article underlines the advantages and disadvantages of the conducted reconstruction of a section of the Ural River embankment, and prospects of its further reconstruction considering the concepts of landscape urbanism and eco-city. The following conclusion were made: 1) landscape approach ensured the essential geographic connectedness of the territory, protect city systems from natural disasters (storms, floods, etc.); 2) restoration and reconstruction of shelf area of the Ural River would allow to not only form a unified recreational space and water recreational framework for the purpose of sustainable development of the territory, but also protect the territory from waterlogging; 3) landscape urbanism would contribute to wellness and ecological comfort of the population.
√радостроение
Ordynskaya Y. - Use of the factor of having a border as a unique phenomenon of development of urban planning solutions of RussiaТs border area and formation of transboundary spaces (on the example of Russian-Kazakhstan border zone) pp. 20-25

DOI:
10.7256/2310-8673.2020.3.33373

Abstract: The object of this research is the urban planning solutions of territorial development. The subject is the determination of peculiarities of development of urban planning solutions influenced by the factor of having a border. The capabilities of border areas are viewed as a combination of all resources existing within its limits. I this case, urban planning potential of border areas includes a particular set of factors (natural resources potential, infrastructure, demographic, etc.). The conducted analysis demonstrated the need for elaboration of a mechanism of development of border areas, with competent and accurate legislative regulation, considering positive and negative criteria, and reducing the latter to the minimum. The research of urban planning solutions, carried out in the context of the existing and anticipated risk factors, showed that risk factor pertains to natural-ecological, socio-demographic and infrastructural spheres. The researchers have previously covered the question on the development prospects of transboundary regions on the basis of Russia-Kazakhstan border cooperation, but mostly within the framework of geographical and social disciplines [4, 11, 10]. This article is first to view the solutions and risk factors emerging in formation and further development of territorial spaces from the perspective of urban planning activity. The scientific novelty consists in determination of positive and negative factors that impact the development of Russian-Kazakhstan border zone. In the course of study, the author determine the criteria affecting the advancement of urban planning solutions of a border area. The criteria used for assessing the risk factors give grounds for further long-term forecasting.
 ультурное наследие
Kozyrenko N.E. - Russian Harbin: architecture of the mansion of G. I. Kroll pp. 26-36

DOI:
10.7256/2310-8673.2020.3.33397

Abstract: The subject of this research is the architectural and style peculiarities of the mansion of G. I. Kroll. The object is the Harbin architectural landmarks built in the early XX century in the New City area. Presently the are in a critical condition. Their physical state testifies to the upcoming demolition of the unique objects of Russian Harbin. The author examines the historical aspect of construction and functionality of the objects, architectural specificities, and current physical state of the architectural landmarks. Special attention is paid to the architectural-planning peculiarities of the constructs: pattern, decorative elements, style. The main conclusion of the conducted research consists in the need for urgent restoration works of the structural elements and façade reconstruction of the landmarks. Layout of the two objects, interiors of all indoor spaces, and surrounding environment are subject to repair. These works would take place in the context of the new functionality of the objects – “Russian Harbin” hotel. Such approach would allow to not only preserve the objects of Russian architecture, but also reproduce the distinct environment of Harbin of the early XX century. The scientific novelty lies in conducting an on-site inspection of the constructs to find damages in structural elements, do measurements, develop reconstruction projects based on the results of determined architectural and style peculiarities of the landmarks.
Dianova Y.V. - УBears in the cityФ: visual aesthetics of PermТs urban environment pp. 37-43

DOI:
10.7256/2310-8673.2020.3.33515

Abstract: Visual image of modern Perm resembles the images of bear. Most recognized in urban environment is image of a bear in sacrificial pose (“bear-pray”). This image reflects a phenomenal “core” of Perm archaic cultures of pre-Christian time. Myths and legends about Bjarmia and Parma are currently depicted in the artistic-stylized form in the objects of Perm’s urban environment. The image of “bear-pray” is captured on the facades of public buildings, street lightening, small architectural forms. Painters, architects and designers explain their reference to this image as imposing “Perm character” to their works. At the same time, in festival movement such image of bear is overshadowed by other bear-themed compositions: polygonal “rainbow” bear of the “Great Perm” tourist brand, polygonal bear of the mega festival “Perm Period. Modern Age” in white and red colors. It is demonstrated that Perm animalistic style with its stylized images that retained semantic and symbolic features, can be viewed as the foundation for realization of the strategy of city’s geocultural branding for Perm and other cities of Ural Region. It is suggested to use art potential of animalistic style, useful for visualization of aesthetics of urban environment, through reference to the practices of arranging street space of Perm.
Architecture and Environment
Kozyrenko S.M. - Peculiarities of organization of the environment of nongovernmental rehabilitation centers pp. 44-60

