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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Finance and Management" > Rubric "Regional economy"
Regional economy
Keleinikova S.V., Samygin D.Y., Bulycheva Y.V. - Models of the Organizational and Economic Development Mechanism of the Regional Vegetables Market pp. 11-23


Abstract: Nowadays in Russia there is no satisfaction of needs of the population in vegetable products, which consumption is almost a half less than required standards. The main reasons are low level of vegetable production and the purchasing power of the population, which is associated with a low level of development of market infrastructure. The investigation was performed according to data about manufacturers of vegetable production of the Republic of Mordovia. In this article were used the Herfindahl-Hirschman Index, index Linda, technique of the analysis of market potential, economic-mathematical methods of extrapolation of trends and optimization of production. The necessity of improving the mechanisms of agrofood policy on market vegetables, showing characteristics and existing problems of effective functioning of vegetable subcomplex, summarizes the main factors of development of the market of vegetable production, formed the methodology and held on its analysis and assessment of the State of competition Wednesday at the vegetable market in the Republic of Mordovia, developed models to optimize the structure of sown areas under vegetables in agricultural enterprises, in the assessment of the market potential of vegetable growing on the organizational structure of the wholesale food market. Results of the study will be useful to the authorities for the formation of food policy on the vegetables market, because they allow to identify promising areas and positions in sales of vegetable products, that stimulate their further production.
Ryabova S.G., Balandina S.V. - Competitive Position and Prerequisites for Improving Competitiveness of the Republic of Mordovia on the Market of Tourist Services pp. 64-72


Abstract: Due to its geographical position and an array of cultural, historical and natural sights the Republic of Mordovia presents a considerable interest to tourists, however, the Republic’s traditional concern with manufacture of agricultural products has put tourism aside as economi-cally insignificant industry. Nevertheless, the need for creating a competitive tourist guidance facilities is proved by international and domestic nation-wide positive tendencies in the devel-opment of tourism as one of the most promising industries of the world economy, as well as by its wide multiplier effect, providing a stimulating effect on related industries such as transport, construction engineering, production and sale of souvenirs, agriculture, public catering industry, insurance, etc. The paper reveals the competitive advantages of the Republic of Mordovia and presents the results of the SWOT-analysis of development of tourist facilities and assessment of tourist-recreational potential of the region. The research is based on the systems approach with application of comparative analysis and economic-statistical methods. The authors substantiate the necessity for intensive activities aimed at broadening competitive position and creating conditions that extend the Republic’s competitiveness in the market of tourist services. The main conclusion of the study is that the authors underscore that only the use of state incentives adequate to new realities and support measures for tourism, formulation of necessary legal, institutional and economic basis will help to increase the competitiveness of the Republic of Mordovia in the market of tourist services.
Balandina S.V., Ryabova S.G. - Incomes and Living Standards at the Regional Level pp. 73-83


Abstract: The problem of raising living standards and reducing the income disparity in Russian regions is one of the most pressing. It is quite natural since a sharp break in living conditions based on the territorial principle is unacceptable. The authors of the article show the dynamics of cash incomes and expenditures of Mordovian citizens and also the results of a comparative analysis of the Volga Federal District on individual indicators reflecting living standards. The authors concluded that the standard of living in the country remains low, and focus on the negative trends that are emerging in the country in the field of income generation and distribution of public spending, and also on the growing income disparity. The research is based on the systems approach using comparative analysis and economic and statistical methods. The research involved data of The Federal State Statistics Service and Local Agency of Federal State Statistics Service of the Republic of Mordovia. The authors emphasized the need for active measures aimed at improving living standards in the region and creation of conditions that would contribute to the reduction of income disparity. The main conclusion of the reseasrch is that only application of adequate state control measures and establishment of necessary legal, institutional and economic grounds would improve the standard of living. 
Napolskikh D.L. - Institutional Aspects of Modeling Regional Industrial Clusters pp. 81-88


