Статья 'Современное информационное общество и актуальные вопросы управления знаниями' - журнал 'Кибернетика и программирование' - NotaBene.ru
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Cybernetics and programming

The modern information society and topical issues of knowledge

Surma Ivan Viktorovich

PhD in Economics

Professor, the department of State Administration and National Security, Diplomatoc Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia

119992, Russia, Moscow, Ostozhenka Street 53/2, office #220

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The article deals with the fact that at the present time knowledge is, on the one hand, the information used for decision making and on the other, as assets, directly involved in the production of tangible or intangible benefits thus becoming a commodity. The author highlights that in this way an traditionally managed organization, for which the most important resource is the capital, turns into a knowledge oriented organization. So the main factor of competitiveness of a country today is the ability to acquire and use knowledge. The article also reveals a fundamental difference between the information society and the knowledge-based society. The author points out, that shift from the first type of society to the second type requires very responsible approach to the creation of knowledge and its dissemination. The article uses the most comprehensive and integrated approach to measuring "the economy based on knowledge", developed by UN experts. The approach is based on the four basic elements, including dynamic innovation infrastructure and innovation systems. A key conclusion of the article in the fact that approach to knowledge as an asset is the basis of a modern the knowledge-based economy.  Asymmetry of knowledge between organizations is a key factor for competitive advantage. The processes of integration and significant pace of changes in technology so greatly influence the characteristics of the processes of globalization that global knowledge economy emerges. The author notes, that changes take place not only in ways of managing, but also in fields of culture and public relations, including the corporate culture of the organization and human resource management.

Keywords: the model of knowledge sources, knowledge assessment methodology, knowledge index, resource model, knowledge for development, OECD, information society, knowledge economy, information and communication technologies, the knowledge society
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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