DOI:
10.7256/2310-8673.2020.3.33701

Abstract: The subject of this research is the peculiarities of organization of the environment of specialized centers that focus on recovery of the patients. The object of this research is the national and foreign nongovernmental rehabilitation centers for drug addicts and alcoholics. The author examines such aspects of problem as the organization of rehabilitation centers in Russia and abroad, as well as outlines the key vectors in formation of the environment for rehabilitation those who faced alcohol or drug addiction. Particular attention is given to the peculiarities of environmental organization of rehabilitation centers. In this context, the space-planning solution is of major importance. The main conclusion consists in description of nuances of the environment of rehabilitation centers defined based on their organization (comfort, safe, friendly, shock environment). The author’s special contribution lies in identification of typological characteristics of the existing rehabilitation centers (VIP houses; hotel, family, country style; with focus on labor or motivation), and their functionality. The scientific novelty lies in the comprehensive study that determined the key characteristics of environmental organization of rehabilitation centers, as well as their typological features, which allows outlining the prospects of their establishment and development.
City and mass culture
Bozhok N.S. - Inclusive culture of urban communities: on the example of historical reenactors pp. 61-74

DOI:
10.7256/2310-8673.2020.3.33758

Abstract: The relevance of this research is substantiated by the need for examination and generalization of positive experience of the implementation of inclusive practices initiated by nongovernmental entities – formal and informal associations of reenactors. The subject of this research is the inclusive culture of urban communities of historical reenactors. The key goal lies in determination of specificity of inclusive culture based on he analysis of normative-value system of the reenactors movement and relevant sociocultural practices implemented in public space of Russian cities. The theoretical-methodological framework is comprised of the conceptual provisions of inclusive model of urban culture elaborated by the participants of cross=disciplinary project of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research “Inclusive Culture of Social Time: current urban context (Lower Volga Region)”. The novelty of this consists in introduction of new empirical material into the scientific discourse, which allows revealing the inclusive readiness and specificity of inclusive culture of reenactors, which are a part of the All-Russian Social Movement “Clubs of Historical Reconstruction”. The author concludes on affiliation of the associations of reenactors to the inclusive community, which shares the fundamental inclusive values – acceptance and support of the diversity and engagement. An important aspect of inclusive culture of reenactors is participation in practical activity, aimed at creation of a barrier-free urban environment and interactive communication space for the purpose of representation of the world and national cultural and historical experience.
√радостроение
Zazulya V.S. - Ecological comfort and public spaces pp. 75-90

DOI:
10.7256/2310-8673.2020.3.31732

Abstract: The key factors influencing psychological and physiological comfort of urban residents include the level of environmental quality, presence of green spaces, connection between man and nature. The increase in urban density makes the creation of ecological comfort zones especially relevant. The subject of this research is the peculiarities of formation of such zone within the structure of public spaces, taking into account the current requirements to the quality of urban environment. The author highlights special significance of public spaces as one of the key object for creation of ecological comfort zones; as well as examines the key problems in formation of public spaces on the background of dynamic urban development.  Clarification is given to the definition of the concept of “ecological comfort in accordance with the basic parameters. The author substantiates the role of public spaces as the important areas in improvement of the quality of life in a modern city. Having analyzed the modern approaches and trends in designing a comfortable urban environment, the author makes proposals on the formation and modernization of ecological comfort zones within the structure of public spaces, as well as systematizes most relevant requirements to determine promising vectors in designing such objects.
Architecture and Environment
Khettou D., Razin A.D. - Strategies for sustainable development of tourism by building tourist attractions (an example of Algerian coast) pp. 91-101

