Modern Education - rubric Developing pedagogical technologies
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Developing pedagogical technologies
Kirnarskaya D.K. - Three sources and three key components of the Russian education reform: the experience of musical art pp. 1-16


Abstract: This article discusses the necessary reforms that are due in the system of national music education. The essence of crisis consists in the fact that the syllabus has outdated, because until the present stage is focused on the solo performances, while the job market suggests the positions of other type associated with the communication skills, management and diversification of musical styles of a graduate. The second aspect of crisis lies in the excessive overload of the students with the class exercises that do not leave space for self-education, work and leisure that are extremely need for a young individual. Overload as a generic feature of the Russian education system also concerns professors and educators that are deprived of career growth opportunity alongside the full-fledged academic activity. In addition, the article offers not to interlink the salary of educators with the teaching load, as well as pare it down due to the decrease of academic hours, which manifests as a crucial moment in the proposed reform. The third aspect of crisis is the outdated format of presenting the material based on lecture, while the psychology of modern students inclines towards the other formats, which certainly include interactivity and creativity. The international experts acknowledge all of the indicated flaws in music education as in need of the reforms. Their opinions and propositions are also considered in the article, which views the reform of music education leaning on the three key components – syllabus, organization, and format of education, which will increase demand for the graduates and their success on the job market.
Mikhailova T.A. - Social and pedagogical support as a way to improve the quality of education of students with special adaptive capabilities in a professional institution pp. 1-10


Abstract: The article deals with the issues of the organization of socio-pedagogical support of students with various disabilities in the process of professional development. Thus, the object of the study is the professional education of students with limited opportunities, the subject of the study is the process of organizing socio-pedagogical support for students with special learning needs. The article reveals the concept of "a student with special adaptive capabilities", describes the most relevant areas and levels of adaptability that directly affect the quality of training of a student with disabilities. The author pays special attention to the theoretical aspects of the organization of support for young people with disabilities in education, separately showing the importance of socio-pedagogical support in the professional development of students of this category. The author notes that the use of socio-pedagogical support in organizing the learning process of young people with special adaptive needs contributes to a qualitative change in the level of adaptive capabilities.    The novelty of this study consists in identifying the characteristics of adaptive capabilities of students with adaptive learning capabilities, describing the essence, content of socio-pedagogical support of students, this category at different stages of mastering the profession, its principles of organization and technology of implementation. In the course of the study, the author comes to the conclusion that it is necessary to implement the technology of socio-pedagogical support in the conditions of a professional educational institution. The author shows the influence of socio-pedagogical support on the quality of training of a competitive specialist, from among students with special adaptive capabilities, which is confirmed in the course of experimental work. The article is of interest to specialists, teachers, heads of educational institutions implementing inclusive vocational education.
Berezina T.N., Perepechina A.S., Buzanov K.E. - Correction of negative mental states of the students majoring in extreme psychology by means of virtual reality technologies pp. 1-12


Abstract: The object of this research is the negative states experienced by the students during class time. The subject of this research is the correction of negative states by means of virtual reality technologies. The possibility of correcting negative mental states of extreme psychology students is explored from theoretical and empirical perspectives. The author reveals the basic techniques aimed at correction of mental states by means of virtual technologies. Analysis is conducted on implementation of virtual reality technologies in educational sphere. An empirical research is carried out. The author uses the diagnostic methods for assessing mental states, such as exhaustion, fatigue, tension, stress, monotony of satiation; and experimental methods, such as 10-20 minute preview of relaxing and dynamically-arousing scenes in virtual reality headset. It is demonstrated the during the academic day, the students majoring in extreme psychology accumulate negative emotional states, which include: exhaustion, tension, situational fatigue, and monotony. Application of virtual reality technology for submerging students into a virtual space allows restoring mental resources and delay the expansion of negative states. The development of mental resource requires appropriate choice of virtual realities. The conclusion is made that viewing virtual reality scenes of relaxing type decreases the level of exhaustion, while viewing the scenes of dynamically-arousing type with the effect of presence decrease the level of situational fatigue.
Krishtofik I.S. - Organization of the process of mastering the basis of pedagogical communication by future educators pp. 10-18


