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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Philosophical Thought" > Rubric "Social philosophy"
Social philosophy
Kuchukov M.M. - Historicity of History as a Phenomenon of Social Life pp. 1-16

DOI:
10.7256/2306-0174.2014.5.12354

Abstract: At the turn of the late XXth — the early XXIth, the age of the processes of choatization of the world order, history appeared to be the necessary prerequisite of destructive activity of various type of social subjects. There was a problem of definition of a social role of history, existence of different type of functionality in a context of social processes. The history, exists and as set of specific and various actions of certain people, the human groups being in interrelation and forming planetary society and as a clot of information of having impact on public life. This second form also is an analysis subject. The article is based on the principles of systemacity and historicism, unity historical and logical. More specifically, the method of the comparative-historical analysis is used. Initial in research is the analysis of judgments of F. Nietzsche about emergence and history existence in human life, about the reasons and forms of negative influence of history on outlook and activity of the person. The method of comparative-historical research revealed features of occurring transformations with history in the present. Scientific novelty is defined by creation of the concept of change of a social role, the contents and a history form in time, feature of manifestation of its historicity in active existence of society.
Ryskel'dieva L.T., Korotchenko Y.M. - Textual component in the modern socio-philosophical research pp. 1-10

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8728.2016.11.2088

Abstract: The modern socio-philosophical research comprise the objective field of this work. The subject of the research is the textual component in the existing socio-philosophical knowledge. The authors suggest enriching and complementing the object field of the modern socio-cultural research by reflection of the socio-philosophical implications of the results of analysis of the textual culture. Thus, the authors examine the phenomenon of public text as a whole, as well as publicist texts in particular. At the same time, they believe that the valuative analysis of public text allows noticing the textual nature of the object of study of the social philosophy. This work is carried out within the limits of the interpretational paradigm of the modern socio-philosophical knowledge, which suggests the examination of social reality as the object of conceptualization, understanding, and evaluation. This in turn, allows speaking about the social text as the space of reconstruction of social reality, as well as the tool of cognition of society. The proposed valuative analysis implements the key methodological orientations in the modern socio-philosophical knowledge: upon the socio-cultural interpretation of social phenomena, as well as the interdisciplinary character of their study. The scientific novelty of the acquired results is associated with the introduction into the area of socio-cultural research of such object as textual culture, which is understood as the combination of ways of production, preservation, and translation of texts. The authors offer an analytical, clarified, and reflexive language of perception of the social text, which is structured on the basis of the valuative dictionary. Social text is defined as the authorial text, consciously published and containing the author’s relation, position, and program of actions regarding the establishment of commonness.
Kachulin A.G. - Network mass media and information society: socio-philosophical analysis of the process of formation of new hierarchies pp. 1-12

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8728.2017.9.24127

Abstract: This article analyzes the data of the economic rating of the largest world companies Financial Times Global 500 for the II quarter of 2017. It is demonstrated that seven out of the ten largest world companies deal with the technologies of mass communication. Based on the data from the financial reports of the corporation and public information about their activity, the article introduces a socio-philosophical interpretation of the process of a rapid increase capitalization of these companies. It is shown that these companies held the key positions in the rating under the influence of the global trend established after the world crisis of 2008. Leaning on the interdisciplinary approach that combines the methods of philosophy and sociology of mass communications alongside mediaecology and mediatheory, the article explores the nature of the aforementioned trend.  It is underlined that it relates to the distribution of the network technology of mass communication. The author researches the impact of network technology upon the social structure, and reveals that the network mass media simultaneously produce the two opposite effects. As the means of communication, it has a decentralized effect upon the society, which deconstructs the strict hierarchies and creates the networks of coordination as the new organizational structures. However, the very process of decentralization in the context of network interaction serves the goals aimed at establishing of the new hierarchical system, within which the network mass media become the new centers of world influence as the organizers of functionality of the social processes.
Tyugashev E. - Philosophy as a sociocultural phenomenon pp. 1-8

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8728.2017.10.24144

Abstract: The object of this research is the philosophical phenomenon, which within the social philosophy is traditionally described as a form of public consciousness, and lately – as self-consciousness of the culture. It is suggested to identify these descriptions as sociocentrism and culturocentrism in interpretation of the phenomenon of philosophy. Culturocentric interpretation of philosophy is viewed as problematic due to the fact that often perceives the emergence of philosophy only in separate cultural centers; as well as using the definition of culture as a system of programs, does not reveal the mechanism of establishment of self-consciousness within such system of programs. Thus, is relevant the critical reflection of culturocentrism and its alignment with the position of sociocentrism in describing philosophy as a sociocultural phenomenon. The dilemma of sociocentrism and culturocentrism is resolved based on using the sociocultural approach in its reflective interpretation. Such interpretation leans of the public historical understanding of culture as a specific historical version of evolution of the society, as well as proposes considering the society as an ensemble of interacting cultures; while sociocultural – as a social in the cultural diversity. The conducted analysis of the concept of philosophy as the culture’s self-consciousness allows concluding that the establishment of self-consciousness of such subject requires realization within the framework of external reflection of cultures, in other words, among the interacting ethno-social organisms. The practical, ordinary philosophy emerges in practice of sociocultural mediation. For the complex of social organisms that comprise a civilization, the professional philosophers fixate in abstract general form of establishment of the world structure in such form as they are grasped in the civilizational experience. Professional philosophy manifests as self-consciousness and reflection not of just local culture, but rather cultures that claim to achieve the scale of world civilizations. This circumstances explains the existence of the centers of origin of philosophy, namely the institutionalized professional philosophical activity within the contact zones of the largest civilizations.
Sizemskaya I.N. - Power and poet in Russia pp. 16-25

