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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Finance and Management" > Rubric "Innovations, innovative activities"
Innovations, innovative activities
Ilina S.A. - Business Mechanism for Commercialization of Innovations at Small and Medium Enterprises and Evaluation Algorithm pp. 1-11


Abstract: The object of the research is the business mechanism. The subject of the research is the commercialization of innovations at medium and small enterprises. The present research has a purpose to define gaps in the current business mechanism of commercialization of innovations at small and medium enterprises, to offer improving measures, and to develop the algorithm for assessing efficiency of the improved mechanism of innovation commercialization at small and medium enterprises. The author also analyzes the nature, contents and structure of the business mechanism of innovation commercialization at small and medium enterprises, and describes legal grounds private mechanisms are based on. Within the framework of the research Ilyina has used the methods of analysis, synthesis, systematization, argumentation and other methods of formal logic. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author offers her own definition of the business mechanism of innovation commercialization. She defines five basic private mechanisms in the structure of the business mechanism of innovation commercialization at small and medium enterprises. The author also defines the main problems of the current business mechanism of innovation enterprises at small and medium enterprises and offers measures to improve it. The author develops the algorithm for assessing the efficiency of the improved mechanism of innovation commercialization at small and medium enterprises. 
Parfenova M.V. - Development of Measures Aimed at Increasing Efficiency of a Corporate Innovation Policy (the Case Study of OOO 'AgroPromServis' pp. 176-180


Abstract: As a result of an established innovation policy that acts as a catalyzer of the financial economic activities, OOO 'AgroPromServis' is a financiall sound company and has a sustainable profit according to the results of the period under research (2013 - 2015). Nevertheless, indicators showing profit before taxation and net profit of the company are rather insignificant and profitability ratios are not high. Moreover, OOO 'AgroPromServis' does not conduct an efficient innovation policy because their annual investment of assets into main funds and equipment assembly have not increased the economic added value d of the company over the period since 2013 till 2015. Quite on the contrary, the economic added value has shown a tendency towards decreasing which also demonstrates the decline in the company's value. Generally, the main strategic purpose of the development of the aforesaid company is to increase its economic and technological efficiency. To achieve the purpose, it is planned: to develop prospective areas; to implement new production technologies; to launch production of new kinds of products, etc. The analysis of the innovation policy has allowed to discover the main problems and gaps which, first of all, are the following: 1) innovation policy of OOO 'AgroPromServis' involves plain reproduction which does not increase efficiency of their financial and economic activity in general; 2) due to low volumes of net profits, the company has a shortage of internal sources to fund investment activities; 3) projects executed by the company are not efficient enough because the company has a limited fund for financing all desirable investment projects and therefore they have to choose between investment projects trying to achieve the best balance between risks and profitability of projects as well as taking into account their capital-ouput ratio, i.e. necessary expenses. 
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