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NB: Administrative Law and Administration Practice

The US policy on decentralization of schooling.

Kananykina Elena Sergeevna

PhD in Law

Head of the Legal Department at State Duma of Nyagan for Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug - Yugra

628181, Russia, g. Nyagan', ul. 4 Mkr, 24

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Abstract: According to the Xth Amendment to the US Constitution the functions of the federal government do not include control over education system and till recently it mostly was not involved in this sphere. The typical feature of modern America is the decrease of autonomy of regional and local education management bodies and schools. This is mostly due to the financial system.  The share of state federal allotments for education is growing, however, they are still lower than the sums assigned for states and educational districts. Of course, a decentralized system should provide a lot of space for development of local initiative, to ease various pedagogical experiments, and to provide better recognition of local educational specificities. But in theory decentralization process should not be opposed to strengthening the central government bodies.

Keywords: America, education, decentralization, power, separation of powers, politics, sources of law
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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