Abstract: The subject of this research is the approach towards development of a learning program aimed at formation of the communicative competence of the future pedagogues. The object of this research is the problem of establishment within the educational process of a complex of professional competencies of the future pedagogues, which ensure the efficient work targeted at students’ development. The author examines various aspects of the notion of “pedagogical communication”. Special attention is given to the question regarding the structuring of educational-pedagogical discourse based on the analysis of specifically selected texts that reflect the peculiarities of communicative situations in pedagogical activity, which require manifestation of the communicative competence. The main conclusion of the conducted research lies in the principles that define the specificities of pedagogical technique of formation of the communicative competence of a future educator. Author’s special contribution consists in formulation of content of the notion of “educational-pedagogical discourse”. The scientific novelty lies in substantiation of pedagogical technique that ensure the “submersion” of students into the problem of communication in education that is presented from different perspectives, reflecting the conceptual and functional aspects of the very notion of “pedagogical communication”.
Nadyrshin T.M. - The problems of anthropological research of religion and education pp. 15-20


Abstract:   This article describes the main problems emerging at the intersection of the two developing subdisciplines of anthropological science: anthropology of education and anthropology of religion. The author lists such problems as atheistic and religious socialization of school students, correlation of confessional self-identification with educational process, religious minorities at school, religious organizations at school, consumption and reproduction of religious media, language, role of class culture, religious literacy, and link between anthropology of education and religion. Each of the aforementioned problems requires particularization and explication; all of them are quite broad, and in sense, just the attempts of comprehending the extensive locus of the anthropology of education and the anthropology of religion. This study just outlines the framework of future vectors of development on the topic. The indicated directions may also be used in arrangement of curriculum for religious studies in the educational establishments.
Sanina S.P. - The role of problem-solving technology in the development of students competences (on the example of geography course) pp. 28-35


Abstract: The subject of this study is the development of competencies of students in the primary school in the context of a problem-solving organization of educational activities in geography classes. The author carefully considers the problem-solving technology as a form for comprehension of the curriculum by students. The article presents a model of the problem-solving organization of education in a schematic-graphic form. The author demonstrates the differences between a problem, task and methods. On the example of a single educational topic (geography), the work presents implementation of problem-solving technology. Examples of three tasks on geography topic "Scale" of the 6th grade are given. The author used various research methods, including content analysis, a method of modeling and forming experiment. To determine the level of development of students' competencies, the author used the methodology by E. V. Chudinova "Express diagnostics of the main educational results in primary and secondary schools". The main conclusions of the study are the use of problem-solving technology in teaching contributes to changing the content of education; it becomes active. In conditions of the problem-solving organization of educational activity, students to better understand the basic concepts of the course, and competences are developed. The described model of training can find application in the activity of teachers on the implementation of the activity approach in the educational process.
Menzhulina D. - Language Trainers as a Means of Electronic Linguodidactics: Experience in the Development and Implementation of the Video Tutorial Cycle "A Walk in the Primorsky Territory" in the RCT Learning Process pp. 34-43



Abstract: The subject of this study is the linguodidactic and linguometodic potential of an interactive simulator as a means of electronic linguodidactics in teaching Russian as a foreign language. During the research, a set of methods is used: methodological modeling, questionnaires, expert evaluation, etc. The primary method of research is a pedagogical experiment. During the experiment, a model of the educational process was built using a language trainer as a means of electronic linguodidactics. The pedagogical experiment was conducted in three stages and was aimed at studying the features of the educational process when teaching Russian as a foreign language using electronic linguodidactics. The data for the analysis were collected by questioning the students who participated in the experiment. The relevance of the study of electronic linguodidactics in teaching RCT lies in the fact that during the pandemic and with a mass transition to distance learning, the needs of students in intensive foreign language acquisition courses continue to grow. RCT teachers must create and use electronic educational resources in language teaching and their multidisciplinary development. In addition, the idea of syncretism in educational technologies seems relevant. The study made it possible to formulate the theoretical foundations of the linguometodic simulator and to confirm its practical significance in teaching RCT. The theoretical and practical significance of the research lies in deepening and expanding scientific and methodological ideas about the place and role of an interactive language trainer in the environment of electronic means of teaching RCT, as well as in presenting opportunities to improve the effectiveness of the formation of language skills and speech skills in teaching RCT. The main conclusion of this study is the position on the relevance of the use of electronic linguodidactics in the teaching of RCT, in particular, an interactive language trainer.
Krylova M.N. - Various types of tasks as the condition for successful performance in studying the discipline Speech Culture and Business Communication in the technical university pp. 36-44


