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The Russian and Ukrainian Language Reforms of the 1917 - 1921. Causes and Consequences

Kriuchkova Ekaterina Sergeevna

Assistant of the Department of Linguodidactics and Textology at Peoples' Friendship University of Russia

117198, Russia, Moskovskaya oblast', g. Moscow, ul. Miklukho-Maklaya, 6




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Abstract: In her research Kryuchkova analyzes the spelling reforms that took place in Russia and Ukraine in 1917 and 1921. The subject of the research is the differences and similarities in the language reforms of the early XXth century. An important feature of that period is that a great variety of sources including political processes influenced the development of the new language standard. Thus, the Russian spelling reform was influenced by the policy of the Russian Empire and then RSFSR while Ukrainian spelling reform was influenced by the policy of the Ukrainian People's Republic. The main research method used by the author is the comparison, the author has also applied the methods of idealisation, analysis and synthesis. Earlier researches have never compared Russian and Ukrainian language reforms of 1917 and 1921. The main conclusion of the research is that despite the fact that they both happened in the same period of time, these two reforms did not coincide. The author has also discovered that even though both reforms are usually thought to be conducted by the communist party, they were initially developed by the ideological opponents of communists.

Keywords: Simplification of Russian spelling, Ukrainian People's Republic, Reforms of the Bolsheviks, Spelling subcommittee, Spelling reform, Russian standard language, Ukrainian standard language, Russian spelling reform, Ukrainian spelling reform, Standard language
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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