DOI:
10.7256/2310-8673.2020.3.34070

Abstract: Sustainable development of tourism has become a growing trend in multi-level projects in the developing countries aimed at support of support of economy and preservation of ecosystem. Despite the fact that Algeria is considered one of the richest and most diverse countries in Africa, the development of tourism on its coastline that extends for 1,200 km faces many difficulties. One of such obstacles is the absence of comprehensive strategy that guarantees the development of tourism. In recent years, the economic significance of tourism has grown substantially. However, tourism industry cannot ensure the desired economic growth without a decent strategy. The goal of this article consists in theoretical overview of various strategies for sustainable development through elaboration of the diverse tourist attractions on the Algerian coast, as well as in assessment of the chosen strategies of tourism development in Algeria from the perspective of urban infrastructure, ecosystems, expansion in the quantity and quality of architecture. Methodologically, this research analyzes different strategies for the sustainable development of tourism implemented in the world. The article reviews the strategies for the development of tourism and the role of building different types of tourist attractions and resorts for the advancement of this industry in the coastal areas of Algeria with preservation of its natural resources and biodiversity.
City and mass culture
Gorokhovskaya L.G. - УExotic for our cityФ: discursive analysis in designing a tourism attraction pp. 102-110

DOI:
10.7256/2310-8673.2020.3.33556

Abstract: The object of this research is the historical quarter of Old Vladivostok called “Millionka”. The article is focused on the problem of designing tourism attraction as an imaginary site. The goal consists in analysis of the strategy of such designing. The research materials contain the publications on Millionka in digital media of Vladivostok, information from the website of the City Museum of Local Lore, YouTube video of a tour. Methodologically, the article is based on the discursive analysis of the texts, which allowed viewing the peculiarities of communication strategy on designing a tourism attraction by outlining the frames of perception, central themes and concepts that form representation on Millionka, as well as determining the combination of discursive genres. The conclusion is formulated that the design of a tourism attraction is a specific cultural product that relies on the practice of creation of an “imaginary site”. The historical discourse demonstrates milestone in the existence of Millionka and allows concluding on functionality of its space as a palimpsest. Leaning on H. Lefebvre’s concept of the production of space applicable to the practices of designing an “imaginary sire”, analysis is conducted on the two forms: representation of space and space of representation. The author reveals the key peculiarities of the design of Millionka within the frame of “uniqueness and unusualness”, explores the basic strategy of exotization of the Other using the techniques of mythologization, proxemics and all-factor communication. The author underlines prevalence of the strategy of “revision of a site” and consumer discourse in designing a tourism attraction.
—истемы управлени€ и планировани€
Gataullin R.F., Ataeva A.G., Ulyaeva A.G. - The prospects of formation of transboundary agglomeration (On the example of Almetyevsk Ц Oktyabrsky agglomeration) pp. 111-126

DOI:
10.7256/2310-8673.2020.3.34015

Abstract: The goal of this article consists in assessment of possibility of existence of transregional agglomeration between the Republic of Tatarstan and the Republic of Bashkortostan based on evaluation of the criteria of composition of agglomeration. The subject of this research is the composition of the oilfield service polycentric small urban agglomeration Oktyabrsky – Tuymazy located on the territory of the Republic of Bashkortostan, as well as the composition of the Almetyevsk polycentric agglomeration located on the territory of the Republic of Tatarstan, which provisionally includes both indicated agglomerations along with other potential zoned of influence of the largest cities of agglomeration – Almetyevsk and Oktyabrsky. The criteria for delimitation contained economic, integration and geographical. The object of this research is the municipal formation of city district level and municipal districts (8 municipal formations on the part of the Republic of Bashkortostan, and 12 municipal formations on the part of the Republic of Tatarstan). The research covers the period from 2014 to 2018. The conclusion is made that the oilfield service polycentric small urban agglomeration Oktyabrsky – Tuymazy and Almetyevsk polycentric agglomeration, which are formalized  to one or another degree, do not correspond with the classical approaches towards assessment of agglomerativity, as they do not have a balance between functional roles of the core and the periphery of agglomeration. At the same time the strength of economic gravitation of the municipal formations between the Republic of Tatarstan and the Republic of Bashkortostan leads to the establishment of Almetyevsk – Oktyabrsky polycentric transregional agglomeration, which provisionally includes both of the  indicated agglomerations, and which in accordance with the classical parameters for assessing delimitation and agglomeration level can be considered a more developed agglomeration than the initial ones.
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