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Human and state
Borisova A.S. - The right to religious feelings: juridical aspects of the protection of believers pp. 1-19

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7136.2015.8.15430

Abstract: The subject of the research is a comparative analysis of the approaches of the European Court of Human Rights, the Parliament Assembly of the Council of Europe and the Venice Commission to the notion “religious feelings” and the level of a necessary government protection. Special attention is paid to the notion of “religious feelings” and the possibility of legal definition of this notion; the author assesses the compliance of the article 148 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation about an insult to the religious feelings of the believers with the European standards from the aspect of legal certainty. The author uses the comparative-legal and the formal-logical methods, the methods of analysis and synthesis. The author concludes about the impossibility of normative legalization of the notion “religious feelings”. The author substantiates the need for a clear distinction between fomentation of hatred and enmity on religious grounds and the insult of feelings of believers including blasphemy and sacrilege and the reasonability of decriminalization of the “insult of religious feelings of believers”. 
Chornovol E.P. - Periodization of evolution of the rehabilitation of the victims of political repressions as a legal institution, a process and a theory pp. 1-94

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7136.2015.11.1670

Abstract: The subject of the research is the range of problems of definition of periods of the formation and development of a political institution, a process and a doctrine of the rehabilitation of the victims of political repressions. Special attention is paid to such aspects of the topic as the initiation, the ways and the goals of the rehabilitation of the victims of political repressions in Russia in the Soviet, the post-Soviet and the contemporary periods of history; the revelation of its character; the legitimation of the forms of rehabilitation by the law, and the reflection of the essence of the rehabilitation of the victims of political repressions in the legal doctrine. The author studies the social and legal phenomena of a legal institution, a process and a theory of the rehabilitation of the victims of political repressions from the positions of dialectical materialism.  The author takes into account the political factors and the practical actions of the state in the period from March 1935 till the present time, and depicts the process of the rehabilitation of the victims of political repressions as a model of a sinusoid which reflects its dialectics in line with the decisions of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the adopted legal acts of the Soviet period or the legal acts of Russia of the post-Soviet period in compliance with the change of the mentality of the country’s political regime and the international situation.  The author outlines eight stages of the historiography of development of the legal institution of the rehabilitation of the victims of political repressions, taking into account the legitimation of its norms in the particular legal acts whose regulations define and extend the categories of the rehabilitated subjects and establish the extended guarantees of their rights protection. The author studies the essence of the concepts of rehabilitation proposed by the scholars with consideration for the dependence of the Russian historiography on the socio-political situation in the country and the needs of information support of these processes whose essence and orientation had been defined by the Soviet party and government and the bases of deideologizing  in the post-Soviet period, and outlines three periods of theoretical understanding of the rehabilitation of the victims of political repressions. 
Fedotova Y.G. - The limitation of rights and freedoms of citizens and organizations in the interests of protecting the constitutional order and ensuring the state’s defense and security pp. 1-18

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7136.2015.12.1703

Abstract: The article is devoted to the legal limitation of rights and freedoms of citizens and organizations in the interests of protecting the constitutional order and ensuring the state’s defense and security. The author describes the nature of the modern military threats, demonstrates the need for citizens’ participation in ensuring the state’s defense and security in order to combine the efforts of the state, the society and the person, aimed at protecting the Russian Federation, and defines the meaning of the limitation of rights and freedoms in the interests of protecting the constitutional order and ensuring the state’s defense and security as the element of the legal status of citizens and organizations. The author analyzes the concept and the content of the limitation of rights and freedoms of citizens and organizations in the interests of protecting the constitutional order and ensuring the state’s defense and security. The author proposes the scientific approach to defining the limitation of rights and freedoms of citizens and organizations in the interests of protecting the constitutional order and ensuring the state’s defense and security as a basic element of the legal status of the person, reflecting the limitations, the conditions and the procedure of implementing rights and freedoms; on the basis of this analysis the author describes principles, requirements, forms, ways, conditions (grounds) and subject composition of the limitation of rights and freedoms of citizens and organizations. The author reveals the legal means of the limitation of rights and freedoms of citizens and organizations which are demonstrated in the form of a system according to the level of increase of their impact on the subject of limitation. 
Mel'nikov V.Y. - The right to the constitutional legal state ideology pp. 1-6

