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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Psychologist" > Rubric "The conscious and the unconscious"
The conscious and the unconscious
Korolev S.A. - Night Dreams as the Emanation of the 'Social Subconscious'. Article 3. Hostel pp. 47-98


Abstract: The article is a continuation of the study of night dreams as a kind of emanation of so-called "social subconscious". Having considered in a previous publication (NB: Psychology and Psychotechnics, 2014, № 2) military segment of the "disciplinary dreams", the author goes on to analyze the reflection in dreams of realities of the post-Soviet student dormitory and of the entire complex of its disciplinary technologies. Researcher relies primarily on the Freud’s conclusion about the existence of a special class of typical dreams and on the ideas of K.G. Jung that dream not only contains traces of wish fulfillment, but rather reflects the fear or anxiety of the individual. The author shows that a significant part of dreams that reflects the realities of the post-Soviet student hostel, colored by fear and anxiety as dominant emotions of dreamers. However, the dream of many individuals shows a certain nostalgia for the period of life in the hostel. In a sense, the recordings of dreams in social networks are a kind of voices from the choir. And they are valuable precisely because they are not always distinguishable as separate voice and sometimes merge into a general roar. That is, they are typical and express something more than individual positions and personal aberrations of these positions.
Kornilyev V.V. - The Three Approaches to Definition of Consciousness pp. 66-151


Abstract: There is a great number of approaches to definition and interpretation of consciousness. Most of the theories is based on determination of special features of consciousness relying on the facts of the cause-and-effect cooperation. However, Sigmund Freud offered a non-traditional approach to describing the model of the psyche and called it  the 'topographical' model. Continuing his idea, the author of the article assimilates the term 'spatial topology' to the term 'conscience'. In addition, the author focuses on Freud's and Jung's ideas about the limits of the mental energy reserve of the individual psyche. This allows to make a conclusion about conscious and unconscious mental conent, evolution of conciousness of living creatures and the descent of man. The second approach to definition of consciousness is possible only through understanding the reasons of dynamics in Maslow's hierarchy of needs. The level and quality of conscience determine the level of dynamism and statics of the hierachy of needs. This hierarchy of needs is the same for all living creatures. The third approach to definition of consciousness si based on the hypothesis about the great variety of different kinds of consciousness interacting with the reality in the space-time continuums with different dimensions. Mental phenomena expected in the space continuums with high dimensions are the same as experienced by man in the altered state of consciousness. The nature of information and experience in such states of mind shows that it is not the altered state of consciousness as it is. It is rather the interaction of several conscious models including the unconsciousness. 
Korolev S.A. - Night Dreams as the Emanation of the 'Social Subconscious'. Article 1. Problem Definition pp. 135-168


Abstract: The author of the article analyzes the question of how these or those social realities as they designate themselves in space of a dream and what emotional attitude of individuals towards this new, already snovidchesky, realities are reflected in dreams. The author tries to reveal as are built and "reality elements", dreams getting into fabric, and what features of combination theory of this sort interact among themselves some kind of. Other important problem to which the attention in article is paid, specifics of space and dream time are. The researcher relies first of all on G. K. Jung's conceptualization, S. Freud's idea about typical dreams and A. Bergson's reflections about a role of memoirs in generation of dreams. To the author the combination of various approaches to studying of the dreams embodied in concepts of a number of outstanding scientists and thinkers (S. Freud, G. K. Jung, A. Bergson, E. Fromm etc.) is reasonable quite . In this research materials from social networks, the records describing dreams of specific users are used first of all. In this connection the publication contains the short characteristic of social networks as the extremely important and useful to judgment of realities of modern Russian society and understanding of specifics of life of individuals in this society of a source. The author notes that as there is a certain general matrix of perception and an assessment of social realities, there is also a certain typological model of reflection in dreams of standard, repeating situations. In research term "public subconsciousness" rather new to domestic social and humanitarian disciplines is used. Obviously, similar interpretation of a nadindividualny component of dreams is rather original. A certain metaphoricalness of this term is thus emphasized and difference of its contents from yungovsky "collective unconscious" which is a product of inherited structures of a brain is accented. At the same time, analyzing the relation of snovidets to the dreams "shown" by it, the author is compelled to note that this immersion, generally in negative reality and negative emotions, – a conclusion which correlates with reflections of many other researchers who were engaged in this perspective.
Korolev S.A. - Night Dreams as the Emanation of the 'Social Subconscious'. Article 2 . The Army pp. 135-195


Abstract: This article is the continuation of the study of night dreams as a kind of emanation of so-called "social subconscious". Having considered general approaches to the matter in his previous article (Night Dreams as the Emanation of the 'Social Subconscious'. Article 1. Problem Definition), the author goes on to analyze dreams related to a certain topic, particularly, the military segment of so called 'disciplinary dreams' about the army, military service and war. The researcher relies primarily on Freud’s conclusion about the existence of a special class of typical dreams and on the ideas of Carl Jung that dreams do not only contains traces of accomplishment of desires but rather reflect the fear or anxiety of an individual. The subject under review is the social network posts and comments that describe dreams of particular Internet users. The author demonstrates that a great part of military dreams reproduce intensely gloomy and anxious scenes as the reflection of dominating emotions of dreamers. To a certain degree, negative scenes appearing in military dreams are discounted by the phantasmagoric nature of dreams. Dream constructs generated by the subconscious mind are fantastically mixed with what might happen in the reality and cause anxiety and fear and phantoms that are obviously beyound the reality. Finally, in his research Korolev states that there is a certain similarity between surrealistic inclusions into the layer of 'social subconscious' and artefacts of actual art. Such comparison is possible from the point of view of phantasmagoric and irrational features of these phenomena as well as their purpose to repeat what is unrepeatable. To some extent, this can be referred to the researcher's analysis of mass sources including posts and comments on the Internet. 
Korneenkov S.S. - Concepts of Consciousness: Consciousness as a Special Property of the Matter pp. 271-305


Abstract: The probem of consciousness, mind and matter is one of the most difficult psychological issues in human studies. The purpose of the present article is: 1) to carry out a brief analysis of the main hypotheses of consciousness in different spheres: science, philosophy, religion and yoga, 2) to view the modern approach to the relation between consciousness, mind and matter. The main conclusions made by the author state that consciousness is a universal phenomenon existing in each atom of the matter. The outstanding feature of consciousness is the impulse to live or, in other words, the will to survive and live forever. Researchers majoring in different branches of science tend to divide wholesome consciousness into levels and this creates different theories of consciousness. Recent experiments show that mind is not related to production of consciousness. Mind receives and conveys information and energy and therefore allows human to demonstrate various abilities. Mind creates the model of the surrounding world by the means of neurons. Neurons altogether create models of the outside world. Consciousness can exist outside human body or thin matter and even survive when these are destructed. Consciousness is both material and ideal, in other words, it has the dual nature. The phenomenon of consciousness is not fully understood and there is no science that could clearly explain it. However, there are all grounds to think that science, philosophy, religion and Eastern philosopy find more points of coincidence when solving the problem of consciousness and the source of all being including life of a body and psyce and consciousness of human. 
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