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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Sociodynamics" > Rubric "The heritage of transformation"
The heritage of transformation
Balakleets N.A. - Philosophy of War: Tolstoy and Clausewitz pp. 1-15


Abstract: The article examines in the comparative aspect the philosophical foundations of war presented in Leo Tolstoy's novel "War and Peace" and in Carl von Clausewitz’ treatise "On War". Based on the works of Niccolò Machiavelli, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, M.I. Dragomirov, A.E. Snesarev, R. Aron, J.L. Gaddis, O. Rose, H. Münkler and other thinkers, the author carries out the comparative analysis of the ideas of Tolstoy and Clausewitz, focusing on such aspects of the phenomenon of war, as the definition of its essence, the individual's role in the war, the subjective and objective elements of the military activity.Along with the general theoretical research methods the author uses poststructuralist and hermeneutical methodology as well as the method of comparative analysis of philosophical doctrines.The novelty of the research lies in the explication of the differences in theoretical views on the war of Tolstoy and Clausewitz, as well as in the revelation of "points of convergence" between the two thinkers. Behind the confrontation between Tolstoy and Clausewitz the author finds conflict of Stoicism and Machiavellianism. The special contribution of the author consists in the interpretation of the water metaphors, which are abundantly represented in the texts of "War and Peace" and "On War".
Shchuplenkov O.V., . - Governance Transformation in the Process of Building a Civil Society in Russia pp. 20-88


Abstract: The author of the article underlines that in a situation of ongoing democratic political process and formation of a modern civil society, a political leader performs his actions within the framework of legal and other standards. These standards regulate interactions between the leader and his followers and transform political leadership not only into social and political institutions but also into the instutitions of political decisions and political power. Under conditions of transformations in the modern political system, the personal nature of politics is considerably expanded which makes researchers view the phenomenon of political leadership from the point of view of new methodological approaches. Specifics of modern political process are due to activization of a political leader. In this regard, researches of political leadership are becoming very important, in particular, researches of the mechanisms of the leader's managing and governing functions because success of the political system directly depeds on the results of managerial decisions of the political leader. 
Frolova E.V., Rogach O.V. - The role of social institutions in formation of value orientations in perception of the historical-cultural heritage by the Russian society pp. 30-41


Abstract: The currently observed in Russian society trends of “decline” of the historical-cultural heritage to the level of market products of sociocultural consumption are reflected in the decreasing interest of society, especially youth, to the cultural values of the Russian civilization. Due to this circumstance, careful attention must be given to analysis of the role of social institutions in determination and formation of the value orientation of perception by Russian society of its historical-cultural heritage, accumulation and transmission of the social and cultural experience. The author meticulously examine such major institutional structures as the government, family, education, religion, and mass media that ensure the process of infogenesis, including distribution of the socially important behavioral models of the individuals regarding their historical-cultural heritage. In the course of the research, the authors determined the change in the role positions of the key institutional structures that define the value orientations of perception of the historical-cultural heritage by the Russian society. The work also identifies the factors that limit the possible impact of social institutions upon the consolidation of sociocultural orientations within the youth consciousness. The article underlines the main dysfunctions in the process of establishment of the institutional conditions for preservation and perception of the cultural-historical heritage, which include: inefficiency of planning and programming of the sociocultural trends; commercialization of the historical-cultural heritage; insufficiency of financial support; devaluation of the family values; discredit of the traditional images of historical-cultural heritage of the Russian society in mass media.
Matsievskaya G.A. - Formation of patriotic ideas during the period of Ancient Rus’ pp. 42-51