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7136.2016.3.18303

Abstract: The research subject is the constitutional law application in the situations of forming the state legal ideology. The paper considers the topical and important problems arising in the situations of establishing the state legal ideology in the form of the constitutional legal ideology guarding human and civil rights and freedoms. The research object covers the legally regulated social relations in the sphere of constitutional law. Special attention is paid to the absence in the legal science of a single approach to the problem of existence of the state ideology in the Russian Federation. The methodology is based on the dialectical method of cognition of social and legal phenomena and concepts in their development and interrelation. The author also applies general and specific scientific methods: historical-legal, system, comparative-legal, statistical, concrete-sociological, formal-logical, and others. In the author’s opinion, it is possible to admit the existence of a compulsory constitutional state ideology in the Russian Federation, functioning within the legal framework, not violating the rights, freedoms, and legal interests of other persons, and aimed at the satisfaction of needs of the multinational society of the Russian Federation. It can serve not only as a basis of the national idea, but also as the instrument of social groups and individuals unification for the sake of achieving the national goals. 
Neganova E.N. - The role of the correct definition of the object of prosecutor’s supervision over the observance of housing rights of orphaned children in guaranteeing effective supervision pp. 1-11

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7136.2017.5.22627

Abstract: The legislative novels introduce the concept of the object of prosecutor’s supervision in such spheres as supervision over law enforcement and observance of human and civil rights and freedoms. The legislative regulation of the object of prosecutor’s supervision determines the research task - to define the essence and the role of the correct formulation of the object of inspection. The correctly defined subject of prosecutor’s investigation and prosecutor’s supervision over the rights of orphaned children determines, firstly, the effectiveness of supervisory activities of the prosecutor, and secondly, the scientific substantiation and validity of the performed supervision in a certain sphere. The correct definition of the object of prosecutor’s investigation and supervision by public prosecution officers determines the achievement of the goal of effective inspection and supervision. The research methodology is based on general scientific methods of dialectical materialism, generalization and analysis, and special scientific method of comparative jurisprudence. The legislatively introduced principle of effective organization of “general” supervision, applied also to the sphere of observance of housing rights of orphaned children, should be taken into account on all stages of supervision, including supervision in the mentioned sphere, and during scientific studies. “General” supervision effectiveness criteria and indexes can be supplemented with such a component as a correctly defined and formulated object of prosecutor’s inspection and supervision. 
Antsiferov N.V. - Constitutional entrenchment of individual duties in post-Soviet states: comparative legal analysis pp. 1-13

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7136.2017.8.23450

Abstract: The article is dedicated to the aspects of constitutional entrenchment of the duties of individuals as an important element of the constitutional status of a personality and a citizen in the post-Soviet states. The article studies the aspects of legal entrenchment of such duties in the structure of constitutions, the catalogue of duties is being analyzed together with constitutional approaches to the determination of the circle of their subjects. The article reveals and considers the widely spread duties of individuals in terms of constitutional entrenchment of the duties of individuals, as well as rarer duties, typical for a limited range of constitutions. Attention is paid to general legal duty related to compliance to the constitution and laws; duties not to breach (respect) rights and freedoms of other personalities; duties aimed at consolidation (by the state) of resources (as related to payment of taxes and fees, other mandatory payments, protection of the home country and military duty); duties aimed at protection of the public interest (environmental protection, protection of historical and cultural heritage, obtainment of education, inadmissibility of the use of rights and freedoms contradicting public interests protected by the law; respect to national traditions, respect towards the state symbols, dedication to the Motherland); social duties (duties of parents and duties of children); duties of owners. The article considers the specific features of actual constitutional duties, their similarities and differences. Based on the analysis conducted, the author concludes about the presence of common approaches of the constitutional lawmakers to the entrenchment of constitutional duties of individuals. However, the respective entrenchment (regulation) is not identical both from the point of view of its contents and scope. Such differences provide for a significant potential of their implementation within the frames of actual legal relations with the participation of the individual and the citizen.
Gerusova S. - Exercising the Private Right to Appeal to the Arbitration Court to Be Declared Bankrupt pp. 8-16

