Электронный журнал Вопросы безопасности - №4 за 2015 год - Содержание, список статей - ISSN: 2409-7543 - Издательство NotaBene
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Security Issues" > Contents of Issue № 04/2015
Contents of Issue № 04/2015
Globalization and national security
Rusanov V.V. - Multiculturalism crisis in the context of legal anthropology pp. 1-12


Abstract: The author of the article considers the crisis of the age of multiculturalism, the destructive effects of globalization, the failure of the West European model of public conscience and the state “melting pot” policy. The author analyzes the typologies of nationalism and criticizes the interpretations of liberal nationalism. The paper considers the ethnic and cultural unification on the territory of Europe and Russia. The author concludes about the difficulties of integration of representatives of various ethnic groups in the circumstances of deformation of cultural and legal values. Along with general scientific methods, the author applies the principles and methods of sociology of law, philosophy of law and legal conflictology. Analyzing ethno-cultural dimensions of legal anthropology, the author applies various theories of ethnic psychology, the methods and approaches of political, cultural and philosophical anthropology and ethnology. Special scientific methods of legal science are used for the analysis of the subject of legal anthropology from the position of comparative jurisprudence and formal-dogmatic comprehension of law. The main contribution of the author is the critical rethinking of the typology of nationalism and the constructive critics of the model of multicultural society and “melting pot”. The author comes to the conclusion about the importance of law as a social regulator, aimed at the creation of new psychological impulses of behavior, and the inefficiency of integration processes in the conditions of the modern globalization. 
Legal support of national security
Nesterov A. - The virtual sphere vs cyberspace pp. 13-27


Abstract: The object of the research is cyber-security. The subject of the research is the legal nature of the virtual sphere, influencing cyber-security. The author specifies the legal framework of the term “cyberspace”. The article considers the terminological base, related to the category of the virtual “Internet-field”, and its limits, helping with the formation of the terminological basis for the definition of the virtual national jurisdiction. The author raises the issues of security of cyberspace and particularly the problem of the national sovereignty protection. The author considers the role of international law in the definition of legal mechanisms of regulation of actors in cyberspace.  The author applies the historical, comparative and systems methods and the categorical approach. The author claims that legal regulation of the legally significant situations on the sovereign territory of the Russian Federation, and legal maintenance of prevention of attempts or facts and/or consequences of crimes, acts of social chaos and/or infringement of national security with the help of the Internet, committed by foreign elements of the virtual space, requires the creation of a categorial and terminological legal mechanism in the sphere of Internet law. 
Informational support of national security
Komarov A.A. - Legal regulation of the Internet for the prevention of crimes against children pp. 28-48


Abstract: The object of the research is the range of social relations emerging in the process of ensuring sustainable moral development of children in the Russian Federation.The subject of the research is the influence of information and communication technologies on young people. The author studies the computer technologies influence on children and describes the examples of foreign approaches to the regulation of freedom of information exchange by means of the modern telecommunication technologies. The article studies the particular examples of foreign legislation, aimed at the prevention of offences involving modern means of communication.  In order to solve the tasks of the research, the author applies the set of methods of the contemporary science. The author applies statistical analysis of the information about the condition of social relations, involving children, in the Internet. He uses the comparative method for the systematization of methods of legal regulation, applied in the Russian and foreign lawmaking. The main result of the work is the systematized set of ideas about the methods of legal regulation of social relations, involving children, in the Internet in various countries of the world. The author outlines the ways of legal regulation of the national segment of the Internet in Russia; offers the ways of international cooperation on the issues of mutual legal assistance in the sphere of Internet law. 
Economical support of national security
Kulemin S.V., Min'kov V.Y. - Taxation as an instrument of Russian export structuring pp. 49-69


Abstract: The article considers the problem of the irregular structure of Russian export, describes the possible threats to economic safety and proposes taxation measures, favouring the transformation of the resource-based economy into an innovative and a high-tech one. The subject of the study is the role of taxation instruments in export regulation. The authors consider the range of obstacles in the structuring of Russian export be means of taxation instruments, including the problems of harmonization of tax systems of the Customs Union member-states and the implementation of a tax maneuver by the Russian government. Special attention is paid to the necessity to orient the tax policy of the state to the stimulation of import substitution. The authors analyze and compare the dynamics of particular foreign-trade statistical figures for the period of 2001 – 2015. In the result of the study the authors come to the conclusion about the intensification of the crisis, conditioned by the dependence of the Russian economy on energy resources. The authors substantiate the need for export diversification by means of creation of an effective taxation mechanism which would regulate all the branches of the economy with the aim to develop innovative import substitution as a precondition of a new model of economic development. The novelty of the research lies in the proposals of use of the existing, but requiring modernization, taxation instruments affecting export relations. 
Person and citizen within security systems
Fedotova Y.G. - Prospects of implementation of social control in the interests of national security pp. 70-81


Abstract: The article discusses social control as a form of citizens participation in the guaranteeing of the national security. The characteristic of modern military threats and dangers is shown. Based on the analysis of the goals and objectives of social control and the areas of its application, the author reveals the capacities of subjects of public control in the solution of the problems of ensuring stability of the constitutional system, the country's defence capacity and state security, which may contribute to the task of bringing together the state, society and the individual for the protection of the Russian Federation, as set out in the 2014 Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation. The author uses logical, sociological, formal-legal research methods, the methods of comparative analysis and interpretation of legal norms. The author proves that in the contemporary geopolitical circumstances characterized by the use of the protest potential of the population, public control is not the source of threats, but the effective means of countering them. The article presents the arguments in favor of the feasibility of the activities of public inspectors, non-profit organizations, cartel parties and other institutions of civil society, not only in the private but also in the public interest, in particular in the field of information and social adaptation of a person, which would contribute to the protection of the constitutional system, ensuring the country's defence capacity and the security of the Russian state.
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