Abstract: The object of this research is the organization of educational process in the discipline “Speech Culture and Business Communication” in the technical university, while the subject is the choice of tasks and exercises that make the course more successful. It is noted that in accordance with the latest federal state educational standards of higher education of, all graduates must possess universal linguistic and communicative competencies; this academic discipline is aimed at the formation of such competencies. The article employs the method of analysis of scientific and methodological literature, summary of other researchers, systematization of didactic material, and modeling. The scientific novelty consists in emphasizing the fact that the learning success depends on the choice of tasks and exercises for practical classes by the pedagogue. It established that most effective tasks are of creative and research nature. At the same time, the exercises of a reproductive and partially exploratory nature are also important. The acquired results can be used in organizing educational process in the discipline “Speech Culture and Business Communication” in the technical university, as well as other disciplines. The conclusion is made about the crucial role of the pedagogue and their creative approach towards organization of educational process.
Getman N.A., Kotenko E.N., Fetter I.V. - Structure of pedagogical support of independent work of the medical residents through the means of electronic education pp. 41-50


Abstract: This article provides the results of examination of the forms, methods, and means of pedagogical support of independent work of the medical residents through the means of electronic education in a modern medical university. The goal of this work lies in substantiation, development, and approbation of the forms, methods, and means of pedagogical support of independent work of the medical residents through the means of electronic education. Practical importance consists in the potential implementation of the structure of pedagogical support of organization of the independent work of medical residents with application of electronic methods of learning in educational process of medical university. The scientific novelty is defined by the development of the structure of pedagogical support of organization of the independent work with application of electronic methods of learning, as well as experimental case study aimed at approbation of the acquired result. The authors conclude that in the context implementation of the system of electronic methods of education, the indexes (formed motivation towards learning; content with educational activity level of involvement into educational process; coefficients of the quality of gained knowledge) have increased. The authors prove that the application of electronic systems of learning do not eliminate the risks in the system “educator-computer-medical resident”, but their potential occurrence is considered in development, implementation, and realization of the electronic learning and methodological complexes of independent work. The authors assume that the presented structure of pedagogical support of independent work of the medical residents in the post-university education in terms of electronic learning is reasonably efficient and can be realized within the educational practice of medical universities.
Sotnikova O. - Priority in the selection of pedagogical techniques of oil and gas education during the study of theoretical material pp. 45-67


Abstract: The subject of this research is the activity of students of the oil and gas industry and preparation for studying the educational material. The article examines the issue of selection of pedagogical techniques in oil and gas education in study of professional disciplines. Based on the analysis of the special aspects of the oil and gas industry the author determines the composition of controversial components of professional competencies. Substantiation is made of the conclusion on the priority of organization of student activity on execution of logical-technological analysis of the educational material. The complex of the aforementioned actions is determined only in a general form and requires further concretization in organization of education of each separate discipline (module). The main conclusion of this research is the justification of the priority of education on logical-technological analysis of the educational material. Author’s contribution to the pedagogical science is the description of the composition of the logical-technological analysis of the educational material studied in the professional disciplines of oil and gas education.  
Lisauskaite V.V. - Implementation of game technologies as a form of interactive technique of teaching Master's disciplines pp. 50-58