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7136.2018.2.25286

Abstract: The article is devoted to a new institution in the Russian law - private bankruptcy, i.e. bankruptcy of an individual who is not an entrepreneur. In her research Gerusova describes situations when the arbitration court has the right to initiate judicial proceedings to declare an individial as bankrupt as well as situations when an individual ought to appeal to the arbitration court himself or herself to be declared bankrupt. The author of the article carries out a brief analysis of the status of financial manager and particularities of his or her appointment. The author also describes court fees incurred by an individual in such a case. In the course of writing the article the author has used the systems approach, comprative law and legalistic method and modelling. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the federal law that sets forth provisions about private bankruptcy that came into force on October 1, 2015. As we can see, private bankruptcy is a new institution, thus arbitration courts face new tasks now. This institution is understudied in Russian law studies, thus there is a need to study and improve it. As a result of the research, the author of the article describes the main reasons why the arbitration court may deny a private bankruptcy application. These include: application does not answer the requirements of procedural law, financial manager cannot be appointed, no money or assets to pay expenses for bankruptcy procedures. As a solution of aforesaid problems, the author of the article offers to develop a simplified private bankruptcy procedure that does not require a financial manager, and to involve prosecutors if necessary as well as to make courts responsible for discovery of evidence. 
Gorian E. - Russia’s HIV/AIDS prevention concept: adherence to international standards or a “special historical path”? pp. 22-49

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7136.2016.10.2022

Abstract: The research object is social relations in the sphere of HIV/AIDS prevention in the Russian Federation. The authors analyze international standards, which should form the basic concept of this infection understanding. The authors study Russian legislation ensuring the guarantees of rights of persons living with HIV. Attention is paid to the judicial practice of the European Court of Human Rights, reflecting the advanced ideas of ensuring rights of persons living with HIV. In order to obtain the most faithful scientific results, the authors apply general scientific methods (system-structural, formal-logical and hermeneutical) and special methods of jurisprudence (comparative-legal and formal-legal). These methods are used as a complex. Russian HIV/AIDS prevention concept is conservative and consists in the declaration of the priority of traditional forms of social relations. Federal legislation is gradually moving towards liberalization of the status of persons living with HIV and extension of their rights. But discrimination against persons living in homosexual unions, consisting in the rejection of their right to family life in the sense of resolutions of ECtHR and mobility rights, is still taking place. The legislator’s disregard to the recent scientific researches, both Russian and foreign, which had proved the possibility of leading an active social and professional life by persons living with HIV, restricts their right to adoption (guardianship, etc.). In the result of the absence of the state educational program of sexual and reproductive health, schoolchildren and youth are not sufficiently informed about HIV and the ways of its prevention; this situation leads to stigmatization and spreading HIV among this population category.
Vakhrameev R.G. - Legal regulation mechanism for the constitutional right to information pp. 23-34

DOI:
10.7256/2305-9699.2013.12.9854

Abstract: The article is devoted to the implementation of the constitutional right to information, it discusses the mechanism of legal regulation of this right through the prism of access to information on the activities of state government and municipal bodies.  The article contains references to the most topical problems in the regulation of the right in question, as well as the latest legislative and practical tendencies, having to do with the further legal regulation of relations among the peole with regard to information.  The article provides analysis of legal regulation mechanism, and specific elements are singled out. The author also compares the forms of implementation of the right to information and mechanism of its legal regulation.  As the means to solve the practical problems  the author offers to amend the Russian legislation, including the legislation having to do with the responsibility of the officials.  The author then makes a conclusion on the dependency between the amount of information and the status of subject requesting such information, as well as the regime of the requested information.
Khachatryan M.S. - Limits of legal regulation of societal control (public integrity) pp. 24-30

