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Legal Studies
Reference:

Proof standards at the pre-trial phase in international criminal courts and tribunals

Romanov Roman Vladimirovich

Post-graduate student, the department of Constitutional and International Law, University of Management “TISBI”

420012, Russia, the Republic of Tatarstan, Kazan, Mushtari Street 13

r2_v@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2409-7136.2017.5.22630

Review date:

04-08-2020


Publish date:

26-04-2017


Abstract.

The paper analyzes the standards of proof applied at the pre-trial phase of proceedings in international criminal courts and tribunals. The author raises the problem of differences in the procedures of various international institutions of criminal justice at the pre-trial phase of the proceedings; reviews the set of standards of “prima facie proof” and “reasonable grounds to believe”; considers the requirements for issuing the arrest warrant and preliminary confirmation of a letter of accusation. The proof standards analysis is based on the practice of international criminal courts and tribunals. The research methodology is based on general scientific methods of cognition: structural-logical, formal-logical, dialectical, deductive, inductive, system analysis, and specific methods: historical-legal, logical-legal, comparative-legal, formal-legal, and the system-structural approach.
The key research methods are analysis and comparative analysis: the author analyzes judicial practice of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and the International Criminal Court. The author approves the thesis that further development of regulation of proof standards, applied at the pre-trial phase, will help develop an effective mechanism of protection of rights of the accused and raise requirements to prosecutor’s investigation. The author formulates the essence of proof standards, applied at the present time in different institutions of international criminal justice, and suggests regulating the time limit for detention prior to confirmation of accusation at the pre-trial phase of the procedure. The formulated essence of proof standards can be used in discussions about the possible adaptation of proof standards to the realities of Russian procedural law and for preparation and submission of procedural documents in international institutions of criminal justice. 

Keywords: standards of proof, international criminal justice, international criminal tribunals, international criminal courts, international criminal procedure, prima facie, reasonable grounds to believe, ICC, ICTY, pre-trial phase
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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