Abstract: This article is dedicated to examination of the process of establishment and evolution of the patriotic ideas and concepts in the Ancient Rus’ State. Chronicles, preaching, hagiography, and events of this period, on one hand, were a reflection of the forming patriotic values, while on the other, had a certain impact upon the formation of the shared worldview foundations of social life. The important elements of socio-philosophical concept of patriotism were such notions as the persona of the duke, Russian land, and Christian faith. In the course of this work, the author used the methods of historicism, comparative linguistics, analysis and synthesis, as well as inductive and deductive methods. As a result, the author underlines the system and qualitative characteristics of patriotism during the period of Ancient Rus’ State, considering the modern studies. Throughout the entire Ancient Rus’ history from Kievan Rus’ until Muscovy, is noted the greater merger of the three objects of patriotic beginning: Russian land, Christian faith, and persona of the duke. The duke himself was simultaneously the object of patriotic feelings and the subject, i.e. embodiment of the patriotic aspirations and actions. The conjunction of the indicated beginnings later, during the period of Muscovy, allowed formulating the concept of messianic idea, signified by the Orthodox monk Philotheus as “Moscow is the Third Rome”.
Boltaevskii A.A. - Prostitution as a Form of Social Deviation pp. 44-56


Abstract: During the periods of transitio the society demonstrates anomia, social deviations and, therefore, growing interest towards these issues. It suffices to recall the Perestroika era of the late 1980th with its sharply increased attention to previously forbidden topics such as drug addiction, alcoholism and sexual deviations including prostitution. The latter is of special interest not only because prostitution is a widely spread phenomenon in modern Russia but also because there are ongoing discussions about whether prostitution should be legalized. The author of the present research article makes an attempt to trace back the development of views on prostitution and 'demi-mondaines' in order to predict what direction the further development of the phenomenon may take. The author is viewing the development of the prostitution phenomenon on the basis of numerous sources and researches of both Russian and foreign essay writers and scientists. According to the author, modern society sets false targets before an individual by the means of popular culture and others and therefore 'reaps the fruits' of it in a form of various social anomalies. The national idea which will fill in the spiritual gaps, revive morals and as a result cross cross out benefits from this activity along with improvement of social and economic living conditions of the population should be most important means of reducing the number of prostitutes.
Napso M.D. - Fashion in the consumer society pp. 46-51


Abstract: The object of this article is the specificity of consumer society, while the subject is the peculiarities of fashion in the consumer society. The center of the author’s attention is fashion as the social phenomenon, its historicity and fluidity, universality and inclusivity, influence upon the public and individual consciousness, as well as demand by the consumerist worldview. Fashion is presented as a lifestyle and way of thinking, as the image, value, and symbol. The author examines the role of fashion as the factor of prestige, status, and condition for social identification and socialization. The methodological basis consists of the ontological principles of dialectics, which allowed determining the complex and controversial nature of fashion as the social phenomenon. The scientific novelty lies in substantiation of a thesis on the demand of fashion by the consumer society. The following conclusion are formulated: 1) fashion is the imperative condition for the existence of consumer society; 2) establishing the adequate to consumerism lifestyles and strategies, fashion manifests as the factor of the processes of social integration and adaptation.
Pogorelskaia E., Chernov L. - Sociocultural aspect of the phenomenon of scientific experiment pp. 51-63


Abstract: Scientific experiment, formed as an objective and unbiased method of research of nature, by the century attains the features of the total anthropological interference not only with the external nature, but into the nature of human as well. The European culture finds the understanding of such transformation in the works of J. W. Goethe. The authors consider such experiment as a social and cultural practice with independent essence, rather than just the “means” for achieving certain results. The experiment is introduced as a social fact with its own “nature”. The author use the phenomenological analysis of experiment, indicating the two essential aspects: attention and visual appeal; historical comparison and analogy, pursuing correlation between the understanding of nature in Antiquity and Modern Times, as well as method of hermeneutic illustration that supports the philosophical theses by the examples from literature, cinema, poetry, and psychology. The result consists in the substantiated and volume image of the spread of impact of a scientific experiment upon the cultural and anthropological areas of society. The work focuses on presenting a positive heuristic resource of the antique gnoseological ideology in modern scientific and cultural research. Social experiment, which cannot be justified and explained from any perspective, becomes possible and purposeful in multiple fields in the modern Western civilization.  
Shagiakhmetov M.R. - Politics and Society: One Step Forward, Two Steps Backwards pp. 52-73