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7136.2017.9.20441

Abstract: The research subject is the limits of legal regulation of societal control as one of the instruments of civil society. The author analyzes various opinions about this issue, considers positive and negative results of legal regulation of public integrity. Special attention is given to the need to formalize such a balance of interaction between society and state, which wouldn’t infringe the interests of the parties, and in which they would effectively function and develop. The author uses dialectical, dogmatic (formal logical), system, comparative, deductive, inductive methods and the formal-legal method. The scientific novelty of the study consists in the consideration of the issue about the limits of legal regulation of societal control from the perspective of correlation between the limits of activity of state and civil society.The author concludes that legal regulation of public integrity can have positive results in those countries, where civil society institutions have no lasting traditions. But such regulation should have definite limits. The author concludes that the legislator should regulate only the key moments, which underlie interaction between state and civil society, i.e. a purpose, tasks and principles of activity of subjects of societal control; rights and duties of subjects of societal control and subordinate subjects; guarantees of realization of societal control and normal functioning of public authorities, which are being supervised; responsibility of both subjects of societal control and public authorities for the violation of principles and guarantees of public integrity. 
Belyaeva G.S., Antonova Z.D. - On the issue of the structure of the mechanism of political rights and freedoms protection pp. 26-37

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7136.2017.6.19070

Abstract: The authors systematize the existent approaches and analyze the structure of the mechanism of political rights and freedoms protection. The paper contains the description of the current juridical approaches to the definition of the structure of the mechanism of political rights and freedoms protection, which help formulate and offer a unified authors’ definition of the composition of this category. The authors detect and characterize the specific structural elements of this legal mechanism: the normative framework; the specific purpose, tasks and directions; the subject matter; the principles, guarantees, etc. The authors use various general scientific methods and ways of logical cognition: analysis and synthesis, abstraction, modeling, the system-structural, functional and formal-logical approaches. This article is a complex interdisciplinary study aimed at the elaboration of a general theory of legal mechanisms and the improvement of their effectiveness; it is a general theoretical conceptual study. The authors perform comparative analysis of scientific approaches to the understanding of the structure of the mechanism of political rights and freedoms protection and develop and offer its unified composition, define and characterize its specific components, which help interpret the mechanism of political rights and freedoms protection. 
Volokh V.A. - Legal grounds for temporary asylum for Edward Snowden pp. 27-53

DOI:
10.7256/2305-9699.2013.9.9431

Abstract: In the article on legal grounds for provisional asylum for Edward Snowden the author analyzes Russian and foreign practices on temporary asylum for the persons being persecuted for their political views. It is noted that the term "asylum" has a wide meaning.  The Russian Federation provides asylum for foreign citizens and apatrides, claiming asylum on its territory by 1) political asylum, 2) recognizing as a refugee, 3) temporary asylum. Having analyzed the Provisions on the Order of Provision of Political Asylum in the Russian Federation, as established by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation, the author considers that Edward Snowden did not meet the criteria for a political asylum. Unlike persons requiring political asylum under the norms of the UN Refugee Convention of 1951 and its Protocol of 1967 regarding the status of refugees, a person  who has well-grounded fears of being persecuted  for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his former habitual residence as a result of such events, is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to it may require a status of a refugee or other type of international protection (including temporary asylum). V.A. Volokh provides detailed analysis of the procedure of viewing claims for provision of a refugee status in the Russian and foreign practice, as well as matters of temporary asylum. In the opinion of the author by providing E. Snowden temporary asyulm the Russian Federation strictly complied with its international obligations regarding protection of persons claiming asylum due to persecution on the grounds of their political views. 
Zolotareva A.B. - How Russian regions solve the problem of nursing homes waiting lists pp. 27-38

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7136.2016.2.17654

Abstract: The article considers the problem of shortage of nursing home beds. In the context of regional budgets reduction, this problem can’t be solved by increasing the number of these institutions. The author studies the alternative ways of solution of this problem, applied in the regions of the Russian Federation, including the nursing homes’ services purchase and the creation of foster homes for senior citizens and disabled people. The author applies the traditional methods of sociological and legal studies, such as the method of comparative legal analysis and system analysis. The author concludes that the alternative ways to solve the problem of shortage of nursing home beds, though saving budget funds, not always meet consumers’ interests. For example, the practice of creating foster homes for senior citizens and disabled people is risk bearing, since the formation of affection between adults (in contrast to the cases of adoption of children) is unlikely. If the main motive of adoption of a person is a profit, there is a high risk of conflicts and misuses. The article contains the suggestions about the improvement of the federal and regional legislation aimed at easing the shortcomings of use of institutions replacing nursing homes. 
Ivanova Z.B., Korobko K.I. - Legal regulation of anonymous access to medical services pp. 28-34

