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International relations
Reference:

The role of Anglo-German Naval Agreement in escalation of crisis trends of the Versailles system (based on the materials of new archival documents)

Naumov Alexander

PhD in History

Associate Professor at Moscow State University, Department of International Organizations and Problems of Global Governance

119192, Russia, g. Moscow, Lomonosovskii pr., 27/4, of. A817

anaoumov@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2454-0641.2020.3.33013

Review date:

27-05-2020


Publish date:

26-10-2020


Abstract: This article reviews the role of Anglo-German Naval Agreement of 1935 in escalation of crisis trends of the Versailles system. Leaning on the British Russian archival documents, which recently became available for the researchers, the author analyzes the reasons and consequences of conclusion of this agreement between the key European democratic power and Nazi Reich. Emphasis is placed on analyzing the moods within the political elite of the United Kingdom. It is proven that the agreement became a significant milestone in escalation of crisis trends in the Versailles model of international relations. It played a substantial role in establishment of the British appeasement policy with regards to revanchist powers in the interbellum; policy that objectively led to disintegration of the created in 1919 systemic mechanism, and thus, the beginning of the World War II. The novelty of this work is substantiated by articulation of the problem. This article is first within the Russian and foreign historiography to analyze execution of the Anglo-German Naval Agreement based on the previously unavailable archival materials. The conclusion is made that this agreement played a crucial role in the process of disintegration of interbellum system of international relations. Having officially sanctioned the violation of the articles of the Versailles Treaty of 1919 by Germany, Great Britain psychologically reconciled to the potential revenge of Germany, which found reflection in the infamous appeasement policy. This launched the mechanism for disruption of status quo that was established after the World War I in Europe. This resulted in collapse of the architecture of international security in the key region of the world, rapid deterioration of relations between the countries, and a new world conflict.


Keywords: Policy of appeasement, Hitler, Nazism, Second World War, Versailles system, International relations, The Anglo-German naval agreement, League of Nations, Navy, Diplomacy
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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