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Discourse, democracy, political publicity as the components of German normative concept of liberalism
Parkhomenko Roman Nikolaevich

Doctor of Philosophy

Docent, the department of Philosophy and Culturology, Russian University of Transport

127994, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Obraztsova, d. 9, str. 9

parkhomenkor@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

Abstract.

The object of this research is the main definitions of the social theory of one of the most reputable contemporary German philosophers Jürgen Habermas that received a title of “deliberative democracy”. Special attention is given to the examination of liberalism, which tends to exaggerate the role of the negative individual freedoms that in turn, leads to unacceptability of the so-called “Western individualism”, predominantly within the Eastern societies. At the same time, entire legal power of the Western democracies ranges itself on the side of personal interests of an individual. The author thoroughly explores the question on how the instrumentalist understanding of the principles of democracy sharply contradicts the republican “variant” of democratic freedoms. The author’s main contribution consists in an attempt to determine the merits and flaws of the J. Habermas’ theory. The fact that the main positions of the theory of discursive democracy are substantiated fairly convincing id considered a positive side of the social philosophy of Habermas. However, the disadvantage of the concept of deliberative democracy consists in the fact that Habermas as an unconditional prerequisite accepts a postulate that all people are rational creatures, whose behavior is being strictly regulated by the rational principles expressed by the virtue of language.

Keywords: state, republicanism, deliberative democracy, liberalism, discourse, Jürgen Habermas, political publicity, democracy, society, freedom

DOI:

10.7256/2409-8728.2016.4.18411

Article was received:

19-03-2016


Review date:

21-03-2016


Publish date:

08-04-2016


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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