Статья 'Учебная литература как источник конструирования коллективной памяти об отечественной истории в России второй половины XVIII в. ' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
по
Journal Menu
> Issues > Rubrics > About journal > Authors > About the Journal > Requirements for publication > Editorial collegium > The editors and editorial board > Peer-review process > Policy of publication. Aims & Scope. > Article retraction > Ethics > Online First Pre-Publication > Copyright & Licensing Policy > Digital archiving policy > Open Access Policy > Open access publishing costs > Article Identification Policy > Plagiarism check policy
Journals in science databases
About the Journal

MAIN PAGE > Back to contents
Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Educational literature as a source for developing collective memory on Russian history of the late XVIII century

Sosnitskii Dmitrii Aleksandrovich

PhD in History

Senior Scientific Associate, the Institute of History, Saint Petersburg State University

199034, Russia, Saint Petersburg, g. Saint Petersburg, nab. Universitetskaya, 7-9

yraggan@mail.ru

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2020.10.34166

Review date:

23-10-2020


Publish date:

31-10-2020


Abstract: The subject of this research is educational literature as a source for reconstruction of collective historical representations on Russian history in of the late XVIII century. The author analyzes the state of educational system in the Russian Empire of the second half of the XVIII century, and characterizes the measures taken by the government on formation of multibranch network of elementary and secondary educational institutions. Special attention is given to the process of creation of school textbook on Russian history with personal contribution of Catherine the Great. The conclusion is made that the second half of the XVIII century became the time of formation of first educational texts for broad audience dedicated to the history of Russia. During this period, the government order had a determining influence, and the opinion of the ruler had direct impact on the content of textbooks. Within the framework of school program, preference was given to nonconfrontational version of the past, which did not touch upon the “sore points” of national memory. The pantheon of heroes of the national memory has not yet been formed in the educational literature of the late XVIII century, and thus, the objects for research (heroes and events) slightly differ from the textbooks of the XIX – early XX centuries. Despite this fact, the school textbooks of the late XVIII century, significantly impacted the school curriculum on history and development of collective representations on the past in Russia of the XIX-early XX centuries.


Keywords: The course of Russian history, medieval period, Catherine II, history of Russia, education, textbooks, images of the past, historical consciousness, historical memory, educational policy
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Smagina G. I. «Shkoly dolzhny byt' ustroeny po-raznomu». Proekt Ya. Ya. Shtelina. 1761 g. // Istoricheskii arkhiv. 2007. № 1. S. 197–203.
2.
Andreev A. L. Pod skipetrom «veseloi Elisavet»: k sotsiologicheskoi kharakteristike intellektual'noi istorii russkogo prosveshcheniya // Vestnik Rossiiskoi akademii nauk. 2014. T. 84. № 7. S. 629–637.
3.
Starodubtsev M. P. Obrazovatel'naya politika Ekateriny II. SPb.: Nedra, 2012. –117 s.
4.
Malovichko S. I. Konstruirovanie natsional'nogo proshlogo v ocherkovoi praktike istoriopisaniya Ekateriny II i I.P. Elagina // Gumanitarnye i yuridicheskie issledovaniya. 2019. № 4. S. 108–116.
5.
Malovichko S. I. Konstruirovanie sotsial'no-politicheskoi istorii Drevnei Rusi v istoriopisanii Ekateriny II // Trudy istoricheskogo fakul'teta Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. 2011. № 6. S. 368–386.
6.
Kurukin I. V. «Dlya vpereniya v yunoshestvo lyubvi k Otechestvu»: Ekaterina II i izuchenie istorii v russkoi shkole kontsa XVIII — nachala XIX vv. // Istoricheskii vestnik. 2013. № 5 (85). S. 73–117.
7.
Perevoznyi A. V. Differentsiatsiya v nachal'nom i srednem obrazovanii Rossii v XVIII veke // Znanie. Ponimanie. Umenie: Fundamental'nye i prikladnye issledovaniya v oblasti gumanitarnykh nauk: Nauchnyi zhurnal Moskovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. 2015. № 4. S. 212–225.
8.
Ustav narodnym uchilishcham v Rossiiskoi imperii, ulozhennyi v tsarstvovanie imperatritsy Ekateriny II. SPb., 1786. – 122 s.
9.
Lomonosov M. V. Kratkii rossiiskii letopisets s rodosloviem. SPb.: pri Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk, 1760. – 75 s.
10.
Zapiski kasatel'no Rossiiskoi istorii. Chast' I. SPb.: Pechatano v Imperatorskoi Tipografii, 1787. – 416 s.
11.
Pis'ma Ekateriny Vtoroi k baronu Grimmu // Russkii arkhiv. 1878. Kn. 2. S. 5–128.
12.
Zubkov E. A., Malovichko S. I. «Zapiski kasatel'no Rossiiskoi imperii» Ekateriny II kak istoriograficheskii istochnik // Studencheskaya nauka Podmoskov'yu. Materialy Mezhdunarodnoi nauchnoi konferentsii molodykh uchenykh. Orekhovo–Zuevo, 2019. S. 77–80.
13.
Yankovich de Mirievo F. I. Kratkaya Rossiiskaya istoriya. SPb.: Pechatano u soderzhatelya Tipografii Komissii ob uchrezhdenii uchilishch F. Brunkova, 1799. – 191 s.
Link to this article

You can simply select and copy link from below text field.


Other our sites:
Official Website of NOTA BENE / Aurora Group s.r.o.
"History Illustrated" Website