Статья 'Политика переселения населения в России начала ХХ века — методология вопроса' - журнал 'Урбанистика' - NotaBene.ru
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Urban Studies
Reference:

Tansmigration policy in early XX century Russia. Methodology of the issue.

Shchuplenkov Oleg Viktorovich

PhD in History

Associate professor of the Department of History, law and Social Disciplines at Stavropol State Pedagogical University

357625, Russia, g. Essentuki, ul. Doliny Roz, 7

oleg.shup@gmail.com
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Shchuplenkov Nikolai Olegovich

lecturer of the Department of History, Law and Social Disciplines at Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute

357625, Russia, Yessentuki, ul. Dolina Roz 7

veras-nik@yandex.ru
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DOI:

10.7256/2310-8673.2013.1.10383

Review date:

06-08-2020


Publish date:

19-06-2014


Abstract.

Government regulation of population migration in modern Russia has deep historical roots. The authors analyze the research experience of pre-revolutionary Russia's migration processes and reveals the main traits and results of this period's transmigration. They found out the following. Pre-revolution research viewed colonization as a settlement process, common in any historical background; the resettlement process from thickly-populated regions to places where the population is scarce, or poorly adapted to the environment; the migration is a government-driven process; involves measures that support culture and economy of the native population. Researchers attempted to demonstrate that the migration is both, caused by volume and patterns of the economy's growth, and is the cause for shifts in the country's economic potential, the structure of society and the spread of industrial relations. The authors conclude that pre-revolution authors focused their works on the transmigration process itself: migration destinations, social spread of settlers; ways and forms of resettlement; conditions of travel; main reasons and significance of resettlement. The issues of colonization and resettlement was viewed in a tight connection with agrarian and other social and economic issues.

Keywords: Ideology, Colonization, Peasantry, Migration research, Migration, Resettlement, Russian Empire, Social and economic formation, Stolypin agrarian refrm, Urbanization
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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