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Legal Studies
Reference:

Equality of the Different: Protection of Employee's Religious Beliefs in the USA

Nogailieva Fatima Kurmanovna

Assistant, the department of Labor Law and Occupational Safety and Health, St. Petersburg State University

344037, Russia, g. Saint Petersburg, ul. 22 Liniya Vasil'evskogo, 7, of. 7

f.nogaylieva@spbu.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-7136.2019.3.29247

Review date:

16-03-2019


Publish date:

22-03-2019


Abstract.

The article is devoted to creation of an individual working setting that would take into account peculiarities of employee's religious beliefs (the need to prey, wear religious clothes and symbols, etc.). Problems that may arise in the process of applying religious norms at the workplace become important for Russia, too, this is why Russian law experts start to analyze the experience of the foreign states on the matter. In this article the author analyzes the lawmaking and law enforcement experience in the USA legal system, the country that has the longest story of conflict resolutions with 'religious' employees. The research is based on analysis and interpretation of legal acts, conclusions of the Comittee for Providing Equal Opportunities for US Employees and experience of the US judicial authorities. The main conclusion of the article is that despite a US specific concept of reasonable accomodation of working conditions to special needs of employees (including religious needs), this idea proves to be inefficient. According to the concept, an employer must change working conditions when these changes do not incure unreasonable expenses. There are criteria for such unreasonable expenses in relation to disabled employees and employees with families, however, there are no such criteria for religious employees. This makes it difficult for employees to protect their religious needs. 

Keywords: religious norms, terms of employment, reasonable accommodation, labor regulatory considerations, employee's belief, discrimination, equality in employment, employee's needs, unity and differentiation, undue hardship
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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