Abstract: Methods used by the system thinking allow to view the development process from the point of view of the unity of cogitation, ideas and social practice. The present article contains the system analysis of global transformations ongoing in our society and the rest of the world now as well as the current stage of development. The authors prove that the current stage of development is a transitional period from linear thinking which is based on the concept of truth to the system thinking which is based on the concept of adequacy. 
Maxsimenko L.A. - Sacral in medicine: dynamics of sociocultural meanings pp. 63-69


Abstract: The subject of this research is the meanings of medicine as a special sociocultural practice built around the historically original notion of sacral. Being the object of this research, medicine manifests as the phenomenon of European culture, which take its roots in Hippocrates Kos School. The historical dynamic of the “inner core” of medicine as a peculiar sociocultural practice was associated with the global historical trends in the history of the European culture. The article thoroughly examines “what” and “in which way” influenced the tectonic shifts in architectonics of the meanings of its core. The main conclusion of the conducted research consists in establishment of the fact that the meaning of sacral within medical practice was historically connected with the notion of life and tabooing the actions of therapist who endangers the life in any way. The trust to bioethics as the new social institution forms on the basis of juridification of its norms. The idea of humanitarian expertise becomes a “contaminated” Münchhausen trilemma. All of these speaks that the modern Western medicine, being in the “risk society” or “market” demonstrates the inquiry for the new turn of humanization and proof of its productiveness as the social institution and spiritual area of the culture.
Leushkin R.V. - Virtual social capital: the place and role in the modern society pp. 67-76


Abstract: This study examines this kind of social-being entity, as social capital. The study focused on its virtual form of existence, that is, the phenomenon is similar in its properties and on the level of existing virtual social communication. First of all, problematized the general aspects of the existence of this phenomenon and its place in modern society, the main functions and properties. Virtual and traditional forms of social capital are subject to a comparative analysis, the material on the network (digital), and its historically early versions. The study uses socio-constructivist approach, the theory of social communication N. Luhmann and M. Maklyuen, the concept of social capital P. Bourdieu, F. Fukuyama and R. Putnam. This study presents the social-ontological properties of the virtual social capital as being-entity. The study shows that this entity plays a crucial role in the development of virtual social communities, primarily in the degree of stability of virtual teams of their effectiveness in carrying out practical tasks. It is shown that the volume and the development of virtual social capital is one of the fundamental factors in shaping the future of the information society.
Kazakevich O. - «Sexual citizenship»: conceptualizing the notion pp. 68-85


Abstract: The concept of sexual citizenship which has become widely used in the western academia is explored in this paper. In particular, the special attention is given to the history of the concept and the ways of establishing and accepting new identities. The hot issues of the western debates are of our particular concern: the first one is the concept of the body within the citizenship framework; the second one is the division between private and public; finally, the transformation of intimacy. We offer to define the concept of sexual citizenship as a complex category which describes new politics and practices of citizenship in relation to sexuality and allows (at least, potentially) new subjectivities to become incorporated into the public sphere on the different levels: from the freedom of speech to the freedom of identity.
Obmorokova A.M. - Reflection of the Processes of Regional identity and self-identification in the Krasnoyarsk cultural space (based on the analysis of the concept of pp. 69-93


