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Limit and Movement Verbs in the Yakut Language
Samsonova Ekaterina Maksimovna

PhD in Philology

Researcher at Institute for Humanities Research and Indigenous Studies of the North, Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch

677027, Russia, respublika Sakha (yakutiya), g. Yakutsk, ul. Petrovskogo, 1, kab. 301



The subject of the research is the peculiarities of the manifestation of the limit feature in the lexico-semantic group of movement verbs in the Yakut language. The author pays special attention to the classification of subgroups of verbs with the semantics of oriented, vertical movement and the meaning of overcoming obstacles. The lexicographic source in the article is the material of the Big Explanatory Dictionary of the Yakut Language. The polysemism of many verbs of the Yakut language movement implies using not the verbal lexeme itself, but its lexico-semantic version (LSV) as the unit of analysis. The use of the functional-semantic approach allowed to determine the place occupied by the limiting / unsaturated verbal vocabulary in the three-level structure of the expression plan of the category of limitingness of the language in question. The novelty of the work lies in the fact that for the first time in Yakut linguistics a distinction is made between verbal lexemes on the basis of lexico-semantic groups: previously, researchers focused only on the study of such a feature as transitivity / intransigence of action. During the analysis, it was established that the polysemousness of most Yakut verbs allows their lexico-semantic variants to participate in the expression of several typical situations. The classification of limiting verbs of movement in the Yakut language shows that, depending on the type of movement, the degree of manifestation of the limit in the semantics of the verbal lexeme also differs.

Keywords: lexical and semantic variant, limit, aspects, functional-semantic category, verb, Yakut language, oriented movement, vertical movement, overcome obstacles, localizer



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