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8728.2016.5.18816

Abstract: In the center of author’s attention is the problem of “Poet and power”. Examining this issue in the historical retrospect, the author turns to the history of the Russian intelligentsia as the phenomenon of Russian culture, associating its background with the emergence of “military intelligentsia” of the era of Peter the Great. With the reforms of Peter the Great has appeared an educated social class, which combined spiritual work with government service, in other words the direct cooperation with authorities. The result of the joint efforts and the accomplishment of the reforms became the noble culture, the subject of which was Russian art intelligentsia. The article illustrates that on all stages of its history, art intelligentsia following the ideas of Enlightenment, was its carrier and founder, accumulating the ethical and humanistic values and protecting ideas of freedom and social justice. In a constant opposition to the conservative public powers, it protected the right to freedom of will and spiritual (intellectual and artistic) work. Within the framework of the chosen historical-philosophical analysis, the author focuses attention on the fact that the Russian intellectual in comparison with the European intellectual, felt as “outsider” within his own sociopolitical environment, which justified autocracy and general ignorance. The author concludes that the critical attitude towards reality was a constant of self-consciousness of intelligentsia. The author also examines the history of relationship between the art intelligentsia and the government after the October of 1917. The new political regime escalated the dictate of the government through Stalin upon the spiritual life of society. The new victims of new regime became N. Gumilev, O. Mandelshtam, and A. Akhmatova. Their creative path and opposition to the totalitarian regime became a separate subject of research.
Gryaznova E.V., Afanas'ev S.V. - Individualization of a person in the information socialization pp. 17-29

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8728.2017.1.20968

Abstract: In the information society, social experience cannot be transmitted only by traditional methods. Modern man is forced from an early age to take in information interaction occurring in the field of information reality created by modern information technology. Thus, the second period of socialization – individualization, which is the most active stage of education and upbringing of a person is largely not under the control of real social actors and information quasisurjectivity. The article discusses the possible negative consequences of this individualization. The study of individualization as traditional stage and information of socialization used subject-to-subject approach. The paper used methods of analysis and synthesis. The main findings of the study is justification of the fact that individualization in the information of socialization has both positive and negative consequences. The most dangerous are: the possibility of forming the average, the universal identity, devoid of belonging to a national culture. The reason is not only the transfer of information socialization in reality, the transfer functions of the management of this process information quasispherical.
Melikov I.M., Khrapov S.A. - The phenomenon of "Russian religious socialism": N. Berdyaev about the specifics of socialism and the Soviet reality pp. 21-33

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8728.2017.7.23401

Abstract: The subject of the article is that socialism as a specific historical form of existence spiritual and social reality. The research urgency is caused by the significance of the socialist period of Russian history, as well as the 100th anniversary of the 1917 revolution. The aim of the study is a comprehensive understanding of the phenomenon of socialism, it really is historical manifestations and idealistic nature in the context of the religious philosophy of N.. Berdyaev, by means of social-philosophical and theological analysis. The subject of the research is concretized in the following sections of the article: "problem", "the transformation of the ideas of Marxism in "religious socialism", "a"Religious socialism" and the Soviet reality". The research methodology is based on the principles of comparativism, systematic and interdisciplinary. The authors used historical-philosophical, socio-philosophical, socio-cultural, socio-theological approaches to the analysis of socialism as a specific historical form of existence spiritual and social reality. The novelty of the research is reflected in the following conclusions: 1. The transformation of the ideas of Marxism in Russian "religious socialism", is one of the most important paradoxical social and cultural processes of the Russian history of the XX century, largely reflecting ambivalence of the Russian national character and contradictory nature of the "soul" of the Russian people. A theocratic form of socialism in our country was inevitable, because of her religious-transcendental civilizational grounds. That is why socialism is so quickly became the ideal and the real spheres of social life. 2. An extremely important feature of the theocratic nature of Russian socialism is its bearer - the Soviet people – a phenomenon quite unique in history. It characterized, in our view, three main feature.First, it's ideological. Not ideological, and ideology. It is not about political ideology, and psychological characteristics. Ideas for Soviet people was more important than life itself. Ideas for him was the ideal life, and therefore become a kind of idols. The Soviet people were looking for a lofty ideal, strive for it and your life necessarily correlated with it. Communism was presented to the Soviet man ideal, but only because he is set to ideal. Otherwise, any ideal becomes a mere phraseology.Secondly, romanticism. Without him, the Soviet people simply would not have survived the stresses of everyday life in socialist reality. Thirdly, morality, bordering on religiosity. Soviet morality, values which did not differ from the universal-religious, in fact was the basis, if I may say so, the Soviet religion.3. The Soviet system was a theocracy, because above all he proclaimed not only spiritual, but even of religious values, imbuing socialism with transcendental meanings. Socialism was based on the romance of the soul, he displaces the soul of man from material and social life in areas of significantly elevated, more spiritual, being in which she can find romanticism. Socialism does not allow the human soul to fall to the ground, because for him it means death. That is why in the years of socialism there have been many brilliant creations of culture. The Soviet system, in fact, ceased to exist, when this exalted qualities came down to earth realism and the basest pragmatism.
Gusev D.A. - Liberalism, Orthodoxy and the National Idea in the Context of Transition and Crisis of the Modern Russian Society pp. 25-62

