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Cluster as the mechanism for neo-industrialization of the economy

Lapenkova Natalya Vladimirovna

Junior Scientific Associate, Center of Monitoring and Assessment of Economic Security of the Institute of Economic Policy and National Security Problems, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation

125993 GPS-3, Russia, g. Moscow, Leningradskii pr-kt, 49, of. s pometkoi – Institut ekonomicheskoi politiki i problem ekonomicheskoi bezopasnosti

ms.nvla@mail.ru
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Firsov Dmitrii Vladimirovich

Junior Scientific Associate, Institute of Economic Policy and Economic Security Issues, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation

125993, Russia, g. Moscow, Leningradskii pr-kt, 49

firsov.dmitrii.vladimirovich@gmail.com

DOI:

10.25136/2409-7802.2021.3.35430

Review date:

05-04-2021


Publish date:

03-10-2021


Abstract: The subject of this research is various approaches towards the definition of clusters applicable to economic relations, as well as their key characteristics. Special attention is given to the analysis of the existing forms and types of clusters. The authors describe the role and place of clusters in neo-industrialization process, since cluster is not just a form of business organization, but also a form of social interaction and reproduction. Due to the ability of a cluster to accumulate and use knowledge independently, it should be viewed as the mechanism for neo-industrialization of the economy, as well as an integral element for ensuring regional competitiveness. The article notes a substantial difference between the cluster form of organization and the holding form of organization based on the Russian and foreign research, as well as the differences between economic clusters and territorial production complexes, which are characteristic to sectoral approach. The conclusion is made that the prerequisite for the emergence of cluster is not the solution of the administrative guidance system, but a natural need of the business, favorable conditions for integration, and availability of the necessary infrastructure. The novelty consists in viewing cluster as the mechanism for neo-industrialization of the economy. It is underlined that clusters create a synergistic effect for the global region they are located in, as well as for the economies of the countries, separate regions or territories of these countries. The authors indicate the need for elaboration of the new approach towards the development of cluster policy. The new cluster policy is intended to regulate the industrial innovation process in the Russian Federation.


Keywords: mechanism of neo-industrialization of the economy, synergistic effect, neo-industrialization, regional competitiveness, economy clustering, cluster, Regional development, cluster policy, innovation, regional socio-economic development
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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