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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Urban Studies" > Rubric "Транспорт и коммуникации"
Транспорт и коммуникации
Rabkin S.V. - Airfield complexes in northern cities: institutionalizing the criteria for modern development pp. 34-49


Abstract: The development of airfield complexes in northern cities is a necessary condition for forming a universal territorial space of Russian Federation. The strategic tasks of exploring the Russian part of the Arctic region define the high priority of this vector. However, a return to strategic planning principles for regional development demands efficient mechanisms for their implementation, while taking into account the institutional changes in the economy's structure. As this research suggests, among the major problems, the issues of modernization of airfield complexes located within city borders stand out. By the example of the Republic of Komi, the author examines the regional aspects if airline deregulation. Basing on the method of institutional analysis, the author elaborates on the necessity of further examining the concepts of transport accessibility and security, taking into account the trends in their institutionalization at the present time. The use of methodology of institutional systemic synthesis allows to envision the indicators that characterize sectoral security as institutional criteria for defining the national priorities of development. The stated approach may be employed when forming regional polycentric systems of transport infrastructure object placement. Attention is drawn to the role of airfield complexes in ensuring economic security and in ongoing urbanization of the Russian North.
Boltaevskii A.A. - The municipal public transportation: evolution of views pp. 47-53


Abstract: The subject of this research is the development of the municipal passenger transportation, without a proper functionality of which the modern city cannot exist. In the XX century the competition between the automobile and the public transportation gas grown; this first caused reduction in the intraurban transportation by bus, trolleybus, and tramway in the Western countries, and later in Russia. Such phenomenon appeared to be sudden for both categories, people in power, as well as specialists. The author examines the change of paradigms in dichotomy automobile – land transportation, pointing out the delay in the automobilization processes in Russia. Special attention is given to the questions of development of the municipal electric transportation, particularly the tramway. The author’s main contribution consists in the necessity of the urgent development of the public electric transportation in large and medium sized cities of Russia, specifically tramway, trolley bus, and the system of urban electric trains. It will allow improving not only the territorial accessibility, but also realize the environmental requirements essential for the modern city.
Boltaevskii A.A. - Transport as a basis of the modern city pp. 97-104


Abstract: Transport is the foundation of modern society, especially its role noticeable in a metropolis. It is the development of means of communication possible to expand the boundaries of the city, abandoning the crowding of the population and, as a consequence, lack of hygiene, going to the era of suburbanization. However, with the development of assembly-line production has seen a dramatic increase in the number of individual vehicles. Stormy motorization has led to a collapse in metropolitan areas, while reducing the fleet of public transport, especially trams. In fact, the movement of human traffic was independent of its objectives, and involve significant element of chance.The study compares different conceptual frameworks and ways of their realization in the formation of urban transport systems. The author relies on the theory of postmodern Jean Baudrillard.The future of urban transport may only have a social character. The priority is the tightening of the requirements for vehicles, including the reduction of entrance areas and the development of metro duo bus, light rail. A positive example of Copenhagen, Curitiba, actions of the Moscow authorities say that make the city livable, accessible to all social groups, it is realistic in the foreseeable future.
Barkovskiy A.M. - Architectural and sociological aspects of reconstruction of train stations in small towns pp. 180-189


Abstract: This article considers the possibility of creation of the highly urbanized multifunctional hubs of urban framework in small towns through reconstruction of the train stations and adjacent territories. Based on the example of Kinel, town in Samara Region, the author determines the architectural prerequisites for carrying out such reconstruction. The established urban culture contains the three spatial elements: railroad complex (train station, bus station and other transport infrastructure), personal social services (shopping facilities) and communication system (pedestrian bridge). Collection of information for this study was conducted via surveying the local population, using the method of individual questionnaire; processing and analysis of empirical data – using computer software. The article presents the results of the applied architectural-sociological study and their impact upon the architectural arrangement of functional process of reconstructed urban environment. The author underlines the development prospects of the train station territory with the possibility of preserving the historically formed public spaces and existing demands of the local population.
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