Sociodynamics
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Sociodynamics" > Contents of Issue 07/2019
Contents of Issue 07/2019
National policy
Shakhova E.V. - The peculiarities of manifestation of interethnic relationships in Altai Krai (based on sociological research) pp. 1-9

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7144.2019.7.30006

Abstract: The subject of this article is the analysis of specificity of interethnic relationships in polyethnic region in the Russian Federation. The author gives definition to the concept of “interethnic relationships”, indicates its main forms, types and levels; as well as turns attention to the problem of interethnic conflict and lists the factors of its development. The article considers the policy of the Russian Federation aimed at prevention and avoidance of interethnic conflicts in the modern multinational society, as well as at overall development and strengthening of interethnic relations that play an important role in establishing a harmonious civil society. The relevance of studying the peculiarities of manifestation of interethnic relationships in the country and its regions is reflected. The work presents the characteristics of Altai Krai as a multinational region. The key research method is the questionnaire-based survey of population of Altai Krai conducted for three years (2016, 2017, and 2018). The interethnic relationships in Altai Krai as a polyethnic region are characterizes as stable, favorable, with a low level of intolerance. The author determines the three factors influencing the current situation in the area of interethnic cooperation: institutional, psychological and integrative. The presented conclusions may be valuable for the researchers dealing with the questions of interethnic cooperation, as well as the governing bodies engaged in implementation of the state ethnic policy.
Questions of current interest
Gurarii A.D. - Liberal arts higher education today: stealth crisis on a global scale pp. 10-20

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7144.2019.7.29179

Abstract: The object of this research is the organization of higher education is Russia, United States, and Germany; while the subject is the system of organization of liberal arts higher education therein. The article presents a brief overview of historical context that directly influenced the existence of fundamental differences in the approaches towards managing American, German, and Russian education overall, and particularly the specificity of liberal arts education and training of specialists in the humanities. The author conducts a detailed analysis of the current situation of liberal arts disciplines within the value paradigm of enrollees and their parents. For conducting a comparative analysis, the author uses regulatory documents, official statistical data, and analytical articles. Particular emphasis within the framework of comparing educational system in each of the aforementioned countries is made on determining the best organizational practices in liberal arts education for pursuing an optimal path of modernization and further development of humanities in the conditions of the ideology of pragmatism, which tacitly overshadowed the value of the knowledge of humanities subjects. The acquired results of cross-country research can be applied in modernization of curriculum in the humanities in the Russian universities.
Morality and politics
Kashchaeva M.V. - The policy of liberalism in relation to the Russian Orthodox Church in Altai during the late 1970s 1990s pp. 21-28

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7144.2019.7.30117

Abstract: Sociopolitical assessments of the religious situation in 1970’s – 1990’s are often associated with the optimistic characteristics of the activities of the religious organizations. Processes related to restoration of the structures of the Russian Orthodox Church, reconstruction and return of the church property were perceived as the result of liberal government policy with regards to the Russian Orthodox Church. In reality, especially in the regions, multiple solutions of central authorities remained at the level of declarations and statements of intentions to act in the spirit of liberalization and democratization. The processes taking place within the Russian Orthodox Church since the middle of 1970’s until the beginning of 1990’s are being analyzed. The author examines the documents from the State Archive of Altai Krai testifying to the situation of parish life of the Russian Orthodox Church in Altai Krai in the context of comparative analysis with the events in other eparchies of the Russian Orthodox Church in the territory of RSFSR. Despite the general character of the state church policy, the relationships between the government institutions, represented by multiple commissioners for religious cults affairs, and eparchies of the Russian Orthodox Church differed in both, the methods and character of interaction. The scientific novelty consists in the analysis and introduction into the scientific discourse of the sources that have not been previously covered in the scientific literature.
Communities and cultural enclaves
Tsydypova L.S. - Russian Starozhily of Barguzin Baikal region: historical-geographic analysis of local aspects of resettlement and ancestry of the early XX century pp. 29-38

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7144.2019.7.29161

Abstract: This article presents the results of studying Russian population of Barguzin Baikal region, examines its establishment, and evolution of relationships within the local groups in the early XX century. The role of sociopolitical changes in formation of the indigenous ethnic communities is demonstrated. The research leans on the archival and literary sources, and field materials of the author. The historical-geographical approach allows identifying the peculiarities of formation of population structure and ancestry within the Russian local communities of Barguzin Baikal region, confined to agricultural and farming areas. Research methodology considers the specificities of communication inside the local group, and presents the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of population. The author determines the factors of formation of ethnic groups, as well as socio-cultural development of the territory. The article also explores the role of migrations, natural conditions, and economic specificity of the new population settlements, successiveness, geographical and social mobility of the Russian population, demographic development in the localities of Barguzin Baikal region, reflected in the archival sources.
Family and society
Barinov D.N. - State of social anxiety and fear: essence, structure, and peculiarities of functioning pp. 39-53

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7144.2019.7.30136

Abstract: This article is dedicated to the analysis of social anxiety and fear, determination of its essential characteristics, structure, and specificity of genesis and development. Within the structure of social anxiety, the author examines such components as mentality, rationality, emotions and feelings, practical character qualities (assertiveness, will); describes the mechanism of the influence of anxiety upon public attitude and social actors. The analysis is based on generalization of the key elements of the various concepts of social mood, and secondary analysis of the results of applied sociological studies of this phenomenon. The article explores the results of all-Russian sociological surveys, which illustrate not only the peculiarities of functioning of the sentiments of anxiety and fear, but also characterize the specificity of anxiety of the modern Russian society. The conclusion is made that the transformation of anxiety, concerns and fear over a certain period of time, their intensity and range reflect not just the dynamics of public attitude towards the changing living conditions, which either contribute or impede addressing the needs and fulfillment of vital interests, but also the transformation of social values and its axiological orientation.
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