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Finance and Management
Reference:

Subsidies as a universal form of government support of companies in the real sector: grounds for provision

Kireeva Anastasia Viktorovna

PhD in Law

Ph.D. in Jurisprudence, Leading Researcher of the laboratory of Budgetary Policy of the Institute for Applied Economic Research Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation

119571, Russia, gorod Moskva, g. Moscow, ul. Prospekt Vernadskogo, 82, str.1

Kireeva@iet.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 
Komarnitskaya Anna Nikolaevna

Scientific Associate, the Institute of Applied Economic Research of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation

119571, Russia, Moscow oblast', g. Moscow, ul. Prospekt Vernadskogo, 82, str.1

komarnitskaya-an@ranepa.ru

DOI:

10.25136/2409-7802.2020.1.29600

Review date:

23-04-2019


Publish date:

09-04-2020


Abstract: The subject of this research is the grounds for providing budget subsidies to the companies of the real sector. Assessment was conducted on the correlation between subsidies given to the real sector for stimulating their development, and subsidies given to the private companies for performing state functions, including in the social sphere. The basis for the analysis consists in data from the laws on federal budget over the recent years, as well as federal targeted investment program and state programs enacted for the purpose of developing separate economic sectors. It is demonstrated that majority of subsidies given to legal entities go to companies carrying out tasks and functions of the government. The subsidies that are given for the purpose of compensating expanses of private companies performing state regulation of prices (tariffs) or rendering budgetary services to the population, are not of incentivizing nature. As a result, the procedures aimed at improving efficiency of budget spending, including selection of recipients on a competition basis, as well as subsequent assessment of efficiency and results of spending of budgetary allocations are not applicable to this category of subsidies. It is also demonstrated that fiscal legislation does not account for differences in grounds for provision of subsidies, which leads to their utilization as a universal instrument for transfer of allocations form public to private sector – alternatives to state tasks, procurement, investments, and lending.


Keywords: Budget code, real economy, recipient selection, investment, budget appropriations, grants, subsidies, anti-crisis subsidies, price con­trol, subsidy performance
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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