Abstract: The subject of this research is the analysis of the forms of implementation of interactive teaching techniques in form of game technologies on the example of a specific discipline within the framework of the Master's Degree program “Law in the Field of Regional International Relations”. The object of this article is the “business game” and “group research” as form of giving a lesson. Special attention is turned to the analysis of characteristics of interactive technologies, developed by the author from the basic definition, as well as to the characteristics of the methodology of implementation of game technologies in the context of the academic discipline “The Peculiarities of Organizational and Legal Cooperation of States in the field of Protection from Disasters within the framework of Regional mechanisms”. The main conclusions are as follows: game technologies is an essential element of teaching and should actively implemented; it is important to think through the goal and tasks of a specific game technology in order to achieve the desired result; a particular type of the implemented game technology depends on different aspects, including the level of training, discipline and topic; the use of game technologies in education allows the students to reinforce the studied material, identify and fill the gaps in knowledge, and learn how to apply the acquired knowledge. A special contribution of the author to the study of the topic is the presented methodological characteristics of the application of specific game technologies in the framework of the considered academic discipline. The novelty of this research consists in refraction of the general theoretical characteristics of interactive methods and their forms in teaching legal disciplines within the framework of Master's Degree Program.
Stepanov S.Y., Sobolevskaya T.A., Ryabova I.V., Nezhkina N.N., Nekhorosheva E.V., Chistyakova Y.V. - To the development of the system of psychological-pedagogical technologies of increasing performance of students with health issues pp. 51-60


Abstract: This article provides the analysis of the questionnaire result among Moscow pedagogues for determining the existing level and content of work with underachieving students with health issues, as well as pedagogues’ requests in formation of such competence. The subject of this research is the content and conditions of using by pedagogical staff of the technologies of accompanying underachieving schoolers with health issues. The goal of this work is the development and substantiation of the effectiveness of new psychological-pedagogical technologies for increasing performance of the students with health issues. The authors surveyed the pedagogical staff in Moscow schools for analyzing their skills and knowledge in the area of technologies of the work with underachieving students with health issues, as well as detection of the organizational-pedagogical conditions that contribute or impede the effective solution of the problem. Relevance of this scientific work is substantiated primarily by the fact that currently the institution of education represented by a particular pedagogue or the system overall do not possess a sufficient arsenal of means, methods and technologies for timely identification of the difficulties that emerge in educational process due to the health issues of the students and affect their school performance, as well as their timely prevention. The priority in this regards must become the formation and improvement of pedagogical work with the underachieving students with health issues.  
Faritov A.T. - To the question of implementation of 3D-prototyping in the students extracurricular activity pp. 55-63


Abstract: The current global standards require the state educational system to grasp the basics of research and project activity, namely the skills of 3D-prototyping. The correlation is traced between realizing the importance of implementation of modern technologies into educational process and insufficiency of the conducted scientific research on the topic. Therefore, the subject of this article is the organizational factors assisting the efficient implementation of rapid prototyping technologies within the framework of extracurricular school activity. Based on the results of the conducted research, the author determines the content of pedagogical procurement of the process of implementation of 3D-prototyping technology into the educational process in terms of extracurricular activity. The external factors influencing the effectiveness of integration of 3D-technologies into the school educational environment are substantiated and experimentally verified. The author explores the peculiarities of rapid prototyping technology, as well as possibilities of their application in educational process.
Dronova S. - Board games in learning foreign languages: theory and practice (on the example of Spanish language) pp. 59-70


Abstract:   The goal of this article consists in assessment of possibilities of using board games in the process of learning foreign languages. The object of this research is gamification in learning foreign languages, the subject is the educational potential of board games in teaching foreign languages to adolescents and adults. The relevance of this work lies in finding the new forms of integration of educational process and practical activity. The author notes an important advantage of communication in foreign language during the game over other forms of educational communication in shifting the focus of students’ attention and perception of foreign language as an instrument for achieving the goals of the game, rather than an end in itself. Special attention is given to variability of implementation of each game and ways of adapting to the educational goals, level of attainment, and allocated time. Based on the general scientific methods, such as literature searches, analysis and synthesis, classification, as well as empirical methods, such as experiment, observation and comparison, the  author provides methodological substantiation and review of the eight board games; seven of them are intended for learning any foreign language, not Spanish alone, which is taken as an example in this research. The article carries out classification of board games and gives comparative characteristic of the two types of games used in the educational process. The acquired results are of a practical nature and can be applied in teaching foreign languages on any level or stage of education. All methodologies were tested in learning Spanish language at the university in non-linguistic specialties, and demonstrated high effectiveness.  
Karastelev V.E. - What does the modern culture of questioning consist of? How to teach asking original questions rather than borrow questions of others? pp. 104-118