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8728.2015.2.14413

Abstract: The search for a new national idea in the era of transition and crisis of the modern Russian society is a burning question. The national idea is the "tower of Babel", in the collective construction of which a certain General social supertask or supergoal is realized, and that is why it can become a cementing foundation of society. Given the growing political and cultural influence of the role of the Orthodox Church, we can assume that Orthodoxy could become the basis for a new national idea. Orthodox Christianity is not likely to become a new national idea. It is not so much due to the multinational character of the Russian state as because due to the fact that one of the foundations of religious worldview is the idea of personal salvation that is inherently anti-collectivistic or individualistic. However market and liberal values as well as values of religious nature are all based on the same idea of "personal salvation", understood not only in mystic and supernatural measurement, buy in purely secular mental coordinates: personal career, personal enrichment, personal success; therefore the search for an adequate and effective system of values which could form a new national idea still remains a matter of future.
Goncharov V.V. - The evolution of ontological principles in global constitutionalism pp. 31-47

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8728.2016.8.19878

Abstract: The author substantiates that the social concept of global constitutionalism emerged as a consequence of the generality of the main goals of the social concepts of neoliberalism and neoconservatism that reign in the US and the Western world - ensuring the preservation and development of the world capitalist system. Therefore, the origins of the philosophical principles of global constitutionalism are social concepts of neoliberalism and neoconservatism, which was the basis for the development of the processes of globalization in the world according to the Western model. We use a number of methods of scientific knowledge: epistemological; ontology; formal logic; dialectic; statistical; comparative legal; abstract-idealistic; specifically historical. Further development of the philosophical principles of global constitutionalism as a social concept due to their contradiction with the philosophical principles of alternative social concepts underpinning the globalization of "left" - the alter-globalization; and social concepts of the opponents of globalization, socio-political, state-legal, financial-economic life of societies and nation states as "right" - alter (isolationists, pacifists, anarchists, Marxists, green, animal advocates, human rights activists, hippies, nationalists, etc.), and "left" - modern Marxists, proletarian internationalists.
Levikova S.I. - Social Phenomenon of the Informal Youth Subculture (the Case Study of the Rastafari Subculture: History and Sociocultural Importance) pp. 32-123

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8728.2015.5.15474

Abstract: The informal youth subculture as the social phenomenon which held a firm place in structure of the modern industrially developed societies passing to post-industrialism step represents the self-organizing social groups producing own subcultures. Without knowledge and understanding of this phenomenon (detection of its intrinsic characteristics, laws of functioning, dynamics of development, etc. that it is obviously possible to make only by consideration it from positions of the social philosophy displaying a phenomenon in its integrity), adequate display of modern social reality is impossible. In turn the phenomenon of informal youth subculture includes a set of various informal youth subcultures (by the principle: "whole" both "part" or "general" and "private"). There is a lot of similar "private" informal youth subcultures in structure of the modern developed societies, and one of them exist a long time, and others very short period; one of them have the name, and others – no; one of them exist locally in any district (the country, the city), and others extend over many countries of the world and have the international character. One of the international informal youth subcultures is the Rastafari, existing already some tens years and come to Russia in the 1990th where she managed strongly to locate. This subculture is considered in article from the point of view of its historical roots, genesis, dynamics, intrinsic characteristics, the reasons of emergence and distribution on the world, and also her outlooks. And the author carries out accurate distinction between religious sect of the Rastafarian and the informal youth subculture of the same name thanks to what eliminates often practiced to a mistake, connected with an identification of religious sect and informal youth subculture. The social and philosophical analysis of informal youth subculture of Rastafari allows to understand the reasons of why this subculture practically didn't gain distribution to the USA, and, on the contrary, strongly took roots in Russia. The methodological base of research are philosophical methods and the principles of knowledge – objectivity, general communication, integrity and systemacity, causality and a determinism. The solution of the studied problems is carried out also on the basis of general scientific research approaches, first of all – system and general scientific methods: synthesis, the analysis, methods of the logical and historical analysis, induction, deduction, idealization, etc. Besides, dialectic, phenomenological, germenevtichesky, logical, historical methods, and also social and philosophical and comparative analyses are applied. The novelty of research is caused by the fact that the author carried out the social and philosophical analysis of the international informal youth subculture of Rastafari which in the 1990th entered life of the Russian society and strongly took its the place in it. The main contribution of the author to research of a subject is that it considered origin of Rastafari as the national liberation movement and tracked further transformation it at first in religious sect, and then in informal youth subculture, having shown, as meanings, both symbolics and many intrinsic moments of the previous stages of the Rastafarian were included into modern informal youth subculture of the same name. Having carried out the comparative analysis of informal youth subcultures of the Rastafarian, hippie and a gothic style, the author came to the main conclusion that in fact these subcultures are identical, and they differ only with subcultural features. Also the author drew a conclusion that for the best understanding of modern social systems it is necessary to study carefully their structural elements inludig informal youth subcultures such as Rastafari. 
Parkhomenko R.N. - Eurasianism in the modern Russian socio-philosophical thought: reincarnation of one notion pp. 33-45

