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Adaptation and socialization: the analysis of the general and the specific
Rostovtseva Marina Viktorovna

PhD in Philosophy

Docent, the department of Social Technologies, Siberian Federal University

660030, Russia, Krasnoyarsk, Vilskogo Street 18a, unit #58

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This article demonstrates the differences between the two, quite similar at first sight, processes: socialization and adaptation. The similarity of these processes is discovered in their sociality, possibility of emergence and development only within the society and only among people. As in the socialization process, in the course of social adaptation there is an active adjustment, assimilation by the human of the social norms and requirements of this social environment. Moreover, a necessary criterion and result of the successful socialization, as well as the effective social adaptation, is self-development, self-realization, and self-actualization of identity in society. The differences take their roots in the nature, criteria, and functions of these processes. It is demonstrated that the essential distinction consists in the role played by social adaptation in the process of socialization of an individual, namely in its gradual subjectivation, alienation from the society. It is substantiated that social adaptation is a method of socialization of an individual, as specifically in the process of social adaptation a person attains the experience necessary for their establishment as a rightful and competent member of society.

Keywords: Socialization, Adaptation, Identity, Society, Self-realization, Subjectivation, Development, Method, Problem, Activeness



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This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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