Abstract: The object of this research is the new field in the practice of using questions and questioning. The subject of this research is the practice of initiation of the original and responsible questions from the communication partners, students, etc. The article claims that the breakthrough era requires possessing a skill of placing a question, readiness to respectfully and responsibly share them with others, as well as the courage to keep the questions and transform it into the source of the pursuits and development. At the same time, the mankind inherited such culture, in which a question is inconvenient or inappropriate, and requires certain rights for its placement. The realization of this problem makes the art of questioning a special content of education. In the ideal scenario, it should be considered as one of the types of literacy essential for a person of the XXI century. Methodologically determinant became the research pf the Moscow Methodological Group with its leader G. P. Shedrovitsky, as well as the works of D. Rothstein, L. Santata, and D. Dillon. The scientific novelty consists in the presented practical experience of asking original question of the founders of the Right Question Institute – D. Rothstein and L. Santata, as well as the analysis of such experience that is used for over twenty years worldwide, but has not been previously covered in the Russian language-sources. Moreover, the author presents the original roadmap of directions and development in the field of questioning.
Gavrishina O.N., Pevneva I.V. - Challenges and requirements to the efficient implementation of inclusive education in the higher school pp. 112-117


Abstract: The subject of this research is the modern status of inclusive education for students with physical disabilities in the higher school. The authors examine the key problems associated with the integrative approach to education, among which are prejudices, physical limitations to access to the educational facility, structure of the curriculum, psychological unpreparedness of pedagogues, socioeconomic factors, and lack of sponsorship. The article reviews the currently existing opportunities of application of the techniques used in educational process for the special needs students, as well as recommendations for the efficient realization of the approach to students with physical disabilities. The conclusion is made based on the example of Kemerovo State University that the development of technological and multimedia means of education alongside the remote education contribute into the advancement of inclusive system. The major problems lies in the insufficient development of specialized literature, physical and psychological peculiarities of the students, lack of preparation of the pedagogues to work within the framework of inclusive education.
Savvina O.V., Kosorukova A.A., Matukhin P.G., Maksimova O.B., Alieva O.G. - Interdisciplinary IT Projects as the Technology of Preparing Polylingual Monitoring and Measuring Materials for the 'Bioethics' Discipline pp. 127-138


Abstract: The 'Bioethics' Discipline taught to Russian and foreign medical students include interdisciplinary knowledge in the field of philosophy, medicine and law. This creates some difficulties for students when learning study materials as well as for teachers when carrying out the control over students' success. In the article the control method of knowledge of students (testing), and also possibility of training on basic concepts of the course "Bioethics" by means of information technologies with use of interdisciplinary approach is described. Creation of a set of tools for testing preparation at the rate "Bioethics" in the tables Microsoft Excel for students of a bachelor degree in the direction 060101 "Medical business"; the translation of tests for English for the purpose of training of the Russian and foreign students at all course, and also for the purpose of control of knowledge of students. The program set was tested on occupations in educational groups, tested by teachers. During trial operation errors of programming and separate mistakes in formulations of questions were noticed and corrected. Also the system of questions was more strictly organized. They were grouped in a certain order. Results of tests showed that the set can be used for increase of efficiency of independent occupations and carrying out the rubezhnykh and total certifications of foreign students at medical faculty of university.
Faskhutdinova Y.F. - Motivation and Development of Schoolers' Cognitive Abilities pp. 140-154


Abstract: The author of the article studies efficiency of psychological training of cognitive abilities. The author uses a training program offered by T. Berezina. It has been assumed that all the factors influencing the efficiency of training programs should be divided into two groups. The first group of factors include the fact of participation in a training, teaching a shooler all necessary methods of control over their memory and attention. The second group includes motivational factors. High school students with a high level motivation demonstrated success in training their cognitive abilities. In the course of training their attentional capacity and short-term verbal and numerical memory. High motivation was determined if a schooler particpated in the training on his own will and believed the training would be useful for them. Low level of motivation was determined if a schooler was forced to participate in the training and did not demonstrate much efford during the training. It has been concluded that motivation plays a very important role in the process of education. School psychologists and teachers should not only organize academic activities and develop children's cognitive abilities, but also stimulate their motivation and desire to learn.
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