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8728.2016.3.16491

Abstract: The subject of this research is the principal ideas of Eurasianism as a large-scale projects in the Russian philosophy, within the framework of which were raised such problems that in many aspects do not lose their relevance until today and are in great demand within the modern Russian philosophical thought and political science. The author thoroughly examines the contemporary variation of Eurasianism, which received a name “Neo-Eurasianism”, and is being actively developed by A. G. Dugin, N. N. Moiseev, A. S. Panarin, F. I. Girenok, and others, and in the opinion of many researchers is able to become a primary way of development for our country. The main conclusion consists in the analysis and assessment of the main ideas of Eurasianism and Neo-Eurasianism within the modern context of the Russian socio-philosophical thought. The author’s main contribution is the thought about the possible economic and cultural rebirth of our country that can be achieved via referring to the very promising ideas of Eurasianism and Neo-Eurasianism on a certain “reincarnation” of the ideas of Eurasianism within the modern philosophy and politics.
Parkhomenko R.N. - Discourse, democracy, political publicity as the components of German normative concept of liberalism pp. 39-49

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8728.2016.4.18411

Abstract: The object of this research is the main definitions of the social theory of one of the most reputable contemporary German philosophers Jürgen Habermas that received a title of “deliberative democracy”. Special attention is given to the examination of liberalism, which tends to exaggerate the role of the negative individual freedoms that in turn, leads to unacceptability of the so-called “Western individualism”, predominantly within the Eastern societies. At the same time, entire legal power of the Western democracies ranges itself on the side of personal interests of an individual. The author thoroughly explores the question on how the instrumentalist understanding of the principles of democracy sharply contradicts the republican “variant” of democratic freedoms. The author’s main contribution consists in an attempt to determine the merits and flaws of the J. Habermas’ theory. The fact that the main positions of the theory of discursive democracy are substantiated fairly convincing id considered a positive side of the social philosophy of Habermas. However, the disadvantage of the concept of deliberative democracy consists in the fact that Habermas as an unconditional prerequisite accepts a postulate that all people are rational creatures, whose behavior is being strictly regulated by the rational principles expressed by the virtue of language.
Spirova E.M. - Conservatism VS Liberalism pp. 40-60

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8728.2015.9.16624

Abstract: The past decades in Russia have seen a sharp confrontation between liberal and conservative values and attitudes. Liberally orientated politicians that came to power in 1991 in many respects determined the social course as well. But the conservative attitudes gradually came to the foreground in the society. The article discusses causes of the change of the previous course, analyses specific conservative values in Russia. The globalist aspect of this phenomenon is pointed out. The novelty of the article is related to an attempt at showing political and sociocultural shifts in the public consciousness of Russia and comparing them with analogous cultural orientations in other large countries, first of all, China and USA. The author demonstrates that despite the similarity of common conservative strivings in modern politics, they have differing aspects associated with the real political and economic situation.
Gonotskaya N. - Mass media in modern social communication space pp. 42-54

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8728.2018.7.23812

Abstract: This article examines the role of mass media in establishment of the modern social communication space. Special attention is given to the socio-philosophical concepts of G. Debord, P. Virilio, N. Postman, J. Baudillard, T. Adorno, M. Horkheimer, and H. Marcuse, which depict mass media as the power that “derealizes reality”, manipulates public opinion, as well as produces a destructive effect on personality. The analysis of ambivalent potential of media industry through referring to the works of the leading scholars in this area allows prudently assessing both – the critical theories that underline the negative impact of mass media; and the apologetic concepts of M. McLuhan and G. Vattimo that indicate the positive impact of mass media, resulting in establishment of a unified global communication space. The research demonstrates that the destructive role of mass media is quite exaggerated. Mass media design the global communication space, but their role lies not in imposing any truths or values upon the audience, but rather create the conditions for mutual understanding the consensus for an extensive circle of the subjects of communication, suggesting various discursive topics and discussion schemes.
Efremov O.Y., Mukin V.A. - Religious value foundations in religious culture of Chuvashia pp. 43-52

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8728.2017.12.25000

Abstract: This article provides the search results of the value foundations of religions in their cultural manifestation within the social space of Chuvash Republic, as well as describes their qualitative characteristics. The authors present the results of philosophical analysis of the content, structure, and functional potential of the impact of invariant (or attributive) characteristics of value foundations of the religious outlook upon human consciousness. The article substantiates the principle of interaction between the scientific and religious outlook within the university social space, as well as provides the proof of possibility of their mutual influence without losing the value orientations aimed at construction of human and society. The author show the possibility of regulating relations of the two sociocultural institutions of the regions – religion and education through the social space of the flagship university. The article suggests a mechanism of conjunction and potential integration according to the purpose of building the scientific and religious outlook preserving the identity of each. Socio-philosophical analysis of characteristics of the religious values from the perspective of their compatibility and non-confrontational interaction allowed determining the attributive positions and value foundations for every religious culture. The authors established the hierarchical importance of he identified value foundations: Private for separate religious organization;For regional religious community;For all regional religions communities as a whole. The interrelation of various religious communities take place on the basis of the principle of systematicity, manifesting as the subsystems with own differences and functions cooperating within the framework of the more general subsystem of university culture. 
Lagunova I.S. - The evolution of perception of personality and modern transformation of consciousness pp. 52-60

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8728.2017.3.22226

Abstract: This article indicates the problem of the impact of scientific technical progress upon the modern development of personality and transformation of its values. For formation of the more extensive perception of the depth of human self-consciousness and strive for development, the author refers to the key stages of evolution of the notion of “personality”. The differences in approaches towards definition of personality in the Western, Eastern, and Russian civilizations are highlighted. The author determines the modern directions in understanding of personality, highlighting the most drastic and most acceptable, which contribute into mutual understanding between the people of diverse cultures. The author identifies the essence of negative influence of the modern technologies upon personality, as well as indicates the need for comprehension of the assigned problem by society. The current changes in mass consciousness and “forgetting” of the richness of human personality define the relevance and importance of the problem. In conclusion, the author suggest the possible ways and prospect for resolution of this problem.
Petrov V.E. - Negative Aspect of the Definition of Social Space: the Concept of χώρα in Plato's Works and Modern Age pp. 54-81

