Статья 'Анализ кластерных проектов инновационных и промышленных кластеров, получивших федеральную поддержку в Центральном и Северо-Западном федеральных округах' - журнал 'Финансы и управление' - NotaBene.ru



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Finance and Management

The analysis of cluster projects of innovation and industrial clusters that received federal support in Central and Northwestern Federal Districts

Andreeva Tamara

PhD in Economics

Senior Scientific Associate, Institute of Economics and Industrial Production Management, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences  

630090, Russia, g. Novosibirsk, pr.Akademika Lavrent'eva, 17

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The object of this research is the innovative and industrial clusters of constituent entities of the Central and Northwestern Federal Districts of Russia that received Federal support. The subject of this research is the projects of innovative and industrial clusters of constituent entities of the Central and Northwestern Federal Districts of Russia that received Federal support. Special attention is paid to the types of cluster projects, their thematic focus and distinctive characteristics in different constituent entities of the Central and Northwestern Federal districts. On the one hand at, the studies are aimed at meticulous examination of the types and topics of cluster projects for each constituent entity of the indicated Federal Districts, while on the other – at generalization and comparison of the projects fpr each Federal District. The novelty of this work consists in the assessment of regional differences in the structure and focus of cluster projects based on the analysis of existing types of innovative cluster projects, which were supported by the Ministry of Economic Development, as well as industrial clusters included in the register of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation. The analysis of cluster projects of the considered innovation clusters of the Central and Northwestern Federal Districts, which received support of Ministry of Economic Development, and industrial clusters, supported by the Ministry of Industry and Trade, demonstrated that they can be conditionally divided into two types of projects – of entrepreneurial and infrastructure focus. As a result of the conducted research, it was established that in the Central Federal District nine clusters from seven regions of the Russian Federation have received federal support; while in the Northwestern Federal District – eight clusters from three regions of the Russian Federation. A large proportion of infrastructure projects is concentrated in Moscow, Lipetsk, Arkhangelsk and Saint Petersburg; the projects with entrepreneurial focus – in Kaluga; projects on development and modernization – in the Komi Republic; projects on research and development of new products, services and methods of their production (transfer), as well as new production processes – in Arkhangelsk Region and Saint Petersburg.

Keywords: industrial cluster, innovative cluster, type of cluster project, unevenness, comparative analysis, federal district, Russia, financing, infrastructure, region
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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