Статья 'Русский Харбин: архитектура особняка Г. И. Кролла ' - журнал 'Урбанистика' - NotaBene.ru
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Urban Studies

Russian Harbin: architecture of the mansion of G. I. Kroll

Kozyrenko Nataliya Efremovna

PhD in Architecture

Docent, the department of Design of Architectural Environment, Pacific National University

680035, Russia, Khabarovskii krai, g. Khabarovsk, ul. Tikhookeanskaya, 140, kv. 504

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The subject of this research is the architectural and style peculiarities of the mansion of G. I. Kroll. The object is the Harbin architectural landmarks built in the early XX century in the New City area. Presently the are in a critical condition. Their physical state testifies to the upcoming demolition of the unique objects of Russian Harbin. The author examines the historical aspect of construction and functionality of the objects, architectural specificities, and current physical state of the architectural landmarks. Special attention is paid to the architectural-planning peculiarities of the constructs: pattern, decorative elements, style. The main conclusion of the conducted research consists in the need for urgent restoration works of the structural elements and façade reconstruction of the landmarks. Layout of the two objects, interiors of all indoor spaces, and surrounding environment are subject to repair. These works would take place in the context of the new functionality of the objects – “Russian Harbin” hotel. Such approach would allow to not only preserve the objects of Russian architecture, but also reproduce the distinct environment of Harbin of the early XX century. The scientific novelty lies in conducting an on-site inspection of the constructs to find damages in structural elements, do measurements, develop reconstruction projects based on the results of determined architectural and style peculiarities of the landmarks.

Keywords: decor, reconstruction, composition, architectural image, mansion, building, architecture, style, ensemble, town
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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