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8728.2015.8.16195

Abstract: The subject of this article is the logic of concept of χώρα in Plato's philosophy and work of modern post-structuralist philosophers (Jacques Derrida and Yulia Kristeva). χώρα is considered as a way of negative definition of the social space understood within the paradigm set by Henri Lefebvre as "sciences about social space" as 1) the material organization of social being and 2) social reality. In focus of this article of concept of social space from Lefebvre's work "The Production of Space" (1974), the analysis of concept of χώρα in Platon's dialogue "Timaeus", synthesis of the basic theoretical provisions of main modern "horologists" - Derrida and Kristeva, and also the generalizing comparison of concepts of χώρα and social space. As the main method of the real research the comparative-historical method that allowed to mark out essential similarities and distinctions of the concept of social space at Henri Lefebvre  and Plato's concept of χώρα and its modern interpretations. The main conclusions of the present research defining its novelty are the provisions that Plato's χώρα is  definition of space in its most abstract look; this space which isn't possessing anything except ability to contain in itself something. However, at all the abstractness, in Plato's χώρα nevertheless two very essential characteristics are shown: first, χώρα participates in some sort ordering, sorting, and in it it is indirectly shown its active and productive functions; secondly, "illegitimate" – from the point of view of truth – conversation about χώρα can't do without appeal to metaphors, that is, to loan of images of these or those social spaces, subjects or relations from the reality surrounding us. t was found out and for the first time in domestic philosophical science it is recorded that modern conceptualizations platonovsky χώρα found the embodiment in Jacques's theories Derrida and to Yulia Kristeva. Both Derrida, and Kristeva, in our opinion, see in Plato's concept of χώρα model for possibility of opening of new ways of judgment of social space, and take essential steps towards their realization. Both thinkers insist on the need for consideration of space out of its (language) representation, on consideration of space of representation ("in which the object both exists and it is reflected"), which is χώρα. However the space continues to be understood by them or as true negativity, emptiness (Derrida), or as exclusive partial space of the biosocial relations of mother and child (Kristeva).
Mokrousova E.A. - The problem of metaphorical description of memory in history of philosophical thought pp. 59-66

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8728.2017.11.18632

Abstract: This article examines the problem of metaphorical description of memory in history of philosophical thought in the context of a general discussion about the purposefulness of using the metaphors in scientific and philosophical texts. Metaphors of memory are described and interpreted from the perspective of their ability to represent the essence of the mechanisms and processes of memory. As a generalization of metaphor, the author considers the "archive metaphor", which depicts the phenomenon of memory as a catalogue or reservoirs of recollections that, in turn, are the exact copies of the original experiences. The study emphasizes the need for overcoming the metaphorical description of memory, which should be considered a dynamic, creative process. The analysis of extensive philosophical literature, dedicated to the problem of memory, as well as reference to the interdisciplinary context, allow forming an integral representation of the phenomenon of memory and determine the strong and weak sides of the indicated metaphors. This article describes the phenomenon of memory as a dynamic process of continuous renewing and processing of recollections that cannot be presented as complete, isolated from each other fragments of the past similar to the books in the archive. In the course of analysis, the author acknowledges that metaphors of memory are not sufficient for construing the phenomenon of memory, which misinterpret the nature and essence of the recollections.
Karagodina O.A. - Charitable activity and development of the civil society institutions in Russia pp. 62-68

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8728.2016.7.19482

Abstract: This article is dedicated to the analysis of the factors and value-semantic bases of the two interdependent sociocultural phenomena – "charity" and "civil society". The author gives evaluation to theoretical views of the philosophers D. Rawls, P. Bourdieu and F. Fukuyama, who analyze the relations of civil society based on such values as trust, justice, responsibility and social capital. The author believes that it is impossible to perform charity effectively without these values. The author assesses the humanistic potential of charity as a social phenomenon in the context of need for harmonization of public environment and formation of the civil society institutions. .The conclusion is made that currently the social charitable practices play an important role in formation and development of civil society in modern Russia. It is a significant factor of evolution of the Russian super-ethnos. Participation in charitable activities encourages the social mobilization of the society, as well as forms civil activity of an actor based on the principles of solidarity and social justice.
Kanarsh G.Y. - Soviet society as a modernization project pp. 62-100