Abstract: The article considers the phenomenon of regional identity and cultural features of its formation. The key to understanding the processes of formation of different types of identities is the study of national and ethnic cultural processes. The article gives a brief analytical and critical review of scientific papers and articles by other authors on the study. Affect the aspect of influence on the formation of ethnic and cultural identity of national consciousness. Modern problems of the mechanisms of formation of regional identity and self-identity is revealed with the help of "soft power" cultural policy and "smart power" research, creative activity of actors and scientists living and working in a particular region. Through the use of such "soft power" constructed images, constants, and concepts in the cultural space through the preservation of national traditions and customs and pass them through the works of culture and art to the viewer. As one example of such a concept associated with socialization, recognition and basic sense to take the concept of "Homeland." We consider the image of homeland in the minds of residents of the Krasnoyarsk region.
Nikulin V.V. - Creation and Implementation of State Policy in the Sphere of Alcohol Production and Distribution in Soviet Russia: Peculiarities and the System of State Legal Regulation (1917 - 1930) pp. 83-111


Abstract: Process of formation and realization of a state policy in the sphere of production and a turn of alcohol in the Soviet Russia, its feature and system of state and legal regulation during 1917 - 1930 is considered. The main attention is paid to the analysis of social and legal aspects of a state policy of the Soviet Russia in this sphere. The social reasons of consumption of alcohol by the population are analyzed, attempts of the authorities to limit to measures of administrative and legislative character illicit manufacturing of alcoholic beverages and to minimize negative economic and public consequences of abuse of alcohol. It is claimed that the right and administrative measures undertaken by the power for establishment of the state control over the sphere of production and a turn of alcohol in the 1920th years in areas in general were ineffective. The illegal turn of alcohol remained high and competitive to public sector. The authorities didn't manage to cope with an alcoholic problem in the social plan. In the late twenties, also as well as at their beginning, alcoholism, wastes on this soil, moonshining remained on one of the first places in criminal statistics and "the painful phenomena" of society. Considerably it was promoted by inconsistency of the authorities in carrying out alcoholic policy, survivability in the society of drinkable traditions.
Sineokii O.V. - Transformation of the Phonographic Heritage in AudioVisual Culture of Eastern Europe: The Polish Rock and The Sociodynamics of the Sound Recording System pp. 83-113


Abstract: The object of study is a musical recording as a system of socio-cultural communications. The subject of this publication is the history of Polish rock as sociodynamic factor in the transformation of the cultural heritage of the national sound recording system. Cultural heritage in the field of audiovisual culture Phonographic subsystem regarded by the author as an open system of socio-cultural communications. From the standpoint of the development of socio-cultural communication in the music industry authors analyzed the history of the Polish system of record. The article c position in the context of socio-cultural dynamics recording features is presented analysis of formation and development of beat-, pop- and rock-music in Poland. Showing mechanisms of self-organization and self-development of cultural heritage in the field of musical recordings. Problems of studying the history of Polish beat-, pop and rock music in artefacts record considered in conjunction various interpretations. The author conducts scientific research, based on the most significant ideas belonging to different areas of modern humanities, where the priority appears comparative historical methodology. The methodological basis of this publication became classics of the theory of cultural urological thought and modern thinkers. The author concludes that actually rock music became the unofficial center of the special social and communication system around which under socialism in Poland (as well as in other countries from «Eastern Bloc») formed heterogeneous youth subcultures. The process is as a result of scientific and technical modernization of everyday culture of big cities was further deterministic increased access to foreign music. For the recording system of the Polish People's Republic under socialism was an attempt to create an organization of multi-vector of the phonographic industry («Polskie Nagrania – Muza», «Polton», «Savitor», «Arston», «Pronit», «Tonpress», «Veriton», «Wifon»). In conclusion, the author focuses on the fact that the global recording industry at the present stage of development of digital technologies requires upgrading communications platform and cross-cultural communication.
Khrykov V.P. - Investments in Russia: Patterns of Development and Regress pp. 89-129


