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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Urban Studies" > Rubric "Закон и порядок "
Закон и порядок
Ivanov O., Ilinskaya Y. - Mediation in city-planning conflicts pp. 1-10

DOI:
10.7256/2310-8673.2017.2.22594

Abstract: This article examines the phenomenon of city-planning conflicts in modern Russia, as well as possibility of their efficient management by means of mediation procedure. Attention is focused on the factors that caused changes in urban space in the process of continuous urbanization and effect of the economic interest upon the character of urban development. The urban environment is viewed as consumer space; the city-planning conflicts are studied based on the practical material. The authors provide definition to the city-planning conflict and determine the structures that generate such conflict. From the perspective of systemic approach and with consideration of the existing city-planning theories, the article analyzed the nature of occurrence and development of the conflict situations within the urban realm. The need is substantiated for examination and consideration of the urban conflicts by the experts in the field of conflictology and mediation. The authors conduct analysis of the flaws in legal regulation in the area of mediation procedure applicable to the city-planning conflicts, as well as suggest measures on improvement of legislation in this sphere. Conclusion is made on the possibility and purposefulness of implementation of mediation as an efficient tool for managing the city-planning conflicts alongside their resolution upon the condition of the substantial increase of the role of mediation and mediators and necessary amendments to the existing legislation.
Akopdzhanova M.O. - On crinimal liability for violating construction safety regulations pp. 47-55

DOI:
10.7256/2310-8673.2014.3.13597

Abstract: The Russian urban planning legislation at large involves a system of safety requirements which must be observed during all stages of architectural and construction planning. Failure to comply which brought on the consequences listed in criminal Law results in criminal liability, as per article 216 of Russian Criminal Code. This article is dedicated to the study of procedure for construction planning, as basic safety requirement, the harm that results in criminal liability and the defining traits of the said liability, as well as the procedure for repaying damages as part of a civil suit within a criminal case. The methodological basis of this article is the multitude of general scientific and specific methods for studying the objective social and legal reality, within the scope of the study: the methods of analysis, synthesis, systematization and generalization, formal and logic methods. This article examines and analyzes the major aspects of construction planning liability legal norm application. The conclusions in this article may be found useful by public authorities which deal with such cases, as well as students, post-graduates, and anyone interested in Jurisprudence.
Akhrameeva O.V. - The role of administrative regulations in ensuring private interests pp. 51-61

DOI:
10.7256/2310-8673.2016.1.17141

Abstract: The modern legal regulation of public relations is first and foremost based on ensuring and protections of the rights of a private entity, and thus – the private sphere of public relations. This goal is reflected in the Constitution of the Russian Federation, in protection of all forms of property, including private and state. Due to the fact that private and public interests are inseparably intertwined and represent an integrated whole, the stability of the entire society, and especially its lowest local level, depends on how the private relations would be regulated. However the regulation of private relations is based on such postulate that this category can only be regulated by the norms of private law. At the same time, the government actively provides the public-legal mechanisms, which will allow even to the local government authorities to independently regulate these relations. In this article the author explores one of these mechanisms – administrative regulations – normative acts which provide systematization and regulation of the administrative process and reflect the separate operating processes and the order of their execution. Basing on the comparative-legal and historical methods, the author analyzes the establishment of the aforementioned mechanism of realization of private interests in the world, as well as in the Russian Federation, particularly in the conditions of the advancing concept of e-government. The author points out the main issues that require solution, among which are the municipal informatization, information accessibility, adequate and understandable perception of electronic services, etc.
Kobets P.N. - Peculiarities of counteracting terrorism in large cities and metropolitan areas pp. 65-80

DOI:
10.7256/2310-8673.2017.2.22508

Abstract: The subject of this research is the criminological, sociological, legal and statistical characteristics of terrorist crime in the large cities and metropolitan areas, as well as the activities aimed at its prevention. For this purpose, the author attempts to highlight the complex criminological issues of theoretical nature related to the functioning and improvement of the system for preventing crime of terrorist nature in major cities and metropolitan areas for possible further elaboration of the scientifically substantiated recommendations aimed at improving the criminal and social policy for minimizing the consequences of terrorist crime. Covering the peculiarities of counteracting urban terrorism, the author describes social danger of the examined phenomenon, reveals its legislative base, as well as mentiones the organizational framework of counter-terrorism. A brief reference to the problems of interpretation of law and law enforcement in the field of counteracting terrorism is provided. The article also raises a question about the need for revising and correcting the main definitions that characterize urban terrorism, offering an original definition of urban terrorism. The author gives assessment to the current terrorist threats in the large cities and metropolitan areas, ways, means, and consequences of terrorist attack. Motivation of urban terrorism alongside the specificities of strategy of the urban terrorists are being examined. The aspects of such important issue as recruiting of civilians into the terrorist organizations are being touched upon. The author comes concludes that in terms of the urban environment, terrorism has become more complex, diverse, and difficult to predict. Analyzing the existing system of terrorism prevention in the cities, the author notes the need for establishing the more efficient system for counteracting the urban terrorism. Scientific novelty of the research is defined by the system analysis of urban terrorism.
Danilova N.V. - Solid waste disposal: new legal requirements and their impact on society and economy pp. 109-124

DOI:
10.7256/2310-8673.2015.3.16462

Abstract: New production and consumption waste regulations come into force on January 1, 2016. Among the novelties is the introduction of fees for negative environment impact caused by the disposal of solid waste of the population. This article describes the new layout of legal relations that occur between government authorities, entrepreneurs, operating companies and residents. The author shows the new position of fee payment in this chain of relations. During research, the author employed general and specific science methods, such as: dialectic, formal-logical, formal-legal and comparative-legal. The analysis performed allowed the author to reach a conclusion that the introduction of solid waste disposal fees will lead to an unreasonable increase in utility bills. The author proposes of exempting solid waste from negative environment impact fees.
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