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8728.2017.6.19665

Abstract: This article is based on the project “Modernization as a Megatrend. Vectors of Russian Modernization in the XIX – XXI centuries” within the framework of the target topic “Socio-Philosophical Analysis of Histories and Theories of Modernization” of the sector of social philosophy of the Institute of Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The object of this research is the Soviet Society, while subject is the peculiarities of modernization of the Soviet society at various stages of its evolution. The article analyzes the causes and prerequisites for the Russian revolution (including February of 1905 and October of 1917), historical alternatives of the post-revolutionary development (New Economic Policy, and Stalin’s “revolution from above”), specificities of modernization of the late Soviet society (1950’s – 1970’s). During the course of the research, the author refers to the following approaches and concepts: concept of socialism as a way to industrial development (along with the other option – capitalism); socialism as a “second world” in the context of unified industrial civilization; concept of the Russian revolution as a universal phenomenon, which includes a number of milestones (bourgeois revolutions of 1905 and February of 1917; social revolution in October of 1917);  concept of world systems analysis that considers the Russian events through the prism of economic relations of Russian with the West in terms of the concept “capitalist center – periphery”; concept of the catching up modernization of the overcoming limitations of the latter concept of the “national model of modernization”; concept of “Characterological Creatology” that allows analyzing the peculiarities of social and political life based on the natural characters of people (including characters of the political leaders and heads of states). The scientific novelty consists in the attempt to examine the evolution of Soviet society since its origins (Russian revolution) until the crisis of Soviet system in 1970’s – 1980’s from the perspective of specificities of its modernization. The main conclusion lies in the thesis that the notion of “Soviet project” is conditional. In reality, it is necessary to consider not a single, but certain multiplicity of the modernization projects, which existed at various stages of development of the Soviet society and competed against each other. This implies the two different projects of the Russian revolution (Lenin’s and Plekhanov’s); two development projects in the post-revolutionary era (Lenin’s and Stalin’s); various development projects that existed in the late Soviet period (neo-market and target). In the author’s opinion, the main problem regarding the reforming of Soviet society consisted in the choice of the optimal combination of the target and market starts, which eventually has not been realizes in terms of the “Soviet project”. Although, separate projects development at various stages of the establishment of Soviet society, such as the New Economic Policy, remain relevant at present stage.
Nemtsev I.A. - Obstacles standing in the way of sustainable development of the society pp. 62-67

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8728.2018.5.23143

Abstract: The majority of works of the Russian and  foreign scholars dedicated to sustainable development give particular attention to the conceptual ideas, modelling of social structure, separate components, strategies of transitional period, etc. But usually do not mention the difficulties of practical implementation of this idea. This article attempts to critically analyze the possibilities of implementation of sustainable development of the society in practice. The goal of this work lies in determination of the key problems standing in the way of global sustainable development of the society. It achievement is realized on the basis of geopolitical methodology, grounded on the principles of geopolitical dualism, regulations on humanity as a global interrelated and self-developing system (global evolutionism), as well as the principle of universal connection of the events, principle of development, and others. The author determines and substantiates the three most impactful obstacles impeding the sustainable development: lack of the universal concept; decline in the pace of globalization; and human consciousness as a factor of social development. A conclusion is made that overcoming of these three obstacles allows establishing the “sustainable” society in practice.
Lagunova I.S. - What is modernity for a modern person pp. 70-83

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8728.2017.4.22327

Abstract: Man has always been interested in his future, looking for his roots in present day, modernity - the only time in which he could act, change the world and his fate. The Age of Enlightenment initiated the creation of the concepts of "modernity" that determine the state and mission of the society existing in it in the history of mankind. Subsequently, the content of the concept began to expand, acquiring new meanings. However, at whatever angle of view the notion of "modernity" is considered, it has always been used to assess reality and determine the potentials for the development of society (in the case of postmodernism, their absence). The present work is devoted to the study of existing ideas about the concept of "modernity", as well as the characteristics of "our" modernity. In the course of the research of the problem of the present, the evolution of the concept development, the change of its semantic properties is analyzed. Accordingly, the main methods of scientific knowledge used in the article are comparative-historical, specifically sociological, formal-logical. In conclusion, the basic tendencies of understanding of "modernity" are defined, among which there are concepts unacceptable for the development of personality of the society. The work also highlights the most significant, in the author's opinion, global problems and achievements that exist today. The author makes a conclusion about the complexity and interconnectedness of various phenomena and processes of the present and calls for a conscious choice of the future of mankind on the basis of analysis (and not escape from) reality.
Belyaev V.A. - From sociology of philosophies to sociology of marginal theories pp. 73-95

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8728.2018.6.23565

Abstract: On the one hand, this article represents a critical analysis of R. Collins’ positions regarding the philosophy and sociocultural reality, expressed in his monograph "The Sociology of Philosophies". On the other hand, the author suggests a unique version of historical development of the sociology of philosophy, titled the “sociology of marginal theories". The main principles that distinguish the "sociology of philosophies" from "sociology of marginal theories". The main principles that distinguish the “sociology of philosophies” from the “sociology of marginal theories” are historicism and projectivity: philosophy is involved in criticism and projection of sociocultural reality, as well as qualitatively evolves in the process of transformation of such reality. The attempts to demonstrate that the implicit assumptions of Collins’ position are counter-systematicity, counter-historicism and the counter-projectivity. The result of the article is the system of principles of the “sociology of marginal theories" that can serve as an exploratory program for the specific research. In conclusion,  the author formulates the following system of principles for the sociology of philosophies: principle of sociological materialism, principle of systematicity, principle of historicism, principle of projectivity, principle of connectivity with sociocultural processes, principle of symbolic mediation, principle of globality, principle of sociocultural priority, principle of multiplicity and interaction of between the  forms of marginal theorization, principle of the prominence of philosophy among other forms of marginal theorization.
Nemtsev I.A. - Social and philosophical foundations of sustainable development pp. 88-101

