Статья 'Исламские политические и неформальные организации России 1990-х гг. (на примере Среднего Поволжья)' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research

Islamic Political and Informal Organizations of Russia During the 1990's (Based on the Example of the Middle Volga Region)

Koroleva Larisa

Doctor of History

Head of the Department at Penza State University of Architecture and Construction

440028, Russia, g. Penza, ul. Titova, 28

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Korolev Aleksei Aleksandrovich

Doctor of History

senior research assistant at Penza State University of Architecture and Construction

440028, Russia, Penza, ul. G. Titova 28

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Mol'kin Aleksei Nikolaevich

student at Penza State University of Architecture and Construction

440028, Russia, Penza, ul. G. Titova 28

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Abstract: The authors of the article analyze the process of creation of Muslim political organizations in Russia at the federal level during so called religious Renaissance in the 1990's (All-Union Islamic Revival Party 'Nakhdat', Islamic Cultural Center, Social Movement 'Nur' ('Light'), the Union of Muslims of Russia, 'Ittifak al'-muslimin' (Muslim Union) and political movement 'Refax'). The authors also analyze programs carried out by these organizations, activities of their leaders, relations with political parties and etc. The process of formation of informal Islamic groups had the following peculiarities in the Middle Volga Region: more 'earthly' nature of units, close relations to usual Muslims, radical nature of those organizations and their activities, political neutrality and focus on the issues of national culture. The authors also study associated programs, targets, activities and documents ('Tatar kanun' - Constitution of Tatar People, 'Tatar mekhellese' and others) created by both radical and moderate groups such as Tatar Social Center, Tatar Party of National Independence 'Ittifak', Youth Union 'Azatlyk' and etc. The authors also describe the Muslim closed group 'Saf Islam' (Pure Islam).  Even though Tatar national movements appealed to Islamic values, their programs and activities were mostly socially oriented.

Keywords: Russia, Islam, political organizations, informal groups, Middle Volga Region
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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