PHILHARMONICA. International Music Journal - rubric Music and Digital Technologies
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Music and Digital Technologies
Lipov A.N. - Karlheinz Essl. Changes in electroacoustic music. In: Between experiment and commerce. On aesthetics of electronic music. [Wandlungen der elektroakustischen Musik in Zwischen Experiment und Kommerz. Zur Ästhetik elektronischer Musik] Yearbook of Musicology. Vol. 2. Ed. by Thomas Dézsy, Stefan Jena and Dieter Torkewitz (Vienna, 2007, p. 37-84. Publishers: Cornelia Szabó-Knotik and Markus Grassl). pp. 42-75


Abstract: The present publication is a translated article published in Vienna. Its form corresponds with the original publication, copyright rules and the author’s will. However, taking into account the peculiarities of our journal, we have to put footnotes inside the text in parentheses. We’ve kept author’s references to publications. We’ve also kept fonts and text style of the original edition.Karlheinz Essl (born 1960 in Vienna) is an Austrian composer, performer, improvisator and “sound artist”. At the University of Vienna, he studied musicology; in 1989 he defended doctoral dissertation. In 1992–1993 Essl worked for the IRCAM commission in Paris. In 1994 he became a music supervisor of a collection in Klosterneuburg (Vienna). Between 1995 – 2006, he taught algorithmic music at the studio of promising music and media technologies named after an Austrian composer and organist Anton Bruckner in the The Anton Bruckner Private University for Music, Drama and Dance in Linz (Austria). Since 2007 he has been a professor of composition in electroacoustic and experimental music at the University of Music and Performing Arts Vienna. Essl’s work with computers with a focus on algorithmic compositions and music reproduction has had formative influence on his compositional thinking. Essl also works in the field of electronic music, real-time interactive compositions and sound installations. Since the early 1990s he has created various software environments for real-time compositions, which he uses in his live music performances and together with artists from other spheres – choreographers, dancers, artists and poets. In 1998 Essl started designing a computer electronic instrument M @ ZE 2. He uses it as an improvisator in live performances.The publication, which realizes the interdisciplinary method of studying modern electronic music technologies, also contains the results of Essl’s work, who studies and creates electronic and interactive music, composes various music compositions and real-time sound installations. Music works of the composer form from the collisions of ordered, abstract models and original tonal expressive structures. The scientific novelty of the study consists in the fact that the translation of the article fills one of the gaps in Russian scientific literature about the studies of philosophy and aesthetics of music, devoted to the problem of historic development of electroacoustic music as, according to K. Essl, forming, generating and far-reaching musical potential. The paper also contains a detailed description of the composer’s research work with a focus on algorithmic compositions and generative music. 
Kibitkina E.V., Fatianova E.A. - Academic music transcript modeling using electronic sound synthesis pp. 87-97


Abstract: Nowadays, computer technologies are integrated into all art forms. New artistic directions emerge which are totally based on multimedia (primarily audio-visual) instruments. The question about the role of music art in the new cultural paradigm becomes topical. Based on the example of academic music, the article considers the possibilities of using programming tools for music scores processing into a transcript. The authors consider the possible mathematical model of a piece of music which allows processing the piece of music and getting both an authentic and an experimental version. The authors analyze the set of parameters helping to form a virtual acoustic space corresponding with an artistic concept. The authors demonstrate that academic music transcript modeling using electronic sound synthesis can promote the artistic reinterpretation of the score of the piece of music. The selection of particular timber, performance and spatial parameters during transcribing helps to interpret a composition according to the artistic tasks. The use of virtual instruments also allows creating digital recordings without performing musicians. The article contains the variants of forming a virtual acoustic environment based on the example of a classical piece of music for string quartet: from a “traditional” to an “experimental, differing in musical sources positioning, a set of spatial effects and the parameters of their adjustment.  
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