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Litera
Reference:

Peculiarities of genesis of the classical phrase particles of Chinese language

Pavlova Alena Dmitrievna

External Doctoral Candidate, the department of Far Eastern Languages, Military University of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

125047, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Volochaevskaya Ulitsa, 1

ahisha@mail.ru
Guruleva Tatiana Leonidovna

Doctor of Pedagogy

Professor, the department of Far Eastern Languages, Military University of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

125047, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Volochaevskaya Ulitsa, 1

gurulevatatiana@mail.ru

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8698.2021.1.34877

Review date:

17-01-2021


Publish date:

27-01-2021


Abstract: This article is dedicated to the evolution of phrase particles in Chinese language. The goal consists in examination of genesis of the classical phrase particles of Chinese language and their development patterns. The article also describes the origins of phrase particles, which were established as a result of analysis of the genesis. The relevance of this research is substantiated by the need for diachronic analysis of the particles in order to understand the essence and peculiarities of the functionality of modern particles. Recent years indicate heightened interest to learning Chinese language. The requirements to the level of formation of the Chinese linguistic personality in the process of teaching Chinese language at schools and universities have also grown significantly. Phrase particles play an important role in the development of communicative competence of the learners of Chinese language. Leaning on the existing theoretical works and written sources, the author analyzes the particles of Putonghua from the III century BC until the eary XX century was performed, as well as reconstructs the process of formation and development of the modern classical phrase particles (啊,吗,吧,呢,了,的). The conclusions are formulated on the origins of classical phrase particles of Chinese language and their development patterns; description is given to the peculiarities of formation of each of the classical phrase particles.


Keywords: modality, particle etymology, Chinese, discoursec particles, translation, modal particles, sentence-final particle, grammaticalization, function words, lexicalization
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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