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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Paleopathological peculiarities of the impuberal adolescent population of the Middle-Sarmatian times buried in the Lower Volga Region

Pererva Evgenii Vladimirovich

PhD in History

Docent, the department of Russian and World History and Archaeology, Volgograd State University

400131, Russia, Volgogradskaya oblast', g. Volgograd, pr. Universitetskii, 100

perervafox@mail.ru
ƒругие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2409-868X.2016.6.21304

Review date:

04-12-2016


Publish date:

15-01-2017


Abstract: This article is dedicated to the paleopathological examination of the remains of impuberal individuals and adolescents of the Middle-Sarmatian times from the near Kurgan burials, territory of the Lower Volga and Lower Don. During the process of this research, the specificities of the age structure of the group were being assessed. The character of pathological deviations was studied on the dentition (tartar and enamel hypoplasia), scull bones (signs of porosis, markers of iron-deficient anemia, inflammatory processes), as well as the bones of postcranial skeleton. Overall, 21 individual was subjected to this study. The scientific novelty consists in the fact that this article is the first to examine the anthropological materials of impuberal individuals and adolescents of the Middle-Sarmatian times in the context of paleopathology. In the result of this study, it was determined that during this timeframe there were not many children buried in near Kurgan Region, which is likely associated with the existence of other type of burial ritual of the impuberal population. The children of the Middle-Sarmatian period had prolonged breastfeeding and specific diet, which was based on meat and dairy. Thus, the illnesses, which emerge because of the lack of minerals and vitamins in the body, were common to the children of this period.


Keywords: Porotic hyperostosis, Famine, Scurvy, Anemia, Enamel hypoplasia, Tartar, Adolescents, Children, Paleopathology, Middle Sarmatians
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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