Статья 'Миграционный фактор развития человеческого капитала' - журнал 'Урбанистика' - NotaBene.ru
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Urban Studies
Reference:

Migration factor in development of human capital

Ishmuratova Dina Faritovna

PhD in Sociology

Scientific Associate, Institute of Social and Economic Research of Ufa Federal Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences

450054, Russia, respublika Bashkortostan, g. Ufa, ul. Prospekt Oktyabrya, 71

ishdin@inbox.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2310-8673.2019.4.31505

Review date:

26-11-2019


Publish date:

28-11-2019


Abstract.

In modern conditions, human capital manifests as one of the leading factors of socioeconomic development. The efficient management over its formation and usage requires taking into accounts the specificity of these processes, as well as the impacting factors. One of them is the differentiation of the regions in human capital stock affected by the migration processes that reallocate it between the regions, as well as between a city and rural areas. The subject of this research is the internal migration within Russia viewed in the context of interregional migration and urbanization processes. The empirical foundation is the descriptive analysis of statistical data, complemented by examination of factors substantiating the dynamics of population migration rates. The analysis of statistical data demonstrates the vector of intraregional and interregional migration flows, which simultaneously boost or reduce the potential of different regions with regards to human capital. Most attractive for the migrants are the large cities and adjacent areas. The factors affecting the intensity and vector of migration remain the presence or absence of educational facilities, job opportunities and decent salaries, developed social infrastructure and a desire to achieve certain standard of living.

Keywords: urbanization, employment, education, reproduction of human capital, unemployment, migration, human capital, city, countryside, labour market
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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