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8728.2015.10.1683

Abstract: The concept and strategy of sustainable development becomes more urgent in the world. Problems faced by the international community, can’t be solved by one state, that’s why globalization and the transition to “sustainability”, act as the need of construction of the future in the modern world. Over the last century the rate of production and consumption has risen sharply, which negatively affected the environment. Nowadays mankind spends far more resources than it spent in the previous centuries and than it is permissible for the planet. There is a contradiction between the possibilities of nature in its global scale and the “superneeds” of humanity that have been piled in the model of unsustainable development. At the moment, this contradiction is only increasing, despite the attempts of various organizations around the world to ensure the rejection of the consumption ideology and create the direction of the mankind to protect the environment (co-evolution of humans and nature). Nowadays society placed itself in a situation where it is obliged to coordinate their actions with nature for its further existence. Human attitudes to the nature only as a source of resources must be changed in the XXI century, otherwise humanity will come to disaster.The author examines the social and philosophical foundations of the concept of sustainable development. The article describes the relationship between the constituent components of sustainable development (social, economic and environmental) and basic human needs, as well as highlighted security as meta-component based on the triad component (which makes the concept of a system-integrated). Author discloses a socio-philosophical sense of the idea of sustainable development as a possible global ideas of humanity and the associated formation of a global sustainable human civilization. In domestic social philosophy remains controversial question of Russian identity, about the prospects of Russia in the future, about the national idea in Russia. The author of the article attempts to answer these questions. Providing space security globally and becoming a sustainable global civilization noosphere author regarded as the ultimate goal of the historical development of mankind (on Earth), followed by the conquest of space.
Gomboeva L.V. - Genuine authoritarianism: justification, substantiation, and goals pp. 96-106

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8728.2017.5.22796

Abstract:  This article is dedicated to the examination of genuine authoritarianism as a necessary type of social structure and its goals at present stage of development of the country. The author introduces into the politological discourse the notion of “honesty”, as well as substantiates the position that in modern circumstances it is impossible to approach democracy only by the virtue of laws; the authorities need to be taught same as the rest of the people; honesty is the manifestation of an in-depth essence of human consciousness. The following goals of authoritarian power are being named and revealed: material – on ensuring economic growth and wellness of the nation; destructive – on fight against the “corrupted elites”; educational – on establishment of ethnical and healthy psychological atmosphere in the country; self-confining – limitation of authority for the sake of prevention of ethical degradation of society and the power holder themselves. The scientific novelty consists in introduction of the notion of “hones authoritarianism” into the politological discourse and substantiation of its necessity. The conclusion is made that authoritarianism is still required in our society, but the ruling elites must take care of the financial and spiritual wellness of the people, as well as participate in creating and cultivating of circumstances that limit their authority and conduce the development of society and a man.  
Kasatkina S.S. - Semiotic approach towards examination of city as a system pp. 101-110

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8728.2017.6.22944

Abstract:  This article presents the principles of semiotic approach towards examination of the space of a city. The goal of this research implies semiotic analysis of city as a system, which consists in establishment of its conceptual meanings and essences. The characteristic of certain parameters of a city is realized in the context of semiosis of sign system of the urbosphere. Semiotic features of a city, identified sue to determination of the parameters of its concept, structure, and substrate, allowed depicting city as a system with inherent qualities of an open, dialogical, functional and mobile space, autonomous existence, holistic perception of the internal and external purposes, structural conglomerate of environmental components, sustainable development, temporal definition of the existence of a city. Systemic analysis reveals the relevant trends of philosophical cognition of a city in the questions of social relations in city environment, as well as the multiplicity of elements of the substrate state of a city.  
Korolev S.A. - Microstructures in the Russian Space of Power: Archetypes and Mechanisms of Functioning pp. 103-165

DOI:
10.7256/2306-0174.2013.5.546

Abstract: The article analyzes the mechanisms of functioning of the microstructures located in the Russian space of power. The main attention is focused on a number of typological and/or archetypal structures, the most important of which is dom-dvor. The author concerns the functioning of the regulatory parameters of such a microsocium set out in well-known book of the sixteenth century called "Domostroy" and the real practice of the exercise of power, often going beyond the norms.In the article two types of microsociums existing in global space of the power, – “church” and “sect” are considered. They are based on two types of discipline – authoritative discipline and discipline of indirect regulation. The author investigates a situation of coexistence of authoritative discipline and discipline of self-organizing, on the one hand, and technologies of the power and control mechanisms, with another, naming original balance between them disciplinary balance.The author pays attention to universality of principles of the organization of society on micro- and macrolevel, at this major structurization tool of microsociums of power becomes hierarchization. It is noticed that in the Russian space at macrolevel defining always were rigid, mongolmorphic technologies. But at microlevel within centuries, since the system described in “Domostroy”, autochthonic technologies dominated.
Sidorova G.P. - The Subject of Soviet Economic Culture in Popular Art in the 1960-1980's: Body Images pp. 126-140