Abstract: Investments are an important tool of development in Russia. But do investments guarantee success if we don't solve the issues of state management and planning, don't achieve a proper level of social conscience, scientific development and simply health of population? The author of the article views the problem of investments in Russia from the point of view of investment and industrial development that leads the country to the secondary industrialization. According to the author, by using a complex approach  (finances, technology, science, culture, education, social security and international communication), Russia can actually achieve good results in its development. An important criterion of investments in Russia (both Russian and foreign ones) is a different territorial planning which is based on the development of small towns and retreat from metropolis policy. Only a special group ('development group') of both young initiative people and experienced Soviet professionals can create complex development based on the intelligent combination of state and private approaches. 
Illarionov G.A., Mosienko M.K. - Post-Traditional Society: Common Mind Dysfunction Risk pp. 90-100


Abstract: In this article the authors analyze the problem of common mind functioning in a post-traditional society. Common mind is a mode of mind specialized for a stable, slowly changing environment. This mode of mind uses intuition as its primary decision-making tool. Its intuition is based on precedents. A precedent in this context is a combination of a typical problem situation and its acceptable solution. There are different levels of precedents. We single out the following levels: individual psychological precedents, ontogenetic precedents, social psychological precedents and phylogenetic precedents. This classification is based on the speed of precedent formation. Such a two-layer structure of human precedent memory significantly enhances environmental adaptation: the biological layer provides adaptation to the most stable environmental conditions, whereas the psychological layer allows to adapt rapidly to emerging quick changes. Nowadays, however, social environment does not change at a relatively slow pace as it used to. Due to historic time acceleration, experience transition, selection and stereotyping are hindered. This deprives precedent-based common mind intuition of its regulative function as the gap between old precedents and new conditions widens. Adequate response strategies have no time to form in common mind: rapid changes of social environment make them outdated and inefficient before they are even ready to be adopted. We call such a drastically changing social environment “post-traditional”: it evolves so quickly that precise experience succession becomes impossible. Common mind displays inefficiency at creating adequate adaptation strategies in these new conditions. It leads to anthropogenic environmental risks. This is reflected in a “risk society” sociological concept.
Iakovleva E. - Modern transformations: from Paganism to Neopaganism (on the example of glamour social) pp. 91-101


Abstract: This research is focused on the glamour social, which contains the features of polytheistic beliefs and can be characterized as Neopaganism. Among the features of polytheistic system of the glamour can be named the existence of an extensive system of gods/goddesses, idolatry, animism, animal worship, fetishism, magic and shaman practices that escalate its key ideas – the beauty, youth, and wealth. Adherence to the glamour fashionable trends leads to the state of liminality as the transition, where the final goal is vague and constantly regenerates. Sacralization of the glamour and its hidden consumerist tactics produce a special modus of numinosity, in which manifests the superficial aesthetics and desire to possess the constantly changing glamour attributes rather than person’s spirituality. This article is first to examine the glamour as manifestation of a new modus of polytheistic belief – Neopaganism. Fluctuation of the ideas of glamour ideology in form of the beauty, youth and wealth lead to the transformation of faith and Paganism itself, which becomes flowing and ephemeral. The conclusions of this research can be applied in further examination of the glamour as a phenomenon within existence of the social.
Faritov V.T. - Creativity and transgression in N. A. Berdyaev’s teaching: paths of Russian philosophy in light of the crisis of European metaphysics pp. 120-131


Abstract: This article examines interrelation between the Russian philosophy and the crisis of European metaphysics based on analysis of N. A. Berdyaev’s book “The Meaning of Creativity”. The position is substantiated that the initial point of movement of Berdyaev’s philosophical thought is the crises of metaphysics and search for ways to overcome it. Following the ideology of F. Nietzsche’s doctrine, N. A. Berdyaev subjects to criticism the “metaphysical theory of two worlds” alongside the philosophy of “transcendentalism. According to Berdyaev, the philosophy of creativity can suggest the way of exiting crisis for the Western philosophy. Analyzing the key positions of “The Meaning of Creativity”, the author comes to a conclusion that creativity in the concept of Russian thinker represents a transgressive phenomenon. In his teaching, Berdyaev realizes the transition from metaphysics of transcendence towards philosophy of transgression. Thus, the article explicates the correlation between N. A. Berdyaev’s doctrine with the context of post-Nietzschean paradigm of Western philosophy of the XX century.   
Slezin A.A. - Antireligious Attack by the Soviet State in 1927 - 1929 pp. 125-189


