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Publications of Gorbaneva Olga Ivanovna
Security Issues, 2021-2
Gorbaneva O.I. - Administrative corruption in the static model of balancing common and private interests pp. 9-19


Abstract:  This article is dedicated to examination of corruption in the previously researched static model of balancing common and private interests (SOCHI-models). In the previously considered two-level system, between the upper non-corrupted level and the lower – agents, is introduced the average level which in exchange for a bribe, can weaken the influence of the upper level. The upper level sets the minimum amount of resources for an agent to spend on general purposes. A supervisor, in exchange for a bribe, the role of which is played by the share of agent’s private income, can reduce this lower boundary, allowing the latter to spend more resources on private purposes. This article reviews the three-level hierarchical system “Principal-Supervisor-Agents”, where the supervisor uses the administrative corruption mechanism, which requires two descriptive and optimization approaches towards its examination. The descriptive approach suggests that the considered functions of bribery are known; while the optimization approach implies the use of Germeyer’s theorem. The author explores the impact of administrative corruption upon systemic congruence of the SOCHI-model: it is proven that the administrative corruption can only reduce congruence. The author finds the conditions that can beat or reduce administrative corruption can, as well as conditions when corruption is disadvantageous for supervisor or agent. The article determines the circle of agents that supervisor can exert influence upon. 
Theoretical and Applied Economics, 2021-2
Gorbaneva O.I., Murzin A.D., Revunov R.V. - Mechanisms for coordination of interests of the parties to municipal-private partnership pp. 22-32


Abstract: This research is dedicated to the use of widespread static models for coordination of common and private interests to the conditions of municipal programs. The subject of this research is the coordination of interests of the parties to municipal-private partnership projects. The goal lies in application of the static models of coordination of common and private interests to the single-stage socioeconomic processes of implementation of municipal-private partnership projects. The research methodology is structured on the use of static models of coordination of public and private interests), taking into account the utilitarian function of social well-being, the mechanism of Nash equilibrium, and the index of systemic coordination. The author carries out modeling of the coordination of interests of the parties to municipal improvement projects in the city of Novocherkassk, interprets the variants of the use of the mechanism of proportionate distribution, economic regulation and administrative control in managing the implementation of the program. The acquired results find reflection in the municipal management pertinent to the arrangement of municipal-private partnership programs and coordination of interests of the parties. The novelty of this research consists in adaptation of the abstract models of coordination of interests to the tasks of municipal management, which significantly improve the efficiency of planning municipal programs. The conclusion is made on the effectiveness of such management mechanisms for the municipal program. Recommendations are given for coordination of interests of each party to the partnership.
Cybernetics and programming, 2020-1
Gorbaneva O.I., Murzin A.D., Ougolnitsky G.A. - Modeling the coordination of general and private interests of the development of economic entities pp. 1-8


Abstract: The article presents a dynamic socio-ecological-economic model of the synergetic development of individual economic entities, which makes it possible to reconcile their general and private interests. Maximization of specific consumption is proposed as a target parameter. Accordingly, in relation to private interests - the subject, in relation to general interests - the governing center. The model provides for the possibility of using the available resources by each entity both in the tasks of their own development and in the general development goals of other entities. The presented model can be used to form an economic development program for a separate territory, a separate industrial cluster, a municipality, a region and a macro-region. As a result of modeling, control parameters are formed for developing a strategy for economic development. A model of territorial development based on two models is presented: a dynamic model of the combination of general and private interests and a neoclassical Solow model. It is proposed to use a model for regional systems, where the elements of the system are regions within one macro-region. The parameters of the model used for the macroregion are described in terms of identification. The modification of the Solow model takes into account a) threshold limits on the volume of production in the region, emissions and discharges of pollutants from the regions; b) interaction of subjects in solving joint development problems through cross-investment for a synergistic effect; c) taking into account the influence of technical progress both on the volume of the quantity of products produced and on labor productivity. As for the use of the model of the combination of general and private interests, the sum of two terms was taken as the target function of agents (regions): the maximization of specific consumption is taken as the private interests of the region, and the specific consumption of the entire macroregion is taken as the general interest.
Cybernetics and programming, 2020-1
Gorbaneva O.I., Murzin A.D., Lazareva E.I. - Parameters of sustainable ecological and economic development in the dynamic model of the combination of general and private interests of the development of the system of subjects pp. 9-17


Abstract: The article is devoted to the development of a dynamic model for the coordination of general and private interests in the system of complex socio-ecological-economic synergetic development of a system of economic entities, the target control parameter of which is maximization of specific consumption. The parameters of the model under consideration are supposed to be supplemented with the criteria of ecological and economic sustainability of a group of subjects localized on a separate territory, within the boundaries of a separate industrial cluster, municipal formation, region or macroregion. The conditions for sustainable development (homeostasis) of the socio-ecological-economic system in the model are set by the requirements for the economic development of the agent, the maximum permissible emissions and discharges of pollutants into the environment in the process of economic activity. The resulting formalized dependencies make it possible to substantiate the environmental and social significance of the management decisions taken, as well as the effects associated with the dynamics and uncertainty of the external environment. The paper presents an algorithm for finding the Nash equilibrium in the previously presented dynamic model for combining general and private interests of territorial development. Some components of the vector of control actions are found analytically, for the rest an economical procedure is described. It is shown that in the absence of established threshold values for GRP and the concentration of pollutants in water and air, it is unprofitable for territorial entities to spend resources neither on investments in production or fixed production assets, nor on cleaning up pollution. Consequently, the expediency of introducing conditions for sustainable development, which are fulfilled by the subject in the form of equality, is shown.
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