DOI:
10.7256/2306-0174.2013.1.228

Abstract: The research is devoted to the images of Soviet economic culture of the 1960 - 1980's represented in art of that period. Economic culture is viewed as a form of human activity aimed at acquiring material wealth. The purpose of the present research is to reconstruct the process of interconnection and interdependence of material, spiritual and art elements of Soviet culture based on the analysis of peculiarities, main trends and cultural dynamics of images of Soviet economic culture in popular art. Research methods included system approach, method of historical typology, cultural (diachronic), semiotic and hermeneutic analysis of art work. The results of the research showed that: body images of that period contained typical features of Soviet economic culture of the 1960 - 1980's, in particular, contradictory combination of the dominating administrative-command economy and black market economy as well as combination of the industrial culture and traditional culture. Soviet society was depicted in body images of a Soviet man, too and it was the mixed type of industrial and pre-industrial, traditional and innovative, open and closed, popular and consumer society.  Body images showed a Soviet man of different axiological types,  from 'the builder of communism' to the 'everyman'. Changes in art images of transport since the period 'of thaw' to the 'seventieth' also reflected transformation of values from socialistic values to traditional values and values of the consumer society. Conclusions and research materials can be used for teaching cultural studies, philosophy of culture, history of Russian culture, economy and art history. Some aspects of the research can help to solve particular issues in the field of modern economic culture. Research results can also help to form the system of values of the younger generation.
Markin A.V. - Science of the Future Law pp. 129-140
Abstract: The article describes the logic and values of philosophy as a science about potential law. The author of the article touches on the process of legal evolution and development of the concept of law. The author also studies the mission of philosophy of law as an intellectual tool t of search for the future, desirable right and criterion of the validity of the effective right. The author analyzes the relation between dogmatic and creative initiatives in studies of law. 
Shchuplenkov O.V., . - Axiological Understanding of the Idea of Russian Statehood in Terms of the National Character pp. 135-194

DOI:
10.7256/2306-0174.2013.12.9902

Abstract: The general purpose of the article is not only to describe the the philosophy and methods of the discourse about the national character but also to better understand the conceptual side of associated theories.By analyzing the concepts about the Russian national character suggested by B. Bysheslavtsev, N. Berdyaev and N. Lossky, the authors prove their assumption about the 'syncretic' nature of these theories that include empiric, theoretical, axiological, ideological and projective elements derived from the sphere of the philosophy of culture as well as the principles of cultural policy. The authors emphasize the need for application of the differentiated approach to studying these concepts in order to distinguish between the hypothesis to be verified and one's values and outlook. By analyzing the historical and philosophical discussions by K. Kavelin and M. Pogodin, the authors of the article study the relation between the cultural and historical experience of Russian people and philosophical ideas of the mid XX century. The question about special features, axiological value of the phenomenon of statehood and its influence on the culture and society has been traditiionally one of the most topical issues in Russian philosophy. The authors of the present article make an attempt to clarify the reasons of the continued interest towards the phenomenon of statehood.
Ilyin I.V. - Lacan's Signifier in Terms of the Social Space Transformation of Capitalism pp. 135-173

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8728.2015.6.15805

Abstract: The subject of the present research is Jacques Lacan's concept of the signifier in terms of his ideas about identification/alienation of the subject in the concept of the signifier as well as Lacan's references to his teacher Sigmund Freud. In this article Ilyin provides the socio-historical and materialist criticism of Lacan's concept from the marxist perspetive. Contextualization of the psychoanalytical concept of the signifier offered by Lacan allows to shed light on the social space transformation of capitalism (and the problems of the working class) that started in the second half of the XIXth century and the French philosopher involuntary became the theorist of. The methodological basis for this study involves the comparative historical approach that served as an important tool for defining similarities between provisions of Lacan's concept and the discourse of social space transformation of capitalism within the prescribed period. The other essential approach used in the research is the hermeneutical approach that has enabled to view Lacan's texts as the subject of contextualization. The main conclusions and results of the research are the following: lacanian psychoanalytical discourse has been related to the social space transformation of capitalism; the researcher has shown the genealogic relation between the idea of identification/alienation of the subject in the lacanian concept of the signifier and the psychological discourse of recruiting as well as psychologization of alienation at the beginning of the XXth century. 
Liksunova A.S., Taradanov A.A. - On value, dignity, and honor: logics of the notions pp. 139-146

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8728.2016.12.2121

Abstract:  Values are the extremely important components of human culture; they define the past, present, and future of the entire humanity. The existing system of values determine and regulate all human activity. The analysis of any system of values demonstrates that human dignity prioritizes over the other values, because human attempts to cognize and manifest his individual value, his personal dignity. The notion of dignity virtually always is views in connection with the notion of honor. At times, dignity is replaced by honor, or vice versa.  The opinions exists that honor is dignity. However, in all activeness of the use of the notion of value within the socio-humanitarian discourse, the categorical definition of the value in literature is yet to be formulated. Namely the uncertainty, tension, ambiguity, and correlation between the social and personal aspects of the notion of “honor” make its role socially so inconsistent. In the result, honor always has a specific historical content, which varies due to the changes in the corporate norm and “sovereign”. The scientific novelty is associated with the fact that the area of values is defined within the boundaries of the virtue and vice; at the same time, the virtue is defines as harmony – measure between the good and evil, while the vice is disharmony (the extreme of one or another).
Prokhorov M.M. - Truth and Reality pp. 293-387

DOI:
10.7256/2306-0174.2013.6.333

Abstract: Article is a heel in a cycle begun by article «Being and history: interrelation and definition». In introduction the essence and background of a question on true reveals. Chapter 1 is devoted research of true and the concept of a modality of I.Kant subjected the critic by Hegel, communication of understanding of true with a classical, nonclassical and postnonclassical science, and also the problem of borders of applicability of true is analyzed. In the second chapter the knowledge and true are investigated in the conditions of a modern postnonclassical epoch and an ideal of a postnonclassical science. In the third chapter two main prejudices concerning true in the modern literature reveal, the method of their overcoming by an establishment of borders of action of categories of true, lie and error is offered. In the fourth chapter of article it is analyzed «real concerning being» and true that enters true into a context correlation «being and essence» to which there corresponds the philosophy and science union. In the fifth chapter of article the true is investigated as property of knowledge over which concepts of true and its criteria are built on; their unity and variety reveals. Article comes to the end with the general conclusions.
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