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Cybernetics and programming
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Publications of Lavrent'ev Boris Fedorovich
Cybernetics and programming, 2018-1
Lavrent'ev B.F. - Multi-program medical device for light exposure to the human visual analyzer pp. 48-54

DOI:
10.25136/2306-4196.2018.1.19519

Abstract: The subject of research is the creation of a simple multi-program multifunctional device for scientific medical centers with the aim of conducting clinical trials in the treatment of various human diseases using elements of light exposure to the human visual analyzer. The author focuses on information search by topic, design of the device in accordance with the technical task, development of technical documentation, manufacture and configuration of the prototype device and transfering it to the medical center for clinical studies. In addition, the most important task of the project is to develop software for the device and to coordinate it with medical specialists.The device has wide functional possibilities of influencing the human body through vision with light signals of different color, frequency modulation, brightness, shape, speed of movement with the possibility of operative change of their parameters during one session.Electroretinography is a method for studying the function of the retina of the eye by recording the oscillations of the biopotential arising in it under light stimulation. In humans, these fluctuations are recorded with the help of a special contact lens in which electrodes are mounted. Electroretinography is used both for research purposes and in clinical practice. Cataract, glaucoma, vascular disorders are diagnosed., Diseases of various human organs. The functional possibilities of the proposed device are increasing, as it becomes possible, in addition to more effective influence on the visual analyzer of a person, the introduction of chromotarapy elements and psycho-emotional effects on a person, for example, stress relief, improvement quality of sleep, increase of creative possibilities, more effective training with the use of audio equipment. The effectiveness of the use of light influence on this or that human organ for the purpose of its treatment is determined by the fact that electromagnetic radiation of the visible optical range is an integral component of the human environment. Numerous studies have shown that light radiation of different spectrum regulates carbohydrate, protein, fat, water-salt and mineral metabolism, cellular metabolism, complex adaptive processes.Information search showed that similar devices with such functionality do not exist.
Agriculture, 2017-2
Lavrent'ev B.F. - Bee-keeping development in the Republic of Marij El pp. 44-51

DOI:
10.7256/2453-8809.2017.2.22687

Abstract: The main task of this project is the creation of a reliable, highly effective, affordable high performance system of bee venom collection in order to provide the Russian pharmaceutical industry with raw products for the purposes of import substitution. Another its goal is to develop methodological documents for the comprehensive study of the process of bee venom collection during the season of 2017. The research task of the project is to find out the dependency of the amount of the collected venom on the method of bees disturbing, season, time of day, weather conditions, modes of a bee venom collector, duration of collection, state of a bee colony and other factors. The research is performed using the instruments, which have been designed in Volga State University of Technology and received 8 patents of the Russian Federation.Within the project, significant attention will be given to the improvement of the quality of bee venom and to its certification in order to organize the production of venom-based medicines at Yoshkar-Ola pharmaceutical plant. The research is based on the methods of observation, comparison and experimental research at bee yards of the Republic of Marij El. Biological researches are conducted in the field and in the laboratory. All the acquired results are subject to qualitative and quantitative analysis. It is planned to perform comprehensive research in order to define the vitality and productivity of bee colonies in terms of the method of bees disturbing, season, time of day, weather conditions, modes of a bee venom collector, duration of venom collection, state of a bee colony and other factors. A significant feature of the bee venom collector is the automatic program change mode depending on the parameters of the environment. This mode helps avoid bees’ adaptation to the disturbing factors and to raise the effectiveness of venom collection. The output buses of the device are protected from short-circuits in wire lines and venom receivers; it guarantees their reliability and improves their effectiveness. Using the system of bee venom collection, it is possible to cover the expenses for the development and production of devices and the expenditures of regional producers on venom collection, including the groups of venom collectors. The last-mentioned factor is very important, because it can reduce the price for honey by 35-40% and improve the competitive performance of bee-keeping on the global market. Besides, it could create the basis, which would provide the Russian pharmaceutical industry with raw materials for import substitution. 
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