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Legal Studies

History of Bood Vengeance of Chechens and Ingush (1870 - 1960)
Babich Irina Leonidovna

Doctor of History

Chief Scientific Associate, Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences

119334, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Leninskii Prospekt, 32a

Другие публикации этого автора

Pliev Abdurakhim Ahmedovich

PhD in History

115580, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Musy Dzhazhilya, -


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The purpose of this article is to analyze the main components of the institution of blood vengeance in Chechen and Ingush communities over the period of time since 1870 till 1960 and compare it to other nations of the North Caucasus in order to discover differences and similarities. According to the author, this approach will allow to define a number of associated legal tendencies. The object of the research is the institution of blood vengeance and how it had been developing over 100 years in the North Caucasus. The subject of the research is the main components of the aforesaid institution such as causes of conflicts, forms of revenge, subjects and objects of revenge, rules of behavior, etc. The research is based on the historical ethnographical research method that allowed the author to carry out a field research and collect ethnographical material about the existence of the institution of blood vengeance since 1870 till 1960. The field research involved interviews of old people (90 - 100 years old) who either witnessed such conflicts themselves or heard stories about them in their family. In addition, the author also used archives of the North Caucasus as the material to compare those stories to. Even though there are researches on blood vengeance in the North Caucasus, so far there have been no researches devoted to the institution of blood vengeance of the Chechens and Ingush and how it had been developing since 1870 till 1960 that would imply ethnographical data and archives of the Supreme Courts of a number of North Caucasian republics. Analysis of that institution of previous times allows to better understand modern legal processes in the North Caucasus. 

Keywords: forms of revenge, adat, Ossetians, Adygs, Ingush, Chechens, North Caucasus, Blood vengeance, subject of revenge, object of revenge



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This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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