Abstract: The author of the article describes forms and methods of the anti-religious campaign carried out by the Soviet Russia in the late 1920s. Special attention is being paid to the legislative base regulating the relation between the Soviet state and religious unions. The author describes the role of Komsomol and the Union of theh League of Militant Atheists as the most radical participants of anti-religious activity. Youth is viewed both as an object and subject of state policy in the sphere of religion. The author also demonstrates the influence of political campaigns on the nature of relations between church and the government, in particular, the close interconnection between the processes of the forced collectivization that started in 1929 and the second 'attack of heavens'. According to the author, such denial of the right to religious freedom created the denial of right at it is. That caused some kind of 'dual faith': people could speak as they were required but think different. 
Ursul A.D., . - Global World View and Global Studies pp. 137-173
Abstract: The authors consider globalism as a way of seeing the world in which humanity lives as a global world in which all planetary features, including spatial-temporal precedence. It has been suggested that it is important to determine the status of globalistics,  the place of the scientific exploration of global processes in modern science, and to build a common vision and assess the prospects for global studies. It is assumed that globalistics, regardless of the narrow or broad definition of its subject, is only part of a broader scientific field - Global Studies and the overall process of globalization of science. Shown that the change of subject fields and globalization continue to expand the field of global studies required not only historical, but also the evolution of vision as we learn about global processes and new applicants to the same "role", including global natural processes.
Leushkin R.V. - Transgressive virtual communication pp. 158-167


Abstract: The object of this research is the social communication, the subject of the social and ontological features of the virtual existence of social communication. In particular, the work is considered a fundamental state of the virtual social communication as a transgression. The paper shows that the transgressive, in virtual mode of communication in social systems is demonstrated most clearly. This occurs due to the presence of virtual communication of such properties as generated, simulative, autonomy and ontological incompleteness. On a material virtual social communication is based on the idea of transgression as the mode of existence of social communication in general. The study uses social philosophical methodology, namely social constructivist and systemic approaches are also used general poststructuralism concepts. Features transgressions, including manifest and at other forms of social communication, such as printed (written) and verbal communication. The various interpretations of the phenomenon of transgressive social communication in general, including those related to the understanding of the phenomenon of transhumanist meaningful communication. The paper also outlines the way for further research in this direction.
Ursul A.D., . - Science and Education From Global and Noospheric Perspective pp. 161-222


Abstract: The authors emphasize the importance of not only the spatial but also the temporal characteristics of scientific knowledge, especially more attention to the future of science. The main emphasis in the knowledge of the future should be given to the scenario of the global transition to sustainable development (SD) as adopted by the United Nations and its Member States of the international organization normative forecast from a major strategy for the survival of civilization, escape from looming global crises and disasters. Therefore, before science set new goals - goals of survival and exit anthropoecologic crisis, aims to address global challenges and to remove the negatives of globalization and other global processes through the transition to SD and the formation of the noosphere. Real turn to the future of science and the study can begin only when it is formed by a different mode (model) science as an integrated single system in its socio-natural and "leading" aspects. The basic features of the future of science, especially the noosphere - the process futurization. Discusses the globalization of educational space, finding the planetary integrity and unity, which is associated with substantial and qualitative changes that map the evolution of the global nature of modern man and the awareness of his place in the Universe. For the formation of a sustainable civilization need to create not just a new model of education, and a number of evolutionary models, which could satisfy the corresponding (non-vanishing) the needs of present and future generations of humans and humanity that is reflected in the name of the new types of global education (education for SD, noospheric education, etc.). Education is not just for learning, development and education in special educational institutions, and is seen as a wider process of information interaction between man and the world. In this sense, education - is not just a form of human activity, and the entire set of human activities, the full scope of information interaction of the individual with the social and natural being (i.e, not only one of the socialization process), the information displayed in the evolution of the individual. This wide - socio-natural vision of education is one of its many global processes in the global evolution of the flow and can be used as the basis of the most general concept of education as an open information space of global evolutionary process.
Slezin A.A., . - Institutionalization of Komsomol as a State Authority pp. 185-208


