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About the Cognitive Model of Managing Safety of Heavily Trafficked Facilities (the Results of Investigation of the Fire that Happened at Turgenevsky Shopping Center in Cherkessk)
Belozerov Valerii Vladimirovich

Doctor of Technical Science

General Director at LLC “Scientific Technological Production Center OKTAEDR”; Professor at the department of Automation of Production Processes, Don State Technical University

344091, Russia, Rostov-on-Don, ul. Kashirskaya, 22-41

safeting@mail.ru

 

 

Abstract.

In his article Belozerov presents the results of a comprehensive expert audit of the fire that happened at Turgenevsky Shopping Center in Cherkessk and resulted in over 1.5 billion roubles of damage. The researcher underlines that the safety levels of heavily trafficked facilities (HTFs) are set in the design and checked by the state or non-state expertise that issues a construction permission. In the course of construction, functioning and modernization of HTFs the observance of safety requirements is controlled by different supervisory agencies (architectural, fire-protection, energy agencies, etc.) and this is the very point when the safety level is often reduced significantly. Thus, Belozerov offers the concept of cognitive synergetic system of HTF safety management under the aegis of Russia's Prosecution Office. The results of analyzing violations of safety requirements committed by both HTF heads and supervisory agencies  demonstrate that the main causes of such violations are, firstly, the variety of supervisory agencies and the absence of interaction between them; secondly, a great number of contradictory requirements, guidelines and rules regarding the matter, and the fact that regional governments try to set forth individual regulations and mandatory requirements in addition to standard Technical Regulations. 

Keywords: synergetic, norms and rules, technical regulations, laws, supervisory authorities, management, safety, an object with mass stay of people, cognitive model, public prosecutor's supervision

DOI:

10.25136/2409-7543.2018.5.27485

Article was received:

24-09-2018


Review date:

27-09-2018


Publish date:

31-10-2018


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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