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7136.2017.11.24590

Abstract: The article studies the problem of anonymous access to medical services. The authors give special attention to the analysis of the current legislation and the materials of judicial practice in order to detect the types of medical services which can be delivered on the anonymous basis. The authors study the concept of a pseudonym. The research methodology is based on general scientific and specific research methods, such as the formal-legal, analytical, the methods of system analysis and synthesis. The authors enumerate the types of medical services which can be delivered on the anonymous basis, and analyze the conditions of their delivery. The authors prove that pseudonyms can be legally used for medical services delivery. At the same time, the authors note that if a citizen uses a pseudonym or a fictive name to get medical care, it can potentially cause difficulties with protecting his or her rights in the case of any claims. 
Grishin P.A. - Self-defense and self-protection of civil rights and legitimate (legally protected) interests: the distinction of enforcement institutions of the domestic law pp. 30-37

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7136.2018.6.22297

Abstract: The subject of tre article is the illegitimate concept of “legitimate (legally protected) interests” that is described in the “defense of rights” point of view, moreover the terms "defense" and “protection” are semantically analyzed and compared. Else in this article the powers included into the legal institution of "self-defense of civil rights" are considered, besides, using the doctrinally developed positions on this legal institution “in its broad sense”, the concept of "protection of civil rights and legitimate (legally protected) interests" is offered. The main research methods used in this article are: analysis, extrapolation, identification, abstraction, method of expert evaluation, systematization, modeling and comparison. The main conclusions are: "legitimate (legally protected) interests" are also subjects of defense on an equal basis with rights, "defense" is a legal institution of a suppressitive and restorative nature, while protection that requires separate legislative support is aimed to preventing of violations and contestations, the legal introduction of the term "self-protection" based on the understanding of the concept of "preventive self-defense" is offered.
Kabanov P.A. - Victimologic anti-corruption education: concept, content, forms and means of realization pp. 38-64

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7136.2017.6.23077

Abstract: The research subject is victimologic anti-corruption education as a criminological interdisciplinary instrument of corruption prevention. The purpose of the research is to reveal the content of victimologic anti-corruption education, forms and means of its realization, and to formulate its draft definition as a scientific category of the modern Russian corruption victimology. The main research tasks are:-         To find and to describe the main legal sources formalizing the need for anti-corruption education of the victims of corruption in the modern Russian society;-         To analyze the current and the stale Russian statutory documents on the issues of anti-corruption education of the victims of corruption;-         To reveal the content and the specificity of anti-corruption education of the victims of corruption.The research methodology is determined by the specificity of the research subject and includes the set of general scientific methods of cognition (analysis, synthesis, grouping, comparison, etc.). The scientific novelty of the study consists in the fact that the author is the first Russian legal scholar to elaborate the new concept of “victimologic anti-corruption education”, reveal its content, describe the new forms and means of its realization. The author studies victimologic anti-corruption informing and victimologic anti-corruption consulting. 
Vayshnarovich G.V. - pp. 38-61

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7136.2018.6.25931

Abstract:
Dolgikh I.P., . - On legal elements of the nationality issue. pp. 45-53

DOI:
10.7256/2305-9699.2014.1.10788

Abstract: The article is devoted to one of the topical problems of modern Russia - the practice of identifying and reflecting in normative legal acts and other documents, proving the legally relevant facts the nationality of a citizen of the Russian Federation. In spite of the fact that when the Constitution of the Russian Federation of 1993 was adopted, it seemed that the issue of the complex of rights related to the national identity of a person was resolved, the topicality of current scientific discussions on identity of a person due to him belonging to a certain ethnos makes us analyze the relevant norm of the Basic Law more and more scrupulously. The Russian legal doctrine lacks a uniform methodological approach to the interpretation of constitutional provisions on the right of citizen to identify and to reflect his national identity.  Having analyzed the various approaches to the issue, the author evaluates the problem through the prism of legal practice. The novelty of the article is due to the way the problem is set and to the method of its resolution. The author pays attention to the issues which were not duly studied previously. The type of the article is a problem-oriented theoretical article. The methods are traditional. In the process of studies the author makes a conclusion that the constitutional provisions on the right of a citizen of Russia to identify and reflect his national entity is currently implemented incompletely, since some provisions of by-laws are not in correspondence with the Constitution.  The author proposes specific solutions to the problems, which are aimed at improvement of the legislative basis regulating the issues of public national policy.
Gorian E. - The protection of rights of migrant women, working in the household sector, in the Russian Federation pp. 74-87