Abstract: The article describes theoretical grounds of institutionalization of the All-Union Leninist Young Communist League (Komsomol) as a state authority. First of all, the authors of the article draw our attention at the process of formation of Komsomol as a political control authority. Noteworthy that Komsomol is shown both as an object and subject of political control. Soviet state institution was the system of power not limited by any formal laws, therefore the authors of the article do not study official legislation of those times but mostly study decisions of Communist Party's forums and what its leaders said about principles of communication between Communist Party and Komsomol as well as Komsomol and Government.
Gligich-Zolotareva M.V. - The use of general definitions and the 'values' component of constitutionalism pp. 296-317


Abstract: This article explores the status of key definitions in constitutional law, including the basic constitutional concepts which define the purposes (therefore, values) of the Russian State. Among them are democracy, sovereignty, human rights, etc. The article considers the problems of the modern understanding of 'democracy'; the limits of state sovereignty; and the consequences of a lack of uniform interpretation of key constitutional-law definitions and their influence on the values component of domestic constitutionalism.
Ursul A.D., . - V.I. Vernadsky and Global- Noosphere Studies pp. 318-365


Abstract: In our country, V.I. Vernadsky proposed the idea of the formation of the noosphere as the main areas for further development of mankind, which will have to streamline its operations, ensuring the survival of the multi-billion population. Followers of the Soviet Union, and particularly in recent years in Russia, substantially developed his ideas and showed that the epoch of formation of the noosphere - the future of humanity, which starts on its way to the transition to sustainable development. The brilliant Russian scientist was at the forefront of global research and many of his ideas were oriented in planetary direction. One can speak of a kind of anticipation of his special - a global stage and trends in science in general, the age of globalization, the history of mankind. The idea of V.I. Vernadsky on "planetary" nature of scientific thought has acquired its concrete shape in the global processes now taking place in the world and their understanding, and in anticipation of future social and socio-natural evolutionary processes leading up to the sphere of reason.The article discusses the new field of global studies – futureglobalistiks and nooglobalistiks, whose main purpose - understanding and predicting the future of global processes and systems in an evolutionary perspective, and orientation of the noosphere. The authors analyze the mostly two-standard projection scenarios of global development - the transition to sustainable development and the following formation of the noosphere. Sustainable development is a global process manages system-balanced socio-natural development without damaging the environment and ensuring the survival and security indefinite existence of civilization. Formation of the noosphere is seen as a future socio-natural process of becoming a planetary sphere of human existence, in which the intellectual and information activities will be the determining factor in the evolution and which is formed as a result of the most complete embodiment of rational, humanistic principles and ideals through the transition to sustainable development. Special attention is paid to the formation of the noosphere as a future form of intelligence "social consciousness" in the noosphere, combining the intellectual resources of humanity and Informatics, which resulted in there being a property of an advancing consciousness and the ability of global governance.
Slezin A.A., . - The implementation of political control over Soviet youth through the regulation of Komsomol institutions: Stage One pp. 366-420


Abstract: This article deals with a particular form of political control over Soviet youth, one which was not directly connected with the techniques characteristic of police surveillance, and whose purpose was to regulate the composition of Komsomol institutions. The article highlights the forms and methods of control of Komsomol institutions from 1918 to 1929, their effectiveness in the Soviet system of political control, and their impact on the evolution of the political situation and the legal consciousness of Soviet youth.
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