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Agriculture
Reference:

The Potential of the Spire Cane under the Conditions of the Murmansk Region

Karavaeva Ekaterina Sergeevna

Senior Researcher at the Polar Branch of the N.I.Vavilov Research Institute of Plant Industry

184209, Russia, Murmanskaya oblast', g. Apatity, ul. Severnaya, 15, kv. 11

karavaevavolkova@mail.ru

DOI:

10.7256/2453-8809.2018.1.27631

Review date:

09-10-2018


Publish date:

17-11-2018


Abstract: The subject of the research is the collections of long-term feed crop. The object of the research is the collection of the spire cane. The research was conducted  by the employees of the forage crops group in the polar OS VIR branch located in the Murmansk region, Apatity city. The study of the collection of two-source reed was carried out according to the guidelines of VIR on the allocation of the main economic and valuable features. The main purpose of the study is to evaluate the samples on the yield of green and dry mass, winter hardiness, intensive regrowth from spring, lodging, and disease resistance. The aim of the study was to prove the potential of the reed double source under the conditions of the Murmansk region. The collection of the spire cane was analyzed based on the guidelines set forth by the Institute of Plant Industry for determination of the main economically valuable indicators. The analysis of perennial crops (Timothy meadow, tall fescue and spire cane) showed that the spire cane has good winter hardiness, good growth, excellent performance in green weight and dry weight, absolute resistance to lodging, good performance for intensive growth in spring. As a result of the research it is possible to draw a conclusion that the double source cane is a valuable material, for use in selection and production. This culture can be recommended for fodder production in the Murmansk region. The research is performed within the state task of VIR No. 0662-2018-0015, AААА-A16-116040710369-4.


Keywords: cereal, winter hardiness, analysis, research, phenology, collection, herbage, method, two-source, fertilizer
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
VIR. Izuchenie kollektsii mnogoletnikh kormovykh trav / Metodicheskie ukazaniya. – Sankt – Peterburg, 1985.-37s.
2.
Karavaeva E.S. Sokhranenie genofonda kormovykh kul'tur v usloviyakh Murmanskoi oblasti / Problemy sovremennoi nauki i obrazovaniya № 6 (126). Izdatel'stvo Problemy nauki, 2018. – 131s.
3.
Makarova G.I. Mnogoletnie kormovye travy Sibiri.-Omsk: Zapadno-Sibirskoe knizhnoe izd-vo, Omskoe otdelenie, 1974.-248s.
4.
Medvedev P.F., Pokrovskii V.E. Kanareechnik trostnikovidnyi. – Novgorod: Len. Izdat. (Novgorodskoe otdelenie), 1971. – 40 s.
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