DOI:
10.7256/2409-7136.2016.12.1995

Abstract: The research object is the protection of rights of migrant women, working in the household sector. The author analyzes the categories of working migrants and defines the weak spots of legal regulation of the relations they are involved in. Special attention is given to the international legal standards of the protection of rights of working migrants and the foreign experience in this sphere. The author outlines the characteristics of housework, complicating the protection of rights of migrant women. The article studies the institutional mechanisms of the protection of rights of migrant women, defines the shortcomings of normative regulation of labour relations. The complexity of the problem conditions the research methodology, that includes the historical-legal, hermeneutical and culturological methods. The mechanisms of protection of rights of migrant women, working in the household sector in the Russian Federation, are far from perfect. The solution of the mentioned problems can be found in the simplification of labour legislation, the development of the standard-form labour contract, the activation of non-governmental associations, the improvement of cooperation of the authorities with national communities and religious organizations. 
Gulyaikhin V.N. - Inclusion of the Russian youth into social and legal life: role of legal socialization pp. 88-104

DOI:
10.7256/2305-9699.2013.11.9698

Abstract: The article is devoted to the problems of legal socialization of the Russian youth.  The authors single out a number of social contradictions, which influence psychosocial evolution of young people as subjects of law. Legal socialization is characterized by them as a complicated dialectic process through which hte citizens gain socially valuable personal qualities, necessary for performance of legal roles. The article contains a conclusion that the existing social contraditions preclude the formation of efficient mechanisms for the manageable socialization of the young Russian citizens, who have to adapt to social and legal system, having a number of significant flaws and fundamental contradictions.  Their presence complicated management of the legal socialization process, and it lead to considerable deformation of legal conscience among a majority of the Russian young people. While the youth is a complicated social formation, and it constantly reproduces and changes the legal system in a society, the state government institutions pay too little attention to the youth.  The manageable legal socialization could have facilitated three specific socially important functions of the youth: reproduction, translation, and heuristic function.  The existing social antagonisms preclude formation of the efficient mechanisms for manageable socialization and provision of the clear socially useful guidelines for legal activities to the young people.
Timshina E.L. - Non-governmental organizations of women in the modern Russia: new research methods. pp. 89-109

DOI:
10.7256/2305-9699.2013.4.675

Abstract: The extent of participation of women in a political process is one of the most important markers of development of democratic institutions in Russia. The female movement reflects a wide range of problems, which concern both the position of women in various spheres, their role and place in the society and general patterns of social process, perspectives of political process development in Russia. The article contains the results of studied of female movement in the modern Russia, which were performed with the use modern informational technologies. The authors shows the possibilities for a researcher capable of using novel methods for the analysis of the mass data  of a complicated social and political matter, such as female movement in Russia. At the same time, the use formal quantity methods and computer technologies for the representative data on mass events requires that the problems of comparability be faced and solved. The mass data should be compared and such data should be combined within a database for the further mathematical and statistical processing.
Shcherbanyuk O.V. - Sovereignty of people as a guarantee of human rights and freedoms of the person and of the citizen pp. 131-148

DOI:
10.7256/2305-9699.2013.10.9610

Abstract: The author of this article analyzes sovereignty of the people through the prism of human rights and freedoms of the person and of the citizen. Since the modern democracy is based upon the idea of sovreignty of the people, the author proves that the theory of sovereignty of the people may be positively regarded as a constitutional legal doctrine of supremacy of rights of the people, priority of human rights and freedoms of the person and of the citizen, supremacy of the people as the source for the public power, having various state and legal forms. Based upon the scientific analysis, it is established that only a sovereign democratic state may guarantee political right of the person and of the citizen, and based upon the study, the author establishes the ways to solve the problems in the sphere of constitutional legal guarantees of rights and freedoms of a person, formation of an efficient constitutional process.  The author also uncovers the causes of contradictions and conflicts in the legislative system, forming obstacles for implementation of lawful rights and freedoms. 
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