Abstract: This research deals with the methodological approaches to modeling of institutional interactions of economic agents of regional industrial clusters. A hypothesis is advanced that the analysis of the institutional environment structure makes it possible to determine the stage of clusters life cycle and the direction of clustering processes within the economic space. A refined classification of cluster economic agents is given in terms of their role in implementing the cluster policy of the region. Particular attention is paid to the organizational forms of economic activity of participants in regional industrial clusters. Three types of institutional interactions of economic agents of the cluster are identified. The models of institutional interactions of economic agents at various stages of the life cycle of a regional industrial cluster have been developed. In the course of the research, the possibility of applying the methodological potential of the institutional theory under the scientific task of modeling regional industrial clusters is substantiated. Within the framework of the institutional structure of economic agents of cluster are identified four stages of the life cycle: innovation, infrastructural, competitive and transformational. The result of the analysis shows that in the process of institutional interactions, the economic agents of the cluster form in relation to each other either a stimulating or a development-limiting strategy.
Melezhechkina Y.Y., Or'kina T.G. - Assessment of Tax Security in the Republic of Mordovia pp. 135-142


Abstract: in their research the authors underline that there is not enough research devoted to the indicative analysis of regional tax security. The fact that there is no stable tax system, indicators or treshold amounts, complete theoretical or practical basis for analysing tax security proves the need to conduct an in-depth research that involves an indicative analysis in this sphere. The authors present a set of indicators to describe the status of tax security in territories whch can be assessed based on the analysis of open information sources. Using the aforesaid indicators, the authors have carried out analysis of tax security in the Republic of Mordovia over the period since 2010 till 2014. The authors use indicators calculated based on the Russian Federation data as treshold values. In the course of the research the authors have also used general research methods and methods of indicative analysis. The information basis of the research involves data of the Federal Tax Service of Russia as wll as Department of the Federal Tax Service of Russia for the Republic of Mordovia. As a result of the research, the author proves the need to extend a set of tax security indicators taking into account indicators used in foreign practice, in particular: integrated complete value-added tax rate; tax wedge; and tax elasticity ratio. The authors also carried out an assessment of tax elasticity based on the data for the Russian Federation and Republic of Mordovia over the period since 2010 till 2014. Results of the analysis of the indicators for the Republic of Mordovia prove the fact that there is a high rate of taxpayers' debt and low independence of a regional budget. 
Svechnikova N., Konopatskaya E., Pogorelova E. - Study of the Knowledge Transfer Processes in the Context of Information Society Development pp. 143-160


Abstract: The subject of study are knowledge transfer processes in the Russian Federation. Object of research are the human and physical capital development processes in the context of the information society development. The relevance of the research problem due to the small achievements in the field of creation of innovative technologies in leading areas of economic activity and low level of commercialization of results of scientific-research sector. The goal of the article lies in the study of the processes of knowledge transfer in the Russian Federation, to identify their impact on regional innovation ecosystem in the context of information society development. The leading method of the research is the verification of models of human capital as a factor of information society development, enabling to reveal regularities of its formation for the Russian Federation and the countries with developed market economies. The main results of this work are: the analysis of processes of information society development as the fundamental element of formation of regional innovation ecosystems; verification of implemented models of human capital development; the processes of human capital formation as a factor of information society development in the regions in dynamics; the processes of knowledge transfer in the context of information society development. The article can be useful in the formation of scientifically sound long-term strategies and medium-term programs of information society development at Federal and regional levels.
Shakirova R.K. - Institutional Environment of Regional Industry Clustering pp. 163-175


Abstract: The object of the research is the process of formation of regional industry clusters, the subject of the research is the institutional environment that affect the formation and development of clusters in the regions. The author of the article considers theoretical aspects of topics related to the concept of "institution" and "institutional environment". In particular, she outlines the main qualifying features of the concept "institution", methods of classification of institutions, highlights the basic elements of the institutional environment of regional cluster development. Special attention is paid to the algorithm used to analyze the institutional environment of regional clustering. The main research method involves a set of abstract-logical methods (induction and deduction, analysis and synthesis, analogy and comparison, formalisation and modelling). The main conclusion of the research is that for the initial stage of studying the institutional environment of the cluster it is better to divide institutions into different groups depending on their level of formalization and level of control. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author defines elements of the institutional environment for cluster development of the regions, and also develops the algorithm for this kind of analysis.
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